Gastrointestinal Disorders in Dogs
In cats and dogs, gastritis is a fairly common disease. They are acute and chronic. Among cats, adult animals are more likely to get sick: one in ten.
Acute gastritis occurs if the animal is fed dry indigestible or poor-quality food.
Hot cereals, soups, meat, fish, which cats and dogs eat quickly, cold water and cold food also cause gastritis. However, many owners of cats and dogs find it perfectly normal to give animals fish either directly from the freezer or some food directly from the refrigerator.
Inflammation of the gastric mucosa also occurs with irregular feeding, the use of drugs that irritate it.
The causes of chronic gastritis are basically the same as in acute gastritis. The difference is a longer action and harmful factors, or the action of these factors is repeated after different periods
Chronic gastritis can be a consequence of acute. In its occurrence, vitamin and mineral deficiency play a large role, prolonged treatment with drugs that have an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa - antibiotics, salicylates, eucalyptus leaves.
Chronic gastritis occurs with various diseases of the internal organs, on the basis of poisoning, infectious and parasitic diseases.
With gastritis, there is a disruption in the digestive glands that secrete hydrochloric acid. Therefore, its content in the stomach increases or decreases, it happens that hydrochloric acid is completely absent in the gastric juice.
Acute gastritis, in contrast to chronic, occurs suddenly. The mucous membrane of the stomach turns red, swells, there is a copious discharge of mucus. This mucus prevents food from touching the mucous membrane. And since food is isolated from the action of gastric juice, fermentation and putrefactive processes are intensified with the formation of gases, organic acids and protein breakdown products.
Abnormal work of the stomach leads to indigestion. Poisonous substances are formed in it, which are absorbed into the blood and cause poisoning of the body, have a negative effect on the central nervous system.
In chronic gastritis, prolonged inflammatory processes lead to a thickening of the submucosal and muscle layers of the stomach, but the source of its wall, tissue atrophy, in which the digestive glands are located, can occur. Since the acidity of the gastric juice changes quite strongly, the contents of the stomach enter the intestine faster. Fermentation and putrefactive processes are intensified in it, which leads to the accumulation of toxic substances that cause profound changes throughout the body.
Chronic gastritis lasts a long time, the inflammatory process then fades, then worsens.
In animals with acute gastritis, appetite is reduced or absent. In dogs, a temperature increase of 1-2 degrees is possible, the pulse increases.
Dogs become boring, lethargic. Cats mostly lie, get up slowly. When moving, they can hunch, moan.
In cats and dogs, belching and vomiting often occur, sometimes with an admixture of bile. In the interval between bouts of vomiting, some relief comes. However, the dogs, even after vomiting, retain the forced posture: they bend their backs, pull their stomach in, and push their knees to their chest.
Most cats and dogs have bad breath, even offensive. Feces are liquid, with undigested feed particles.
If you start to feel the area of the stomach, the behavior of the animal will make it clear that it hurts him. The abdominal muscles are tense.
In chronic gastritis in cats, constipation occurs, which can be replaced by diarrhea. In dogs, feces are often liquid.
Cats and dogs have a white coating on their tongue. They have belching and vomiting. Some cats begin to meow unusually before vomiting.
Dogs with gastritis with high acidity vomit in the morning, especially after they eat grass. Vomiting occurs with an empty stomach with yellow mucus. When dogs have gastritis with low acidity, they vomit with undigested food.
In gastritis with low acidity in dogs, viscous saliva accumulates in the mouth, and in gastritis with high acidity there is a copious discharge of liquid watery saliva.
The bad breath in dogs and cats is unpleasant. Cats can only drink a little water. The coat in sick animals becomes dull, tousled, skin elasticity decreases, the visible mucous membranes are pale, with a jaundice.
Fatness of animals is sharply reduced. The eyes in dogs are sunken, in cats, the expression of the eyes changes.
Acute gastritis can be cured pretty quickly. Cats and dogs are given rest, and on the first day they are not fed, but only infusion of the following plants is given: St. John's wort, ordinary thyme (grass), 5 grams each, large plantain (leaf), pharmacy chamomile (flowers) 10 grams each.
Brew 2.5-3 grams of the mixture with 250 milliliters of boiling water, insist on a water bath for 30 minutes. Cats are given from 1 teaspoon to 1 tbsp. tablespoons of infusion, depending on weight, for dogs - from 1 teaspoon to 2.5 tbsp. spoons every hour.
After the first servings of the infusion, the amount of excreted excreted may even increase, and vomiting will not stop. But immediately after vomiting it is necessary to give the animal a warm infusion, it should drink it in small sips.
As a rule, indigestion, vomiting disappear after giving three to five servings of the infusion. The first doses should be given without sugar, then you can add a little.
The infusion should be used until all symptoms of the disease have disappeared.
On the second day, liquid and semi-liquid foods are recommended in small doses: hercules soup, oat jelly, meat broth, and later, finely chopped meat.
In chronic gastritis, dogs and cats should also be fed little by little often. Their food should not be fried, greasy, hot smoked, hot and cold. Canned foods, dry food, sausages, sausages, etc. should be excluded from the diet. All products are crushed, fruits and vegetables are mashed.
In gastritis with low acidity, animals are given cabbage, beetroot juices, plantaglucid, and mashed beans. With gastritis with high acidity - fresh potato or carrot juices.
Animals suffering from constipation recommend a diet that enhances intestinal motility, a lot of raw and boiled vegetables, especially beets. In addition, they give fresh carrot juice.
If animals have diarrhea, they should be given infusion of St. John's wort, decoctions of oak bark, carrots, infusion and tincture of garlic. With vomiting and abdominal pain, tincture of valerian is used to relieve spasms of the gastrointestinal tract.
However, a greater effect in the treatment of chronic gastritis in monkeys, dogs and cats gives an infusion of a mixture of the following plants: marsh cinnamon (grass), chamomile (flowers), white and Crimean roses (petals), calendula (aerial part), field horsetail (shoots) - by grams, common flax (aerial part), field wormwood (aerial part) - 10 grams each, cinnamon rosehip (crushed rafts), garden dill (seeds) - 15 grams each, St. John's wort perforated (grass), large plantain (leaves) - 20 grams each, ordinary yarrow (tops color boiling plant) - 35 grams.
Brew 3 grams of the mixture with 250 milliliters of boiling water, simmer in a water bath for 40 minutes. Give infusion 4 times a day to cats - from 1 teaspoon to 1 dessert spoon, green monkeys and macaques - from 1 teaspoon to 1 tbsp. spoons, for dogs - from 1 teaspoon to 3.5 tbsp. tablespoons 15-20 minutes before meals. The taste of the infusion is slightly bitter.
If a sick animal has a tendency to diarrhea, add oak bark, St. John's wort grass, 5 grams each to this collection, if to constipation, buckthorn bark, Alexandrian leaf or rhubarb. Each owner of the animal must choose the dose himself, so that the effect of the medicinal plant is not laxative, but tonic.
If it can be determined from the behavior of the animal that it experiences pain in the stomach, peppermint leaves of 5 grams are added to the collection, the menthol contained in the essential oil of the peppermint leaves has analgesic, anti-cramping and antiseptic effects.
The same infusion treats gastric ulcer. Only flax seeds are added to it, the mucous substances of which have anti-inflammatory and mild laxative effects. In addition, mucus and seed oil envelop the gastric mucosa, form a thin protective layer, which helps relieve inflammation and eliminate pain.
Of great importance in the treatment of chronic gastritis is given to long walks in the fresh air, this favorably affects the nervous system.
Monkeys, cats and dogs all animals with gastritis, give pollen at least a month.
Source: Lyudmila Stishkovskaya. 1000 Tips for Treating Pets
This disease is characterized by inflammation of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract. Pets suffering from gastroenteritis show symptoms of diarrhea, lack of appetite and vomiting. Gastroenteritis can develop due to various factors that include viral or bacterial infections, toxicity, and even pancreatitis.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease occurs when cells of the immune system begin to attack the intestines, often causing chronic inflammation. Although the cause of inflammatory bowel disease has not been established, domestic animals suffer from the disease due to a genetic predisposition and an abnormal immune response. The diagnosis is complex and involves an intestinal biopsy to differentiate inflammatory bowel disease from stomach cancer.
Food allergy is the body’s reaction to certain ingredients present in the feed. Dogs develop hypersensitivity to certain ingredients consumed over a period of time. Allergies are often accompanied by skin reactions, redness, inflammation and urticaria. The veterinarian will use trial and error to eliminate potential allergens from the dog’s diet.
Tumors of the stomach
Tumors of the stomach can develop as the growth of a tumor in the digestive tract. Most tumors are surgically removed and biopsied to determine the type and extent of cancer. Dogs may also need chemotherapy and radiation to slow the progression of the disease.
Worms such as tapeworms, hookworms and nematodes attach to the intestinal mucosa and multiply. They feed on essential nutrients and blood when attached to the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. To detect parasitic infections, the veterinarian will conduct a laboratory study of feces.
Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Disorders in Dogs
During the diagnosis, the veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination and palpate the abdomen. In addition, blood tests, urine tests, and fecal exams are performed. If clinical symptoms indicate abdominal tumors, the dog undergoes a thorough analysis of the aspirate with a needle and a full thickness biopsy.
Treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in dogs
The treatment of gastrointestinal disorders varies depending on the type of disease present. Minor food intolerances will be corrected with diet foods and oral medications. Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agents are prescribed for pets suffering from inflammation. Pet owners must administer medication on time and monitor veterinarian appointments, if necessary.
The prognosis for gastrointestinal upsets depends on the initial response to treatment and the presence of underlying health problems. Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract require lifelong treatment and support.
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Enteritis in dogs is a disease discovered and studied relatively recently. In our country, it was first noticed in the 80s. Most often, the disease affects young dogs, for puppies (from 3 to 15 weeks) in most cases is fatal. The disease virus is dangerous only for dogs and does not apply to humans and other animals, however, humans can act as carriers of enteritis (through clothing and shoes).
Enteritis can be triggered by various viruses, such as coronavirus, parvovirus, hepatitis virus and others. The disease has two forms: infectious (contagious) and non-infectious. It differs in both ways of development and consequences. Sick dogs are the sources of the disease: through saliva, feces, vomit, the virus enters the air, to the ground, to the water.
Parvovirus Infectious Enteritis
The most common parvovirus infectious enteritis (in most cases, this form of the disease is understood as the definition of "enteritis"). It is very important to identify the symptoms in time and start treatment as soon as possible.
Enteritis is divided into cardiac and intestinal, and the symptoms are different. More common is enteric enteritis, which destroys the mucous membrane of the dog’s stomach. This form of the disease is also characterized by lethargy, fever, pain in the stomach when touched. Vomiting, diarrhea (which can turn into bloody) may appear, the animal refuses food, constantly wants to drink, bends from pain.
Cardiac enteritis is characterized by drowsiness, lethargy, diarrhea and vomiting do not appear, the animal does not want to eat. The main symptoms of the heart form of enteritis are panting, a weak pulse, cold feet, a bluish tinge of the mucous membranes. A sick dog most often lies almost motionless throughout the day.
This type of disease has symptoms similar to parvovirus, but they do not appear so much: for example, vomiting or diarrhea may not appear.
This type of disease can occur in an acute and mild form, in the latter case, the disease is not dangerous and is fairly easily tolerated.
In acute form, coronovirus enteritis requires immediate treatment.
Consequences of enteritis
Even after successful treatment, the negative consequences of the disease may occur. These include:
- Myocarditis (which in turn leads to death in the vast majority of cases),
- Small bowel disease
- Enlarged liver and gall bladder,
- Thinning of the heart walls,
Enteritis is a very serious and dangerous disease, but still treatable. At the first symptoms, it is important to begin competent and timely treatment, otherwise a fatal outcome is not excluded.
Contact a veterinarian immediately after detecting signs of a disease.It is necessary to conduct a laboratory analysis of feces for the presence of the pathogen.
The second thing to do is to prevent dehydration, try to get rid of vomiting of diarrhea. For this, you can use salt solutions that restore water balance. Food can be replaced with glucose, vitamin C and a variety of nutrient solutions. In addition, rest is required.
To eliminate a secondary infection, the veterinarian prescribes heart medications and antibiotics (for example, “cefazolin "). Hyperimmune serum preparations are also prescribed that quickly improve immunity ("Globkan "," Vitakan "," Giskan "), since it is the restoration of immunity that has a beneficial effect on recovery. In no case do not try to force-feed and treat the animal yourself - a specialist must prescribe medication.
To suppress infection in the fetus, drugs are widely used fosprenyl and immunofan. The first is administered in a ratio of 1 ml: 1 kg of weight intramuscularly for four days, the last of 1 ml 2-3 times a day. These drugs are also used for prevention due to the absence of contraindications.
Thus, several treatment guidelines can be distinguished:
· Elimination of the virus itself
· Renewal of the lost volume of fluid in the body
· Maintaining normal functioning of the stomach and intestines
· Maintaining normal functioning of the heart
· Liquefaction and elimination of toxins
A sick dog needs special nutrition, it is best not to give ready-made food for food, but to cook it yourself: cereals, cooked meat, cottage cheese with a low percentage of fat content.
The disease can last up to two months, and many factors influence the recovery: whether the diagnosis was made on time, how soon treatment was started, age, breed, other diseases that could aggravate enteritis and others.
Unfortunately, even with intensive treatment, there is a chance of death, so the disease is better not to treat, but to prevent.
To prevent the disease, you need to do all the necessary vaccinations in time and vaccinate. The first time the vaccine is given at the age of 5 weeks, then - after 2-3 weeks, after - annually. The most commonly used vaccines are: Hexadog, Nobivak, Eurikan.
It is very important to monitor the nutrition of dogs, to get rid of worms and parasites in time, to keep the house clean and to monitor the hyena of animals.
Animals that have successfully had enteritis develop immunity to this disease.
Constipation - This is a difficult bowel movement or its complete absence. A similar problem often occurs in dogs, and the problem is that most pet owners do not know what to do in such cases. Moreover, some pet owners believe that constipation can go away on its own and does not pose a particular threat to the dog’s health. However, the accumulation of feces over time leads to their hardening. Since dogs often consume bones, their particles can remain in the feces and injure the intestinal wall.
Dogs of any breed suffer from constipation, however, most often, such troubles happen with elderly pets or dogs, which move little and lead basically a lying lifestyle.
Possible causes of constipation in dogs
Often, constipation and difficult bowel movements are caused by a whole range of reasons, including:
- over-feeding the animal
- eating exclusively dry food,
- constant bone consumption
- complications after the operation (a similar situation is described in detail below),
- oncological diseases, especially liver cancer.
- plague in its acute stage, when constipation is replaced by diarrhea.
Possible effects of constipation in dogs
With proper treatment and a change in eating habits, constipation is easy and without serious consequences for the body. However, ignoring obstructed bowel movements can provoke the appearance of a number of diseases, including:
- prostate diseases
- diseases of internal organs (kidney and liver),
- diseases of the paranal glands and intestines,
- neurological and orthopedic diseases,
- coprostasis (is a common disease, its description is presented below).
Clinical Signs of Dog Constipation
A healthy individual in the absence of any problems with digestion and intestines defecates several times a day (usually 2 times). If this procedure is performed less frequently, it is worth considering the health of the animal, because a decrease in the number of bowel movements is the main symptom of constipation. A closer look at the animal will help assess the extent of the problem.
If the animal is pushing in the process of defecation, makes significant efforts to empty or experiences pain in the process of bowel release, this clearly indicates the presence of constipation. In addition, the pet can regularly make attempts to defecate, which usually remain useless. In this condition, the animal can stay for several days or even weeks. If you find the above symptoms, you should contact your veterinarian for instructions related to further treatment.
Diagnosis and treatment of constipation
Only a veterinarian can diagnose constipation with absolute accuracy. For this, a thorough examination of the intestine is carried out. Next, the specialist must correctly determine the causes of the problems. As a rule, the normalization of the intestine is achieved through a complete revision of the dog’s diet, depending on the individual characteristics of the animal’s body and the factors that contribute to constipation.
As a rule, the doctor gives certain recommendations to the owner of the dog. Only full compliance with them can help get rid of constipation. The owner of the dog should be aware that even small bones should not be given to the pet, as when broken, they can damage the intestines. Large bones can only be given to a healthy dog, but they must be moist. If the dog suffers from constipation regularly, it should be transferred to a diet that includes vegetables, as well as bran. Such nutrition improves intestinal motility. The carrot juice and beets are also not harmful to the pet. However, in some cases, even such a diet may be ineffective. Then the doctor prescribes laxatives to the animal. They are not always medicinal - sometimes simple vegetable oil or white magnesia can help. Oil should be used no more than several times a week, magnesia can be used more often, but the dosage recommended by the veterinarian (approximately 1-2 teaspoon of the product) must be observed.
Vaseline oil and enema are also proven and effective against constipation. When washing the intestines, it is necessary to ensure that the temperature of the water does not exceed thirty degrees. If the dog is decorative and does not differ in large dimensions, a rubber syringe will suffice.
Coprostasis is a bowel disease that can occur due to malnutrition. As a rule, it manifests itself as a result of frequent feeding of bones or an overabundance of food entering the body. Often at risk are males who suffer from an enlargement of the prostate gland, since it is it that provokes a delay in feces as a result of squeezing the intestines. Often the cause of coprostasis is a trauma in the pelvic region, which can provoke a mechanical deformation of the intestine. For these dogs, the only effective treatment is to take laxatives regularly.
Symptoms of coprostasis include:
- the constant concern of the animal
- frequent and unsuccessful attempts to empty the stomach,
- slight bloating (with coprostasis, this symptom is constant and does not pass under any circumstances).
Only a doctor can diagnose this disease. He also prescribes the subsequent treatment, which usually includes the use of antispasmodics, however, these drugs will be effective only in the initial stages of the disease. The use of certain oils, for example castor oil (known for its laxative effect) and petroleum jelly, is also possible. If the disease is already sufficiently started, a small operation will be required. First, the veterinarian makes an enema, and only then removes stagnant stool with forceps. If the situation is quite deplorable and coprostasis is acute, feeding the pet is strongly discouraged.
Re-constipation after the operation occurs quite often. It is a kind of complication that can be easily eliminated by observing the necessary rules. Usually, after the intervention, the dog is given an enema with a sterile solution. If constipation cannot be resolved, the doctor may recommend the use of certain medications (no-spa, baralgin and novocaine) or folk remedies. Clinical signs of the disease can also be eliminated with the help of suppositories and medications that support the intestinal microflora. However, if the doctor has again diagnosed bowel obstruction, a second operation may be required.
After the operation, the veterinarian prescribes a special diet. Usually, it involves a complete rejection of food or water for several hours immediately after the procedure. Subsequently, the pet should be fed in small portions as often as possible.
It is necessary to completely eliminate heavy and dry food. Products on the animal’s menu should be fluid and light. If the pet is used to food, it should be diluted with water until soft. Also, the option of feeding the dog canned food is not excluded. This diet should be observed for at least a month, and only after this period of time the dog can be given the usual foods again.
What diseases are considered gastrointestinal diseases
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are diseases in which the so-called inflammatory cells penetrate into the stomach and intestines of the animal - cells that form in the body during wounds or injuries. They include 2 groups of cells. It:
- Lymphocytes and plasmacytes are cells responsible for the body's immune responses.
- Eosinophils and neutrophils are cells responsible for cleaning damaged tissue.
In chronic inflammation, normal tissue may be replaced by fibrous (scar-like) tissue.
Causes of Gastrointestinal Disorders in Cats
The exact causes of this kind of disease in cats are unknown. A genetic predisposition, nutrition, and various infections, and a malfunction in the immune system can play a role. Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract may not be a disease as such, but a characteristic reaction of the body to certain conditions caused by various factors.
The types of cells invading the intestines determine the form of the inflammatory disease.
Symptoms of intestinal diseases in dogs
For intestinal diseases in dogs, the following symptoms are characteristic:
- diarrhea and vomiting, depending on the area of damage to the gastrointestinal tract. Damage to the stomach and upper part of the small intestine causes vomiting, and the large intestine causes diarrhea,
- sometimes the chair becomes more frequent, but each time it becomes less and less,
- mucus and blood often appear in the stool,
- in severe cases, the animal is depressed, refuses to eat, loses weight, it rises in temperature.
In some dogs, bloody stools or weight loss are the only symptoms of intestinal inflammation. Others during bowel movements stop using the tray.
Diagnosis of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in cats
- Gastrointestinal diseases in dogs are characterized by a chronic course, as well as the inflammatory nature of the lesions. When making a diagnosis, such reasons for the introduction of inflammatory cells as the presence of parasites or bacterial infections should be excluded.
- The veterinarian may suspect an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract if the animal has vomiting, diarrhea, mucus or blood in the stool for an extended period of time.
- Upon examination, the animal looks thin, in some dogs you can feel the thickened intestines.
- Laboratory studies, as a rule, do not show anything. With very serious inflammation, the lesion can affect neighboring organs - the liver and pancreas.
- As a result of this, the content of liver enzymes and amylase, which is produced by the pancreas, increases in the body.
- In the blood, a decrease in the level of protein is possible, and with severe vomiting, a decrease in the level of electrolytes, especially potassium, can be noted.
In most cases, a blood test is normal, although anemia can sometimes develop. In some animals, eosinophils are found in the blood.
X-ray and ultrasound usually do not provide any data. Sometimes a thickening of the intestine and an accumulation of gas may be noticeable, but this happens with many diseases.
The only way to diagnose an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract is through a biopsy.
- It will show the presence of an increased number of inflammatory cells in the walls of the small intestine and the type of these cells.
- A biopsy will reveal microscopic changes in tissues that are not visible to the naked eye. In other diseases, damage to the gastrointestinal tract is completely obvious.
- When making a diagnosis, other causes of diarrhea and the appearance of infiltrants should be excluded. Fecal analysis should exclude parasites, and according to the results of a blood test, diseases such as hyperthyroidism, liver disease, infection with the dog leukemia virus should be excluded.
Treatment of gastrointestinal diseases in dogs
Treatment of gastrointestinal diseases in dogs usually consists of various diets and medicines.
Diet. At the first stage of treatment, a food sample is needed - the use of hypoallergenic products, sources of protein and carbohydrates that the animal did not eat before, for example, duck and potatoes. The animal should not eat anything else and not take any medicine. Such a test should last for 2-3 months.
If with such a diet the animal’s health status does not improve, then you need to try other products.
- If the disease affects mainly the large intestine, then it is useful to give food rich in fiber. You can add oat bran to the feed. If the lesion has affected the small intestine, it may be helpful for some animals to give well-digestible foods with a low fiber content. Low carbohydrate carbohydrates are also beneficial.
- Do not give foods that contain wheat, oats, rye, and barley. Sometimes an animal is fed natural homemade food, but it is rarely balanced, and therefore, it is preferable to use commercial food for a long period of time.
- Drug treatment. To reduce the number of inflammatory cells, various medications are used.
- Azathioprine and cyclophosphamide: these drugs suppress immunity and are usually only used if other treatments have failed or in combination with corticosteroids.
- These medications can have a negative effect on bone marrow function, so careful monitoring of your health and regular blood tests are recommended when using them.
Symptoms of Dog Bowel Inflammation
The main symptoms that can always be used to diagnose inflammation are:
- pet weakness, avoiding active movements,
- diarrhea, if the small intestine is inflamed,
- solid bowel movements with mucus and blood, if the colon is inflamed,
- heavy weight loss
- heavy, heavy tread.
It is worth noting that diarrhea is not always a symptom of inflammation. It can also signal an allergy to one of the products. Therefore, you should carefully look at the dog and find other symptoms of the disease.
Digestive enzyme treatment
- With bowel inflammation in a dog, the symptoms and treatment are always very similar. Digestive enzymes such as Prozim are the best treatment. They make the pancreas more effective and normalize the intestines of the animal. We bring to your attention an effective recipe.
- “A dog weighing up to 15 kg should be given 1/4 teaspoon of Prozima in the morning and evening. Dogs weighing 15 to 30 kg should take 1/2 teaspoon in the morning and evening. Larger dogs should be given 1 teaspoon, also in the morning and evening. "
- You can buy Prozim in veterinary pharmacies, as well as in pet stores. It must be given to the animal with food. It is worth noting that with inflammation of the large intestine in a dog, the symptoms are different, but the method of treatment remains the same. Enzymes will help with both diseases of the colon and small intestine.
The benefits of a natural diet and lactobacilli
During treatment, the pet should be switched to a natural diet. It can be either high quality food, or - the best option - homemade food. Often this helps prevent vomiting and diarrhea, and treatment will be more effective. Veterinarians often say that the benefits of a natural diet are hard to overestimate.
The use of lactobacilli will not be superfluous. They are found in yogurt and special additives. If possible, supplements should be dispensed with, but if the pet is allergic to yogurt, or if he simply does not want to eat it, you can make a replacement.
Lactobacilli normalize the intestinal microflora and lead to an ideal acid balance. Yogurt can be given along with regular food, and special additives are dosed.
Most dogs will have enough 1/4 of the normal human dose.
The owners are encouraged by the fact that with inflammation of the small intestine or inflammation of the large intestine in dogs, the symptoms are immediately visible. This allows you to quickly start effective treatment and save your pet from an unpleasant disease.
Symptoms and treatment of enterocolitis in a dog
Gastroenterocolitis is a kind of inflammatory process, which is located in the small and large intestines. If this disease begins in a dog, then it can deliver a lot of troubles to the pet, which will be expressed in pain and pathological gastric manifestations.
Thus, the sooner the correct diagnosis is established and adequate treatment is started, the treatment of enterocolitis in dogs will be faster and more effective, and the animal will feel such a long-awaited relief.
The basic concept of enterocolitis and its nature of occurrence
Gastroenterocolitis in dogs can occur in two of the most common forms: primary and secondary.
As for the nature of its origin, this disease occurs due to a kind of inflammation of both the large and small intestines of the animal.
As for the primary variety, it mostly affects puppies and elderly dogs, while the secondary one, in turn, can be observed in all representatives of very different breeds.
The main causes of the primary variety of enterocolitis in dogs in most cases are as follows:
- eating problems or an unbalanced pet diet. This is due to the fact that sometimes a dog can eat foods that are already spoiled or other harmful food additives,
- violations of the intestinal mucosa of the animal. This condition may be the result of a dog swallowing a variety of objects that have sharp ends and that can damage the intestines. Also, the mucous membrane can be violated due to the fact that the animal could consume any toxins that also accumulate in poor-quality food.
The consequence of primary gastrointestinal enterocolitis can be that the mucous membrane is significantly disrupted and because of this, the death of beneficial microorganisms occurs, while pathogenic bacteria multiply, forming a kind of inflammation.
As for such a form as secondary gastroenterocolitis, this condition is for the most part a consequence of the primary form of the disease. It can also be caused by a variety of viruses, bacteria, worms, and other parasites in the dog’s intestines. Also, sometimes enterocolitis of the second type can occur due to the presence of a tumor in the body of a pet or any other pathology.
Gastroenteritis in a dog for the most part has the most basic symptom - it is indomitable diarrhea. It is also worth noting that this disease is accompanied by persistent diarrhea, which can change its appearance, in connection with the development of this disease.
Thus, when diarrhea appears, one can immediately suspect the presence of this disease in the pet, which can also be supplemented by the manifestation of the following secondary symptoms:
- Intestinal enteritis is mainly manifested by loose stools of a mushy type. Also, feces may include a variety of inclusions in the form of mucus and other impurities.
- There is inflammation of the anus in the animal due to the fact that irrepressible diarrhea occurs.
- There is a constant bloating of the intestine, which constantly rumbles and is quite swollen upon palpation.
- Bacterial enteritis can manifest in a lethargic state and dogs. The animal does not want to eat, and it also seems that everything that happens around him is not at all interesting for the pet.
- The coat of the animal becomes dull and brittle.
- There is a rapid weight loss of the dog. This is due to the fact that the metabolic process in the dog is completely disrupted.
Gastroenterocolitis in chronic form is manifested in the constant release of gases, and burping can also occur very often. As for diarrhea, it can in some cases be replaced by constipation or vice versa.
Thus, it is worth saying that enterocolitis is a disease that can deliver a lot of unpleasant sensations to your pet, and if you do not eliminate these symptoms through proper treatment, the process can go into a chronic form, cure, which will be very difficult.
Features of the diagnosis of enterocolitis
- In order to determine the nature of the unpleasant symptoms in your pet, you should seek the advice of a veterinarian, who, in turn, must perform a series of examinations in order to establish the correct diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment. Initially, it is worthwhile to perform a general blood test in the animal, which should show the presence or absence of an inflammatory process in the dog's body.
- If the animal has a disease such as gastroenterocolitis, then in this case anemia may be observed in the blood test or all indicators may remain normal.
- If bacteria develop very rapidly in the intestines of an animal, then in this case the dog's body temperature may rise, and blood spots may also be observed in loose stools.
- If you note that a variety of blood clots appeared in your pet's stool, then you should definitely inform the veterinarian, who should use special tests to exclude the presence of dangerous diseases such as distemper, enteritis, leptospirosis and others.
Features of the treatment of enterocolitis disease
Enterocolitis must be treated starting with the elimination of the primary cause of the disease, which preceded the development of this disease in the animal. It is necessary to make all the necessary examinations of the animal and identify the presence of any infection or parasites that must be eliminated first of all.
In order for the treatment to proceed at the appropriate level and bring its results, it is necessary to transfer the pet to a strict diet, which will very favorably influence the healing process.
In order to maximize the effect in the treatment of enterocolitis in a dog, it is necessary to adhere to the following sequence of actions:
- If the animal has a very strong dehydration of the body, you should definitely try to drink it with special solutions that are necessary to restore the water balance. If this is impossible to do, then you should definitely put droppers on the animal in order to flood its exhausted organism as much as possible.
- In order to restore the process of digestion of food as much as possible, it is necessary to give the animal such preparations that contain special bacteria for intestinal microflora.
- It is necessary to discuss with the veterinarian the possibility of using the dog with special drugs that are necessary in order to relieve pain.
- If the condition of the dog is quite serious and there is a very large amount of pathogenic microflora in the intestines, then the use of antibacterial drugs that will kill the pathogenic bacteria as much as possible will be justified. This is due to the fact that hemorrhagic enteritis in dogs is a very serious disease, which in most cases is treated only with the help of special antibiotics.
- If a doctor has detected helminthic infestations in the body of your pet, then it is imperative to take measures to destroy them, since enteritis can be caused precisely by parasites.
- It is also worth noting that the dog’s immune system also undergoes very large losses and cannot properly perform its direct function. Thus, it is necessary to give the animal preparations that will maximize immunity.
- If at the time of enteritis any allergic reactions to this disease are observed, then it will be advisable to take special anti-allergic drugs.
Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that enteritis in dogs is a rather insidious disease, which is nothing but inflammation of the upper or lower intestines. Thus, timely treatment is the key to the complete recovery of your pet.