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Sedge (Karex)

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Carex disperma -> USDA Plant Characteristics

Carex disperma Dew. - many., VI Sem. Cypreaceae - Sedges 58. Genus Carex L. - Sedges 119. Two-seeded sedge. Raw spruce forests, black alder spruce swamps. Quite rarely, throughout the reserve ... Flora of the Central Forest State Reserve

Carex disperma Dewey - Symbol CADI6 Common Name softleaf sedge Botanical Family Cyperaceae ... Scientific plant list

Carex jamesii - Saltar a navegación, búsqueda? Carex jamesii Clasificación científica ... Wikipedia Español

Carex L. - Genus 58. Sedge (Sem. Cypreaceae - Sedge) 108. Carex acuta L. - Acute sedge (Syn: Carex gracilis Curt.) 109. Carex appropinquate Schumach. - Original sedge 110. Carex aristata R. Br. - Sedge straight-line (Syn: Carex ortostachys C. A. Mey ... Flora of the Central Forest State Reserve

Liste des espèces du genre carex - Le genre Carex, de la famille des Cyperaceae, a la particularité de contenir un nombre d espèces extrêmement élevé. En effet, on dénombre actuellement près de 1 970 espèces cons> Wikipédia en Français

Espces du genre carex - Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carex (homonymie). Le genre Carex, de la famille des Cyperaceae, a la particularité de contenir un nombre d espèces extrêmement élevé. En effet, on dénombre actuellement près de 1 970 espèces cons> Wikipédia en Français

Flora of ohio - This list includes plants native and introduced to the state of Ohio, designated (N) and (I), respectively. Varieties and subspecies link to their parent species. A * Abies balsamea var. balsamea (N) * Abutilon theophrasti (I) * Acalypha deamii ... ... Wikipedia

Two-seeded sedge - Seeds ... Wikipedia

List of Canadian plants by family C - Main page: List of Canadian plants by familyFamilies: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z Cabombaceae * Brasenia schreberi watershield Cactaceae * Escobaria vivipara foxtail pincushion cactus * ... ... Wikipedia

Sedge - shaggy, a typical species of the sedge genus ... Wikipedia

Types of sedge

Homeland
  • Australia
  • Africa
  • North America
  • South America
  • Eurasia
The soil
  • Loose, nutritious, moisture permeable
The size
  • from 5 to 100 cm
Flowering time
  • January to December
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Medium // Acceptable direct rays for several hours, eastern, western orientation
    Watering
    • Medium // Heavy watering 2-3 times a week
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Medium // Moderate humidity (at least 35%, normal street humidity in the shade)
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Medium // Fertilizer only during the period of active growth (minimum during the rest period)

    Description

    Sedge is a genus of grassy annual plants and perennials of the Osokov family. Its unpretentious and hardy representatives (more than 2000 varieties) grow throughout the globe, in a temperate climate.

    ON THE PICTURE:Sedge is able to take root even in difficult conditions for other plants.

    Due to the fact that Osoka prefers moist soil, it is most often found on the banks of water bodies and in wetlands. This fundamentally distinguishes it from other grassy plants that grow mainly on dry land.

    Two morphological groups of sedge are distinguished:

    1. Sprawling. These include sedge black, sharp, aquatic, nosed, pointed, coastal and bubbly. The rhizomes of the species of this group are long, with rosettes extending from them, rooted within the growing area. Growing, such plants create green massifs of curtains, loose or dense.
    2. Koboobrazuyuschie. This sedge is dangling, millet, sytiform, tall, fox, soddy. Their rhizomes are short and dense. They form clear and dense bumps.

    The height of the sedge stems can be different depending on the species and variety. For example, the stems of some forms of sedge high can reach 100 cm in height, in Osoka the Capricorn, they do not exceed 70 cm, and in the undersized Osoki Bohemian - 30 cm.

    The length of the sedge leaves reaches 30 cm. Their color varies from green (with a wide range of shades) to bluish-bluish, with a border of various tones. The width of Osoki leaf blades is from 2 to 15 mm. The shape and arrangement of leaves on the stem are diverse: in some species they are erect, in others they are curved in an arc.

    Spikelets of inflorescences can be low-color and low, like Osoki soddy, or, conversely, tall, lush and large (such are Osoki black and bubbly).

    ON THE PICTURE:Spikelets of sedge palm-leaved (Carex muskingumensis).

    The color of sedges is from light tones of green to black-olive, brown and black. Narrow-cylindrical, cone-shaped or drooping spikelets give Osoki curtains a special decorative effect. Fruits of plants of the genus - diaspora - slightly biconvex or trihedral shape.

    Popular varieties

    Osoka Morrow is usually grown on window sills, balconies and terraces, especially varieties of 'Ice Dance', 'Variegata', 'Fisher’s Form', 'Goldband'. and Osoku is brownish, she is elegant. Very interesting forms of the latter species are 'Jenneke', 'Jubilo', 'Lady Sunshine', 'Sophia'.

    ON THE PICTURE:The popular Osoki Morrow variety 'Ice Dance' in Russia.

    The winged sedge looks spectacular in the garden: the variety 'Knighshaye's Form' with bright yellow leaves, golden green bushes 'Bowle's Golden', sophisticated 'Aurea' with a yellow border. For single landings, the "morning star" with large 2.5 cm large fruit crops is suitable. - Sedge Gray 'Morning Star'. A creamy white border on the leaves of the sedge rusty spotted 'Island Brocade' gives this variety an outward sophistication.

    ON THE PICTURE:Sedge Gray with unusual inflorescences 'Morning Star'.

    Growing

    Cultivated sedge can grow in greenhouses, gardens, on the shores of domestic ponds, in rock gardens and on lawns, in group plantings and live borders. In the open air, it is better to plant the plant in a well-lit place, but in no case under direct sunlight.

    For sedge black, coastal and bubbly, slight shading is desirable. But severe shading is harmful to any variety of sedge, as it is worth remembering that the plant belongs to cereals, preferring well-lit areas.

    The ideal soil for garden sedge is neutral (pH 6.0–7.0) or slightly acidic (pH 5.0–6.0), with a high level of humidity. Swampy soil is suitable only for certain types of sedge (leaf-leaved or coastal). Graceful and droopy sedge does not tolerate stagnant bogging.

    ON THE PICTURE:Group planting of sedges in the garden.

    This plant needs to be fed once every two weeks (except for the period of winter "rest"). Choosing the right fertilizer for sedge in open ground or container will help our article "Types of fertilizers and their features."

    Diseases and Pests

    Common diseases of plants of the genus Sedge are gray rot and powdery mildew. Copfugo Super, Ferazim and Derozal Euro cope with the prevention and treatment of gray rot. The spread of powdery mildew will be prevented and stopped by the effective fungicides Topaz, Bayleton and Sulfaride.

    Aphids, spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs can severely damage Osoka. Effective modern drugs to combat these ticks and insects are Actellik, Aktofit, Vermitek, Karbofos insectoacaricides.

    Breeding

    Osoku is mainly propagated by dividing the bush. Long-rhizome species, after the formation of several shoots, are planted almost at any time. Koshkoobrazuyuschih better to propagate and transplant in the spring. How to transplant Osoka and other ornamental herbs correctly is described in our article: "Secrets of transplanting ornamental herbs in the garden."

    You can grow plants of this genus from seeds, sowing them mainly after spring warming (with the exception of rust-spotted sedge, which is usually sown before winter). Seed propagation of most species of sedge is less popular due to the risk of loss of decorativeness.

    First steps after purchase

    Immediately after the acquisition, Osoki seedlings should be treated for diseases and pests. For several days planting material is kept in quarantine, separate from other indoor and garden plants.

    Not to be mistaken with the purchase of seeds or young Osoki plants for planting in your garden will help the recommendations from the article "5 basic rules for the purchase of ornamental herbs and cereals."

    Root system

    The root system of sedge is represented by subordinate roots.

    The main root of sedge, as in other monocotyledons, dies 2-3 months after seed germination.

    In most species, the diameter of the accessory roots of the first order is 0.2-0.6 mm. They usually develop at the base of the vertical part of the shoots and grow obliquely or vertically down.

    In some species that form hummocks, part of the accessory shoots grow obliquely upward, located between the lower scaly leaves of the shoot or in the axils of the leaves.

    In general, the sedge root system is fibrous.

    In most sedge species, the accessory roots are rounded across; in Carex pilosa, Carex ericelorum, they are four- or five-sided.

    The adnexal roots of sedge-hygrophytes are usually densely covered with root hairs, while in sedge of mesophilic and xerophilous root hairs are poorly preserved and quickly die off.

    Root hairs in Carex limosa, Carex nigra, Carex wiluica - bright yellow, in Carex caespitosa, Carex omskiana - grayish or gray, in Carex globularis - dark red.

    Shoots

    The shoot system in most species of the sympodial structure (rarely monopoidal), since each shoot, as a rule, ends with an inflorescence.

    Most sedge species are characterized by rosette-type shoots, with nodes closely related in the basal part, from which the accessory roots, scaly leaves and vaginas of ordinary leaves depart.

    Some species (Carex hirta, Carex atherodes, Carex disticha, etc.) may have spaced shoots. The development of shoots occurs during one (Carex remota, Carex bohemica, Carex leporina, etc.), several (Carex aquatilis, Carex bigelowii, Carex atherodes), and more often two vegetative periods.

    Some species (for example, Carex vesicaria) are characterized by winter monocyclic shoots. In most sedges, all shoots are reproductive or potentially reproductive.

    After fruiting, the aerial part of the generative shoot dies, up to the “tillering zone,” and further growth of the plant is carried out due to lateral shoots.

    In the direction of the initial growth, the shoots of sedges can be apogeotropic (growing vertically upward), obliquely apogeotropic (growing obliquely upward), diazeotropic (growing horizontally or somewhat arcuately, but in a horizontal plane), geotropic (growing vertically downward) and oblique (growing obliquely downward) .

    All sedge shoots, which at the beginning of their development differ from the apogeotropic nature of growth, sooner or later change their growth to apogeotropic. Each species has shoots of a certain type.

    Species with skew-apogeotropic and apogeotropic shoots form turf and hummock.

    Soddy species are characterized by the position of the buds of the resumption of growth at the surface of the soil.

    In species that form hummocks, gradually, with age, as a result of a more or less constant excess of tillering zones of daughter shoots over mother shoots, the kidneys are significantly elevated above the soil surface. Thus, a hummock is formed.

    The height of the bumps in some species can reach 60–70 cm.

    By the nature of the renewal, all sedge shoots are divided into extravaginal and intravaginal. Most Central Russian sedges are characterized by non-vaginal renewal of shoots. In some species of sedges, the resumption of shoots is mixed.

    According to the classification of life forms proposed by Raunkier, sedges belong to hemicryptophytes. Based on the totality of the signs of shoots, E. Yu. Alekseev identified 7 life forms in Central Russian sedges:

    false turfs (species with extravaginal shoots)
    true turfs (species with intravaginal shoots)
    bumps
    horizontal rhizome species with underground shoots not branching during one growing season
    horizontal rhizome species with underground shoots branching during one growing season
    creeping rhizomatous species with ascending (usually intravaginal) shoots and epigeogenic (false) rhizomes
    carotid-rhizome species with elongated recumbent, usually extravaginal shoots

    Stems are usually found only in reproductive shoots.

    They are (1.5) 3-100 (120) cm high, 0.3-5 (7) mm in diameter, usually trihedral, less often rounded or almost rounded, with flat or concave faces, often covered by papillae, usually very strong along the edges rough, sometimes narrowly winged, low or high leafy, with nodes not swollen, like cereals, located mostly at the base and very closely spaced, only a few species apart, hollow or solid, mostly central, rarely lateral or false-sided.

    In vegetative shoots, with rare exceptions (Carex hirta, Carex disticha, Carex chordorrhiza, Carex pseudocuraica and some others), the stems are false, formed by overlapping leaf sheaths.

    Leaves

    The leaf arrangement is alternate, three-row. The lower leaves are scaly, in some species are absent.

    According to the presence or absence of scaly leaves, sedge species are subdivided by a number of authors into aphyllopodic and phyllopodic.

    Other authors believe that scaly leaves are present in all types of sedges, but some of them are gradually destroyed during development.

    Scaly-shaped leaves and vaginas of the lower, ordinary leaves can be brown, brown, reddish and blackish, occasionally straw-yellow or whitish.

    The pubescence of scaly leaves is very rare, only among Carex globularis among Central Russian species.

    Median leaves with a trihedral tubular closed vagina, equipped with a tongue developed to varying degrees in the form of a narrow film border at the junction of the vagina into the leaf blade and a linear, rarely lanceolate or wide-lanceolate leaf blade with parallel venation.

    The leaf blade can be single-folded (Carex diandra, Carex humilis, etc.), two-folded (Carex acuta, Carex silvatica, etc.), grooved (Carex lasiocarpa), grooved-horned, obscure two-folded and bristle-like along the folded, and also flat.

    The single-folded leaves in Central Russian sedges are not wider than 4-5 mm, the double-folded and unclearly double-folded leaves vary in width from 2.5 to 20 mm.

    They differ in different species in width, texture, color, narrowing towards the apex (sharp or gradual), the presence or absence of protruding transverse veins.

    The side of the vagina, opposite the leaf plate, is usually membranous, rarely grassy. The shape of the tongue varies from elongated-conical to arched, sometimes straight.

    In many species of sedges (for example, Carex buekii, Carex cespitosa, Carex lasiocarpa), the membranous part of the scaly and lower green leaves breaks down into simple hairy fibers or forms a net when the leaf is destroyed.

    In few species of sedges (Carex chirta, Carex pallescens), leaf blades and sheaths of the middle leaves are pubescent with simple hairs.

    The pubescence in some species is permanent, in others it is very variable. In Carex globularis, scaly leaves are pubescent. The pubescence of leaf blades in Carex pilosa is ciliary.

    The edges of the leaf blades and the middle vein of the leaf from below are rough for many species from the denticles present on them, directed, as a rule, upward, that is, towards the tip of the leaf.

    Much less often (Carex digitata, Carex montana, Carex flacca), the teeth in the lower part of the leaf blade are directed downward to the base of the leaf.

    The surface of the leaf plates can be smooth or with hemispherical or hemispherical-conical protrusions, which are called papillae or papillomas.

    Papillae located in longitudinal rows give the surface of the leaf, as well as the stems and sacs, a velvety character (for example, Craex canescens, Carex elongata, etc.).

    The top leaves are variously arranged covering leaves of individual spikelets of inflorescence.

    Covering leaves are scaly with a pointed or bristle apex or may consist of a long tubular vagina and a linear plate or from a plate with a barely pronounced vagina, less often from only one vagina, at the top obliquely truncated or pointed.

    The size of the vagina and plate of covering leaves decrease in the direction from bottom to top.

    Flowers are sessile or on legs, same-sex, without perianth, small, located one in the axils of covering leaves or scales, collected in one spikelet (Carex vulpina L.) or in different (Carex sylvatica Huds.), Which, in turn, are grouped in complex heads, umbrellas and panicles, some types of sedges are dioecious (Carex dioica L.).

    The male flower contains three (rarely two) stamens with loose filaments and linear anthers.

    In the female flower there is a pestle with an upper ovary, a long column and two or three stigmas, the ovary is shrouded in a membranous or leathery shell - a bag, which is a modified leaf.

    The sac can be pulled at the apex into a more or less long spout, usually split or biconcave at the end.The bag serves to protect the ovary and fetus from adverse environmental conditions and helps spread the buds.

    The presence of the pouch served the wide distribution of the genus and its adaptation to various environmental conditions.

    In some species, all spikelets are the same, in each spikelet there are both male and female flowers. In such sedges, either female flowers are located in the upper part of the spikelet, and male flowers at its base, or vice versa.

    In other sedges, spikelets are sharply different: one or several upper, usually narrower, consist of male flowers, and the lower ones of female. The sizes and shapes of male and female spikelets are different for different species.

    The pistillate flower, along with the sac, is considered by some authors as a reduced one-flowered pistil spikelet.

    Stamen flowers sit directly on the spikelet axis, while pistillate flowers on strongly shortened (rarely elongated) second-order axes.

    The upper flower in stamen spikelets and the only flower in pistil spikelets occupy a flaccid position. Therefore, inflorescences of sedges are bokotsvetnymi, or open.

    Covering scales are altered leaf sheaths with completely reduced or retained as spiky plates and arranged in one or more spirals.

    Gynoecium sedge consists of 2-3 fused carpels.

    The column is usually long, hidden in the bag or slightly protruding from it, mostly straight, sometimes curved down from the base or higher and then up again.

    Stigma branches can be long, as a rule, they are longer in forest species (in Carex bosrychostigma 12-15 mm long, in Carex pilosa 5-7 mm). Ovary superior, single-ovary, with one basal ovule.

    Sedge blooms in early spring, in late April - June, in rare years in early July and later.

    Most types of sedge are wind-pollinated plants, but despite the nondescript nature of inflorescences, some species of early flowering sedge (Carex ericetorum Pollich, Carex caryophyllea Latourrette) attract bees that collect pollen from them and cross-pollinate.

    The fruit is a single-seeded, non-expanding, with a solid pericarp, cross-sectional trihedral (if formed by three carpels) or biconvex (if two), sessile or on a stalk, sometimes at the base bearing a bristle or linear axial appendage enclosed in a sac.

    It is characterized as a nut, paracarp nut, a variety of walnut - sac, nut-shaped, nut-like, nut, paracarp nut, nut-shaped, achene, paracarp upper achene, upper achene and paracarp dry drupes.

    The surface of the fruit is smooth, often glossy.

    The sac is webbed, thin-skinned, or leathery (sometimes horny or corky), sessile or on the leg, sometimes spongy-thickened at the base, with or without ribs or ribs, smooth, pubescent, rough or small-papillary, biconvex, flat -convex, swollen or trihedral, sometimes flat or winged, smooth, rough or serrated along the edge, without a nose or with a developed whole or variously split nose.

    Sedge seeds have a small germ located in the center of the basal part of the seed, and abundant nuclear endosperm.

    Peripheral endosperm cells contain oil, the rest contain starch and proteins. In Carex pendula and Carex arenaria, seeds with two seeds are often found.

    The sedimented fruit of the sedge - diaspora - are distributed in various ways. Initially, they crumble under the influence of gravity. Fallen diasporas in a large group of species are spread by the wind.

    Species with strongly swollen sacs (Carex physodes) and sacs with pterygoid outgrowths (Carex arenaria and others) are adapted to this type of distribution.

    Diasporas of some species are carried by water - these are species with strongly swollen bags with thin walls (Carex rostrata, Carex rhinchophysa, etc.) or with less swollen bags, but with thick porous walls (Carex riparia, Carex pumila, etc.), which ensures their buoyancy.

    In many species, sacs are carried by waterfowl, clinging to their feet with dirt, and in some, into plumage (Carex pseudocyperus, Carex bohemica).

    Often the fruits of sedges are spread by ducks, as they can remain viable in the digestive tract of ducks for a long time. Birds spread orange-red, somewhat fleshy bags of tropical species Carex baccans.

    Some types of sedges with an elongated meaty base of sacs containing oil and starch (Carex digitata, Carex omithopoda) are carried by ants. The dispersal of sedge sacs by muskrat, elk and domestic animals was noted.

    Finally, the rudiments of sedges are also carried by people (vehicles, with hay, shoes and clothes of people).

    The sedge chromosomes, as well as some other genera of the Cyperaceae family (Eleocharis, Scirpus), do not have a localized centromere, which is a very rare occurrence among living things.

    The number of chromosomes varies from 2n = 12 (Carex s>

    Chromosomal numbers prevail in the range from 2n = 32 to 2n = 70, according to other sources, from 2n = 48 to 2n = 64. The presence of aneuploidy is also characteristic of sedges; polyploidy is also known, but it is noted only within a few species.

    Spread

    Coast sedge - hygrophytic species

    Low sedge - xerophilic appearance

    Sedge is an unpretentious plant, it can be found in the Arctic and in the south of Russia, in high mountains and in the steppe.

    It is distributed throughout the globe, from the Arctic to the southernmost borders of the distribution of angiosperms, occurring in all climatic zones.

    Representatives of the genus are absent only in many arid deserts and are very rare in the polar.

    In the tropical zone, they are found mainly in the mountains, from the lower zones to the highlands, although some species live at sea level.

    Most species grow in the Northern Hemisphere, mainly in the temperate and cold zones.

    Within the former USSR, according to some sources, about 400 species are found, according to others, 346 species (382 taxa of species and subspecies rank), growing almost everywhere, of which 103 species are found in the Russian Arctic.

    Regions of general sedge distribution:

    Northern Europe (Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark),
    Atlantic Europe (Ireland, Great Britain, Northern Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, the Atlantic regions of France and Spain, Portugal),
    Central Europe (central and eastern regions of France, most of Germany, Switzerland, Northern Italy, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Romania),
    Southern Europe (Azores, Mediterranean islands, Central and Southern Spain, Southern France, most of Italy, the former Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, European part of Turkey),
    West Asia (Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the states of the Arabian and Sinai Peninsulas, Afghanistan),
    Central Asia (Mongolia, arid regions of China - Dzungaria, Kashgar, Tibet, Qinghai, Tsaidam, etc.),
    East Asia (northeastern, eastern and southeastern regions of China, including the island of Taiwan, the states of the Korean Peninsula, Japan),
    South Asia (Pakistan, India, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh),
    Southeast Asia (Myanmar, South China, the states of the Indochina peninsula, the Malacca peninsula and the Malay archipelago, Philippines),
    North America, including Central America and the Caribbean,
    South America,
    North Africa (northern regions of the continent adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea),
    Central Africa (tropical areas with adjacent islands),
    South Africa (areas south of the Tropic of South)
    Australia, including the island of Tasmania and the islands of Oceania.

    Most sedge species prefer wet habitats - the shores of lakes and rivers, ponds, swamps, coastal and solonetzic meadows, coastal and river sands, dunes, boggy tundra in the Arctic zone, sometimes they grow directly in the water.

    But some types of sedge are also found in the arid steppes (low sedge, early sedge) and even in clay deserts (thick sedge sedge). Other species prefer shady or light, deciduous or coniferous forests.

    Individual xerophilous species are found on dry gravelly, gravelly-grained, and stony slopes.

    Mountain sedge species grow in mountain meadows, in the upper zone of the mountains, in cedar forests, alpine steppes. Sedge sedge (Carex remotiuscula) grows between stones and in rock crevices, thick-column sedge grows at an altitude of up to 1500–2000 m, and Carex decaulescens - up to 2000–3200 m.

    Arctic sedge species, growing in large numbers, play a very significant role in the formation of plant communities and determine their appearance.

    In the generic spectra of the Arctic, Eastern and Western Siberia, as well as the Far East, Carex belongs to the first place.

    Endemism

    Despite the huge number of sedge species, there are few endemic species among them.

    In the territory of the former USSR, which occupied a large territory and had a large number of species and subspecies of sedge, endemic taxa of species and subspecies ranks, there were only 25, i.e. 6.5% of the total number of sedges growing there.

    The relative poverty of endemic species is explained by the confinement of most species of sedge to moist, marshy and coastal habitats, which to some extent offset the impact of other natural factors. Endemic sedge, with rare exceptions, grows in the mountains.

    Most endemic species are found in Central Asia (8 species), two endemic species are known in the Caucasus, one in Western Siberia, 5 in Eastern Siberia, 4 in the Far East, and no endemic in the European part of the former USSR.

    Ecology

    Sedge can serve as an indicator of the depth of groundwater: fox sedge, acute - 10-50 cm, sedge soddy, bubbly - 0-10 cm, soil acidity: sedge hairy, early - 5.0-6.7 pH, hairy sedge - 6, 7-7.8 pH.

    Sedges, along with reeds and cattail, are excellent reservoir cleaners.

    Species of the genus Carex are the main nutrient plants of the smut fungi genus Anthracoidea Bref.

    Sedges are also affected by rust fungi.

    The causative agent of the currant and gooseberry garden shrubs - bell rust (Puccinia ribesii caricis) - chooses the sedge on which it hibernates as an intermediate link, and is transferred to currants or gooseberries in the spring with rainfall and wind.

    Mycorrhiza is not characteristic of the genus Carex. Among a large number of its representatives studied, mycorrhiza (endotrophic) was found only in 6 species (Carex panicea, Carex nigra, Carex hirta, Carex sylvatica, Carex cuprina, Carex davalliana).

    However, recent studies have shown a wider spread of mycorrhiza among sedges, as well as the presence of ectomycorrhiza in the roots of Carex flava and Carex pilulifera from basidiomycetes.

    In particular, studies of scientists from Syktyvkar State University in 2003 noted mycorrhiza caused by fungi of the Endogonaceae family in sedge species: Carex acuta, Carex nigra, Carex globularis, Carex rostrata, Carex leporine, but sedges as a result of these studies were classified as weakly mycotrophic species .

    Sedge is a feed plant for butterfly caterpillars:

    Marigold: Aphantopus hyperantus, peat bog (Coenonympha tullia), Pararge achine,
    scoop: grass scoops (Cerapteryx graminis), cataract scoops (Celaena leucostigma), Chrysaspidia festucae, Eustrotia uncula, Mythimna pudorina, cereal metallidae (Plusia festucae), grate scoops (Miana literosa), white-leaved scoops (Symira
    Kaya dipper (Arctia caja),
    cocoonworms: grass cocoonworm (Euthrix potatoria), Eversmann cocoonworm (Lasiocampa eversmanni),
    Pine Laelia coenosa,
    mole leaflets Glyphipteryx forsterella,
    leaflets Bactra lancealana,
    Flame: Nascia cilialis, Catoptria fulgidella, Crambus silvellus.

    Caterpillars of a reddish stem scoop (Photedes pygmina) and potato scoops (Hydraecia micacea) live in sedge stems.

    Caterpillars of herbal flames Agriphila kuznetzovi and Talis grisescens harm sedge swollen on the pastures of the desert zone of Central Asia, damaging its roots.

    Rare species protection

    Some types of sedges disappear from their habitats due to human economic activity: land reclamation, their plowing, peat mining and other types of soil work.

    Several species of sedges are assigned conservation status in the International Union for Conservation of Nature, according to which it is determined that the species Carex azuayae, Carex toreadora is in a dangerous state (EN), Carex lepida, Carex tessellata - in critical (CR).

    A number of sedge species are protected by individual countries and are listed in the regional Red Books:

    to the Russian Red Book: sedge Devella (Carex davalliana), Malysheva (Carex malyschevii), unusual (Carex insaniae), purple-vaginal (Carex erythrobasis), split (Carex incisa), loose (Carex laxa), lead green (Carex livida) shadow (Carex umbrosa), Japanese (Carex japonica),

    to the Red List of Belarus: sedge of bog-like (Carex heleonastes), Buxbaum (Carex buxbaumii), felt (Carex filiformis), hairy (Carex capillaris), Devella, jellied (Carex magellanica subsp. irrigua), little-flowered (Carex pauciflora) phizina), squat (Carex supina), bird-foot (Carex ornithopoda), shadow, Hosta (Carex hostiana),

    in the Red Book of Ukraine: sedge of swamp-loving, Buxbaum, Devella, flowered, shadow, white (Carex alba), glistenocarpous (Carex liparocarpos), Bohemian (Carex bohemica), brownish (Carex brunnescens), vaginal (Carex vaginata), Hartman (Carex ), two-tone (Carex bicolor), Lachenal (Carex lachenalii), sooty (Carex fuliginosa), low (Carex depauperata), pleiform (Carex loliacea), lash-like (Carex chordorrhiza), obtuse ( rye (Carex secalina), rocky (Carex rupestris), foot-shaped (Carex pediformis), marsh (Carex limosa), black-headed (Carex melanostachya), spherical (Carex globularis), bristly (Carex strigosa),

    to the Red Book of the Republic of Latvia: sedge Davella, Buksbaum, swamp-loving, jellied, rhizome, squat, bird-cuticle, inflated (Carex rhynchophysza), aquatic (Carex aquatilis), hairy (Carex pilosa), mountainous (Carex montana), two-seeded ( , Ligerian (Carex ligerica), Mackenzie (Carex mackenziei), straight-haired (Carex atherodes), Cuts (Carex otrubae), spaced (Carex distans), Scandinavian (Carex scandinavica), wagtail (Carex brizoides),

    to the Red Book of Lithuania: sedge Devella, swamp-loving, Buksbaum, felt, jellied, rhizome,

    to the Red Book of the Republic of Estonia: pebble sedge (Carex glareosa), rhizome, Ligerian, Mackenzie, Cuts, stretched (Carex extensa), shadow,

    in the Red Book of the Republic of Armenia: Bohemian sedge, Cilician (Carex cilicica),

    in the Red Book of the Republic of Tajikistan: sedge Bukhara (Carex bucharica),

    in the Red Book of Poland: sedge aspic, rhizome, squat.

    Sedge Devella completely disappeared in England, from where it was first described, and in Belgium in connection with land reclamation. Sedge is inflated in the black list of the Red Book of Belarus.

    Chemical composition

    The rhizome with roots contains a small amount of coumarin, essential oil (only in some species), silicic acid, saponins, mucus, tannins, bitter glycoside, starch, resin, gum, and mineral salts.

    In the aerial part of various types of young sedges (on absolutely dry matter), protein contains 10-18% (13%), fat 2-4% (3-4.5%), protein 8-16% and fiber 28-30% ( steppe 25–27%).

    The most valuable are the mountain species of sedges. They contain from 6 to 11.3% carotene and 139.9 mg% vitamin C. In the sedge of Parvian and very close to it - sedge Mikeli (Carex michelii) - alkaloids were found.

    Practical value

    Sedge bohemian differs in originality of inflorescences

    Sedge Bukhananaoriginally from New Zealand

    Sedge high different decorative leaves

    Sedge cushion forms pillows

    Mountain sedge suitable for rockeries

    Black sedge grows well in the shade

    Panicle sedge suitable for decorating ponds

    Sedge hangingoriginally from the Mediterranean

    Rust sedgeform Variegata suitable for borders

    Sedge suitable for growing along the banks of water bodies

    Hare sedge stuffed furniture. The hunters lay the bubble sedge in the shoes so that the sole is not creased.

    In Gorny Altai, sedge was foot-shaped, low and graceful in dried form, used for stuffing mattresses and pillows, they wrapped their legs instead of footcloths and put shoes instead of insoles, during construction they laid them in grooves between logs instead of tow or moss.

    All large sedges have strong fiber and can be used for weaving bags, mats, mats.

    In Malaysia and Madagascar, locals weave colorful colored mats and bags from colored sedge, for weaving ropes and seats for chairs sea sedge can be used, which has strong and flexible stems, once the inhabitants of the Swiss highlands weaved from the sedge a sea basket for seeds and collecting the crop.

    Sedges are reliable fixers of mountain slopes, steppe and desert species - sandy soils, and in the middle lane sedges play a protective role, settling on the slope of the ravine, they do not allow it to grow.

    Most sedges, due to the stiffness and serration of the parts, as well as the low content of salts, sugars, calcium, etc., are not eaten freshly by cattle, but if they are mowed before flowering, they give quite suitable hay and are readily eaten in the form of silage.

    At the same time, sedges of dry places in the forest zone, steppe, desert, and many mountain species are excellent pasture plants and are not inferior to many cereals in their nutritional value.

    Altai sedge, for example, in high mountain pastures is a valuable fishing food for various species of animals.

    Low sedge is eaten by animals in early spring, after melting snow grows well and gives an aftermath, it can be mowed 2-3 times during the summer.

    In some regions, sedge is the most important fodder plant: for example, thick-headed sedge in Central Asia is the main food for sheep in the winter, and sand sedge, or ilyak, is the most important fodder plant in the sandy deserts of Central Asia.

    In the tundra, animals, including reindeer, feed on sedges all year round - many sedges in the tundra go green under the snow and are a good snowy food.

    Stocks of sedges are huge, they often form dense thickets. From one hectare of sedges, you can get up to 25 centners of hay or 100-120 centners of silage. The role of sedges as silage raw materials, especially increases in years of drought.

    Sedges are good food for waterfowl and fish. Birds in sedge thickets are well protected from both predators and poachers.

    Dead bodies of swamp sedges are part of peat.

    Sedges belong to plants that give only pollen, do not emit nectar at all, and are visited by bees in case of lack of pollen collection.

    Use in landscape design

    Recently, many types of sedges are used in landscape design to decorate ponds. Species with different shades of leaves, clearly visible on large curtains, can create interesting color effects.

    Some species are distinguished by the originality of inflorescences and fruits and provide excellent material for composing winter bouquets.

    Sedges are also suitable for creating rockeries and rock gardens, as well as for planting in mixborders, on lawns, in a shady garden and in forest areas.

    Sedge ancient decorative culture.

    In Japan, for example, they have been used in traditional gardens since time immemorial, along with hosts, irises and maples.

    Up to 150 species and varieties were introduced into the culture, mainly people from the Far East and Europe, a small number from North America.

    More and more actively enter the culture of sedge native to New Zealand. New Zealand species are distinguished by unusual foliage, beige or brown.

    Some species with decorative properties:

    Carex albaula - Whitish sedge. One of the most beautiful sedges of New Zealand. It forms a cascade of fine fine texture leaves. The leaves are as if covered with silver or hoarfrost. It looks best on terraces, in pots, in places where foliage can effectively go down.

    Carex aquatilis - sedge aquatic. It can grow right in the water. The plant is rather pale grayish-green.

    Carex atrata - Blackened sedge. Dense plant 15–45 cm high. Spikelets are ovoid, dense, almost black, 1-2 cm in size, have legs up to 2 cm long. They can be erect or drooping. Looks spectacular in rock gardens.

    Carex atrofusca - Black-brown sedge. The plant is 10-30 cm tall. Pistillate spikelets ovate, 1-2 cm long, dense, almost black, on legs 1-2 cm long, drooping. Suitable for rock gardens.

    Carex baccans - Berry sedge. Homeland - India, China, Philippine Islands. Dense plant 60-150 cm tall. The leaves are longer than the stem, 8-12 mm wide, leathery. The inflorescence is large, racemic paniculata. Ripe sacs about 5 mm long, rounded, from coral red to bright purple, look like berries. Most often grown in greenhouses.

    Carex bohemica - sedge bohemian. It differs in original inflorescences, very dense, capitate, bristly due to the long noses of the sacs, with bracts many times larger than the inflorescence.

    Carex bostrychostigma - Sedge kurchavorylitsevy. Soddy perennial with brown or reddish scaly leaves at the base of the shoot. Leaves 3-5 mm wide yellowish-green.

    Carex buchananii - Sedge Buchanan. Originally from New Zealand. Hairy, evergreen leaves of brown-copper color. There is a fawn-green variety. With easy shelter, cultivation is possible in the southern regions of Russia. It looks interesting by the water, among conifers, against a background of plants with silver leaves, next to lilac, lilac flowers, as well as in hoarfrost and during the first snow.

    Carex capricornis - Capricorn sedge. Awl-shaped bags with long arcuate curved teeth resembling goat horns.

    Carex comans - Sedge. Originally from New Zealand. Leaves are pale green or reddish, numerous, 1 mm wide, hard, drooping. Forms bumps. Bred with brownish-golden and dark brown foliage. Withstands frosts up to −30 ° C without snow. Looks spectacular near the water.

    Carex conica - Conic sedge. Homeland - Japan, South Korea. Dwarf, up to 15 cm high, groundcover, evergreen with dark foliage. Forms a dense, rounded bump. There is a white-bordered variety.

    Carex digitata - sedge palmate. It grows in most areas of the forest zone of the European part of Russia. Loose sedge sediment 10-30 cm high. The base of shoots with brownish-red vaginas. It can grow on soils with different mechanical composition and richness. It is used as a shadow and groundcover.

    Carex elata - Sedge high. It is distinguished by decorative leaves, thin and arched, curved, collected in bunches. Derived forms with golden leaves, leaves with a yellow border and yellow leaves with a green border.

    Carex eleusinoides - sedge elezinovidnaya. The plant is 20-30 cm high, densely soddy. Leaves 2-2.5 mm wide, dark green. Suitable for rock gardens and borders.

    Carex firma - Cushion sedge. In nature, grows in the subalpine zone of the mountainous regions of Europe. A small evergreen perennial 5-10 cm tall, forming beautiful, stiff, pillow-like sods. Extremely unpretentious plant. It looks especially impressive on screes and retaining walls in rock gardens. Bred white-yellow variety.

    Carex flacca - Sedge sedge. An unusually changeable perennial look. Able to grow on poor, dry soils. The foliage is thin, evergreen, often bluish in color, up to 15 cm high. Ground cover plant, used to fix the slopes.

    Carex flava - Yellow sedge. Dense plant. Leaves are yellowish-green, 3-5 (7) mm wide. To preserve the decorativeness, sun and sufficient humidity are necessary.

    Carex grayi - Sedge Gray. It differs in very original fruits, for which it received the name "sedge of the morning star." Large, up to 1.5 cm long, seed sacs form an almost spherical star. Derived forms with fertility up to 2.5 cm in diameter.

    Carex macrocephala - Long-headed sedge. The leaves are wide, 6-10 mm wide, yellowish-green, leathery. Pistillate inflorescences are large, dense, cone-shaped, 5-10 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, with widely spread mature sacs.

    Carex melanocephala - Blackhead Sedge. Dense plant 10-15 cm tall. The inflorescence is capitate, black, rounded or ovate 0.6-1.2 cm long. It can be grown on alpine slides.

    Carex Montana - Sedge Mountain. Thick, bushy perennial sedge with a height of 20-30 cm. The leaves are narrow (only 2 mm wide), green, in winter they acquire a brown tint. Suitable for rockeries and sun slides.

    Carex morrowii - Sedge Morrow. Originally from the mountain forests of Japan. Evergreen perennial, forming a continuous dark green cover, up to 20 cm high. The diameter of a single bush is up to 35 cm. The leaves are wide, arcuate. Varieties with narrow creamy-white stripes along the edges, with wide creamy-white longitudinal stripes and with yellow-cream longitudinal stripes were bred. It is used in rock gardens, in gravel and small gardens and as a groundcover.

    Carex muskingumensis - Palm sedge. From North America. Foliage, located at the ends of erect stems, creates an exotic papyrus effect. The stems grow to 60–70 cm long. It goes green in winter. It can be used as a groundcover.

    Carex nigra - Black sedge. A low plant (15-30 cm tall) with bluish-green narrow leaves. High inflorescences appear black due to the black scales that accompany the sacs. The form with bluish-green leaves with yellow bordering is derived. It grows well in the shade.

    Carex ornithopoda - Bird Sedge. Evergreen. Spikelets are dark brown, arranged three in the form of a bird's footprint. The leaves are narrow, dark green. It forms small bumps up to 15 cm high. It is used in rock gardens, borders, containers. A form with a creamy white strip in the middle of the sheet is bred.

    Carex paleacea - Scale sedge. The plant is 20-50 cm tall. Decorative thanks to drooping bristly spikelets. It can be grown along the shores of water bodies.

    Carex panicea - Sedge millet. An elegant plant up to 40 cm high. Decorated with small spikelets on high peduncles.

    Carex paniculata - Sedge paniculata. Dense plant 50-100 cm high, forms hummocks. The inflorescence is loose, paniculate, 5-10 cm long, coverts are brown with wide white membranous edges. Suitable for landing on the shores of reservoirs.

    Carex pendula - Hanging sedge. Dense plant 70–150 cm high. The leaves are bluish-green, 8–16 mm wide. The inflorescence is a cylindrical spike 5-15 cm long, brownish in color. Pistil spikelets on long legs, drooping. Originally from the warm temperate zone of the Mediterranean, it does not winter in the suburbs.

    Carex phyllostachys - Leafy Sedge. An elegant plant 30-60 cm tall, densely soddy. Suitable for growing on damp, shady places.

    Carex physodes - sedge bloated. The plant is 15-40 cm tall. Leaves are bristle-shaped. Sacks up to 2 cm long, strongly vesiculate, swollen, reddish-orange.

    Carex plantaginea - Plantain sedge. Evergreen perennial native to North America. The sheaths of bracts and spikelets are purple in color. The leaves are dark and bluish-green. Used in shady rock gardens.

    Carex pontica - Sedge of Pontica. The plant is 60-80 cm tall, native to the Caucasus and Asia Minor. The stalk is almost to the top leafy. Leaves 4-6 mm wide, pale green, almost leathery. Spikelets are cylindrical, thick, rusty-brown, with long legs, drooping. It can be grown on alpine hills, decorative in bouquets.

    Carex pseudocyperus. Shallow sedge. It has very large, greenish-yellow drooping spikelets, brought together in a bundle. Very decorative. Recommended for cultivation along the banks of ponds.

    Carex riparia - Coast sedge. The leaves are bluish-green 5-15 mm wide, stiff, knotty-mesh. The motley form with creamy white stripes is derived. There is a variety with yellow leaves. Suitable for growing along the banks of ponds.

    Carex rostrata - nasal sedge. It grows into very loose curtains of hard bluish-gray leaves.

    Carex siderosticta - rust-spotted sedge. Has a reddish color of young shoots. By the end of the season, rusty spots may appear on the leaves. Groups of aboveground shoots form compact curtains. The leaves are wide, 1-3 cm wide, soft, pubescent from below. Plant height 15-40 cm. Recommended for borders and low groups in the shade on moist soils. Created forms with creamy white wide bordering, with pure white stripes along the edge.

    Carex supina - Squat Squat. The plant is 5-20 cm tall. Stalks depart in bunches. The leaves are gray-green, 1-1.5 mm wide. Mature bags are round, golden or reddish yellow, shiny. An elegant plant that can be grown on alpine slides and in dry sandy places.

    Carex sylvatica - Forest sedge. Large turf perennial 70-90 cm tall. Medium leaf blades are bright green, slightly glossy. Inflorescence 10-20 cm long, consists of an upper narrow-cylindrical male spikelet and several lateral female spikelets, on long legs, deviated or drooping. Recommended for cultivation in shady places.

    Carex testacea - Sedge brick. Originally from New Zealand. It forms a rounded tussock up to 40 cm high. The foliage is copper-brown in the summer, in winter it acquires an orange tint. One of the most cold-resistant New Zealand sedges.

    Carex tuminensis - Sedge Tuminskaya. The plant is 60-100 cm tall. Leaves 8-12 mm wide light (silver) -green. Spikelets are numerous, 2-7 cm long, narrow cylindrical, light brown, on long (up to 10 cm) legs, drooping.

    Use in medicine

    Despite the wide distribution, sedges are considered poorly studied plants, although they have been used in folk medicine for a long time.

    It is believed that medicines from Osoka - infusions and decoctions - have a weak expectorant, emollient, analgesic, mild laxative, diuretic, diaphoretic, and blood-purifying effect. Moreover, they often do not attach importance to determining the type of sedge.

    In German folk medicine, an infusion of rhizomes with roots is taken for bronchial asthma, catarrh, pleurisy, constipation, scrofula, chronic skin diseases, gout and rheumatism.

    In the Baltic States, the sedge of Osoki sandy and rust-spotted is taken for violations of the endocrine system and syphilis.

    A decoction of rhizomes of sedge shaggy in Belarus is drunk with nervous diseases.

    In the Far East, Sedge vein and Sedge Ussuri are used by Nanais for arthritis.

    In China, sedge large-headed is recommended in the absence of appetite, exhaustion, nausea, as a general strengthening agent.

    A decoction of dry stems and leaves of sedge diverging in China and Japan is used as a diuretic. Rhizomes of sedge rust-spotted in China are used for menstrual irregularities.

    In the areas of the Central Black Earth Region, 45 species of sedges are used for medicinal purposes, and even more so in Western Siberia and Altai. Infusions and decoctions of rhizomes are drunk with a severe cold, cough, suffocation, with a cold, with metabolic disorders, gout, uterine pain, with various skin rashes and boils. Often prepare an aqueous infusion of shredded rhizomes.

    Only applicable in pharmacology Sedge Parvian (Carex brevicollis). Brevicollini hydrochloride (Brevicollini hydrochloridum) is made from it. It enhances the contractile activity of the uterus.

    Plants of this genus have been known to botanists from ancient times. Since, from the point of view of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the scientific names of plants published before May 1, 1753 are not considered to be truly made public,

    Karl Linney, who described the genus Carex in his work “Species plantarum” in 1753 (and also in the work of 1754 “Genera plantarum”), is formally the author of this name and the name of the genus is written as Carex L.

    Here is more information about Sedges:

    Sedge (Carex) - a plant of waterlogged meadows and swamps. She needs rich, moist or moist soils in the sun or partial shade.

    Although sedges are a great many, both domestic and foreign, from the point of view of the gardener, they can be divided into two groups.

    Buzz-forming. They have very short rhizomes and form dense, clear bumps:

    O. high (C. elata) - a powerful plant up to 1 m tall with long, sticking spikelets, its variety "Aurea" or "Bowles Golden" is lower with yellow leaves, sometimes with green edges.
    O. turf (C. cespitosa) forms round high hummocks from dark narrow leaves and low unobtrusive inflorescences.
    O. fox (C. vulpina) with light green leaves is distinguished by large inflorescences from closely spikelets in which male and female flowers are mixed.
    O. dangling (C. pendula) - about 1 m tall with wide pure green leaves and large drooping spikelets of brownish color.
    O. Syteriform (C. pseudocyperus) possesses very large, greenish-yellow hanging spikelets, brought together in a bundle.
    Bluish about. millet (C. panicea) small, elegant (up to 40 cm tall), decorated with small spikelets on high peduncles.

    Sprawling. They have long rhizomes, from which bundles of leaves extend. Form thick or loose curtains. More difficult to handle, because they require constant monitoring:

    O. coastal (C. riparia) usually represented by Variegata, with white longitudinal stripes on the leaves. There is also the Aurea variety with yellow leaves.
    O. water (C. aquatilis) - The plant is quite pale grayish-green.
    O. pointy (C. acutiformis) - with relatively wide (up to 1 cm) bluish-green leaves that turn brown by autumn.
    O. nosy (C. rostrata) grows into very loose curtains of hard bluish-gray leaves.
    O. acute (C. acuta) quickly forms large dark green thickets.
    O. bubbly (C. vesicaria) It has large spikelets with strongly bloated yellowish female flowers - sacs.
    O. black (C. nigra) - bluish, with high inflorescences, spikelets appear black due to the black scales that accompany the sacs.

    Location: Spreading sedges are best kept in containers that can hold back their pressure. Only in very large reservoirs can they be released into the wild. Koboobrazuyuschie planted both directly in the ground and in containers. Sedges can withstand some shading: coastal, bubbly, black, and especially syate-like, while others grow poorly in the shade. Almost all of the listed species (except sedge of soddy, fox, millet and black, which prefer a place on a damp or swampy shore) calmly tolerate diving up to 5-10 cm. O. dangling especially does not like stagnant waterlogging.

    Care: sedges with powerful growth have to be kept under surveillance and constantly limit proliferation. In the spring, it is advisable to cut dry leaves.

    Breeding: division. Kuchkoobrazuyuschie it is better to divide in the spring, long-rhizome - it is possible throughout the season. Sowing seeds in the spring.

    Using: depending on the size to decorate large and small ponds, streams. Many species are characterized by their own special shade of leaves, clearly visible on large curtains, so arrays of different types of sedges can create interesting color effects.

    Several local species of Osoki will be transplanted into ponds and ponds of the ecopark from the nearest water bodies.

    I highly recommend visiting the page Water plants and be sure to get acquainted with the 25th Aquatic plants: the inhabitants of the reservoir need many Aquatic plants, because some of them supply the inhabitants of the reservoir with oxygen, and some with food. In addition, thickets of Aquatic plants contribute to the reproduction of many Pisces and allow fry to hide from predators, which increases the natural productivity of water bodies.

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    Continuation here ...

    Secrets of Success

    For Osoka, a moderately cold content is optimal (+ 15–18 ° С); during the rest period, it is necessary to provide it with a temperature of + 5–7 ° С. Like other cold-flowering ornamental herbs, Sedge "wakes up" at 0 ° C and reaches its highest point of growth at a temperature of + 15–24 ° C (if the humidity is sufficient). This must be considered when storing rooted cuttings.

    Sedge needs a lot of fresh air. In the warm season, a houseplant is good to "air" on the balcony or terrace. But in no case should Osoku be left in a draft!

    ON THE PICTURE:Air bath for young plants of the sedge cultivar 'Phoenix Green'.

    Regular removal of dry leaves and inflorescences will preserve not only the attractive appearance of the curtains, but also the health of home sedge.

    Possible difficulties

    Acquisition of leaves of a reddish or brownish hue, their drying out.

    1. insufficient watering.
    2. lack of additional nutrients, which is eliminated by the introduction of complex fertilizers.

    The pallor of the leaves.

    Cause: lack of lighting.

    Sloppy look of curtains.

    1. untimely pruning.
    2. excessive overgrowth of bushes.

    Rotting of the roots, stems and leaves of a plant.

    Subscribe and receive descriptions of new species and varieties in the "coastal plants" section by mail!

    Carex disperma

    1 two-seeded sedge

    2 two-seeded sedge

    3 type Carex

    4 sedge sediment (Carex caspitosa) sedge slim

    5 Arctophylla reddish

    6 reed grass

    7 shallow

    8 sedge

    9 arctosiberian sedge

    10 sedge spring

    11 sedge swollen

    12 sedge hairy

    13 sedge hairy

    14 sedge high

    15 sedge double stamen

    16 sedge yellowish white

    17 golden sedge

    18 reed sedge

    19 round sedge

    20 sedge large-headed

    See also in other dictionaries:

    Carex disperma -> USDA Plant Characteristics

    Carex disperma Dew. - many., VI Sem. Cypreaceae - Sedges 58. Genus Carex L. - Sedges 119. Two-seeded sedge. Raw spruce forests, black alder spruce swamps. Quite rarely, throughout the reserve ... Flora of the Central Forest State Reserve

    Carex disperma Dewey - Symbol CADI6 Common Name softleaf sedge Botanical Family Cyperaceae ... Scientific plant list

    Carex jamesii - Saltar a navegación, búsqueda? Carex jamesii Clasificación científica ... Wikipedia Español

    Carex L. - Genus 58. Sedge (Sem. Cypreaceae - Sedge) 108. Carex acuta L. - Acute sedge (Syn: Carex gracilis Curt.) 109. Carex appropinquate Schumach. - Original sedge 110. Carex aristata R. Br. - Sedge straight-line (Syn: Carex ortostachys C. A. Mey ... Flora of the Central Forest State Reserve

    Liste des espèces du genre carex - Le genre Carex, de la famille des Cyperaceae, a la particularité de contenir un nombre d espèces extrêmement élevé. En effet, on dénombre actuellement près de 1 970 espèces cons> Wikipédia en Français

    Espces du genre carex - Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carex (homonymie). Le genre Carex, de la famille des Cyperaceae, a la particularité de contenir un nombre d espèces extrêmement élevé. En effet, on dénombre actuellement près de 1 970 espèces cons> Wikipédia en Français

    Flora of ohio - This list includes plants native and introduced to the state of Ohio, designated (N) and (I), respectively. Varieties and subspecies link to their parent species. A * Abies balsamea var. balsamea (N) * Abutilon theophrasti (I) * Acalypha deamii ... ... Wikipedia

    Two-seeded sedge - Seeds ... Wikipedia

    List of Canadian plants by family C - Main page: List of Canadian plants by familyFamilies: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z Cabombaceae * Brasenia schreberi watershield Cactaceae * Escobaria vivipara foxtail pincushion cactus * ... ... Wikipedia

    Sedge - shaggy, a typical species of the sedge genus ... Wikipedia

    Species of the genus Sedge - Appendix to the Osoka article List of species belonging to the genus Osoka (Carex) The list is compiled on the basis of the Kew Botanical Gardens website. The Russian names of the species are given in the book “Flora of the USSR” (see the Literature section) ... Wikipedia

    Seggen - Schlank Segge (Carex acuta) Systematik Klasse: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliops> Deutsch Wikipedia

    List of monocotyledons of Montana - This list is incomplete, you can help by expanding it. Broad Leaf Cattail There are at least 615 species of Monocotyledons found in Montana ... Wikipedia

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