Small dog breeds are extremely popular for several reasons. First, they are considered “portable,” meaning they can fit into small bags and travel with you. In general, small dogs require a small space, and many feel good in cramped houses and apartments (see also: TOP 10 best dog breeds for an apartment). But most importantly, these kids are truly adorable cuties!
No breed of dog guarantees the absence of difficulties. A small dog can be as real a punishment as any other. Often in the body of a small dog is a huge, versatile personality, which means that a special approach to training is needed. Also, don't let the small size fool you: small dogs still need a lot of training.
If you think you need a small pet, then check out this list of the most popular small dog breeds in the world. Find out more about their personality traits that will help you choose the perfect small dog for you and your family!
Pug - 6.3-8.1 kg
A pug is a compact and muscular dog with an attractive, small and curled tail. Its ideal weight should not exceed 8.1 kg, but many pugs weigh more because of their habit of begging for food. This character trait too often leads to obesity, which can exacerbate existing diseases inherent in the breed.
Do not let the restless expression of the wrinkled face deceive you. This dog lives for pleasure, which is the secret of the breed's long-term popularity. A pug is never happier than when he spends time with his human family, often following someone from room to room. Pugs usually get along well with other dogs, cats, and children. Due to their relatively large size (for decorative breed) and light temperament, they are ideal for families with children.
Shih Tzu - 4-7.2 kg
The Chinese name "Shih Tzu" means "little lion" in English. They were called so because of the presence of long hair around the head, which resembles a mane of a lion. However, shih tzu are affectionate, beautiful and small dogs weighing 4-7.2 kg. This is one of the oldest breeds in the world. Shih Tzu are known for their long, smooth coat, which requires regular grooming.
Shih Tzu have a beautiful appearance, but they are also friendly, energetic and dedicated companions. Shih Tzu's personality is extremely attractive and this dog will not allow anyone to ignore itself. The breed was bred so that it became a friendly companion, and not a hunter, shepherd or watchman. Not only are these good-natured and friendly dogs, they also adapt very well to various changes. Shih Tzu is an excellent apartment dog, but it is also suitable for living in a private house and even on a farm. He loves children and gets along with other animals.
Toy poodle - 6.0-7.0 kg
There are four main varieties of poodles that vary in size - standard, small, miniature, and one. That poodle is the smallest variety that has a height at the withers of less than 28 cm and weighs from 3 to 4 kg. It is also one of the most popular breeds in the whole world, which is distinguished by its intelligence, ease of training and passionate love for the family.
A poodle is a smart and hardworking dog with a sunny character. This easily trained dog can go anywhere and do anything. She gets along well with other dogs, cats and is friendly to strangers.
English Toy Spaniel - 3.6-6.3 kg
The English Toy Spaniel is also known as the King Charles Spaniel, but should not be confused with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. In fact, these two breeds have an interesting history. The English toy spaniel moved from a pointed muzzle to a more flattened one, as the breed was mixed with others, including a pug and Japanese chin. At the end of the 19th century, an American named Roswell Eldridge offered a cash prize to a breeder who could return a more pointed face. The result was the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. But, of course, the English toy spaniel, beloved by meogimy, has not disappeared and it is a smaller breed than its younger relative, reaching a height at the withers of 25-28 cm and a weight of up to 6.3 kg.
These long-haired handsome men are gentle and good-natured dogs. They are playful and very loving, often becoming completely loyal to their owner, and sometimes to such an extent that it becomes difficult for a person to go away somewhere. This is a fairly low-energy dog that will be happy to lie on the bed all day and cuddle with its owner.
Affenpincher - 2.9-6.0 kg
Affenpincher was bred in Germany in the XVII century, for catching rodents in kitchens and stables. The name of the breed translates as “ape-like terrier”, but the French call it “diablotin moustachu” or a whiskered little devil. In any case, this breed is famous for its vibrant and energetic personality.
The affinpincher has a height at the withers of 25 to 30 cm and weighs up to 6 kg. But don't let such a tiny size fool you. These dogs are active indoors and love daily walks. They are curious and playful, but also stubborn and alert. Since they have the personality of a tough guy, they need training. Affenes are fearless and a bit territorial, so in homes with children they feel bad. Nevertheless, next to the right owner, this little dog will grow up to be a smart and a little cheeky friend of a person.
Chinese Crested Dog - 2.3-5.4 kg
This small breed of dog may be one of the most recognizable dogs. Chinese crested has a height at the withers of up to 33 cm and a weight of less than 5.4 kg. And you probably noticed that she was mostly naked, with the exception of long hair on her head, “toes” of her legs and long hair on her tail. However, in some dogs there is a recessive gene that is responsible for the soft, veiled hair that covers the entire body.
Although they are athletic, Chinese crested dogs are low-energy dogs, happy to spend the day curled up in bed next to you. This is the breed called Velcro, because they have a strong relationship with the owner, ignoring strangers and sticking to their people as much as possible. However, you will probably never stop enjoying the amazing looks and antics of this little dog.
Brussels Griffon - 4.0-5.0 kg
An unusual breed of dog native to Brussels. Initially, it was bred for catching rats in stables and in kitchens. Today, however, Brussels griffins are considered common pets. These dogs, as a rule, have a height at the withers of up to 28 cm and a weight of less than 5 kg.
Brussels griffins tend to communicate with one person and they do not like to be surrounded by children. However, these dogs usually get along well with other pets. Although they love to cuddle, they also like to frolic and bully. They are smart, but they can be too sensitive, as well as stubborn, so they need a good coach.
Dwarf pinscher - 3.5-5.0 kg
Do you like the look of a Doberman, but look for a dog that fits in a small apartment? Voila! Get to know this little button. This is a fairly old breed that originated in Germany and was not created to be a mini version of anyone. The breed is a mixture of dachshund, a small Italian greyhound and no one else, given its long history.
These small dogs have a height at the withers of 25-32 cm and weigh up to 5 kg. They have a strong physique that matches their overly persistent personality. Athletic and energetic, these are great dogs for active people. And also for those who like to play hide and seek (mostly - to look), since this breed is known for its love of constantly running and hiding. When they do not run away, dwarf pinschers love to guard their possessions and warn owners about a potential attacker.
Continental Toy Spaniel - 3.2-4.5 kg
The Continental Toy Spaniel is a friendly, sweet and small breed of indoor decorative dogs. Her ears resemble a butterfly (in the papillon variety) or a moth (in the falen species). These dogs reach a maximum height at the withers of 28 cm, and their weight ranges from 3.2-4.5 kg. The coat of this cute breed is long and silky.
The dog is friendly and self-confident, and when properly socialized, it gets along well with children, strangers, and other pets. Representatives of the breed are known as excellent companion animals, even if sometimes they like to vote. They are very energetic and smart, and therefore it is necessary to use their speed and skills. Agility and obedience are great fun for dogs and their owners. And don't forget: they have charming EARS!
Pomeranian - 1.9-3.5 kg
This small fluffy dog is considered a popular pet. Her height is less than 20 cm, and weight does not exceed 3.5 kg, despite the huge amount of long and fluffy wool. In fact, wool is one of the defining characteristics of the breed. Oranges have 10 different color variations. Their thick coat has a dense, short undercoat. Regular grooming is a must for these dogs, including a haircut every couple of months. Also, if you consider oranges as a pet, keep in mind that the undercoat molts twice a year.
Despite all the need for care, their vigilance and extrovert personality makes them excellent dogs. They are smart little animals that can be easily trained. The owner should definitely be trained, because an orange can become territorial and develop a habit of excessive barking or aggression towards other dogs. A person who can find contact with this difficultly characteristic dog will find a loving and loyal friend.
Toy Fox Terrier - 1.5-3.5 kg
A descendant of the smooth-haired fox-terrier, the toy-fox-terrier became a separate breed recognized by AKC back in 2003. These funny dogs have a height of up to 29.2 cm, and their weight varies from 1.5-3.5 kg.
Life with that fox terrier becomes brighter and more saturated. This is an active and smart dog that does not want to miss something interesting. Despite its small size, this dog needs a lot of training and exercises, as well as a safe house so that it does not get into trouble.
Like all terriers, the toy terrier has an infinite desire to dig, bark and explore. It can be aggressive towards other dogs, regardless of their size. When it comes to meeting big dogs, he must be protected from himself. However, the territoriality and noise level make the Toy Fox Terrier a good watchdog. He is smart and learns quickly, but can also be stubborn and bored, so training should be interesting and short.
Japanese chin - 1.8-3.2 kg
A very old breed of dog that has existed for over a thousand years. Japanese chin has a long history of companion dogs, thanks to its friendly and happy character. This dog grows up to 25 cm at the withers and has an average weight of 1.8-3.2 kg, although individuals with a weight of 1.4 to 6.8 kg can be found.
The breed has a slightly feline character, with its independence, a tendency to jump on furniture and love to climb the highest places in the house in order to have a good overview. Japanese chin is a loving dog in relation to the family and a little restrained with strangers, but still friendly. These animals, as you know, form their personality depending on the temperament of the owner - they are restrained with a quiet owner or playful with an active person. Japanese chin also loves to learn interesting new tricks and excels in learning well.
Yorkshire Terrier - 1.3-3.2 kg
The Yorkshire Terrier is a breed of dog known to many people that was bred in England and then became a favorite companion animal. According to the American Kennel Club, the Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most popular dog breeds.
Dogs of this breed have a height at the withers of up to 20 cm and a weight of up to 3.2 kg, although some individuals can grow a little more. They are also known for their long, luxurious hair, which is considered hypoallergenic, as these dogs shed less than other breeds. But, of course, they must be regularly looked after.
Yorkshire Terrier is a smart breed of dog that loves to train. But they are not high-energy pets. This breed is ideal for those who like long walks and then a good rest. They do not get along well with children, other dogs or strangers, and can also be very noisy. Although with proper socialization and proper training, the Yorkshire Terrier will grow up a friendly and balanced dog.
Russian toy - 1.0-3.0 kg
The breed appeared in Russia and was popular among aristocrats. If you have not heard about this breed before, we will not be surprised. Russian Toy was almost completely unknown outside of Russia until the 1990s. It is similar in size to a chihuahua, and reaches up to 28 cm at the withers and weighs no more than 3 kg. The similarity with chihuahua is also manifested in the fact that this breed has two varieties of wool - short and long. Ears can be compared with the ears of a continental toy spaniel, in which they are large and covered with long hair at the edges.
The Russian toy was bred to catch rats and be a guard dog, and therefore the dog can be quite noisy. They are loyal, playful pets, get along well with children, and actively participate in family life if they are treated like dogs, not toys. These bright dogs are very trainable!
Chihuahua - 0.9-2.7 kg
With a maximum weight of about 2.7 kg, the Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world. She is from the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Chihuahuas have a rounded head, straight ears and round eyes. Their fur can be short or long, with many patterns and colors.
Like most other dog breeds, Chihuahuas must be properly trained and socialized from an early age. These are curious and smart dogs that are capable of well-trained. They, as a rule, single out one beloved person in the family, to whom they remain faithful all their lives.
Like Pomeranian, Chihuahuas can be taken with you wherever you want, due to their small size. Dogs of this breed also love to follow the man. Despite their miniature, they are excellent watchmen and will bark at anything that seems suspicious to them. Chihuahuas should not be left alone on the street because other animals can easily attack them.
Features of dogs in this category
How to understand the phrase "average dogs"? Very simple: these include all breeds that fit into certain boundaries in size. Usually at the withers they are small in stature: from 40 to 57 cm, and weight - from 12.5 to 25 kg. By the way, despite the similarity in size, dogs can belong to different classes: it can be decorative, hunting, sports and others.
Such dogs are universal: they can perform working functions, and sometimes act as a companion for the child. By the way, dog handlers just recommend getting medium-sized dogs for children. Such an animal, a very small child will not be able to harm, and the older one will be able to walk with him on their own.
This menacing-looking folded dog certainly will not leave indifferent either you or people passing by. The homeland of sharpei is China. This is one of the oldest breeds - according to the data received from scientists, its history goes back more than 3 thousand years.It was once used as a guard and hunter.
Despite its small size for molossians, sharpei belongs to this category of dogs. Its height at the withers does not exceed 51 cm and its weight is 35 kg. The most important features of this breed are its blue tongue, deep skin folds (there are especially a lot of them on the head and shoulders) and a chubby muzzle. But you need to be prepared for numerous health problems.
Sharpei is very loyal to its owners, has a calm temperament and is distrustful of strangers. Thanks to this, it can be an excellent guard at home. True, this dog is heavily trained and does not like other dogs.
Did you know that a basset is a hound? Probably did not even suspect about it. But in vain, this dog is a born hunter. In appearance a phlegmatic, the basset is actually a very active and agile dog. It is believed that he is best off not even living in an apartment, but in a country house, where there is a large jogging area.
Basset's peculiarity is a long stocky body and delicious ears almost reaching the ground. Height - up to 38 cm at the withers.
He is a little obstinate and difficult to train, is inclined to take a trace and follow it to the end, so it can get lost. But, nevertheless, it makes an excellent dog for home and a family friend.
You really like husky dogs, but you don’t want to have such a “huge” dog at home? Then a breed called Alaskan Kli-kai is your option! The breed was bred just to get a copy of the beautiful northern blue-eyed dogs, but smaller in size.
Kli-kai is smart, cheerful, energetic, but at the same time he feels great in a small apartment and without a huge number of walks. Its height at the withers, depending on the type, varies from less than 33 cm (toy type) to 43 cm (standard). By the way, these pets are also long-haired.
It is not worth it to let this dog go to strangers (especially children) - she is too incredulous and quarrelsome. Kli-kai does not recognize anyone but his beloved master. An interesting fact about the breed - this dog can wash its paws like a cat. And kli-kai loves to sing, because of which your neighbors will not like it.
And this dog is a shepherd. In appearance it resembles a giant commander, but its height is only 40-45 cm at the withers. They say that bullets appeared more than 6 thousand years ago and are considered a very old breed.
The main difference of the dog is its dense coat, from which peculiar bundles are formed. Once such a structure of the coat allowed the dog to tolerate all adverse weather conditions and protected it from the bites of predatory animals.
Now it is more like service dogs and companions. However, it is worth remembering that although the bullets are smart, they attack without warning, so you should not let her into strangers. The height at the withers of the dog is about 45 cm.
This dog is called a rat or a pig by the eyes. The special structure of the skull is to blame. The bull terrier has virtually no transition from the forehead to the muzzle. In the 90s he was notorious and was considered a killer dog. However, in fact, the bul is a great companion and very good-natured.
Its size depends on the type of dog - there are miniature bull terriers, but there are standard ones. The dog is very active and at the same time hardy. He does not like to be alone; he needs a large number of physical exercises. But with the right training, he can become a great dog for home and family.
Kerry Blue Terrier
Another shepherd and watchman who was re-trained as a companion. Kerry Blue Terrier is a very active and agile companion, so he will feel great with his master athlete. Its feature is a special square haircut of the muzzle and a unique blue color.
Kerry blue grows no more than 41 cm high, do not fade - these qualities make him one of the best dogs for the house. They are very smart and easy to train.
This dog somehow fit into the dimensions of medium breeds. Bobtail in height often exceeds the mark of 54 cm, but still belongs to this category.
Previously, it was herding and guarding, but now it is a companion dog. Due to its kindness and poise, bobtail is often used to work with children with speech defects.
The name of the breed did not appear by chance. Once in England there was such a law that shepherds paid taxes, the size of which depended on the length of the dog's tail. Therefore, Bobtail this part of the body stopped very shortly.
Choose the size and breed of the dog
The second question that arises in people when they have already decided exactly what they want to have a dog is the breed of the pet and its size. You can, of course, go to a shelter and take a mutt from there. But in this case, you will get a very unpredictable by the nature of the pet. If you are ready for this - go for it! This is a noble decision.
In the same case, if you want to have a thoroughbred pet, the situation will be more clear, because the basic characteristics of the breed are already known initially. And here we come to another important characteristic - the size of the dog.
Perhaps you like large breeds. But they, as a rule, need a long walk and the presence of significant space. Therefore, if you do not have a private house with a yard, this may not be the best option. A large dog will be uncomfortable living in the cramped conditions of a city apartment. Moreover, many people simply do not have time for a long walk.
However, this does not mean that the idea of having a dog should be abandoned. But what is really worth doing is to consider the advantages that miniature breeds have. For example, the ability to train a dog on a tray like a cat, as well as the problem with walking, can be easily solved. The compact size facilitates transportation of the animal on trips and travels. Small dogs eat a little and will feel good even in a small apartment. Now let's look at what kind of breeds of babies are.
1. Yorkshire Terrier
This is a very small dog. Its height at the withers, even among the largest representatives of the breed, will hardly exceed 23 cm. On average, the growth of Yorks is not 18-20 cm. Weight also ranges from 1.5 to 3 kg. But a cute baby with a furry muzzle and soft golden brown fur has a stubborn character that is characteristic of all terriers. They are a kind of mini-bullies. And we remember that terriers were bred for hunting. Therefore, you need to teach the Yorkshire Terrier discipline from childhood. Fortunately, they are very companionable dogs, attached to the owner and easy to learn.
2. Rabbit Dachshund
The height of such a dog is not more than 16 cm with a weight of 2-3 kilograms. And we are talking about an adult. Outwardly, they have all the features of a common dachshund breed. The rabbit dachshund was bred specifically for hunting small predators like badgers. Hence the characteristic elongated body of the animal and cute short legs, which are strong enough for the dog to penetrate the badger hole and lure its owner out of it. By nature, they are very bold, quick-witted, have a sharp mind and, if you pay enough attention to education, they will generously reward you with your love and loyalty.
The list of the smallest dogs is inconceivable without this breed for one single reason - this is the smallest breed of dog of all. The height at the withers is about 16 cm, and the weight does not exceed 1.5-3 kg. The color of the Chihuahua puppies can be very diverse. The length of the coat can vary - there are both short-haired individuals (they are most common) and long-haired. Dogs were bred as hunters of rats and mice, so their character does not always correspond to their miniature size. Often they behave as fearlessly as large dogs, just do not realize their modest size. When taking a Chihuahua puppy to the house, he should be closely monitored. The bones of the crumbs are very fragile, so a fall or just a jump from a sofa or chair, not to mention higher surfaces, can be fraught with serious fractures.
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Small dog breeds
Small dogs include those whose body weight does not reach 12 kg and height does not reach 28 cm. Basically, these include breeds adapted to live only at home. In addition to them, this group also includes dachshunds and terriers, which are hunting dogs, which, due to their small size, easily make their way into burrows to obtain prey. Due to this, dachshunds and terriers are very popular breeds among hunters.
The advantages of small dogs is the simplicity of their keeping in the apartment. In addition, for the most part they get along well with other inhabitants of the animal world and children. All this, of course, works if they are properly educated and trained properly. Keeping small dogs is also very simple and not very costly in the monetary sense.
The disadvantages of small dogs is their over-excitability. Because of this feature, a very important thing in the education of these dogs is their timely training.
REFERENCE! You should start training small dogs from the very beginning, as soon as the puppy got into your house.
In addition, small dogs are often prone to allergies and have bad teeth.
Small dogs are usually divided into 3 subgroups:
- Dogs weighing up to 2 kg and a height of less than 28 cm.
- Dogs weighing from 2 to 5 kg and a height at the withers of less than 35 cm.
- Dogs weighing from 10 kg and a height at the withers of up to 45 cm.
Breeds of dogs of small sizes:
Average dog sizes
This type of dog includes those that are not very large in size and at the same time not very small. Their body weight varies from 12-15 to 25-30 kg and their height is from 28 to 60 cm. This group is the most popular among dog breeders, as they often come out as an ideal choice for most families. And there is a choice to make from, there are about two hundred dog breeds of medium size, and each of these breeds has its own characteristics and characteristics. While small dogs are often injured and large ones need special care, medium-sized dogs get used to various living conditions faster and easier. The most common representatives of this group are service, hunting and decorative breeds.
Medium sized dogs can be very diverse. Some are very active and energetic, while others are very calm. Everyone can choose the right breed of dog for themselves. They are very good companions for the whole family, as they were initially bred for the most part as shepherd dogs, thanks to which they developed great patience and a clear mind.
REFERENCE! The disadvantages of medium breeds of dogs are their frequent pathology of the formation of the skeleton and the appearance of articular pathologies.
Breeds of dogs of medium size:
Large dog breeds
Large dogs include those whose body weight is up to 25 kg and a height of not more than 60 cm. Such large dogs were bred for protection or protection, as well as shepherds.
The advantages of large dogs in the balance of the nervous system compared with small dogs. Large dogs take care of their strength and do not waste them on any small stimuli.
REFERENCE! Of the diseases of large dogs, problems with the hip joint are inherent.
In addition, some problems for owners of large dogs gives them too much power. Owners also leave feedback on the abundance of wool, which must be constantly combed.
The group of large dogs is usually divided into two subgroups:
- Dogs weighing over 45 kg and a height of 60 cm - they are called large dogs.
- Dogs with a body weight above 70 kg and growth above 75 cm are called giants.
Large dog breeds:
Another shepherd on our list. This smart dog is considered the best among dogs in Australia. She has a unique feature - not only a bright red coat color, but also a special viewing angle. Since their eyes are quite wide apart, Kelpie is able to see very well what is happening around.
Now this dog is considered one of the best dog breeds used in sports - freestyle, agility, frisbee. Its height at the withers is 51 cm.
“Bear, teddy bear” - I just want to sing this song when I see a chow chow. Another Chinese, like Shar Pei, on our list, he really looks like a teddy bear. Chai Chow is a very old breed that used to guard homes, and now has become a companion.
Like sharpei, her tongue is distinguished from other dogs by a blue color. Chows are very stubborn and hard trained, but at the same time they always behave with dignity. He is quite satisfied with measured city life - the dog does not need long active walks. Its height at the withers is not more than 56 cm.
For several years now, Samoyed has been at the peak of popularity. This white dog with delicate wool, created for transporting sledges across the snowy expanses, has replaced even the husky from the pedestal of popularity.
Samoyed is quite high - sometimes it reaches 60 cm at the withers. This old northern breed is not prepared for living in the house. It’s too hard for a dog without physical activity, but in a hot climate he feels just awful.
Samoyed is very beautiful, friendly, likes to play, but sometimes it is moody. Well, if its owner will be a person leading an active lifestyle.
English toy terrier
The terrier is from the UK. It is considered a rare breed. The height of the dog at the withers is from 25 to 30 cm, and the weight is 2.7–3.5 kg.
English toy terriers are very playful, active, like walks and various exercises.
Small snow-white dogs with curly hair. Their growth is 23–28 cm, weight - 3–6 kg.
Bichon is a type of French lap-dog. Characterized by a cheerful playful disposition and activity.
Caring for Bichon hair is quite difficult: it is important to regularly comb and haircut.
Italian greyhound is the smallest member of the Borzoi group from Italy. The ideal height at the withers is 25.5 cm. The weight of an adult dog is from 2.7 to 4.5 kg.
Italian greyhounds love movement and activity, but due to their fragile physique they are prone to frequent injuries.
Classification of dog breeds according to the ICF version
This organization divides the animals according to their origin, as well as the type and availability of working qualities.
- 1 group - represented by shepherd and cattle dogs (with the exception of Swiss cattle). Also included are various types of shepherd dogs. The main purpose of breeding animals of this group is shepherd work, the formation and fitting of the herd.
- 2 group - it includes schnauzers and pinschers - as well as Swiss and dog-like cattle dogs. The group is represented by several sections: pinschers, molosses, Swiss mountain and shepherd dogs. They serve as watchmen, and are also excellent shepherds and act as decorative dogs.
- 3 group - represented by terriers, divided into large, small and medium types. Most terriers are great hunters or companions.
- 4 group - dachshunds. This is the only breed of its kind in which there are several types of wool. There is also a separation by parameters. Initially, dachshunds were bred to hunt burrowing animals.
- 5 group - It is represented by Spitz and primitive dogs. It is divided into sections into northern sledding, Scandinavian hunting, northern guard and herding, Asian spitz and primitive (this includes hunting). Almost all breeds were formed without human influence.
- 6 group - here include hounds, in the bloodstream and related. All three sections are divided by size. Breeds are represented by working dogs that are suitable for hunting.
- 7 group - Pointing dogs. Here there are dogs that have a developed hunting instinct.In total, there are three main sections with subgroups: English and Irish Setters, Continental Pointing Dogs of several kinds.
- 8 group - represented by retrievers, spaniels, water dogs. Initially, these animals were bred to hunt game, but now most of them are man’s best friends and excellent companions.
- 9 group - this includes indoor decorative dogs. The founders relied on the outward appeal of animals and a friendly disposition. The group consists of ten sections.
- 10 group - represented by greyhounds. These are hardy and strong animals, distinguished by an elegant constitution, suitable for hunting game. There are three sections in the group, which are divided into subcategories according to the length of the coat.
- 11 group - are officially unrecognized. These are pedigree groups that have received recognition from the RKF, but are not related to the official list of the IFF.
Small dog breeds (weighing up to 12 kilograms, rising to 28 centimeters). Basically, these are pets, but if we talk about dachshunds and terriers, they are easily squeezed into the prey due to their small size, and therefore are popular with hunters.
Small dogs are great for keeping in an apartment, get along well with other animals and children with the right education. Keeping them simple enough, there is no need to make large financial investments.
But at the same time, small sizes suggest increased excitability, so it is important to pay enough attention to animal training. Many miniature dogs have a fontanel on their head, which often does not close with age. There may also be problems with the teeth. Prone to allergies.
Small dogs are represented by such breeds:
Medium dog breeds (weigh from 12 to 25 kilograms, and height - from 28 to 60 centimeters). This is the most universal and common category. It is represented by hunting dogs, service dogs and decorative dogs, plus poodles, English cocker spaniels, and beagles are classified as medium dogs. They are almost not used for protection, shedding much.
Popular diseases of this category are joint pathologies and skeleton formation.
Large breeds (weight reaches 25 kilograms, and height - up to 60 centimeters). The main purpose of the breeding of these animals is protection or protection, as well as the performance of shepherd's duties (in rare cases, hunting).
Representatives of large breeds include:
Problems with large dogs usually arise due to the large physical strength, as well as the characteristics of the nervous system (in some - due to too much independence). Among the shortcomings, too much wool can be distinguished.
But, along with this, large dogs are characterized by greater poise than in the case of small relatives, they save their energy and do not spend it on minor irritants.
Animals often suffer from hereditary or acquired pathologies of the hip joint, they require more complex care.
Alternative size classification
- very small (weigh up to 5 kilograms, growth is up to 30 centimeters) - this includes rabbit dachshund (2-3 kilograms, 12-16 centimeters), papillon (2.5 to 5 kilograms, 20-28 centimeters), Pekingese (3 to 3.5 kilograms, 15-25 centimeters), Yorkshire Terrier (from 2 to 3.5 kg, 17-23 centimeters).
- small (body weight is from 5 to 10 kg, and growth is from 30 to 40 centimeters). Typical representatives: Shiba Inu (weighs from 8 to 10 kilograms, height 35-41 centimeters), Japanese Spitz (5-10 kilograms, 30-40 centimeters, Miniature Schnauzer (4 to 8 kg, 30-35 centimeters), Schipperke ( from 4 to 7 kg, from 27 to 33 centimeters).
- medium (body weight from 10 to 20 kg, growth of 40–56 centimeters). Typical representatives include: bearded collie (18-20 kilograms, 50-54 centimeters), shar pei (18-25 kilograms, 45-50 cm), Kerry blue terrier (13 to 18 kilograms, 42-49 centimeters), Australian Kelpie (11-20 kilograms, 43-51 centimeters).
- large (weighing from 20 to 30 kg, height - 56-65 centimeters). This group is represented by an airedale (20-30 kg, height 56-65 cm), boxer (25-30 kg, height 53-65 cm), collie (23-34 kg, height 56 to 61 centimeters, kurtshaar (20-32 kilograms, growth 53-64 centimeters).
- very large (body weight from 50 kg, height from 60 cm). Representatives of the group: English mastiffs (80-90 kg, height 70-80 centimeters), bullmastiffs (45-60 kilograms, height 61-63 centimeters), Newfoundland (50–75 kilograms, 66–71 cm), South Russian shepherd (49– 55 kg, 61–64 cm).
Classification of dog breeds by type of coat
Why is it necessary to classify dogs by type of coat? Everything is elementary - different grooming is required for a different type of coat (frequency of washing, combing, haircut, trimming, use of various cosmetics and so on). For the complete health of the pet, it is important to provide a correctly selected range of procedures.
The main factors that determine the type of coat are the following:
- The nature of the overgrowth,
- Hair thickness
- Hair length
- The degree of tortuosity of the hairs.
Different combinations of these factors determine the whole variety of dog coat. Let's consider them in more detail.
1. The degree of hairlessness
As a result of a number of genetic mutations that have occurred in dogs, a phenomenon such as hairlessness has arisen. There are many breeds of hairless (that is, hairless) dogs that differ in the nature of hairs, type of hair, structure and so on.
Vivid examples include the Peruvian orchid, Xoloitzcuintle, Abyssinian desert dog, Turkish Greyhound, African elephant dog, Indian Rampur dog, Chinese crested dog, American Hairless Terrier, etc.)
2. The nature of the body
Animals vary significantly in this indicator. Some have the same length hair, while others have different densities on certain areas of the body. Classification of dog breeds according to this criterion distinguish animals with wool of the "wild" type, "busty" type and mixed type.
In certain breeds that are similar in appearance to wild relatives - huskies, shepherd dogs and so on, the "wild" or "normal" natural type of coat has been preserved. It is represented by two-tier fur (with the presence of an undercoat), uneven length and texture of wool in different parts of the body. Usually this is a short coat, which fits snugly in the legs and muzzle, and also longer with the presence of the remaining hair in the withers, back, hind and upper legs, tail and sides. This is the most optimal arrangement of wool for wild animals.
In “busty” dogs, the hairline is uniform throughout the body, as well as on the muzzle and legs (this group of animals is represented by commanders, poodles, soft terriers, shih tzu, South Russian shepherds, etc.) In this case, more thorough grooming is required than for "Wild" type.
In the case of an intermediate type of hair, uniform growth of hair on the body and limbs will be present, while the hair on the face will be shorter (the appearance of a beard and mustache). Of the characteristic breeds, cockers, other spaniels, afghans, etc. can be distinguished.
3. Hair length
This is the next factor that determines the type of coat. It is possible to divide all dogs into long-haired, short-haired, and also breeds having an average length of coat.
Longhair breeds retain the typical differences of integumentary hair and undercoat (collie, retriever, Newfoundland), and may almost have no undercoat (setter). The hair of the longest-haired dogs (Afghans, Yorks, Maltese, Shih Tzu) is almost indistinguishable from the undercoat and is very similar to human hair.
4. The thickness of the hairs
There is a separation of animals according to the degree of stiffness and thickness of the hairs, plus the degree of fit to the body. Separate groups are represented by smooth-haired and wire-haired dogs. The last category is represented by schnauzers, wire-haired terriers (Fox, Airedale, etc.), wire-haired dachshunds, griffins and so on.
The hair of wire-haired dogs is distinguished by specific features that affect the proper grooming of these animals. So, the rest of the hair has a special structure: they have a relatively thin end, a thick middle part and a thinner base. They can be straight or have a break. Such hairs provide a soft and short undercoat.
Hard wool is almost not prone to get wet, it is easy to clean from pollution. One of the features of such hair is that it stays in the follicles for a long time, and when it dies, it does not fall out. Wire-haired dogs have almost no shedding; therefore, it is important for them to trim.
Photo: Dog breeds with description and photos
Dog breeds for allergy sufferers
People who have asthma and other similar diseases should choose hypoallergenic pets for themselves: a Mexican hairless dog, a lapdog (maltese), and an American hairless terrier.
Dogs for allergy sufferers should not shed, and even better, if they do not have hair at all. Also, animals with increased salivation are not suitable. In smooth-haired species, the outer hair is very thin, it is much more irritating to the mucous membranes than stiff hair.
Now you know the whole classification of dog breeds. This will greatly facilitate the process of choosing a pet and make his stay in your home as comfortable as possible.
Popular dog breeds
So, here is the list. It includes the following representatives of dog breeds:
- Yorkshire terrier
- Jack Russell Terrier
- German shepherd dog
- French bulldog
- Pomeranian Spitz
- Pug dog
- Bull Terrier.
Often the degree of popularity depends on the small size of the animal, as well as lighting in a multimedia space (films, books).