The breed schnauzer belongs to the German. The Mittelschnauzer is a medium-sized dog, used by humans as a shepherd, guard, rodent hunter. This dog has a developed intellect, is highly amenable to training. A dog can act as a companion or service dog.
Origin of schnauzers and variety of breed
Schnauzers descended from peat dogs that lived in the 3rd millennium BC. e. Initially, they were called pinchers (from the English “pincher” - “clamp”), which is probably due to the strong jaws of these dogs. The ancestors of the Pinchers, the first records of which date back to the 18th century, had more varieties of color than modern ones. Dogs' coat was painted brown, black, white, gray, tan, yellowish. Wool could be of different types - hard or soft - and have any length.
Over time, the most popular are the wire-haired varieties of dogs with long hair on their faces. In the 19th century they began to be called schnauzers (from it. "Schnauze" - "face", "schnauzbart" - "mustache, beard"). They were used to protect housing and property, trapping rats in stables, and transporting small loads.
Over time, schnauzers of different sizes were bred - a Giant Schnauzer (the largest variety), a middling schnauzer (medium), a miniature schnauzer (dwarf). Such breeds as dachshund, wire-haired pinscher, bulldog, pug, wolf spitz, poodle and others participated in the selection. In 1895, the Pincher Schnauzer Club was established in Germany, and the breed standard was adopted at that time. In Russia, representatives of this breed appeared only in the 70s of the 20th century and eventually spread throughout the country and neighboring countries.
The Mittelschnauzer is a service dog. Representatives of this breed have a bold character, combined with a protective instinct. Schnauzers are used to search for narcotic and explosives at customs posts and border. During the Second World War, these dogs were assistants to doctors working on the battlefield - they were used as medical dogs.
The height of the middling schnauzer (see photo) averages 45–50 cm. The body weight is not more than 20 kg. The coat consists of stiff outer hairs and a soft undercoat that fits tightly to the body. The length of the coat in these dogs of all kinds is uneven - the hairs on the forehead and ears are short, on the muzzle and above the eyebrows - long, form “eyebrows”, “beard” and “mustache” (see photos). The breed standard also includes the following description of the animal’s body parts:
- square-shaped schnauzer body, muscular, dry (see photo),
- the head is rectangular, its length is half the length of the body of the dog,
- the forehead is small, the stop is not expressed,
- schnauzer bite scissor, lips thin, dry,
- the back of the nose is straight, the lobe is wide, black, with developed nostrils,
- almond-shaped eyes, brown or black,
- the ears of the mittelschnauzer are set high and, if not stopped, hang down on the cartilage (see photo),
- feet of moderate length, straight, dry,
- the tail is thin, of medium length, twists into a ring (when docking, its length is 3 vertebrae).
The color of the schnauzer can be of two options - black and “pepper and salt” (see photo). The second option is characterized by a uniform distribution of dark and light hairs throughout the body. “Salt and pepper” can be silver or steel. Eye color should be dark, gray-blue iris is considered a drawback.
Character and temperament
Schnauzers of all kinds become attached to their master, subtly feel his mood. When the owner changes, the schnauzer is depressed, refuses water and food. This dog is suitable for families with children and pets, children of any age can play with it. At the same time, the middling schnauzer calmly refers only to “his” animals, and during walks he can chase street cats. Males tend to fight with larger dogs, so letting the dog off the leash is not recommended.
Schnauzer needs physical activity, so this breed of dog should not be started for people who prefer passive rest. The dog is not afraid of water, willingly swims in natural reservoirs. The animal can be taken with you for a jog or bike ride. Schnauzer is a supporter of all sports available to him.
Schnauzer is suspicious of strangers. He will not allow himself to be petted by a stranger, but he will also not show aggression unnecessarily. The dog has a stable psyche, will not bark because of every rustle. At the same time, the middling schnauzer is an excellent watchman who will let the owner know about the intrusion of outsiders into his territory.
Parenting and training
Raise a dog breed "Mittelschnauzer" should be from the first day of appearance in the house. It is necessary to establish rules that will be followed in the future. A puppy should not be allowed to be banned when he grows up.
It is recommended that you train a dog to a nickname and teach it basic commands before the age of 3 months. For the schnauzer, it’s better to choose a short voiced nickname that he can quickly remember. When the puppy begins to respond to the nickname, it should be praised, sometimes - to give a treat. During training, basic teams need to be persistent, because representatives of this breed may try to dominate. It is important to earn the trust of the dog and be fair, then the animal recognizes the authority of the person and becomes obedient.
The general course of training is conducted under the guidance of a dog handler. If necessary, the dog can be trained in guard duty. A service dog will not be able to neutralize the offender due to the small size, but is able to bite or detain him with a bark.
Middle Schnauzer Content
It is possible to keep a schnauzer in the apartment as well as in the courtyard of a private house. In the first case, the dog needs to provide a corner for rest with a sunbed and toys, from where a view of the door opens. The second option involves living the animal in an aviary, equipped with a canopy and a warmed booth. The Schnauzer has a dense undercoat that is well adjacent to the body, which provides protection from the cold in the winter season.
The average schnauzer needs trimming during molting, which occurs twice a year. The remaining hairs of the schnauzer die off, but not all of them fall out on their own, so they must be plucked. You need to do this with special forceps or a trimming knife. You need to pluck the hairs in a certain sequence. Trimming should begin with the neck and croup, then go to the sides, hips. Last pluck your head. The undercoat should be combed out during molting daily with a brush with metal teeth.
The beard and mustache should be combed with a brush in the form of a comb with rare teeth and washed after each feeding. After walking, it is necessary to wash the legs of the schnauzer, paying particular attention to the gaps between the fingers. It is recommended that you wash your dog completely every few months or as it gets dirty. To do this, use a special shampoo, which should be applied to the wool twice. Then the product must be thoroughly washed off with warm water and the hair dry with a hairdryer. The dog should be protected from drafts until the coat is completely dry.
Once a week, you must inspect the ears of the pet.Stuck specks should be removed from the ear canal and the ears should be cleaned of dirt and excess earwax. This should be done with a cotton pad moistened with boiled water or an antibacterial solution. The eyes of the pet need daily hygiene procedures.
The teeth of a Mittelschnauzer dog must be cleaned once a week using a special toothpaste and brush. In the presence of caries, tartar, formations on the gums, you should contact your veterinarian.
# 1 NoiseFey
Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region
The Mittelschnauzer is one of the few breeds that has preserved such quality as universality from its ancestors. Almost all modern breeds are “narrow specialists”. A mittel can be a guard dog, it can be a hunting dog, it can look for weapons and drugs, or it can just make your life happy.
One of the first German breeders of the breed, Joseph Bert, described the Schnauzer as follows: “All the qualities that the Schnauzer possesses are justified, the one who understood this dog will remain faithful to her. The appearance of the breed corresponds to the character, and both are inextricably linked: a strong physique and simple concise lines. With all restraint and strength, he has a lightning reaction. The coat, thick and hard, reliably protects the schnauzer from any weather and enemy attacks, well-developed sensory organs allow him to fight his sworn enemies: mice and rats. Workable qualities can only appear if he trusts members of the family in which he lives. The Schnauzer is constantly preoccupied and alert, very loyal, decisive and independent in action, persistent, but not annoying, doesn’t make noise in vain and, despite the temperament, does not show unreasonable aggressiveness and gets along well with other animals. "These valuable qualities need to be fixed in the breeding work, because they are not replaced by any training."
It is clear that the “own” breed is the best if it really became “their own”. But this dog is not for everyone. Not everyone can withstand her temperament, not everyone has enough character to educate her, not everyone wants to wash her beard after eating, and her beauty, say, is not for everyone. Mittel is able to make the lives of some people fun and happy, others - to turn into a complete nightmare. But if he is nevertheless for you, then forever.
They say: "Since a schnauzer is always a schnauzer."
FCI Standard No. 182b 11/14/1981
Standard schnauzer - a dog with medium-sized wire-like hair, rather strong and compact than slender, of a square format, i.e. the height at the withers is approximately equal to the length of the body.
It moves at a trot (with a diagonal sequence of movements of the front and hind legs).
Typical character traits are: lively temperament combined with self-control, innate playfulness combined with vigilance, without excessive barking. Highly developed cleverness, intelligence and ability to train, fearlessness and endurance, resistance to diseases and weather make the Schnauzer an excellent defender, companion and a very useful dog.
The head is powerful, long, without a pronounced occipital protuberance, gradually tapering from the eyes to the tip of the nose. The total length (from the nose to the back of the head) is proportional to 1/2 the length of the back (from the withers to the base of the tail). The head is in harmony with the general substance of the dog. The pronounced stop is emphasized by eyebrows, the direct arch of the nose is parallel to the upper line of the flat, without forehead wrinkles. The muzzle is powerful, but the cheekbones should not protrude and violate the general rectangular appearance of the head (with a mustache). The end of the muzzle forms a moderately dull wedge. Nose filled and black. Lips are tight, their color is black for all varieties.
A complete set of pure white strong teeth with a scissor bite.
Ears set high, identically cropped. Standing up.Uncropped V-shaped ears hang close to the head.
The eyes are dark and oval, directed forward. The lower eyelid is adjacent to the eye in such a way that the conjunctiva is not visible.
The neck should be elegant and powerful, should not be short or massive. The scruff is well defined (curved), the skin is tight-fitting (dry neck), without suspension.
The chest is moderately wide, with round, well-sprung ribs, in an oval section. The chest reaches the elbows, the sternum is well bent. Forbrust formed by the sternum clearly protrudes beyond the shoulder blades and shoulders.
The bottom line rises smoothly in the direction of the hind limbs and is moderately tightened in the lumbar region. The short distance between the last rib and the pelvis gives the impression of a compact, “tightly knocked down” dog.
The length of the body is approximately equal to the height of the dog at the withers.
The back is short, slightly sloping. The upper line is not absolutely straight, but forms a smooth elegant curve from the first vertebra of the withers along the back and slightly rounded croup to the base of the tail.
The tail is set high and set up. Docked to approximately three vertebrae.
The shoulder blades and forearms form a good angle, flat, but muscular.
The front legs form strong supports, straight when viewed from either side.
The elbows fit snugly against the body.
Hips obliquely set, with powerful muscles.
The angle of the hock is well defined.
The paws are short, rounded and tightly assembled, with arched fingers (cat's paw), black claws, elastic pads.
Wool is wire-like. Must be tough and thick. Consists of thick undercoat and hard, rather short outer hair. The remaining coat should be stiff, but not shaggy or wavy.
The hair on the head and legs is also stiff, on the forehead and ears shorter.
A typical feature of all schnauzers is a stiff mustache and thick eyebrows that slightly close their eyes.
Color - solid black or pepper and salt.
The aim of breeding pepper and salt for schnauzers is a medium shade, monotonously even and well pigmented, with gray undercoat.
Allowed are shades from steel gray to silver gray.
A dark mask is desirable, emphasizing the typical appearance of the schnauzer. The mask should be in harmony with the corresponding shade of the color of the rest of the coat. White marks on the chest, head and legs are undesirable.
Height at the withers 45-50cm.
The body is too heavy, too light or upturned on the legs.
Too coarse or rounded skull, wrinkled forehead, low-set or poorly cropped ears.
Light eyes, too big or round.
Visibly protruding cheekbones, suspension, "sheep" neck.
Direct bite, snack or overshot mouth.
Carious teeth. Short, tapering or narrow muzzle.
Too long, sagging or arched back.
Hare tail, low tail exit, loose (not adjacent to the body) elbows.
Cow stand, clubfoot, long legs.
The coat is too long, soft, wavy, silky, white, spotty or other additional shades.
Black stripe on the back or saddle. Terrier expression.
Males should have two seperated, normally determined, fully omitted
into the scrotum of the testis.
"All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.
# 2 NoiseFey
Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region
Schnauzer is one of the few dog breeds that has earned humanity incarnation in different sizes. Do you want a big, formidable one that leads to awe with its appearance? “There is a rizen, you want a little one to hold in your hands, but which will protect you better than many large ones?” - there is a miniature. But the man wanted both big and small, because at first there was an average - a middling schnauzer, a standard, medium or just a schnauzer.It is believed that schnauzers descended from ancient peat dogs (Canis familiaris polustris), the remains of which are found in settlements of the 4th-3rd centuries. BC. They were studied by the Swiss zoologist Theodor Studer (1845-1922) and published all his discoveries in his work Contribution to the History of Our Dog Breed. In the VII century. some aristocratic Germanic families kept dogs hunting beavers. It is assumed that the "beaver dog" was another link leading to the modern schnauzer. Mention of her, perhaps the first written evidence related to this breed. King Dagobert pointed out that the Germans had to pay a fine if they neglected the “beaver dog” and she died on the hunt. In the Middle Ages, dogs resembling Schnauzer, obviously, were widespread in European cities, performing important work for that time - catching rats. Not for nothing that one of the old names for the Schnauzer is “Pied Piper”. Images of dogs resembling a mittel can be found on the canvases of Lucas Cranach, Reynolds, Rembrandt, Carlos Verne and Albrecht Durer. The latter himself kept a similar dog between 1492-1504gg. Various paintings painted during this period captured the image of a dog in which you can recognize the schnauzer. They were often depicted next to horses. And not by chance. Another work of the schnauzers was the protection of stables and escort of crews on unsafe travels in medieval Europe. Dogs ran near the carriage and had to warn in time about the impending danger, whether it be wolves or robbers. Probably, this inexhaustible energy, the absence of fatigue after any walk and any work, the loud, formidable voice, the magnificent smooth running and love for horses were passed from our ancestors to our home "couch" meditators. Hence another name for the schnauzer - “stable pinscher”. In some European kennels, schnauzers are still kept together with horses, an example is the Franzese Faberge kennel “Stablemaster's”, whose name in translation means “owner of the stable”. Stable pinschers guarded yards, wagons, caught rats, were unpretentious to the conditions of detention. Diverse classes provided in the future the universal working qualities of the breed, mobility and quick wits.
Having established themselves as excellent watchmen and hunters, stable pinschers gradually move to houses and are kept as domestic dogs. The first scientific descriptions of pinschers were made by the German scientist H.G. Reichenbock in 1836. He wrote that in Germany and in neighboring countries, smooth-haired and wire-haired pinschers are known. Wire-haired pinschers, directly from whom the middle schnauzers were bred, were first shown at an exhibition in Germany in 1854. And in 1879, a pepper and salt dog, obtained by Max Hortenstein, was shown at the II International Exhibition in Hanover. He also created the first club by breed and described the pedigree signs of a wire-haired pinscher in the German pedigree book of 1880. The exterior of a male named Zuris was taken as the standard. After the organization of the club in 1895, the name of the breed, the Schnauzer, was determined. This word comes from the German "Sehnaze", which means - "face", but has a broader meaning, because Schaurbart is a mustache.
How did it go
The club, located in Cologne, was led by Joseph Bert. He named his kennel in honor of the best dog M. Hortenstein - Morro. In 1907, the first standard was published, in which the breed became known as the Schnauzer, and which has not many differences from the modern version. In 1910 the first special exhibition of pinschers and schnauzers takes place in Stuttgart, 93 dogs take part in it. Schnauzers are becoming a popular breed. For a long time, Germany and Switzerland remained breeding centers, but as time passed, new talented breeders appeared in different countries, new nurseries appeared, in which new champions were born.In 1977, on the basis of pincher-schnauzer clubs of several countries, an international union of pinscher-schnauzers - ISPU was organized, which annually holds the World Championship among pinschers and schnauzers.
Schnauzers in Russia
The first standard schnauzer in Russia, or rather in the USSR, appeared in the summer of 1979. Elsk East was brought to Moscow Kempvaart (ow. Novikova I.). This dog was two years old, and she was already mated by an Australian male, Urangeline Beowulf. Their children: Azazello-Noel, Axel-Noel, Astarte-Noel, Amarilis-Noel, Azazel-Noel, Iris-Noel, Anita-Noel. These dogs became the “golden” foundation of the high-breed and numerous livestock of Russian schnauzers. After 2 months, the next litter was born from Tsindi f.d. Blauen Rose and Wolfs Bluta F. Possentrum (own. T. Anufrieva). These nicknames are found in many genealogies of standard schnauzers of Russia, Ukraine, and the Baltic states.
An invaluable contribution to the development of the breed was brought from Sweden, again by Irina Novikova, a male Abra-Kadabra. Abra Kadabra was a great ring dog and a great producer. In a short time, then back in the USSR, he won all possible titles up to the double “Best Dog of the Show”. His descendants led and still lead the rings at exhibitions of various ranks. One of the most famous children of Abra-Kadabra was his son Elsabr Noel (owner Trubnikova I.). He continued the stellar tradition of his parents, becoming an outstanding ring dog. He steadfastly transferred his exterior qualities to children. Elsabr won at exhibitions in Russia, Poland, Estonia and, passing into the veteran class, proudly went into the ring to win. His descendants received the titles of champions of Russia, Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland, Denmark, Spain, Poland, Hungary, Germany, America, international champions and world champions.
Over thirty years, many outstanding dogs were brought to Russia, and even more were born. And this is a great merit of Russian breeders. Thanks to their enthusiasm and talent, Russia now has the “blood” of the best dogs from the world's best schnauzer kennels, and Russian Schnauzers are recognized leaders in the breed.
I will not list all the Russian schnauzer breeders who have made a tremendous contribution to the breed. Experts know them, and beginners can easily find out if they wish. I can only say that we are Ukrainian “Schnauzer”, it was very lucky that Russia is close, that our first Schnauzers are from Russia and that we continue to “make” our wonderful, beloved Schnauzers.
Schnauzers in Ukraine
The first schnauzers appeared in Ukraine in the early 80s. The first dog was a female of Czech lines (ow. V. Babinets). Now among the dogs actively exhibited and used in breeding, there are no descendants of the very first schnauzers brought to Ukraine. However, the Schnauzers who came to us in the late 80s and early 90s left their mark: Casta Leader (owner S. Bukhalo), Francis Demon (owner L. Kakhovskaya), Flora Zheks (owner G. Kalinichenko )
Since then, many high-class dogs have been born, but the level of our schnauzers has especially risen after Ukraine joined FCI. We got the opportunity to show our dogs at the world's largest exhibitions and communicate on equal terms with the world's leading breeders.
The first exhibition at which our dogs were exhibited abroad was the World Exhibition 1996. Gloris Enigma Greggi became the second in the open class (in the ring of 36 dogs), and Tempter Noel Threls became the young champion of Austria. These were dogs living in Ukraine, but imported from Russia, and now we can be proud of the results of our breeding. Schnauzers from Ukraine are exported to different countries of the World, and become winners at the largest world shows, including World and European ones. Dogs from leading European kennels were also brought to Ukraine.
"All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.
History of breed origin
The roots of this breed go far into the past. The ancestor of the schnauzer is considered to be a peat dog, which, according to scientists, lived in the third millennium BC. And the birthplace of the modern look is Germany.
History says that to get the ancestor of all schnauzers, wire-haired terrier, poodle and spitz were crossed. The result is great hunter and good watchman. The dog guarded the entrusted territory and did not give a descent to rodents. German farmers appreciated the breed for its intelligence and devotion.
Later, when a strong dog was needed that could help bring the grown crop for sale to the city, the schnauzer was crossed with the largest breed of those places. Opinions vary. Some argue that it was a shepherd dog. Others are that mastiff. The dog turned out to be twice as large as usual and was called a Giant Schnauzer. There were those who wanted a more miniature copy of the main breed. A cross with a pincher brought a miniature schnauzer. That's why the original breed is called the middle schnauzer.
The first representatives of the modern look were shown at the exhibition in 1879. The dog liked the imperial court and was called a pinscher at the stable. After all, it was there that hardworking animals began their career, catching rats. Because of this, common people christened their rattlers (ratte - rat in German).
But a year later, the word Schnauzer (schnauze - bearded face) is added to the pincher and this is the best possible way to characterize the species. The appearance of the schnauzer speaks for itself - a bearded dog with a square muzzle.
The breed is described and approved in 1885 when the Nordhausen meeting was held. It was there that the first members of the club of this dog appeared. Later, in 1921, the Pincher-Schnauzer Club was formed in Germany. This is the official club that brought popularity to this breed and began to engage in its distribution. The organization is still active and is one of the oldest dog handlers communities.
The dog came to the Soviet Union from Holland in 1977 and two years later the first litter was received. The club of dog breeders “Fauna” in Moscow was engaged in the breed and thanks to him, the schnauzer spread throughout Russia, and then throughout the neighboring countries.
Description of the breed with a photo
The Schnauzer Mittel enters the Pinscher section. The dog is good-natured and moderately active. Of all the service dogs, she is the smallest, but this does not prevent her from being a good guard. She is easily able to protect the property of her master and himself.
The abilities of the breed are actively used at customs. The dog can easily detect drugs and explosives. During the years of World War II, the middle schnauzer helped orderlies and was assigned to the Red Cross. On the battlefield, he brought bandages and medicine.
because of reserved character entrusted to him the role of guide. The devotion of the dog knows no bounds, so he will fearlessly follow the owner anywhere. Becomes a reliable friend for both an adult and a teenager.
Interesting! Once, quite by accident, the ability of these animals to detect early stage cancerous tumors in their hosts was revealed.
The description of the Mittelschnauzer breed includes a list of standards, parameters and color.
- Due to the massive skull, the head is large. The forehead is flat, expressed with thick eyebrows and has no wrinkles. The head is half the length of the body.
- The breed's muzzle looks like a blunt blade. Has a straight back of the nose with large nostrils on a black lobe.
- The dog’s bite is scissor-shaped, regular. The teeth are white and sharp. The jaws are strong. The incisors are located on one line and the upper row closely overlaps the lower.
- The main distinguishing feature is a beard, mustache and eyebrows of increased density.
- The eyes are dark, almond-shaped. Light color is not allowed.
- The muscular neck is very strong. Line scruff beautiful shape and medium length.Well-defined withers raised. The shoulder blades are pressed tightly to the back.
- Earlier, the tail and ears were stopped to protect the animal from the bites of rodents. Modern fashion allows you to leave cute hanging ears and a slightly twisted tail, crescent-shaped. But even with cropped erect triangular ears, the appearance of the dog can only win. If the tail is stopped, then 3 vertebrae are left.
- The body shape is square. The height at the withers and lengths are approximately equal. The body is muscular and dry with a chest protruding moderately forward. The back is flat, elastic and short. The stomach is slightly retracted.
- Has straight and widely spaced forelegs. The paws resemble cats - round and short, with small claws and soft pads.
- Hind muscular limbs are parallel to the ground. The fingers on them are short, with dark claws.
Size and weight
Dogs and bitches are different from each other.
The weight of a bitch ranges from 14 to 20 kilograms, and the height at the withers is from 43 to 48 centimeters. Males are larger and weigh from 16 to 26 kilograms, with growth of 46-51 centimeters.
Dogs have retained their shape and performance despite the fact that they have not performed their official duties for a long time - the protection of farm territories. Appearance and size have not changed for many years.
Previously, the schnauzer was called a wire-haired pinscher. The ancestor of the breed was peat dogs, the skeletons of which were found during excavations of ancient settlements in the areas of modern Switzerland. Theophil Studer, restoring the history of the breed, revealed a similar structure of the skull of both dogs.
There is also a theory that a close relative of the middle schnauzer is the “beaver dog”, popular in the circles of German nobility in the 17th century.
Dogs similar to schnauzers have been distributed in Germany since the 15th century, which is confirmed by the canvases of recognized painters of that time. Albrecht Durer captured his favorite - the Schnauzer in many paintings.
In the improvement of the breed, according to one version, participated: black poodle, gray Wolfspitz, pincher.
Others suggest the presence of the blood of griffins, pugs, and bulldogs.
Initially, the schnauzers served at the stables, protecting them from invasions, mice and other rodents.
At the Hanover exhibition in 1879, the first silver-haired pinscher was introduced. The systematic selection of the breed began in 1880, then the name was fixed - the schnauzer, which in German means “face”.
In 1895, the first gathering of the Schnauzers specialty club took place, at the next meeting the council was elected and the breed standard was approved.
Domestic litter of schnauzers was received in 1979, from an imported pair from Holland.
Interesting! Mittelschnauzer George is famous for his ability to accurately identify cancer patients. Sniffing once infected cells, the dog definitely makes a diagnosis, sitting on a sore spot.
The description of the breed to the smallest detail is the same for all representatives of schnauzers, only the dimensions are different. Giant Schnauzer is the largest example of this family. Miniature Schnauzer - differs in small sizes, the mittel is in the middle weight category of brothers.
A dog of the correct addition and well-defined lines. Height 45-50 cm. The format is as close as possible to the square, the height is equal to the length of the body. A stocky, muscular dog weighing up to 20 kg.
- Head. Massive, with original bushy eyebrows and beard, smoothly passing from ears to the tip of the nose. The nose is wide, the length of the rectangular muzzle is almost equal to the length of the skull.
- The jaws are strong. Lips are dry, pressed to the gums. The teeth are large, white, fangs close in the castle.
- The ears are pointed, usually stopped, hanging in their natural form on the cartilage.
- The nose is well molded; the nostrils are open.
- The eyes are dark, oval. Set widely.
- Limbs. Front - strong, straight, without protruding elbows. The rear ones are a little shorter. The hock joint is pronounced.Smooth, without clubfoot. The claws are black, strong. Pads are elastic.
- Tail. Set high. In accordance with the reissued standard (2007) it must be in kind, but it is often stopped.
- Wool. Thick, tough with a good undercoat. The outer hair is thick, coarse.
- Color. Black, silver (pepper and salt) of different saturation, with a dark mask on the face.
Unsurpassed mittelschnauzer, photos of a wonderful breed convey the whole article and grace of a dog.
Pet Feeding Rules
You can feed the schnauzer with dry food or natural products. In the first case, it is better to choose feeds of a super-premium class, because their composition is more balanced and safe for the animal. You can buy branded products with a well-known name or not too publicized. In this case, there is no need to give the dog additional vitamin and mineral complexes, because all the nutrients are already contained in the feed in the right amount. With natural nutrition, the dog should be given periodically useful supplements purchased at a pet store. The basis of the dog’s natural nutrition is the following products:
- meat (previously scalded with boiling water or boiled),
- offal (liver, heart, kidneys),
- boneless sea fish
- cereals (oats, rice, buckwheat, barley),
- dairy products (kefir, cottage cheese, whey),
- vegetables and fruits (fresh or heat-treated).
Sometimes a schnauzer can be given chicken or quail eggs and some brown bread. The drinker should be clean at room temperature. Do not give your pet salty, fried, smoked, sweet dishes, as well as flour products and potatoes. Such nutrition negatively affects the digestive tract of the dog. You need to feed an adult animal 2 times a day. Small dogs should be fed taking into account age-related characteristics. Puppies up to 2 months old eat 6 times a day, by six months they are transferred to 3-4 meals a day, and by the age of one year - into an adult regimen.
Pros and cons
Along with other similar breeds of dogs, medium sized schnauzers have their characteristic positive and negative properties.
- high intelligence
- exceptional watchman qualities,
- excellent sports skills
- ability to protect the owner,
- grace, beauty,
- the ability to find a common language with children - kindness towards them, reliability, patience.
- may try to outwit the owner and make him do what the dog needs,
- attempts to dominate
- excessive suspicion
- some stubbornness.
The smartest breed of dogs, the Mittelschnauzer lends itself well to training, but is suspicious. Pet training should be based on mutual trust, respect. With the correct prioritization, the dog is obedient, the teams execute with pleasure, recklessly. Socialization is important for the baby, the lack of contact with outsiders can make him timid or aggressive.
A baby jumping joyfully at a meeting looks touching, but an adult dog can deliver a lot of unpleasant moments with this action. Unwanted behavior is stopped once and for all.
Initially, basic commands are worked out to ensure security for the pet: “near”, “to me”. Training in a game form will give the best results. The use of physical force is unacceptable, for punishment it is enough to shake the prankster at the withers, as the mother does.
The "lesson" should not exceed 15-20 minutes, during breaks it is imperative to give the dog the opportunity to run, play with relatives.
Mittelschnauzer puppies can be stubborn, it is necessary to achieve the execution of the command. Feeling weakness, the baby will experiment further, which will undermine the authority of the owner.
Timely promotion is the key to the success of training. It is also possible to punish only at the time of misconduct.
A dynamic breed of dog, a middling schnauzer before the start of classes should throw out the accumulated energy.
Important! Dogs need not only physical activity, but also intellectual. You can hide the goodies under the bark of a tree, positioning so that the dog, getting them out, falls to the ground, stands on its hind legs.
Buying a puppy should be treated responsibly. The dog "for himself" should also be healthy, pedigree, with a balanced psyche.
- Buy a dog only from trusted breeders, it is advisable to consult a specialist pedigree.
- The absence of puppies is not a reason to go to the market for a pet. It is better to wait for the birth of babies in the nursery.
- You can pick up your pet after 6 weeks. Some dogs “linger” for 4-5 months. As a rule, they are already socialized, accustomed to cleanliness, order. For someone, such a choice would be the best.
If the dog is taken by a friend and companion, giving preference is to the character. A calm, compliant baby will be the perfect pet.
- Mittelschnauzer puppies look like a cube. Plump, plump, on short strong legs.
- A muzzle with a brick, equal in width to the head.
- Bite - scissors. The teeth are white, healthy.
- Eyes are small, oval, black. No secretions, tear marks.
- Ears tightly pressed, odorless.
- The coat is dense, hard, shiny.
Show puppy must be distinguished by leadership qualities, indomitable temperament. But even the breeder does not guarantee that the selected dog will become a star. It’s worth listening to the recommendations, but if you are assured that this is a future champion, this is an occasion to think about choosing another nursery.
Quality puppies of a schnauzer with a good pedigree can cost from 20,000 to 40,000 rubles.
Where to buy and price
Kennels breeding mittenschnauzers are represented in Russia in large numbers due to the popularity of the breed. Many large cities have their own kennels, so potential owners do not have to go somewhere for a puppy. Among them are:
- Dar’Ilion (Moscow),
- Fortuna Minion (Saratov),
- Don Delaro (Rostov-on-Don),
- Art Platinum (Nizhny Novgorod).
The price of a dog from professional breeders varies from 15,000 to 30,000 rubles. Buying a pet by hand can be much cheaper - from 6,000, but at the same time, the buyer risks buying a mestizo or a sick animal.
You should start a schnauzer if the owner is ready to give the pet a lot of care and love, and also pay attention to him daily and arrange long walks. Then the pet will become a real defender of the house and family.
Maintenance, feeding, care
The breed of dogs is a schnauzer, ideal for living in an apartment. It is also possible street maintenance, but not on a chain, with free entry into the house. Without constant contact with the owner, the dog closes, becomes uncontrollable, aggressive.
The dog’s unique coat doesn’t smell; it does not fade with timely trimming. Plucking off dead hairs is 2-4 times a year. Combing a pet 1-2 times a week will relieve the formation of tangles. Between the haircuts, it is necessary to treat the fur with a furminator, this gives the dog a well-groomed and neat appearance.
- Claws are trimmed monthly.
- Ear cleaning with a special lotion is carried out every week.
- Eyes are rubbed daily. As needed, the hair is cut from the nose, between the fingers, around the anus.
- After eating, you must wipe the beard of the Schnauzer.
The breed schnauzer requires active walking, feasible physical activity by age. The dog will be happy to deal with agility.
Many people prefer to feed their pets with premium premium dry food, this eliminates the need to wipe the beard.
Natural nutrition should include:
- Meat: poultry, beef, horse meat.
- Liver: kidneys, scar, heart. The liver is given no more than 2-3 times a month.
- Cereals: rice, buckwheat.
- Vegetables: cabbage, carrots, zucchini.
- Vegetable oil: 1 teaspoon per feeding.
- Sour-milk products: cottage cheese, kefir.Dogs are given milk for up to 7-8 months.
- The eggs.
- Vitamin, mineral supplements.
Important! The dog should consume quality, fresh foods. A balanced diet is a guarantee of your pet’s health.
It is unacceptable to feed the schnauzer from the master's table, and the menu should not include:
Food at room temperature, unsalted. All ingredients are boiled separately, then mixed. Vegetables are given fresh. The preparation of cereals in meat broth is unacceptable.
Dog Health and Life Span
The Schnauzer can live about 15 years if properly looked after (the Giant Schnauzer has approximately the same life expectancy). Representatives of this breed have a tendency to certain diseases. The most common are: atopic dermatitis, bloating, joint dysplasia, genitourinary infections, ophthalmic ailments. Schnauzers also sometimes have diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, pancreatitis, melanoma. Dogs have testicular tumors.
To avoid the development of the disease, it is necessary to contact the veterinarian on time. Changes in dog behavior, loss of appetite, vomiting, and discharge from the eyes are reasons to visit a doctor. It is important to take vaccinations on time, monitor the nutrition of the animal and provide it with moderate physical exertion. With this approach, the pet will remain healthy and active for a long time.
How to choose a puppy?
Schnauzer should be bought in trusted kennels, which have reliable information about the puppy's pedigree and its health. When choosing an animal, you should give preference to a playful, but not aggressive dog that looks healthy. If possible, it is worth looking at the puppy's parents to exclude the possibility of genetic diseases.
How much is such a dog? The cost of a schnauzer is about $ 400-500, as well as a schnauzer. The most expensive are representatives of the show class, fully compliant with the standard and able to participate in exhibitions. Breed-class dogs are similar to show-class pets, but do not have the temperament necessary to participate in exhibitions. Pet-class dogs can be bought inexpensively, but they cannot be used for breeding and participating in exhibitions, because they have certain deviations from standard characteristics.
The breed schnauzer lives 12-14 years. Possessing strong immunity, endurance even in old age remain mobile and efficient.
Like all dogs, a middling schnauzer can catch the infection on a walk. Timely vaccination will protect the pet from such trouble. Deworming is carried out every 3-4 months. In the spring - autumn period, treatment for ticks and fleas is indicated.
Some pedigree diseases are inherent in schnauzers:
- Hip dysplasia. It is inherited, it may appear due to overweight dogs.
- Diabetes. Genetic disease.
- Pathology of the thyroid gland.
- Atrophy of the retina. It appears at an early age, by 2-3 years the dog goes blind. Incurable.
- Cataract. May be the result of trauma to the pupil with overgrown hair on the nose.
- Gastrointestinal problems are solved by proper feeding.
Babies inherit most diseases from their parents. Passed tests of the ancestors, the pedigree is a guarantee of the health of the pet.
Breed Features and Character
If a dog is a man’s best friend, then a schnauzer is also a loyal companion for all time, because the nature of this breed can not be called anything but unique.
Life purpose breeds mittelschnauzer can be considered a service to his master. And here it is worth understanding the widest range of actions: from protecting the territory to ensuring a pleasant joint rest.
Devotion is the hallmark of the schnauzers, but not the only one. It is worth noting the developed mind of this breed.Complete with good memory, thanks to which the pet will easily remember more than a dozen people, it will allow the dog to master the basics of training without much effort.
The next advantage of the breed is without any doubt recognized by all owners. It's about discipline. Be sure that with proper attention to raising your pet, you will surely achieve the necessary results, saving yourself from possible fears of gnawed things or unpleasant puddles on furniture.
Every breeder of a schnauzer must be prepared for the extraordinary activity of the dog. Of course, the pet will easily adapt to the life of even the smallest apartment, but in this case, walks in the fresh air will require more time and space.
The dog stands out not only for its energy, but also for its playfulness. By the way, it is for this reason that these dogs are always happy for small children, even if they sometimes can pull their tail or unsuccessfully hold their ear. Indeed, in spite of all their devotion, the manifestation of aggression is completely unusual for them.
Particular attention should be paid to such a feature as possessiveness. On the one hand, dogs are insanely loyal to their owners and are willing to do much to protect him (as well as his residential area), he is unwanted guests.
On the other hand, this breed is very jealous of everyday things, for example, a bowl, toys or bedding. So consider this point if you plan to settle the schnauzer with another pet, even the same breed.
The word "Schnauzer" first appeared in 1879 in Hanover, and it was the name of the wire-haired pinscher, who gave the new breed a name. The first standards were published in 1880. Initially, it was a hybrid of native breed, gray wolf spitz, black poodle, wire-haired pinschers. Using other breeds, they brought dwarf and large schnauzers out of the standard type.
At the end of the XIX century, when the schnauzer was a shepherd dog, he was called Munich, as the best dogs were found in the Munich-Augsburg region. Its success at exhibitions, especially in the USA, was hindered by the great popularity of the German Shepherd, and in our time they are much less common than rivals.
Some breeders believe that the bitch has an ideal age for mating - 2 years.
It is worth organizing the action on the territory of the dog, before that both dogs must be walked.
Arrange such a walk for the middling schnauzer so that he is well tired and does not want to cheat at home
No need to rush animals, they need to get to know each other and play a little.
If the bitch is young and nervous, the owner should hold her by the collar.
Gluing happens rather rarely and usually passes in 10-15 seconds.
Schnauzer family includes three breeds:
- Giant Schnauzer - Giant (Eng. Giant Schnauzer, German Riesenschnauzer), FCI standard No. 181 of March 6, 2007,
- Mittelschnauzer - standard (English and German Schnauzer), FCI standard No. 182 of March 6, 2007,
- miniature schnauzer - miniature, dwarf (English Miniature Schnauzer, German. Zwergschnauzer), FCI standard No. 183 dated 03/06/2007
Color and type of coat
Wool is given special attention. Its quality is checked at exhibitions and must comply with strict parameters. The coat should resemble a wire and be stiff. But it is worth noting that with a coarse upper shirt, there is a very soft undercoat. The coat is straight and snug against the body.
There are two color options. One completely the blackevenly distributed on the body. But it is permissible to have a white spot on the chest. The second is called pepper and salt. Each hair is black and white. Sometimes on the face of the animal may be a black mask.
Schnauzer reviews - owner reviews
Review of the Mittelschnauzer, writes Oleg. When we went to get a puppy from the breeder, there were only two of them left, and the girls.They wanted a boy, but one of them, seeing us, began to try to get out of the arena and play around! I liked it very much and took it, which I have never regretted for 17 years. Yes, our girl is a real long-liver.
As a puppy, she bit a bit and often barked, weaned from the first, and she stopped “humming” as she grew up. She didn’t ask for a walk too early, she was not particularly interested in dogs (she was sterilized), she behaved kindly with us, and sometimes she was aggressive towards strangers, after meeting the time, all the residents of the entrance avoided her ...
In the breeder's group, the family who bought the second girl wrote that their dog was the exact opposite - very calm, not only in relation to his own, but also to strangers. Apparently the nature of the schnauzers can be very different.
Review of the Mittelschnauzer, writes Maria. In childhood, the parents had a Giant Schnauzer, so when choosing a dog for a daughter, they first google this breed. It turned out they have a smaller copy - the middle schnauzer, which is more suitable for an apartment. Now the review itself: a cheerful and playful puppy grew up in the same dog, though in the process she nibbled more than one pair of slippers))
Mittelschnauzer named Oscar (Oskar, photo by Brigitte).
Without a reason, no voice can be heard, only when someone is at the door of the apartment. As a rule, we walk without a leash, always with a ball or a plate - she likes to run and bring them) She is very affectionate with her daughter and behaves carefully with other children. Twice a year we trim, youtube helped me teach) She’s not picky about food, likes to sit at the table and beg for tasty things from us) In general, our dog is the best!
Useful to the future owner:
- How to name a dog a girl and a boy (a selection of names and nicknames),
- Dog Food Classes - Find out the difference between Pedigree, Hills and Akana.
- How to feed a puppy and how to feed it (+ diet example).
Defective Mittelschnauzer colors
The traditionalism and inertness of the orthodox breed has long hindered the recognition of new color mittelschnauzer. World cynological mittel registries declare only two suits of medium bearded muzzles. All other variations are considered defective, spoiling the reputation of delicacies.
Breeders of miniature modifications sold two additional colors to the standard: white and black-silver miniature schnauzers were legalized in the exhibition defile. The whole world, with bated breath, expects the canonization of red (as a variant of wheat) tinting.
In the registry section of the Mittelschnauzers there is hopeless silence: the German Ording will not allow indulgence in the exterior parameters of the patriarch of the species, - white schnauzer an unattainable dream of fans and fans of schnauzers.
Health care is an essential part of life support. One of the first steps after acquiring a puppy is to register with a veterinary clinic. Modern veterinary centers solve a lot of problems, provide a wide range of services:
- schedule of scheduled examinations,
- complex of antiparasitic procedures,
- routine vaccination
- identification procedures: branding and chipization,
- screening and preventive measures,
- sterilization as needed.
History of occurrence
According to various sources, the breed has from 100 to 500 years of existence. The "bearded pinchers" owe their origin to German breeders. The basis for breeding were taken breed Pincher, Terrier and Spitz. Moreover, a certain peat dog acts as the ancestor. Today, a number of versions of the origin of the Mittelschnauzer are being put forward, each different in breeds crossed.
At the end of the 19th century, the Mittelschnauzer breed was first recorded in the stud book. The first official name of the Mittelschnauzer sounded like "wire-haired pinscher." The creation of the first nursery belongs to the mentioned period, the founder of which was a certain Max Hartenstein. Over the next century, breeders actively worked to create a modern look for the dog.Today the Mittelschnauzer dogs are considered a recognized breed on five continents.
It is interesting that only in Russia the middle schnauzer is considered to be a decorative dog, while in other countries the dog remains a service dog.
Throughout the history of development, this well-built strong dog with a distinctive mustache and beard has replaced more than one peaceful activity. It was a difficult battle path from a rat-catcher and a hunter to a guard and service dog, serving at the borders and border control of states. For example, in Germany, schnauzers still work at airports and state control services, helping to search for illegal explosives and drugs.
With a sharp mind and a strong long-term memory, the middling schnauzer discovers an innate desire to dominate. This creates difficulties in training. An intelligent dog from puppyhood regularly checks the owner for hardness, strength and consistency in the requirements.
The advantage of keeping a dog at home is the absence of a specific dog smell in the coat and, with proper care of the coat, the absence of molting.
In experienced hands, the schnauzer will become a wonderful, good friend for the host family. With timely socialization, the difficulties that the owners of the German bearded man face will disappear.
What else could be?
According to the standard, there are only 2 permitted colors for the middles - this is pepper and black. Some breeders also breed white schnauzers, but such pets are not put up for competitions. Experts have not yet recognized such a coloring.
Important! In Russia, representatives of two colors are exhibited in different categories. In America and Europe, the practice is completely opposite.
In general, the pepper schnauzer is a common coloring among pedigree dogs, which is kept by the breeders with zeal. Experts at competitions and exhibitions carefully monitor that the pet's fur coat meets all established requirements. The presence of white spots on the chest or legs is considered a disqualifying factor.
Good health, duration and quality of life of a pet are determined by proper feeding, the quality of the diet. Drawing up and implementing a balanced menu is the basis of the basics of keeping pets.
The Schnauzers are indefatigable ambitious people, athletes and workaholics. Energetic dogs are famous for their unpretentiousness in food and excellent appetite. With a lack of physical exertion, toothy bearded men quickly gain weight and “overgrow” the symptoms of severe diseases.
- systemic weight control: the deviation of the pet’s mass parameters from the reference ones is a signal for going to the clinic and taking urgent measures,
- selection of high-quality feed positions, clear rationing and compliance with the norms and rules of use,
- ruthless stopping of all kinds of "welds": refreshments from the "master's table", the selection of food on the street, etc.
Canon "pepper and salt"
The character of pepper mitters is well known in cynological circles: "pestals" are strikingly independent, stubborn to stubbornness, hyperactive and militant.
Pepper dogs are considered a quality measure, the standard of the coat of the breed group. Among the "salty peppers" there are few poorly decorated animals, softness and "puffiness" is considered a rare flaw.
The main disputes, litigation and conflicts are based on the quality and fineness of the gray color. Having plucked a hair-awn from a chic fur coat of pepper pepper, the ring judges spend hours discussing the color depth, harmonious zoning and the balance of alternating dark and light distances.
The market is ruled by the fashion and subjectivity of experts: today the most beautiful and trendy is light silver mittelschnauzer with a darker tonnage mask and a blurry gray, light ash undercoat.
The character of the schnauzer
The Schnauzers have an inquiring and creative intelligence above average, and can sometimes be stubborn in how they think. They may be like intellectual and creative personalities, so you must train him with firmness and consistency.
The standard schnauzer is affectionate and will protect all members of his family. This dog is intrinsically watchdog, so it will definitely warn you about the presence of strangers. However, after you greet them in your home, she recognizes them. Schnauzer loves to be the center of attention.
Like many dogs, middling schnauzers need early socialization - interacting with different people, sounds and places while they are young. Socialization will help you ensure that your puppy grows up into a good and balanced dog.
Health and Disease
An animal can hurt like a human. Therefore, it is not surprising that many diseases are similar to human ones.
Here is a list of common diseases among schnauzers:
- Hypothyroidism Thyroid hormone is not produced enough.
- Diabetes. Insulin deficiency in the body.
- Melanoma. Malignant tumor.
- Pancreatitis The pancreas is inflamed.
- Inversion Stomach twists due to air filling.
- The hip joint has a malformation. Leads to arthritis, lameness with pain.
- Epilepsy. It can be detected at the age of two. Or manifest up to 5 years.
- Cataract. Can bring a dog to blindness.
Dogs react sharply to strong chemicals, followed by an allergic reaction. These diseases can only be identified by a qualified veterinarian with a careful and regular examination.
There are still violations that are inherited. These are glaucoma, conjunctivitis and retinal atrophy. Therefore, you need to be careful about choosing a puppy, checking the parents. The best way is to contact a trusted breeder.
Important! Diseases such as rabies, leptospirosis, enteritis, Aujeszky’s disease and adenovirus can be easily prevented if vaccinated on time. It is carried out at two months of age.
It is impossible to completely avoid the danger of contracting infectious diseases. These include:
- Viral Basically in the absence or incorrectly made vaccination.
- Bacterial and fungal. The skin and hairline suffer.
Separately, it must be said about the tick bite. It can easily provoke the appearance and development of infections such as babesiosis or pyroplasmosis. If treatment is not done on time, then the animal dies. A good owner carefully monitors the pet and, in the event of dangerous or simply incomprehensible symptoms, immediately turns to the veterinarian.
Here is a list of the main indications for which you already need to sound the alarm:
- loss of appetite
- dry nose
- diarrhea or vomiting
- increased salivation
- convulsions and convulsions,
- mucous membranes have changed color
- increase or decrease in body temperature.
What to feed
Feeding dogs is an important component of their healthy existence. How to feed Mittelschnauzer puppies? It is acceptable to choose between natural food and dry food. It is better to give preference to dry food, due to the high balance. If you want to accustom your pet to normal food, remember:
- Dogs should not be given salt and sugar,
- Unacceptable flour products, bakery and sweets,
- Starch and potatoes are not allowed.
- Most of the diet should be meat,
- It’s supposed to give dietary cereals,
- Requires the presence of fermented milk products and kefir in the diet,
- It is recommended to add vegetables and fruits.
The breed of dogs Mittelschnauzer is considered active and cheerful. For a dog, the game is fun. Pets are inherent tenderness, they are cute and funny, sometimes they are serious. The dogs of the breed have a well-developed intellect, there are no difficulties with training and training.Dogs always strive to please the owner and make a good impression on the person. However, dogs are not always obedient to the breeder, stubbornness is inherent in four-legged dogs.
Schnauzers get along perfectly with children, become indispensable companions, are able to frolic for hours on the playground. However, small children often beware of the breed, the dominant features of the dog prevail over love, and dogs chase children, preventing them from approaching the toys.
Dogs are considered good guards, pets are not alien to the necessary aggression. Able to engage in a fight with a relative, snarl at a stranger. Therefore, the breed is supposed to socialize from early childhood, otherwise a lot of difficulties will appear.
Description of the breed Mittelschnauzer will not do without mentioning the developed hunting instincts of the pet. To start a breed, coupled with rodents or cats, is a rash decision. It’s possible to accustom a cat, but the process takes a long time, and hunting for domestic rodents is ensured for the Mittelschnauzer. However, they get along well with similar dogs.
Dogs are devoted to the family, combine the qualities of a guard and a loving pet. Suitable for experienced and confident breeders who prefer an active lifestyle. They require constant attention and communication, people with a cold attitude towards dogs are not recommended to start a breed. The Schnauzers are hardy, easily tolerate any temperature changes. Dogs are not characterized by blues during periods of loneliness, feel free to leave alone in the house.
The character, however, is complex. Have you heard a statement about arrogant people: "Put him on the neck, he will climb on his head"? The said statement is fully consistent with the indicated dog breed. In the training and framework originally established by the dog, it will be necessary to remain as firm and stable as possible. Any connivance will be used against you. The dog has enough intelligence and tricks to turn any situation in its own favor.
The Mittelschnauzer is extremely distrustful of strangers. Your guests are sure to feel wariness when they first come to the attention of a dog. However, the developed cleverness will allow the dog the next time to recognize previously strangers and to behave kindly.
Separate difficulties with relatives sometimes arise during walks. This is due to the highly developed instinct of dominance. Dog handlers even recommend that you do not have a schnauzer if you already have a dog in the house that is prone to domination.
Even with “difficult” moments of character, it is unlikely that another dog will be able to love the owner more than the middling schnauzer. If the pet has not seen you for a couple of minutes, it will meet as if you were not a couple of years. Start jumping, hugging paws. But upon hearing the command and finding it unacceptable, immediately pretend to be deaf. The schnauzer gets along well with children, taking them for weak animals that need to be protected from possible dangers.
Possessing increased sensitivity, a strong physique and a high level of energy, the dog is capable of sudden movements and quick reactions, ill-wishers are unlikely to be able to easily enter, and most importantly, then leave the premises or objects guarded by the middling schnauzer.
Schnauzer in the apartment - maintenance and care
The presence of a thoroughbred pet in the house requires responsibility from a person, since you need to take care of your pet. To a greater extent, this applies to nutrition, which should be balanced, but do not forget about the need for various procedures, for example, combing out hair, examining ears and claws. The breed schnauzer requires special attention to health, because there are a number of diseases that often occur in such dogs.
Schnauzer - care
The most important procedure for this breed is hair care, which should always look healthy. Dead hairs do not leave the bulb and must be removed mechanically.Every owner should know how to trim the middling schnauzer, but trimming is the best procedure for this breed.
- The procedure is carried out from top to bottom, and you need to pluck the neck from above and on the sides, back, sides to the bottom of the chest, shoulder blades to the elbow, hips to the hocks, and the upper part of the tail.
- After this, the head, inner thighs, abdomen, neck, front of the chest and the area under the tail are trimmed. It is important to cut against the growth of wool.
- Short cut the ears. The hair on the forehead is removed from the occipital protuberance to the eyebrows.
- The bangs should be combed to the nose, and then, they give it a triangular shape. The beard is combed forward and trimmed obliquely.
It is important to periodically inspect the auricle and remove sulfur and dirt. Wool inside the auricle is recommended to be plucked. Teeth at home are wiped with an ear stick, but a professional should clean it. If the claws grow strongly, then they can be shortened. You need to do this with middle tongs. Pay attention to the condition of the pet and, if necessary, always contact your veterinarian.
Character and intelligence
The dog has a great devotion to the owner. There are cases when a pet was transferred to other hands, he completely refused food and lost interest in life.
Great companion for active walks and sports in the open. Differs in a sharp mind and frantic disposition. Because of this, if you do not give out his energy, it can create problems while at home. Therefore, it is undesirable to have such an animal in the elderly, who love a quiet pastime.
The breed schnauzer is not able to cause physical harm to the owner. But often he is a wayward animal, and if he does not educate him, he will do whatever he wants.
By the nature of a loner and he absolutely does not need a company of his own kind. Feels great next to horses and cows. It gets along with cats, if you get used to it in time. If not educated, then they will chase them down the street. But categorically does not tolerate any rodents. Therefore, making friends with a guinea pig will not work.
Interesting! Despite its small size, it has great courage and can attack any other dog that is superior in size.
The food of the schnauzer
The description of care necessarily includes rules regarding proper nutrition. The owner can choose dry food, natural food, or use both options. In the first case, it is best to choose products from well-known brands, for example, ANF, Belcando or Hills. Please note that the dog may not like the choice, so it is better to start with a tasting. The description of the natural feeding of the Mittelschnauzer is as follows:
- An adult pet should eat no more than three times a day, but two times is enough for him.
- The menu should contain dietary meat and it is best to give it raw.
- An important product in the diet is milk, which the dog must receive throughout life. The amount is 100-300 ml. If the schnauzer has problems digesting milk, then you need to choose another product, for example, cottage cheese.
- The description of the diet includes boiled eggs, so an adult should be given 0.5 pcs. in a day.
- Figuring out how to eat properly for a schnauzer, it is worth pointing out that a dog can get carbohydrates from cereals, you can porridge, semolina and rice. They can be present on the menu separately or with broth.
- In order for the pet to receive useful vitamins and minerals, it is recommended to include vegetables and greens in the diet, which can be added to cereals. It is best to choose beets, carrots, onions and even garlic.
Dogs of this breed have good health and strong immunity. Before buying, it is recommended to ask the pedigree, as most diseases are inherited. The life expectancy of a schnauzer is 14-16 years.The description of the most common diseases includes:
- Animals can have diabetes, problems with the thyroid gland, and in rare cases, the development of epilepsy is possible.
- Hip joint dysplasia and eye diseases such as cataracts occur in such animals.
- When choosing a diet, it is worth considering that this breed has a tendency to allergies, bloating and inflammation of the pancreas.
Mittelschnauzer puppies - maintenance and care
Having bought a pet of this breed, you need to take care of creating conditions for a normal existence.
- The little schnauzer should have a place to rest and sleep.
- Be sure to have two bowls: for food and drink. Up to 2 months you need to feed the puppy 6 times, and then, up to 4 months. you need to reduce the number of servings to two. Up to six months, the number of meals should be no more than three.
- At first, you may need a diaper so that he goes to the toilet.
- At the pet store you should buy toys for your pet.
- From an early age it is necessary to accustom the dog to trimming.
The average price for a Schnauzer puppy in Moscow is approximately 30 thousand rubles. Puppies from famous nurseries or from foreign manufacturers are more expensive. In regions, prices are lower, but shipping can cost you a tidy sum. Do not chase for cheapness, even if you buy a dog on the couch, it is better to buy a pet in a kennel, in which case the puppy will be with normal psyche and health. Puppies are activated in 45 days, maybe a little later.
A good breeder will not give you a puppy earlier than 2 months from birth and without vaccinations. Carefully choose a breeder - you may have to communicate with him all your dog's life, and if a person is not pleasant to you, it is better to go choose a puppy in another place.
Whoever the ancestor of the dog is a schnauzer, the description of the breed indicates that this dog is, above all, a wonderful companion for people who love to travel.
The ability to adapt to different circumstances, a lively mind, courage, endurance, strength and the desire to please the owner in the campaign are more important than ever.
Great watchdogs earnestly guarded by the schnauzers earnestly guard their property.
You can read about other guard dog breeds for an apartment in the article:
And thanks to their good learning and memory, these doggies are used as service dogs, for example, in the police, along with hovawarts and groendales.
The schnauzers have a good memory, they can remember a grudge for a long time, for example, for an gift
Attitude towards children and others
This breed has a sense of family. So the devotion of the animal extends to all its members, including children. As mentioned above, a dog can be a great friend for a teenager who will reciprocate.
But to strangers the pinscher Schnauzer treats with distrust. And it is unlikely that a stranger, even out of the best of intentions, will be able to touch him. On the contrary, any stranger will be met by barking to warn the owner of his approach. But he does not consider small children to be a danger and treats them kindly.
He has a good memory and remembers events from the past. Therefore, if someday someone offends this dog, then he no longer deserves forgiveness. Even after years, she recognizes the offender and will be wary of him.
Maintenance, care and nutrition
This breed has its own exceptional features in maintenance and care. First of all, it is the presence of a beard in an animal. It is not recommended to cut it completely, as it has an aesthetic appearance. Therefore, she needs constant care. After each meal, it is necessary to rinse and wipe it.
As with any dog, you need to wipe your paws after each walk. But it is necessary to bathe her no more than once a year. You can apply a special shampoo that is applied twice.In between and at the end, the animal’s hair is thoroughly rinsed. You can understand that the pet is perfectly clean by the creak of wool between the fingers. You can dry the animal with a hairdryer.
To comb a beard and mustache, as well as other, decorating the dog’s hair, use a metal comb with rare teeth. Previously, a softening balm is applied to it. But for the rest of the wool, you can use a massage wire brush.
A particularly important part of care is trimming. These dogs do not fade like so many others. The hard hairs of the hair themselves do not fall out during dying, but simply remain on the body of the animal. Therefore, there is forced molting (trimming).
With the help of a special knife, and with due experience and manually, protecting the fingers with special silicone fingertips, they begin to pluck out dead hair. The croup and neck are processed first. Then smoothly move to the hips and sides. The dog's head is the last to be processed.
It is better not to touch the undercoat of the dog. If the animal is deprived of it, then it will suffer from heat in the summer and winter from the cold. It’s best to just comb it once every 5 days.
Important! Trimming is necessary twice a year (in spring and autumn). And it’s best to do this in a specialized salon.
The dog brushes her teeth herself. To do this, she nibbles different toys. But ears and eyes should be regularly cleaned with a wet swab. Ears once a week, and eyes daily. If during the examination of the mouth, swelling or other abnormalities were noticed, then the animal must be shown to the doctor.
The dog stands out in a separate place. The zone is separated by a rug and personal bowls for food and water are placed. Boiled water should be changed daily. A young pet must have toys. It can be a ball, game or a bone.
You need to feed the schnauzer in a varied and balanced way. Starting from three weeks of age, the puppy can be given meat soup 4 times a day, but without the meat itself. It must be given raw and mashed. You can also grind fish, but check for the absence of bones.
You need to water the puppy with milk and give eggs a couple of times a week. Thanks to this, he will receive the necessary amount of protein for growth.
Up to three months in food should be present: cereals, cottage cheese and yogurt, as well as meat trimmings. Next, you need to expand the diet with herbs, fruits (apples, pears, peaches) and vegetables (zucchini, beets, carrots, pumpkins). Nutrition spend 3 times a day.
From 5 months the dog can eat as an adult. But dry food is recommended to be given only once a day. The rest of the food should be natural.
Important! The diet should be raw or scalded meat.
List of healthy foods for an adult dog:
- offal (low-fat),
- boiled vegetables
- vegetable oil.
Products that should not be given:
- spicy and oily
- tubular bones
- flour products
- hard cheeses.
If ready-made feeds are used, they should be tasty for the dog. And not only useful. Of the dry mixes, Hills, Probalance, Nutram, Porcelan and Bosch are noted. Of the wet ones - Purina, Pro Plan, Eukanuba and Hills.
Tips for choosing a puppy
Before choosing a puppy mittelschnauzer you must carefully weigh the pros and cons. You should know that for this dog you constantly need to set goals, providing it with work. If the owner does not do this, the pet will find a business for itself and you may not like it.
General tips for choosing:
- You need to contact reliable breeders. If they have no puppies at the moment, then you need to be patient and wait.
- A responsible breeder will sell the puppy from the age of six weeks. But you can take and overgrowth up to 4 months. It will be even better. The dog is already accustomed to hygiene and has already formed important concepts. Also, the individual will be already strong and vaccinated.
- The first impression may be wrong.It is better to ask about the nature of the owner's pets and choose according to your requirements.
- But a visual examination of a future family member will not be out of place. Carefully inspect the puppy to match breed standards.
- When choosing a gender, you need to know that a male is more balanced and elegant than a female. But at the call of nature can easily abandon the owner. The bitch is more flexible and loyal. Calls to nature twice a year and the rest of the time is indifferent to gentlemen.
Those who want to make an extraordinary and active friend who will never let you get bored and will be devoted throughout their lives should carefully look at the schnauzer. The above characteristics of the animal show that the dog is smart and smart, and in fact even a small-sized apartment will suit her.