You can feed your pet with natural food or dry food. In the latter case, you can give your favorite pieces of cheese, treat with yogurt without additives or kefir. Picky representatives of the breed are found, in this case, you can add a little sauce to the food or mix it with a moist canned diet.
If the owners decide to feed the dog ordinary food, then it should be remembered that an adult Doberman needs at least half a kilo of meat, always with veins. Also, the diet of the pet should include cereals boiled in water, vegetable or lean meat broth. Of cereals, it is better to give preference to buckwheat, rice, millet, oatmeal.
General description of the breed, character
Smooth silk coat, emphasizing every muscle, chiseled silhouette, flying gait and enormous endurance - before you is a Doberman - a dog with a cult status and millions of passionate admirers around the world. And the secret of this rabid popularity lies not only in the stunning article and external data of the dog, but also in its exceptional intelligence and unlimited devotion to the one who gave his heart to the Doberman.
For many, the Doberman has become a real family mascot. He values a human home almost humanly and is capable of becoming a stone wall that will surround you and your loved ones with unlimited love and will always be on guard of your safety. Dobermans adore children and, as well as possible, are suitable for the role of energetic partners in fun, exhausting fun.
The start of the Dobermann breed was laid by the German Friedrich Luis Dobermann, who at the end of the 19th century brought out the first "version" of the modern Doberman, called the "Thuringian Pinscher" (after the name of the German land - Thuringia). As a tax collector, often forced to carry large amounts of money, Dobermann needed reliable protection, and his main goal was to create a courageous, fearless bodyguard dog. The Thuringian pinscher was obtained by crossing short-haired shepherd dogs, a black and tan terrier, a rottweiler, and a smooth-haired German pinscher. After the death of the Dobermann, the breed was called the Doberman Pinscher, but in 1949 the prefix "Pinscher" was removed from the name.
The Dobermann case was successfully continued by Otto Geller, who made a huge contribution to the development of the breed and actually formed the final appearance of the modern Doberman. Geller began distributing Dobermans in the countries of South and North America. Dobermans appeared in Russia a long time ago - at the beginning of the 20th century. The first dogs were brought from Germany for the purposes of the police and the army, but they soon gained wide popularity, in particular, in the circles of the Russian intelligentsia. Dobermans have a rare scent and striking intuition, and they can often be found in the army and police.
The main misconception associated with this breed of dogs is the myth of their aggressiveness. It must be understood that the Doberman has a very high intelligence, so in the right hands, with the right approach to education, you will get a friendly dog with a stable psyche and adequate reactions to others. Of course, the Doberman is, first of all, a reliable bodyguard, but a healthy dog knows that the manifestation of malice is required of her only in a situation of real danger.
Species, Standards and Varieties
The modern Doberman is a strong, muscular dog, of a fairly strong physique, of medium size (up to 72 cm for males). A long neck, a tightened stomach, strong hips, a wedge-shaped head create a proportional, expressive silhouette, for which the Doberman is often called the aristocratic dog. As for the color, black and dark brown colors with rusty-red tints are allowed.
How to choose a Doberman puppy
To buy a puppy, it is better to contact the kennel. Only there can guarantee that the puppy will match the breed. Of course, puppies in kennels are more expensive than those offered on classified sites. But then you have to be ready for any surprises. You cannot buy a limousine at the price of “oki”. A good puppy has a broad back and chest, a long neck and a bright tan, which indicates a good immune system. Little Doberman should have a great appetite, shiny coat and proper bite. The puppy must not weigh less than 3 kg. The breeder should be asked about the age of the mother (she must be at least 2 years old and no older than 8), the number of litters. When selling a puppy, a conscientious breeder will ask the new owners about the experience of keeping such dogs, the conditions in which the puppy will fall. Take an adult dog to the house is not worth it. Dobermans should know only one leader of the pack, and changing it can lead to irreversible consequences.
The following disadvantages of the appearance of the dog can become defects in the breed:
- the presence of soft and wavy hair,
- the appearance of light or darkened tan marks, white marks,
- the presence of a thick and clearly visible undercoat,
- the proximity of the hocks, the wrong angles of joints and profitable fingers,
- the presence of inverted elbows, clubfoot or razmet,
- lack of muscle
- the formation of a barrel-shaped, flat or narrow chest,
- the presence of convex eyes, as well as a thick and short neck with a suspension.
Among other things, flaws can be represented by a convex frontal part or back of the nose, a sharp transition or its complete absence, a heavy and short head, cheekbones, a sharp muzzle, thick lips and low-set ears.
Dobermans were bred in Germany, on the territory of Thuringia in the second half of the 19th century. The breed is named after its founder, Frederick Karl L. Dobermann, who served as a tax collector in Apold. To fulfill his duties, Dobermann needed a reliable assistant, and he thought about creating a breed of dogs exclusively for official purposes. To breed a new breed, the breeder crossed a German Pinscher with a Rottweiler, a German Shepherd and a Manchester Terrier. The blood of hounds and dogs also flows in the blood of Dobermans.
Initially, this breed was known as the Thuringian Pinscher and Dobermann Pinscher. At the beginning of the 20th century. its standards were recognized, and a little later, in the middle of the 20th century, it acquired its modern name.
The life expectancy of a Doberman is 10-13 years.
Sizes and weight. Appearance
According to the standards approved in 2015, the height for the male Doberman at the withers should be 68–72 cm, for the female 63–68 cm. The admissible weight of the male is 40–45 kg, and the female 33–35 kg.
Dobermans are strong and at the same time graceful dogs with proportional physique and dry constitution. At the same time, they have developed muscles and a wide bone. The head is not large, with a long and narrow muzzle and an undeveloped forehead. The eyes are small, the ears are set high. The Dobermans neck is not very long, the withers are high. These dogs have a developed, deep and rounded chest, a straight, strong back and a slightly lowered croup. The abdominal wall of the Dobermans should be tightened. The forelegs with a wide bone, strong, are located at right angles to the body, the hind limbs have developed muscles and are slightly set aside. Currently, the tail and ears of the Dobermans do not stop.
The main part of Dobermans nurseries is located in Moscow, the Moscow region and St. Petersburg. Before you buy a puppy, we recommend that you consult with the breeder, clarify the price and pedigree information of your future pet.
The main color of Dobermans is black or brown with brown-red tints. The coat is short, stiff, fits snugly to the body, the undercoat is not developed.
Character and habits
Dobermans have a complex character, which is due to the fact that the selection of dogs during selection was carried out taking into account working qualities. The exterior and habits of the Dobermans are aimed at serving. The sense of smell is very developed, so representatives of this breed work well on the trail. They are very energetic, active, well tolerate high physical and informational loads. Animals with a strong nervous system are balanced, perfectly subordinate and devoted to the owner, adequately respond to stimuli. Dobermans are excellent guards, watchmen, bloodhounds and companions. Dobermans with a weak nervous system are cowardly, can be aggressive and dangerous to others. Therefore, it is better to take the puppy in the kennel from parents with a balanced character and a strong nervous system.
Dobermans need a spacious room - it is difficult for them to be in a small apartment without long active walks.
To educate an obedient Doberman requires his socialization from an early age, constant training and high physical activity.
Dobermans are unpretentious in grooming: the short coat of these dogs does not require frequent washing. It is necessary to comb out the animal once a week with a special brush and wipe it with a damp towel. For walks in the cold season, it is recommended to use overalls.
An important procedure is also a weekly examination and cleaning of the ears, as well as examination of the teeth and oral cavity of the pet.
The short Doberman coat does not require frequent washing. To remove dead hair, the dog must be wiped with a cloth or a soft brush. For walks in the cold season, you need to use overalls.
In general, Dobermans have good health. The most common pathology is dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac arrhythmias, often elbow dysplasia, osteopathy, coagulopathy, Wobbler syndrome, hypothyroidism, epilepsy.
Due to their high mobility, Dobermans are prone to injuries of the musculoskeletal system, cut and stab wounds. In adult Dobermans, gastric inversion, oncological diseases are found.
It is important to remember that compliance with the conditions of Doberman, as well as preventive veterinary examinations from an early age, impede the development of many diseases.
Due to the physique and level of activity, Dobermans are not suitable for everyday food for ordinary dogs. Athletic build and high activity require increased energy expenditures and, accordingly, a diet high in calories. Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Puppy Athletic full-dry dry food for large breed puppies with athletic physique meets these conditions, and Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Adult Athletic with OPTIBALANCE® for adult dogs. This food not only provides the dog with the necessary energy, but also supports the health of the dentition, joints and improves digestion.
In the apartment
Those who dream of a “sofa” pet should abandon the idea of having a Doberman. Owners of tiny apartments are unlikely to be able to provide him with the necessary conditions. Before buying a puppy, you need to carefully consider where in the apartment the dog will sleep and rest. The corridor is not suitable, as the Doberman likes to be near people.
The overnight place should be located as far as possible from drafts and heating appliances. It should be well lit.
It should be borne in mind that during the period of tooth growth, the puppy may begin to spoil things in the house. To prevent this, you need to provide him with his own toys.
In a private house
Dobermans feel great in an aviary. The dog must be allowed to walk without a leash. This is especially true for young individuals who need to give energy output. But it is worth doing it in underpopulated places. This breed is not suitable for keeping on a chain.
In the cold season, the dog should be warm, it is better to settle it in a private house. Responses of owners say that it easily adapts to new conditions.
Caring for a Doberman is easy - just wash it from time to time, comb your hair, brush your teeth and ears.
- Once a week, the dog is wiped with a damp towel, once every few months - washed with shampoo. If you bathe Doberman too often, his protective functions of the skin will be impaired.
- From time to time it is recommended to examine the dog's oral cavity. If tartar occurs, the pet should be taken to the veterinarian.
- Ears are cleaned once a week with cotton pads dipped in lotion or water.
- If the claws do not grind well, they are cut (video author Anna Khanenchuk.
It is better to stop the Doberman’s ears under the supervision of a veterinarian when the puppy reaches 2-4 months. During the rehabilitation period, it is necessary to provide him with proper care and make sure that the dog does not damage his ears during the games. It is better to fix them with the frame until the seams are removed.
These dogs love both food and natural food. Half of the diet should be meat. Cereals, dairy products, bran, boneless sea fish and vegetables are also useful. During feeding, the animal's head should be level with the back.
If the dog lives in the house, after a walk you need to wash his paws. Litter should be cleaned of dust and dirt in a timely manner. The same goes for toys and dishes of the pet.
In winter, the Doberman should be taken for a walk only in warm clothes, it can be a jumpsuit. This is the only way to avoid frostbite. During walks, the dog should be in a collar with a wrist loop and a muzzle (due to its impressive size and strength, it can be dangerous to other people). Staying in the fresh air should be long and interesting.
Do you find the content of the Doberman difficult?
Doberman is a noble, courageous and courageous breed of dogs. Such dogs need proper care and training. It was believed that Dobermans are bloodthirsty creatures, but this is not so. It all depends on how the animal was raised. Even the most huge and seemingly serious dog can be cute, kind and affectionate. Find out what constitutes the proper education of the Doberman.
How to educate Dobermans according to the rules: the nuances of training
Doberman combines courage, strength, power and elegance. This is a very graceful and slim dog. She is strong, bones and muscular. The character of the dog is quite suitable. She is alert, energetic, fearless, faithful and very smart. Starting education is necessary from the first days of a puppy's life, however, as far as possible. Actively start training when the dog is at least 2 months old.
During training, it is important that the sequence is followed. You need to play with the young Doberman in a playful way.
Only then will he remember all the rules and become an obedient trained dog. It is better, of course, if the Doberman does not live in an apartment, but in a private house. There he will have enough space for training, jogging, games, etc. It is impossible to overdo the Doberman, otherwise he will not remember anything, and will only do what he pleases. When training, you must follow these rules.
In the mid-19th century, someone Friedrich Dobermann planned to breed a new breed: fearless, vicious and hardy. He was not a dog handler or a breeder, but earned money as a stray animal catcher.
According to one version, the goal was to get the perfect fighting dog. Fans of the breed disagree with her and argue that Frederick from the very beginning wanted to get the perfect ministers.
For the first breeding, he used "butcher" dogs (the ancestors of the Rottweiler) and assorted old-German pinschers who fell into Apolda’s flock (a provincial town in Thuringia, a small homeland). But posterity, in addition to the desired qualities, was transmitted excessive excitability and uncontrollability.
One of the earliest photos of the 19th century already allows you to recognize familiar features.
The first Thuringian pinschers (early name) looked more like a lightweight rottweiler. To ennoble the appearance and straighten the character used dogs bought at the fair.
They name about a dozen breeds, including Beauceron and other shepherd dogs, short-haired cops, the Scottish setter, dogs, greyhounds. Lewis did not keep a studbook, no exact data.
In Russia, they were not widely used as a working breed because of their inability to frost and character traits, which we will discuss below.
Doberman remains a working breed - according to the standard, tests for admission to breeding are mandatory.
They are mainly used where there is no large concentration of outsiders (here the palm is given to the good-natured labradors) and there is no need to change the leader. Interest as a sports partner is stable throughout the world - here the characteristics of the Doberman are used to the full.
In our country, in everyday life, the name "pinscher", this name refers, by the way, to them. However, we will not be distracted, today we have prepared a complete description of the Doberman breed. As usual, you will find a lot of first-hand information, owner reviews and a lot of videos!
According to the description of the standard, Dobermans are muscular, athletically built, without a hint of infantilism or weight. The top line is slightly sloping, the bottom is tightened, but not to the "aspen" waist. Height at the withers 68-72 for males and 63-68 cm for females.
The limbs are set straight, the rear with good angles. The high set tail is thin and long, with an elegant curve. The muzzle is wide enough, not heavy and not too narrow, the transition line is smooth. Mandatory wide "smile", opening molars.
Male show class from Frankfurt (pictured Duke fom Kleine Tashelampe)
The eyes are dark brown or lighter in brown dogs; the gaze is characterized as alert and tenacious. V-shaped medium-sized ears set high, hanging, adjacent to the cheekbones.
Standard RKF. The decision is made by the breeder or future owner. Dobermans with cropped ears and / or tail are allowed to be examined at FCI shows, including European ones, if stopping is permitted by law in the country where the puppy was born. The regulation is valid until 2024.
Cropped ears need to be placed - a design of wire and bandage. How to build a "crown", the breeder will show. Independent experiments are fraught with abnormal formation of the ear cartilage.
For many Russian lovers, such a “new” look is unacceptable (pictured is a show-class bitch Erato vom Siegel, USA).
Short thick hair adheres to the skin with a "shell" - hair to hair. The standard does not allow the presence of undercoat, but some have it - short and straight, rude.
There are two colors - black (black and tan) or brown with tan. Tanning can be rusty red or reddish. Color is desirable saturated, pure and even. The boundaries between the main color and the tan are always clear, without blur.
There is a white variety of Doberman - a vicious type susceptible to genetic mutation. Not only are these spectacular and exotic dogs not up to standard, they carry a whole bunch of genetic diseases. Photophobia, melanoma is only the beginning of a depressing list.
Therefore, the site strongly advises to bypass them.
Family Character and Relationships
Because of the cropped ears (they give a formidable guarded look), the Doberman character for many is a big surprise! But if you look at him in a natural way, temper is more accurately guessed.
If everything is fine with the psyche and upbringing, then at home it is tender kissing charm. They are extremely affectionate, constantly looking for contact, love to caress and generally be as close to the owner as possible. True, only the leader willingly obey, but they are sweet and sociable with all the household.
One of the typical "bad habits" is the endless howl and barking alone. Early accustoming to the absence of pets will protect the nerves of the pet and neighbors.
As an illustration of family life, watch a video from the Dobermans at home. Cutting the funniest moments: sure that you will be touched and laugh with us нами
Relations with relatives are different. This moment depends more on upbringing than on the inherent characteristics of the Doberman. There are many dominant males in the stock, initiating fights with fellow tribesmen, but this behavior is corrected.
To strangers, dogs of the Doberman Pincher breed are incredulous, many are openly aggressive. A strong protective instinct can lead to an unpleasant situation. For example, a dog clings to the hand of even a friend who has decided to amiably pat the owner on the shoulder. Or pulls on the leg, afraid of the suddenly opened umbrella.
This is a consequence of a lightning reaction, coupled with excitability and a desire to protect the flock from any danger. A feature to always remember!
Intelligent and neat dog organically fits into any interior 🙂
Parenting and training
Cruelty, drill and tedious repetition in the home training of Doberman are ineffective. To begin with, it is important to be able to establish close contact and earn trust. Consistency and logic are extremely important: for the same action it is unacceptable to punish today, and to praise tomorrow.
The little puppy is a bunch of endless energy, a bully and an unsurpassed cunning. He easily manipulates an overly soft master, imperceptibly gaining a place for himself higher in the hierarchy of the family.
In the future, such a little minnow will certainly turn into an uncontrollable masterful dog. And then, “for no reason,” he suddenly shows aggression towards family members.
To avoid problems with the Doberman character, it is important to instill obedience from small claws. They have excellent memory, as well as the ability to learn at home. Some stubbornness and increased excitability interfere - they are easily distracted.
But this character trait can and should be used to the advantage - it is easy to involve the baby in an interesting game, during which he will learn the basic commands. The first lessons should be held strictly in the calm atmosphere of a familiar place, after active running around.
Big Ring, IPO, ZKS - here the hero of our description competes on an equal footing with Malinois and the German Shepherd.
For the proper formation of the psyche, early comprehensive socialization is extremely important. Up to two years (growing up later), it is important to walk a lot in unfamiliar places, to teach your pet to calmly treat strangers and dogs, loud noises, odors, travel in transport.
Experienced Doberman breeders recommend training through the "bear" command - practicing endurance in any situation. On command, when there is a goal (to earn praise) and a specific task (to endure), it is easier for them to calmly transfer the examination, children's fuss, the attention of outsiders, the curiosity of other dogs, etc.
With stubborn and openly dominant individuals, mechanical methods of punishment are permissible (squeeze to the floor, trep at the withers, leashes of the leash). But here it is important to guess the nature of the Doberman. Excessive stiffness can lead to the consolidation of cowardly-aggressive behavior.
The best option - regardless of the nature of the pet and personal success, take courses OKD or UGS (guided city dog). In some nurseries, this is a prerequisite for the purchase.
- The balance of all members of the family. Next to a nervous person, a puppy will certainly grow up nervous, excitable,
- Positive attitude. It will help you easily survive all the pranks of crumbs and difficulties that you will encounter in the process of training,
- Physical strength, so as not to save in front of the dominant dog and, if necessary, be able to disperse the dog fight,
- Stamina and free time, since Doberman Pinscher requires regular loads,
- Dog-breeding experience and the opportunity (time, money, desire), if necessary, seek help from a dog handler.
Forums are full of ads of negligent owners: "Looking for a new owner, give it in good hands." Doberman requires a serious approach! Hoping for "maybe I will come across a self-taught and obedient puppy from birth" is unreasonable.
About such a characteristic as heredity should also not be forgotten. When choosing a nursery, focus on workers, not exhibition diplomas. If the aggressive bitch is taken away or not shown at all, refuse to inspect the litter. An unstable psyche is most likely transmitted to posterity!
The biggest difficulty in caring for a Doberman is to correctly calculate physical activity. The puppy should not grow on the couch, but it cannot be overloaded (ligaments and joints suffer). The ideal option is to engage in any kind of sport (almost any direction is suitable) in the company of experienced owners and their dogs.
Regular active walks are required. A dog with an affectionate character will enjoy walking in the forest or to the water, accompanying the owner-skier, cyclist, tourist.
And in slush, clothes will protect not only from dirt, but also from chemicals that sprinkle on the streets.
Congenital dislike for cold, dirt and dampness, coupled with short hair, forces you to buy clothes (or sew on your own). In autumn, dense raincoats come in handy, below minus 10 - in severe frosts.
If the ears are cropped, you need a hat or jumpsuit with a hood, otherwise the thin tips will freeze and fall off. White hair grows on the damaged tissue and remains so all his life. Before the shows, the “grayed” tips of the ears tint. But it is better not to allow this - frostbite is extremely painful and often leads to chronic seasonal otitis media.
According to the owners, often even raised Doberman dogs and thunder, cats, having fun, noisy children, strange dogs, cyclists. From aggression to panic and attempts to escape, wherever the eyes look. Therefore, in an open public area, a leash and a muzzle are required.
At home, the main problem is the love of door handles, furniture upholstery, household items and other property. Bored Doberman is able to gobble up literally everything! And there, with luck, from a mild disorder to operations and even death.
Dobermann can do such destruction every day. Until you get down to business.
At first it’s important to maintain order and provide the puppy with a lot of interesting toys, the most diverse of which are ropes, rubber, wooden, logic puzzles (which they do very well).
Around the clock will not help: with the loss of contact with the family, Doberman’s behavior only worsens. But active games, competent training and sufficient loads will help relieve stress and instill good manners.
Another point is the habit of placing paws on your knees and / or hammering a foot on the owner’s legs in an attempt to attract attention. Such behavior must be immediately and firmly nipped, otherwise torn clothes and bruises on the legs will become a constant phenomenon.
In general, everything is simple, not counting the molt. Short hair from a dog when keeping Doberman in the apartment is constantly pouring! In spring, a real nightmare sets in - "needles" in clothes, furniture, in soup ...
Breeders recommend combing the pet at least three times a week. And also to vacuum, first having accustomed the baby to this procedure through the game and dainty. If strong fright can be avoided, the adult dog will be happy to flop himself on the floor, exposing his sides and stomach under the brush.
Since the Doberman Pinscher’s coat is short, it is quite difficult to comb it out qualitatively - the hairs slip between the teeth. It is advisable to use a rubber or metal comb.
The rubber scraper must be necessarily with a triangular teeth fence, as in the photo above. The usual "mitten" will not work.
And below - a metal groove in the form of a loop, great for combing Dobermans. But you need to ask the breeder to show how to properly hold it in order to grab hair and not scratch the skin.
If the dog is exhibition, in the summer you will have to protect the pigment - the wool quickly burns out, and the tinted shampoos do not work well. Pyleviki from light light fabric, carrots and kelp in the diet, on sunny days to avoid long walks in the open. Bathing as needed.
Disadvantages of the breed
Analyzing the reviews of Doberman owners, you can make a list of their most serious disadvantages. Important disclaimer: the situation is evaluated from the point of view of the ordinary owner.
- short hair - inconvenient for keeping in an aviary,
- attachment to the owner - disobedience when changing the leader,
- low threshold of excitability - undesirable reactions to distractions during training,
- congenital cowardice of a significant part of the livestock as a result of the labile nervous system,
- propensity to dominate - instead of targeted training, you have to spend time on “breaking” the character.
It will depend on you who will live with you: an inadequate, dangerous beast to society, or a controlled friend.
With proper care and nutrition, a genetically healthy puppy will grow into a strong dog that is distinguished by its enviable health until old age. But, unfortunately, the breed has a lot of hereditary diseases. The most common:
- hip / elbow dysplasia, fibrous dysplasia,
- panostitis (intermittent claudication)
- Wobbler syndrome (chronic dislocation / subluxation, displacement of the cervical vertebrae)
- Willebrand-Jurgens syndrome (platelet pathology, leads to coagulation disorder)
- hypothyroidism (lack of thyroid hormones).
In addition, Dobermans have an increased tendency to cardiomyopathy (leading to chronic or acute heart failure) and to bloating (expansion, inversion).
All ailments are serious, not always treatable.
No matter how charming Doberman puppies are, carefully check their parents!
Choosing and buying a puppy
The choice of nursery should be approached with extreme responsibility, taking into account all the characteristics. The parents of the litter should be tested, the breeder should provide you with the results of the manufacturer’s work checks.
There are no documents other than a pedigree and a bunch of show diplomas? Contact another nursery: the choice is large, the level of Russian Doberman pinschers is high.
Specialty shows are often held where you can watch dogs and chat with breeders. You can buy a Doberman puppy inexpensively: the breed is not very popular and the prices, even for high-quality litters, are low. On average, the price starts from 30 thousand rubles.
However, for a promising show or vice versa, a working dog will have to pay three times as much.
It is enough for the responsible owner to simply ensure the proper care and maintenance of the Doberman. Puppies 2-4 months old need to stop the ears. You should also do all vaccinations recommended by your veterinarian.
Dobermans are not picky in their diet. For their diet, both natural food and ready-made food are suitable. But it is important that half the amount of food is meat products. This breed is suitable for cereals, sea fish, vegetables and dairy products. If you feed the dog with dry diets, pay great attention to the composition: the feed should contain meat, not offal. Make sure that the dog’s head is at back level during feeding.
In the world there are more than 500 different breeds of dogs. If you decide to get a reliable friend and guard, pay attention to the Doberman dog. It is known about the breed of these dogs that they are excellent companions for humans, very smart, have a high level of intelligence and have excellent security qualities.Before you get a puppy, learn all about the Doberman: the conditions of its maintenance and care. Evaluate your capabilities: can you provide the dog with the necessary walking regimen and devote the right amount of time to it.
Dobermann dogs, whose breed history began in Germany, were bred at the end of the 19th century. Police officer Friedrich Dobermann, who needed a good guard, became the creator of this breed. The search for a suitable dog in a shelter for homeless animals did not lead to anything, and then Doberman himself decided to breed a breed that would be distinguished by high protective abilities. The description of the Doberman of those years was significantly different from the representatives of the breed that are known today. They were very aggressive, hardy, characterized by increased spite and excellent reaction. They were purchased mainly for police and search activities.
At that time, representatives of the Doberman dog breed were very popular and became leaders of the search service. Having conquered Germany, they gradually gained fame throughout the world. The history of the origin of this breed had another important turn. It was introduced by Otto Geller, who decided to mitigate their evil character. Thanks to his efforts, the Dobermans became more obedient and more compliant with respect to the owner. Due to this, their popularity grew rapidly.
The fame of the Dobermans reached Russia, and in 1902 representatives of this breed were first admitted to the police service. Now Russian Dobermans are high-class dogs, winners of international exhibitions and competitions.
What is the nature of the Doberman and the characteristics of the breed? Many people consider the representatives of this breed to be aggressive and angry dogs, they are afraid to start them in families with children. This is not quite the right opinion. A properly trained and trained dog will coexist perfectly in the family, showing respect to all its members and other pets.
The first Dobermans had a very ferocious character. Because this breed was bred to protect a person and his property. But later, when the breeders began to realize that such an aggressive dog would not gain popularity, they began to work to soften its character. After this, the breed began to develop, its popularity began to grow.
The modern Doberman is a friendly family member who respects children and does not offend them.
These dogs are characterized by moderation in everything, they are moderately aggressive and excitable. Too vicious or nervous representatives of this breed are quite rare, as a rule, the fault in genetics or the poor upbringing of the Doberman is to blame for this. This is a very good-natured dog, but only as long as she is in a relaxed atmosphere. If the owner is in danger, she immediately rushes to the rescue. The fighting and protective instincts are transmitted in these dogs at the genetic level and are well developed. If you want to purchase a high-class guard from a representative of the Doberman breed for your family, training from a professional dog handler should begin as soon as the animal is out of puppyhood.
Due to the fact that Doberman dogs are very smart and have high intellectual abilities, they quickly learn to execute commands. It is easy to train a Doberman, this dog is human-oriented and usually does not show independence.
Representatives of this breed, as a rule, are deprived of harm or stubbornness, have a balanced psyche, they are always alert and ready to protect. All these features of the Doberman breed made it popular among dog breeders.
Doberman breed standard
The breed standard is a set of identical characteristics by which one can distinguish a group of dogs from all the others. Such signs include the size of the animal, height, weight, the proportions of its body, the shape of the ears, color. What standards does the doberman have in describing the breed?
Doberman has the appearance of a strong dog with well-developed muscles, but at the same time elegant. This is a very graceful animal with a royal posture. Height at the withers:
- for bitches - from 63 to 68 cm,
- for males - from 68 to 72 cm.
A male weighs an average of 45 kg, a female - 35 kg.
The representatives of this breed have a long and muscular neck, but it looks very elegant at the same time. The chest is wide, the ribs protrude slightly. Strong hind and forelimbs. The tail of the Doberman is set high. As a rule, it is stopped, keeping two vertebrae. This is possible except in countries where stopping is prohibited by law.
The skull is strong, the muscles on the head are well developed. Doberman has powerful and wide jaws, even teeth. The eyes are oval, medium in size, usually dark in color.
Ears are set wide and stand upright when docked.
The coat consists of short, coarse hair. The color of the Doberman can be black or dark brown. They don’t have undercoat. It is possible that the Doberman has a tan color. Standards allow tanning only in certain areas, such as paws and inner thighs, throat or chest. There can be tan markings on the face - on the cheekbones and over the eyelids.
The life expectancy of a Doberman is an average of 12-15 years.
How to choose a puppy?
People who opted for this breed are worried about how to choose a Doberman puppy. First of all, it is important to find an experienced breeder. Turning to the organization of dog handlers, you can find out the necessary contacts. Upon arrival, ask the breeder to show you certificates showing that the dogs have passed tests of the exterior and character and comply with generally accepted standards.
- without a pedigree - from 8000 rubles,
- with a pedigree varies from 15,000 to 45,000 rubles.
If you bought a Doberman puppy, caring for it will not be too burdensome. In many countries, dogs are allowed to stop tails and ears, so when you come to the breeder, you will see that Doberman puppies wear "horns". Work on ear placement can last up to a year, so check with the breeder for all the details of this process.
Caring for a Doberman puppy does not involve frequent bathing; if necessary, use a damp towel to wipe it. Ask the breeder about the nutrition of puppies, it is not worth changing the diet dramatically after you bring it home.
No less attention should be paid to raising a puppy.
Start doing this from the moment he appears in your house, then you will be able to raise a great companion and friend who will respect your family members and other pets. When a puppy grows up and leaves puppyhood, he should begin to undergo training.
By training a dog under the guidance of specialists, you will get a great guard and protector for your family.
Raising puppies of the Doberman breed
You need to raise a Doberman puppy from the first days of his stay in your house. This process will be successful if you immediately manage to build a hierarchy in relations with the dog. She must realize and accept the fact that the main thing in the team is the owner, to whom she must obey. But in no case do not use force, the dog must trust you and love you.
If there are children in the family, then you need to teach them to respect the animal, do not let them tease and anger him.
From the first days a Doberman puppy stays in your house, teach him to a place of rest, daily routine, and walks. Walk with him in crowded places, let him get used to the noise of cars, to the various sounds of the city. Otherwise, later, when the dog grows up, she will be frightened and behave inappropriately in noisy crowded places.
Doberman dogs are quite aggressive, so do not provoke them and do not encourage anger and aggression in a puppy or teenager. This breed will have enough innate qualities in order to become a reliable guard over time with competent training. Keep in mind that on walks they can be aggressive towards other dogs, especially males like to fight.
The Doberman is very smart and has a great memory, so if you just need a well-bred dog in the house, you can train her standard teams without any problems. This breed has innate abilities that can be developed into phenomenal opportunities, for example, in search work. But for this, a professional dog handler must work with the dog, Doberman training should start at 5-6 months of age.
Pet Care and Conditions
Contrary to popular belief that caring for and keeping a pet is a troublesome thing, it is quite easy to look after representatives of the Doberman breed. They do not have an undercoat and do not shed much, so they need to be combed once a week. It is recommended to bathe Dobermans no more than several times a year, instead of bathing it is enough to wipe it with a damp towel.
To trim the claws on the legs of the dog you need 1 time in 1-2 months. This should be done carefully so as not to cut the pulp with the blood vessels and not cause the animal pain. Otherwise, in the future it may flatly abandon this procedure.
Doberman is a sports and active dog. In order to avoid health problems, she needs regular exercise. This dog cannot be closed in an aviary or put on a chain, it definitely needs communication, walks with the owner.
The Doberman has no undercoat, so he must live in a warm room, and not in an open-air cage.
How to feed a pet?
Properly organized feeding is a guarantee that your dog will be healthy and active.
People who have acquired a puppy of this breed are interested in the question of how to feed the Doberman. You can choose two options for organizing good nutrition for your dog.
- Feeding Doberman natural food.
- Feed the dog dry food.
If you choose the first option, you should definitely consider that for the full development and functioning of the dog’s body, meat and meat products should be more than 50% in the animal’s diet, and ideally 75–80%. Do not let your pet pass and do not forget to include vegetables, vitamins and mineral supplements in his diet.
When choosing the second feeding option, the task for the owner is simplified. Now there is a wide selection of all kinds of dry food for dogs, conventional and specialized. The owner can only correctly determine the daily feed rate, based on the weight and age of the dog. Most of these feeds have low energy value, which is their advantage, as large breed dogs are prone to obesity. It is not recommended to give the pet different feeds. Choose the Doberman food that is best for your dog and stop there. The animal must have round-the-clock access to clean water.
During pregnancy and lactation in dogs, the need for nutrients, vitamins and energy increases.
Therefore, during this period, the female must be given specialized feed for pregnant animals.
After the birth of the puppies, the nursing bitch needs to be fed according to a certain pattern, increasing the amount of food as the babies grow. During this period, it is necessary to choose industrial feed for lactating animals.