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Chinchillas diseases - disease prevention and treatment

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It arises as a result of eating unusual feeds (for example, fresh cabbage) or a large amount of moist light-fermenting food. As a rule, excessive stretching of the walls of the stomach under the influence of gases leads to hypotension (weakening of motility) or atony (lack of contractions) of the stomach.

The animal is oppressed, the abdominal wall is tense, painful. Often the chinchilla lies on its side, making groans. The increase in the abdomen is clearly noticeable, with a light tapping on the stomach, a characteristic tympanic (drum) sound is heard.

In addition to pain, an increased stomach volume exerts mechanical pressure on the organs of the chest and abdominal cavity, causing a sharp deterioration in overall well-being.

For the treatment of tympanum, a solution of lactic acid (in a five percent dilution) is used at a rate of 3-5 ml per individual. The animal is forced into active movement, which contributes to the passage of gases. Ingestion of medications in case of tympanum is ineffective; pain relief and spasmolytic drugs are prescribed to relieve pain.

Tooth disease

The main problem in rodent dentistry is malocclusion (also called “hooks on the teeth”). This disease is caused by improper abrasion of the incisor crowns and is characterized by malocclusion.

The main causes of this pathology include:

  • genetic predisposition
  • metabolic disorder in the body,
  • lack of roughage and mineral stones for grinding teeth.

Since the incisors of rodents grow throughout life, the animals must constantly grind them about something strong enough and at the same time, not injuring the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. When normal grinding does not occur, the incisors continue to grow and the angle of closure of the teeth changes. Thin sharp edges appear on the teeth - hooks that injure the mucous membrane of the mouth and tongue. With this disease, chinchillas, a symptom noted above all, is salivation. If your pet’s muzzle and chest are constantly wet, and the coat around his mouth is sticky, you should pay attention to his teeth.

In the early stages, the situation can be corrected by putting special mineral stones or untanned branches of deciduous trees 2-4 centimeters thick in a cage. If the disease is started, you need to go to the clinic, where the teeth will be cut to the animal using special dental equipment. If bite problems are related to genetics or metabolic disorders, such an undercut will have to be done every three to four months.

Hypothermia and colds

Thick and dense fur protects against cold, but the absence of sweat and sebaceous glands leads to the fact that wet wool immediately loses its properties. If your pet is wet, you should immediately wrap it in a soft towel and place it in a warm place until it is completely dry.

It must be remembered that your pet is extremely sensitive to hypothermia and drafts. The common cold for these animals often ends fatally, because against the background of hypothermia, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia develop very quickly.

At the first sign of a cold (sneezing, outflowing from the nose, shortness of breath), an urgent appeal to the veterinarian is necessary.

Disease prevention

Disease prevention carried out by strengthening their body with vitamins, long walks, the right balanced diet, an active lifestyle.

Some chinchillas disease similar to diseases of other rodents, but there are specific problems that are characteristic only for these animals. This must be remembered in order to properly conduct chinchilla treatment.

The most vulnerable organs and systems in the body of animals, which are most often exposed to the development of certain diseases, are the kidneys and liver. Chinchillas are contraindicated in foods containing a lot of fats (nuts, sunflower seeds, etc.). Chinchillas they love such products very much, but this love turns into metabolic disorders for animals, colitis, dysbiosis. Males have very vulnerable kidneys. To prevent this organ from failing, make sure that the drinking water in the cage is always clean and fresh. Tap water containing excess calcium and chlorine is not suitable for rodents. Kidney disease may develop due to exposure to drafts and dampness on the animal.

High humidity provokes the development of rodents in the intestines of pathogenic yeast flora. As a result, metabolism is disturbed, dysbiosis, severe infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract appear. With dysbiosis, gases in the animal’s body begin to accumulate in the stomach and intestines, causing pain, cramping, and sometimes lead to cardiac arrest.

Breeding chinchillas is an excellent business, for the prosperity of which there is not enough knowledge about how to buy an animal, because you need to know about the methods of disease prevention, as well as how to conduct chinchilla treatment.

Inbreeding

Another equally important disease is inbreeding. This disease leads to the death of the animal. Inbreeding is a kind of incest, in consequence of which congenital malformations arise mainly internal, it is impossible to identify them by external signs, only an autopsy can show.

In addition to feeding, it is also important to properly handle the animal at home. These animals are very emotional, have high intelligence, and are subject to stress. As a result of this, cardiovascular diseases occur. Accustoming to something should happen gradually. Each animal has a peculiar character, which needs a certain approach. A little patience and everything will work out!

We wish your animals never hurt!

Subdermatitis in chinchillas

This defect is transmitted, as a rule, by inheritance. Initial external signs: the appetite worsens, the animal begins to lose weight, as a rule, chews even fairly soft foods for a long time, selects crumbs or quickly soaking foods from the diet, prefers soft fresh foods.

And even without obvious symptoms of the disease, doctors - ratologists of the whole world recommend to carry out sanitation (examination) of the oral cavity in this type of rodent once every 6 months.

More than 80% of chinchillas getting an appointment with a specialist - a ratologist, identify various problems of the gastrointestinal tract.

These animals are very often injured when moving around the cage, getting stuck in various parts of the utensil. The diagnosis is made only by the results of the examination and x-ray. The treatment is symptomatic.

Very often walking around the apartment, chinchillas find power wires and, gnawing them, receive burns to the oral cavity. The degree of damage is determined only with the rehabilitation of the oral cavity. The treatment is symptomatic.

In these animals, mainly 2 types of allergic reactions occur - food and tactile. Food occurs when eating wet food, which is generally impossible for chinchillas. Tactile is caused by constant contact of the animal with dust. Treatment is mainly without the use of antihistamines, and is based on the exclusion of the causes of the disease.

The body temperature of these animals is 36.6 ° C. As a result, an increase in climate temperature can lead to overheating in these small animals in a very short time. The treatment of this disease is based on the prevention of overheating. When the ambient temperature rises above 40 ° C, chinchilla cells must be surrounded with cold elements or chilled ceramic tiles. The main symptoms: lateral position of the body, superficial rapid breathing, fever up to 39-40 ° C, disorientation in space. Symptomatic treatment with mandatory oxygen therapy.

How are chinchillas sick? Signs of the disease

These animals can suffer from infections, including parasitic ones. Most often, fungal lesions are recorded in them (ringworm). Bacterial and viral infections in these animals often occur with rhinitis, less often (in weakened ones) with pneumonia.

Frequent pathology of the genital area.

Of the noncommunicable diseases, chinchillas are most commonly reported tympanum and constipation.

The main signs of a pet's disease:

  • violation of behavior
  • loss of appetite or refusal of food,
  • discoloration of the size of the teeth,
  • bad breath
  • weight loss
  • mucopurulent discharge from the nose or eyes,
  • damp hair around the anus, stool disturbance,
  • hyperemia of the skin, excoriation (scratching), hair loss.

It is not necessary to expect the appearance of all and even several signs in a pet. With any manifestation of ill health, the animal should be shown to a veterinarian.

Tooth abnormalities

Chinchillas may have incorrect tooth positioning (malocclusion / malocclusion) and improper grinding. As well as the formation of hooks on the teeth and an increase in the length of the incisors. Abnormalities of the teeth, as a rule, are caused by a genetic defect or are associated with improper maintenance and feeding of the animal. With the wrong bite, there is no treatment. The remaining defects need to be adjusted. The hooks are removed, the length of the teeth is adjusted. Since the "wrong" teeth injure the tissue of the tongue, the animal refuses to eat and may die.

The leading symptom of pathology is hypersalivation and a wet muzzle in an animal.

Qatar stomach

There is a disease with indigestion and stool (diarrhea). In this case, a hunger diet for 24-36 hours with plenty of drink is recommended. You need to water the animal with water, or decoctions of astringent herbs (oak bark or pomegranate peel). The doctor may recommend sulfonamides or antibiotics (synthomycin, tetracycline).

Enteritis

Inflammation of the mucosa of the lining of the small intestine in chinchillas is a polyetiological disease. In pets kept at home, it is most often caused by a violation of the intestinal microbiocenosis, due to errors in feeding.

Microflora suffers with:

  • immoderate antibiotic therapy,
  • lack of coarse fiber in food,
  • a sharp change in feed,
  • with intestinal infections

Signs of inflammation of the intestinal mucosa are:

  • apathy,
  • fever
  • refusal of food
  • intestinal boiling
  • flatulence,
  • diarrhea.

Chinchilla lies in a cage; in severe cases, it may not even drink.

Infectious enteritis

One of the most dangerous infectious inflammatory processes in the small intestine is provoked by salmonella. Salmonellosis in these animals usually proceeds sharply and ends with the death of the pet. The diagnosis is often made posthumously. Cubs can die for no apparent reason; in adults, profuse diarrhea opens.

With timely antibiotic therapy, you can save the life of a chinchilla. In addition to salmonella, enteritis in these animals is caused by listeria, Escherichia, Proteus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Male diseases

Most often, the owners are faced with a prolapse of the penis and the inability to completely remove it. The first pathology occurs after an unsuccessful attempt at copulation with females that show active resistance. The dropping out penis is visible with the naked eye and it needs to be put in place.

The second is justified by stalling and forming hair rings around the penis. They (rings) interfere with the full exit of the organ. Such males are incapable of sexual intercourse. Rings must be removed.

Pneumonia

More common in newborn chinchillas. Pathology proceeds with a high temperature (up to 41 ° C), noisy, intermittent breathing. Pasteurellas or other pathogens cause it. The disease can cause the death of the animal. Treatment involves a full and fortified diet, treatment with antibacterial agents.

Exchange disorders

Most often, chinchillas suffer from vitamin B deficiency in group B. Thiamine deficiency is accompanied by tremors, seizures of limbs and paresis. The animal drags its legs. The disease is treated with an injection of thiamine and the addition of fern to the pet's diet. Vitamin D vitamin deficiency and a violation of calcium metabolism is accompanied by baldness of animals. It meets vitamin deficiency vitamin E.

If the diet is too saturated and the mobility is low, the animal may suffer from obesity. The animal becomes very round, shortness of breath appears, pets walk around, shifting from one foot to another.

Fungal lesions

Ringworm is usually found in the mass content of animals in cramped conditions, in violation of sanitary standards.

The bald spot appears at the animal:

It is recommended to lubricate the affected area with 5% iodine tincture. Inside give Griseofulvin. The animal should be shown to the veterinarian to rule out other causes of receding hairline.

Conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the conjunctiva can be allergic, traumatic (mote, thermal or chemical burns, scratching with claws), bacterial or viral nature. In case of allergies, the eyes of the animal are watery, the eyelids are swollen, red. In infectious lesions, the discharge usually contains pus. Treatment depends on the cause of the disease. This can be the removal of specks, the elimination of an allergen or the treatment of an infectious disease. The eyes of the animal are washed and instilled with antibacterial drugs.

Qatar nose

Off-season is the period of the onset of this disease.

Diseases contribute to the appearance of the disease, temperature changes and increased humidity.

Excess dust in the room also provokes the arrival of this ailment. Symptoms

  • mucus from the nose
  • lethargy of the animal,
  • loss of appetite
  • excess of watery eyes
  • wet nose
  • ruffled hair
  • purulent accumulations in the corners of the eyes,
  • increase in body temperature of the animal.

At the first sign of Qatar It is important to immediately treat the nose and eyes of the chinchilla with a solution containing boric acid. The diet of pussies also needs to change. It is important to give your pet foods that are high in vitamin C.

During treatment, the rodent is relocated to a dry place with an air temperature of 17-18 ° C. You should not postpone a visit to the veterinarian if the ailment does not go away within a couple of days.

Runny nose

Off-season often provokes not only catarrh of the nose, but also various colds. Recognizing a runny nose is easy. At the animal in the corners of the eyes appears white or yellow mucus, the nose is characterized by humidity and snotty. The general condition of the animal is characterized by drowsiness. Boric acid (2% solution) will help to cure the disease. It is important for them to rinse the eyes of the chinchilla. Also replace the solution with a strong infusion of tea.

Pneumonia

This disease is more common in newborn puffies and in the autumn-winter period.

Inflammation of the lungs is a consequence of the incomplete recovery of the animal from a cold. The disease is accompanied by hanging normal body temperature of the animal, heavy breathing with noises and purulent discharge from the nose.

Treatment takes place exclusively with the participation of a veterinarian who will prescribe antibiotics.

Abnormal tooth color

These organs of a healthy animal are distinguished by a dark yellow hue. If the color scale of teeth approaches white, then the body of the animal is exhausted from a lack of potassium and phosphorus.

It is important to add foods rich in these trace elements to the fluffy diet. Often the wrong color is a genetic feature. Chinchillas with such a defect are not bred.

Gnawing wool

The animal can spoil the coat not only to itself, but also to other relatives.At the site of the bite, a bald patch appears, the skin on which is cracking and bleeding. The reason for this behavior is due to a malfunction in the metabolism. The violation occurs as a result of a lack of phosphorus, vitamin D, fatty acids, calcium.

It does not hurt to add a little fat to the pet’s diet. So that the animal does not smear during meals, fatty pieces should be hung in a cage.

Diarrhea

This disease is extremely difficult to determine. If the animal’s stool is regularly liquid and soft, then the chinchilla suffers from diarrhea. The reasons are poor and stale feed, poor water or overexcitation. Charcoal is able to rid a rodent of ailments. Ordinary drink should be replaced with herbal infusions. If after a few days the treatment does not help, then it is important to go to the vet's appointment.

Rectal prolapse

This ailment happens to a pet that suffers for a long time from gastroenteritis or constipation. It is important to moisten a cotton pad in a solution that has disinfecting properties, and wipe the precipitated part of the intestine. Another tampon should be saturated with paraffin and, lifting the rodent by the tail, they need to introduce the organ inside. Hold the pet in this position for about a minute, and the gut will return to its place.

Hair rings

This phenomenon forms around the male’s penis.

Rings are formed during vigorous pairing of wool, which goes astray in the process.

For treatment, it is better to send the pet to the veterinarian, because removing it yourself can lead to damage to the genitals.

Pregnancy pathology

It is worth observing the chinchilla that is expecting the appearance of babies regularly, and in the first changes in behavior, hurry to see a doctor.

Only a specialist is able to correctly diagnose, prescribe treatment and save the expectant mother and her offspring.

Jaundice

This is a sign of inflammation of the liver or disorders in its work. The body can not cope with the processing of vitamin A and carotene, because of which the fat of the animal acquires a yellow tint. It is impossible to completely cure a sick rodent. For prevention, vitamins B are regularly added to the furry diet.

Closed fracture

With such an injury, it is worth putting a splint. Build it yourself is easy. You will need a piece of rubber hose, which is cut in half along and fixed on a broken limb with threads. After one and a half to two weeks, the brush will grow together. It is important to know that the animal will try to bite off the damaged foot. Do not forget about such a feature of the rodent during treatment.

Is it possible to treat chinchilla at home?

People are used to getting rid of their primitive diseases with their own hands. Of course Pet treatment at home is not prohibited. However, do not forget that the chinchilla cannot say what, how and where it hurts. Often, symptoms indicate a variety of diseases. It is true to make a diagnosis and prescribe effective treatment is able to exclusively qualified doctor. At the first sign of a pet's malaise, it is recommended to show the veterinarian.

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