Diseases of pigeons and their treatment is a topic of concern to pigeon breeders and everyone who comes into contact with birds, which can be carriers of infections dangerous to humans. It is usually not possible to save wild individuals from a particular ailment. But to distinguish sick birds from healthy ones is worth protecting yourself.
Any breeder wants the stock to increase and delight the eye. Therefore, decorative, postal, sports and meat pigeons need to be given special attention.
The diseases of these birds (like all representatives of the animal kingdom) are divided into infectious and non-infectious. The second type is not contagious and treatable. It is represented by internal and skin diseases. The bird can have gastroenteritis, cloacitis, otitis media, conjunctivitis, hypomitaminosis, rickets, arthritis and other ailments. The veterinarian will be able to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the right medicine.
Infectious adversities are caused by viruses or bacteria. Young growth is especially susceptible to them. Many infections are dangerous to human health. Therefore, we consider the most common diseases of pigeons: how to recognize, cure and prevent them.
With this ailment, the central nervous system suffers, which leads to epilepsy. It is transmitted from infected birds to healthy animals through food, drink, air and open wounds. Helix is especially common among wild individuals, leading to death. The virus spreads rapidly, usually only in the first stages.
Symptoms of the pigeon swivel
Video - Smallpox pigeons. Vaccination
It is necessary to begin treatment of a patient with smallpox pigeon by treating the inflamed areas with solutions of two percent boric acid, Lozoval, furatsilin, lapis. Crusts are cauterized with iodine, and then moisturized with a baby cream (non-greasy). If the bird refuses water, then it is necessary to solder it yourself.
There are no special drugs for smallpox. Albuvir, broad-spectrum antibiotics such as the tetracycline group may be suitable for treatment. The course of treatment lasts a week. After it, rehabilitation with vitamins and amino acids is important.
To prevent infection of the entire herd when an infection is detected, manganese, furatsilin or chloramine (one percent solutions) are added to the drinking water of birds. Dovecote is disinfected with an iodine solution using an aerosol method.
Vaccination is necessary to prevent infection.
In preventive measures vaccination is done. Sports and carrier pigeons must do it.
In this disease, the virus enters the cells of the feathered respiratory system and destroys them. It can withstand any temperature, in the environment it remains viable for up to a couple of weeks. It spreads by airborne droplets, it is always difficult. Infection carriers must be isolated, in hopeless cases destroyed.
Ornithosis is among the diseases that a person can get from pigeons.
- a change in the shape of the eyes (stretched into an oval) and the color of the iris,
- prolapse of feathers around the ocular region,
- lacrimation, then - mucus secretion, leading to gluing of the eyelids,
- wheezing and shortness of breath
- weight loss,
- paralysis of joints, wings, legs.
Symptoms of ornithosis in pigeons
The spread of this disease is promoted by unsanitary conditions in the house and poor nutrition of birds. The causative agent is the salmonella wand. It is transmitted sexually and by airborne droplets, through food and water, through the shell of an egg. The carriers of salmonella are also insects and rodents. Salmonellosis is dangerous to humans.
Paratyphoid can capture:
- nervous system
- external organs, oral cavity, ear system, eyes.
- general weakness, depression,
- refusal of food and drink,
- blurred eyes
- the feathers become disheveled, lose their luster, become dirty, seem wet,
- intestinal upset, litter may be with mucus or with an admixture of blood,
- inflamed cones in areas where there are no feathers,
- eggs lose fertility, individuals become infertile,
- the last stage is damage to the joints: the bird is not able to fly, move.
Video - Salmonellosis of pigeons. Prevention, treatment
Paratyphoid treatment in most cases ends successfully. It is important to separate the diseased individual from the rest, in the house immediately after that, treat everything with an antiseptic.
From salmonellosis there are special preparations Cura L, Para Cure, Trimethasulfurazolidone.
The tetracycline group is also effective. You can give the bird pills Oxytetracycline, Biomycin, Chlortetracycline. The tablet is ground in bread crumb or dissolved in water. Course: twice a day for 5-6 days.
In chronic cases, streptomycin is managed. Apply as follows: 50 mg of the drug is diluted in 0.5 ml of distilled water and administered intramuscularly for three days. If there are affected joints, they are lubricated with iodine. After recovery, the bird is shown preparations for the restoration of intestinal microflora, vitamins.
Vaccination of chicks is the first preventive measure against paratyphoid. The vaccine is given at the end of November with Salmo PT.
It is necessary to carry out a complete disinfection every spring
Complete disinfection is required every spring: mechanical cleaning with scrapers, then wet and aerosol disinfection. You can use soda ash.
The disease can provoke feeding by unrefined grains and dirty water for drinking. The causative agent of the infection is the Trichomonas virus. It enters the pigeon's body through the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat. In a neglected form, it affects the digestive organs and liver. The virus is easy to fight with disinfectant solutions, even the weakest consistency is detrimental to Trichomonas.
The disease is contagious to humans: fraught with gynecological and urological diseases.
Trichomoniasis in pigeons, symptoms
- apathy, weakness,
- plumage sticks together, the bird is not able to rise into the air,
- with damage to the pharynx and larynx, yellow spots appear, turning into plugs inside the mouth, which prevent the bird from breathing normally, as a result - narrowing of the larynx, suffocation and death,
- when the digestive system is damaged, the stomach increases, the litter acquires a putrefactive odor, passes into diarrhea,
- cicatricial trichomoniasis is characterized by the release of brown nodules on the skin.
Signs of a disease
Any disease in a pigeon contains certain symptoms and characteristics that any breeder should remember. You can suspect the presence of a disease in a bird by certain signs malaise:
- Impaired appetite or a complete rejection of food,
- Feather drop
- Total lethargy of the bird,
- Mucosal inflammation,
- Regularly open beak and labored breathing
- Violations in coordination of movements.
Such symptoms should not be ignored. The owner of the bird is obliged to find out what makes her sick, and then provide assistance.
Musculoskeletal system diseases
In most cases, pigeons are prone to arthritis - inflammation in the joints. Diseases of the wings of pigeons occur in the form of seals in the elbow joints of the bird and very often affect the shoulder joint. The reason for the development of such disorders is metabolic disorders due to unbalanced nutrition. At this time the bird suffers from low levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Salmonellosis or a strong load on the wing area of a young bird may also be the cause.
Inflammation can lead to the development of bumps in the joint. At this time, the wing of the pigeon does not rise; it begins to sag and drags along the ground when walking. Arthritis needs immediate treatment with Jointavit. Cones need to be lubricated with iodine or brilliant green. Pigeons worth solder a special solution of glucose or sucrose.
Arthritis in pigeons also causes diseases in the legs. Cones appear in the area of the knee or ankle joint. In most cases, the disease extends to old pigeons. In this case, a violation occurs in physical activity pigeon.
It is worth noting that mutilated limbs of a pigeon may be due to closely related crosses, as well as due to poor ecology.
Paratyphoid, or salmonellosis
Disease paratyphoid it is called salmonella in another way, since it occurs due to a specific salmonella coli. The stick often penetrates the pigeon's body through water, food, and air from droppings in the pigeon. There are four stages of the disease: the articular, intestinal, nervous system and internal organs.
Infection can be identified due to changes in the appearance of the bird: it becomes lethargic and tired, refuses to consume food, appears tousled. After the pigeon has diarrhea, there is often blood in the feces.
With the articular type of disease, the pigeon loses the ability to fly. The nervous type is characterized by the development of seizures, throwing the head back. Disease can occur in hidden format, but the bird is considered a carrier. If the disease is hidden, then the pigeon has infertility.
If the owner reveals salmonella in the bird, then in the dovecote he must necessarily carry out sanitary cleaning. There are special preventive vaccinations against paratyphoid, which are carried out by SalmoPT. Paratyphoid treatment is carried out with CuraL and ParaCure medicines.
This is a disease that is caused by a pigeon-type ultravirus that occurs in cutaneous or mixed form. In most cases, the virus striking bird in spring time.
Symptoms are different and depend directly on the form of the disease:
- With skin lesions of birds in some parts of the body, stains and redness develop. In most cases, the affected areas are localized around the eyes, beak, ears and bare part of the legs. At the last stage of the disease, yellow growths occur on the beak.
- During the development of a mixed form of the disease, excretion from the eyes and nose occurs. Every dove avoids the light. The mucous membranes are covered with redness or a small rash.
- During defective smallpox, the mucous membranes of goiter, mouth and nasopharynx have plaque in the form of a gray-colored film. The bird has breathing problems and frequent wheezing is heard.
Treatment of smallpox in pigeons should begin with skin treatment with a solution of boric acid (two percent) or Lozewal. Crusts should be cauterized with iodine, and then lubricated with a non-greasy cream for children. Along with this, the treatment should include a course of antibiotics (Tilan, Tetracycline).
In the presence of a viral disease, a one percent chloramine or potassium permanganate should be added to the drinker. The dovecote itself needs to be treated with water with iodine preparations.
The symptomatology of the development of the twirls is of a rather specific form and can occur in several stages:
- The first is a decrease in appetite, an increased feeling of thirst, drowsiness and fatigue. At this time, the bird becomes disheveled and often turns its head around.
- The second stage is paralysis. At first, the bird stops moving its neck, then its legs and wings. The bird throws its head back.
- In the third stage of the development of the disease, cramps occur throughout the body.
An individual with such signs of pain is necessarily excluded from the rest, since the virus is very contagious, and it is simply impossible to cure it. You can stop the development of the disease with reinforced taking vitamins, but the life of a bird with the use of such drugs does not increase much.
Since the nodule is a completely incurable disease, protection from it can only be prevented by birds. At the age of 35 days, pigeon chicks need to be given the special Colombovak PMV vaccine. Immunity to such a disease continues to operate throughout the year.
The causative agent of this disease is Trichomonas, which enters the esophagus and progresses there. The infection enters the body through the mucous membranes of the throat and oral cavity from the water. Failure to provide proper treatment at an early stage of the disease leads to infection in the internal organs.
The disease begins with the general weakness of the bird, diarrhea and an increase in its abdomen. Yellowing occurs in the mouth and mucous membrane of the larynx. The litter acquires a liquid consistency. In a bird, breathing is impaired. Most often, she dies due to suffocation. The cicatricial form of the disease occurs with the development of brown nodules on the surface of the skin.
The treatment of trichomoniasis will directly depend on the stage of the course of the disease. The sooner the first aid is rendered to the bird, the more chances it will have to recover and stay alive. Against the virus, you can use Metronidazole, Ornidazole, Sillimarin and Trichopolum. The dosage of the drugs will be indicated in the instructions for them.
In the course of treatment, more attention should be paid to feeding the sick bird. Since the entrance to the larynx is blocked by the so-called cork, the bird simply can not eat on its own. A sick pigeon can be fed with liquid porridge, which is placed in its beak, and then pushed to the goiter. In order to significantly improve digestion, in the drinker of a sick individual you need to add the biotics: Bifidubacteria and Lactobacterin.
The most common diseases among birds
A pigeon is a peddler of many diseases, including those dangerous to humans. Conventionally, all diseases to which birds are susceptible can be divided into:
- infectious that cause viruses or bacteria,
- fungal caused by spores of fungi,
The group of others includes ailments that are caused by inappropriate care of birds. So, for example, in case of violation of sanitary standards, parasites can appear in the house, and if the maintenance standards for pigeons are not observed, colds can develop. For humans, they are usually not dangerous, although helminths may well come into contact with humans when they come into contact with an infectious bird, so you should not engage in their treatment.
It should be remembered that many diseases that appear in birds are transmitted through air or water to humans, so when the first symptoms of malaise appear, you need to isolate the pigeons and rush to make a diagnosis in order to do the treatment. A veterinarian will be able to make a diagnosis.
We will not consider all possible diseases of pigeons, since some of them are extremely rare. Let's talk only about those diseases and methods of treatment that all pigeon breeders encounter at least once in their life.
Among all the diseases of pigeons, the most, perhaps, the most dangerous is Newcastle disease, which is also called henchworm or paramykovirus. This disease of pigeons is most common and causes its paramyxovirus infection. It is dangerous in that it ultimately leads to paralysis of birds. A small stick develops quickly enough: in just 7-9 days, the disease leads to death. This is a disease of an infectious nature, so it can be transmitted to other individuals. In order to prevent the spread of the epidemic, it is necessary to isolate the infected pigeon from healthy ones even in the early stages of the development of the disease.
Conventionally, Newcastle disease passes through 3 stages, each of which is characterized by different symptoms.At first, the pigeon's appetite disappears and feathers are ruffled. The bird practically does not depart from the drinking bowl. At this stage, you can still save other birds. They should not be in contact with a diseased bird.
The second stage is characterized by paralysis. At the same time, the pigeon does not immediately paralyze. First of all, the neck muscles fail, then the bird ceases to move its wings and legs. Ultimately paralyzes the whole body. Paralysis occurs when the virus affects the nervous system and brain. When the nervous system is damaged, internal hemorrhages begin, which leads to death.
The precursors of death are convulsions, the onset of which indicates the onset of stage 3 twigs.
Treatment and prevention
This disease of pigeons is terrible because it can not be treated. The only thing that can be done is to prevent the spread of twirls.
After isolation of the diseased pigeon, dovecote should be disinfected. Formalin is suitable for disinfection. Use a 3 percent solution. It is worth mentioning that some pigeon breeders treat vertically with piracetam. In this case, sometimes piracetam really helps. You can try to cure the twirl with phosprenyl. But phosprenil helps only in the early stages of the development of the disease. If the bird twists its head, it will not work.
Prevention against twirls involves vaccination of birds. Vaccinate monthly chicks. It is not necessary to involve specialists for this. You can independently give drugs that form immunity to pigeons in pigeons. Most often, albuvir or lacota (Lakota) is used. You can also use boron-74.
The cause of this ailment, like the previous one, is the virus. Chick viruses are more prone to this. The smallpox virus infected by the domestic virus (through water, dirty feeders) is infected. Also, infected insects can infect the disease. Today there are drugs for pigeons for this disease, but treatment must be started on time, otherwise the birds will die.
Smallpox virus is activated in spring and autumn, and the incubation period of a viral disease is about 2 weeks. The mucous membranes and skin are primarily affected. Also, birds lose their appetite, their behavior becomes lethargic. But these symptoms apply to almost all pigeon diseases.
Types of smallpox
Smallpox is of 3 types: diphtheria, smallpox, mixed. We will not understand how these types of diseases differ, but only talk about what symptoms are inherent in each type of ailment.
With the diphtheria form of smallpox, the pharynx and mucous membrane of the oral cavity are primarily affected. There are growths that are called smallpox. After the formation of smallpox begin to grow. In 10 days they reach such a size that the bird cannot close its beak. Small pox cause not only discomfort, but also pain. Gradually, they appear in the eyes and in the beak.
With the smallpox form of the disease, the eyes and neck are affected primarily, in the area of which smallpox appears. The skin near the beak is also affected. This allows you to quickly diagnose smallpox form of the disease and timely treatment. If the disease is not treated, then neoplasms appear under the wings of birds and on the legs. 14 days after the formation of smallpox, erosion appears in their place, which indicates an advanced stage of the disease. When birds provide medical care, erosion is delayed for 25-30 days.
The mixed form of the disease combines the symptoms of diphtheria and smallpox. She is most painfully tolerated by pigeons.
Types of Paratyphoid
Salmonellosis can be intestinal or nerve. In the first type of disease, the gastrointestinal tract is first disrupted, resulting in diarrhea in birds. There is blood in the feces. As the disease develops in the birds, some joints fail, resulting in partial paralysis. The sick pigeon does not rise into the sky, because most often it is the joints on the wings that are affected. The joints of the legs are sometimes affected, and this causes the pigeon to stop rising.
With nerve paratyphoid, the nervous system is affected. The visual center suffers the most, as a result of which the pigeon begins to throw its head back, loses coordination.
Common symptoms of pigeon disease
Each disease of pigeons has certain symptoms and signs that the breeder must know.
The sick pigeon looks disheveled, refuses food.
But in any case, the development of an ailment in a bird can be suspected by signs of malaise in a pigeon:
- poor appetite or complete refusal of food,
- feather falling out
- inflammation of the mucous membranes,
- constantly open beak and shortness of breath,
- impaired coordination of movements.
All these symptoms should not be ignored. The owner of the pigeon must find out what the bird is sick with and help her.
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Most often, pigeons suffer from arthritis - inflammation of the joints. Diseases of the wings of pigeons are manifested in the form of seals in the elbow of the bird and often also goes to the shoulder joint. The reason is a metabolic disorder due to an unbalanced diet. First of all, the bird suffers from a lack of calcium and phosphorus. Salmonellosis or an excessive load on the wings of young individuals may also be the cause.
Inflammation leads to the formation of bumps in the joint. A wing of a dove does not rise; it hangs and drags along the ground. Arthritis requires immediate treatment with Sustavit. The cones are lubricated with iodine or brilliant green. Pigeons are drunk with a solution of glucose or sucrose.
Most often, pigeons suffer from arthritis - inflammation of the joints.
Arthritis also causes foot disease in pigeons. Cones are formed in the knee or ankle joint. Most often, the disease affects old pigeons. The motor activity of the bird is impaired.
Important. Mutilated paws of pigeons may be due to close crossbreeding, environmental problems
Common infectious and bacterial diseases of pigeons
Most diseases of pigeons are caused by the penetration of specific pathogens into their bodies through direct contact of sick and healthy individuals, or indirectly through air, drinkers, feeders, and bedding in nests. When diagnosing a disease, it is worthwhile to immediately use appropriate medications to prevent the spread of infection.
How is the disease manifested and how to treat it
The incubation period of ornithosis is 1-3 weeks.
The disease manifests itself as follows:
- redness of the eyes, lacrimation,
- ocular ring deformity,
- secretion of mucus from the eyes,
- hoarse breathing
- limb paralysis and diarrhea in the last stages of the disease.
Ornithosis is currently a treatable disease. Although only a few decades ago, all sick birds were destroyed. Preventive measures include increasing immunity in chicks, observing sanitary and hygienic rules in the dovecot, and quarantining newly acquired individuals.
Chiktonik is used to restore microflora after antibiotics.
A sick bird is treated as follows:
- The introduction of tetracycline drugs (Doxycycline, Tetracycline, Nifulin-forte), which process feed at the rate of 20 grams per 1 kilogram. For better dissolution, the drug is previously diluted in vegetable oil. The duration of treatment is 5-7 days.
- The course of antibiotics is continued with the course of restoration of intestinal microflora. Gamavit, Chiktonik, Sporovit preparations are used. The dovecote is completely sanitized with a formalin solution or a two percent soda solution.
Symptoms of the disease and method of treatment
Infection can be suspected by a change in the appearance of the bird: the pigeon becomes lethargic, refuses food, he has a disheveled appearance. Then the bird begins diarrhea, often there is blood in the feces.
With salmonellosis or paratyphoid in a pigeon, blood can be found in the litter.
When articulated, the pigeon loses its ability to fly. The nervous form manifests itself in the form of seizures, tipping of the head. The disease can occur in a latent form, but the bird is the carrier of the disease. With a hidden form, infertility of pigeons is observed.
If salmonella is found in the dovecot, sanitization must be carried out with disinfectants. Paratyphoid vaccines are available with Salmo PT. Paratyphoid treatment is carried out with CuraL, ParaCure preparations.
Disease caused by pigeon type ultravirus, proceeding in the skin or mixed form. Most often, the virus infects birds in the spring.
Symptoms of the disease and treatment
They vary depending on the form of the disease:
With a skin form on the beak, sores and growths appear.
- With a skin form, spots appear on some parts of the body and redness appears. Most often, the affected areas are localized around the beak, eyes, ears and the bare part of the paws. At the last stage of the disease, yellow growths appear on the beak.
- In a mixed form, mucus is excreted from the eyes and nose. The dove is afraid of the light. Mucous membranes have redness or a small rash.
- With a diphtheria form, the mucous membranes of the mouth, goiter and nasopharynx are affected by plaque in the form of a gray film. The bird has difficulty breathing, wheezing is heard.
Treatment of smallpox in pigeons begins with treatment of skin with a solution of boric acid (2%) or Lozewal. Crusts are cauterized with iodine, and then lubricated with a non-greasy baby cream. In parallel, antibiotic treatment is carried out (Tetracycline, Tilan).
When pigeons are detected, the virus begins to add chloramine (1%) or potassium permanganate to drinking water. Dovecote needs to be treated with water with iodine preparations.
Signs of the disease and treatment
Symptoms of the nodule are quite specific and manifest in several stages:
- The first is a decrease in appetite, increased thirst, lethargy, and drowsiness. The dove looks disheveled. The bird begins to turn its head.
- The second - paralysis develops. At first the neck stops moving, then the wings and legs. The pigeon throws its head back.
- Third - severe cramps begin.
A bird with signs of the disease must be immediately isolated from the rest, since the virus is highly contagious and cannot be cured. You can stop the development of the disease by increased intake of vitamins by the bird, but the life of the bird, when using this method, is prolonged for some time.
Since the vertichka is an incurable disease, preventive measures serve as protection against it. At the age of 35 days, the chicks receive a special vaccination with the Colombovac PMV vaccine. Immunity to the disease is valid for a year.
The first signs and methods of treatment
The disease begins with weakness, diarrhea, an increase in the abdomen of a bird. Yellow spots form in the mouth and larynx. Litter becomes liquid. The bird has difficulty breathing. Often a bird dies from suffocation. The scar form is characterized by the appearance of brown nodules on the skin.
With trichomoniasis, yellow spots appear in the pigeon's mouth.
Treatment of trichomoniasis depends on timely detection. The sooner the help is provided to the bird, the more chances it has to recover and even survive. Against the virus, drugs Metronidazole, Trichopolum, Ornidazole, Silymarin, etc. are used. The dosage is indicated in the instructions for the drugs.
During treatment, special attention is paid to feeding sick pigeons. Since the entrance to the larynx is closed by a kind of cork, the bird cannot eat on its own. The sick pigeon is fed with liquid porridge, which is put into the beak and pushed into the goiter. To improve digestion, probiotics are added to the feed: Bifidumbacterin. Lactobacterin.
Worms at pigeons
Infection of birds with worms is the most common occurrence. Unsanitary conditions in the dovecote lead to it, weak immunity of birds, unbalanced nutrition. In the intestines of pigeons, several species of roundworms and other worms can settle.
Unsanitary conditions in the pigeon leads to infection of the bird with worms.
How to recognize the presence of worms and display them
When infected with worms, the plumage of pigeons becomes dull, disheveled. The pigeon eats poorly, loses weight, does not move much. When infected with roundworms, the bird develops paralysis, whipworms cause internal bleeding. Worms cause general intoxication of the body, which eventually leads to the death of the bird.
Specific toxic drugs are prescribed after examining the bird droppings and determining the type of parasite that has settled in the intestine. After the destruction of the worms, the bird is assigned a restorative vitamin diet.
First signs and treatment
The sick pigeon does not move much, it sits mostly with a cracker. There is a sharp weight loss amid a decrease in appetite. In the following stages, diarrhea begins, and then paralysis of the limbs.
With coccidiosis, the pigeon does not eat, the plumage is disheveled.
Vitaminization of food, keeping pigeons clean, timely antiparasitic treatment are used as prevention of coccidosis. Coccidiosis is treated with Coccicure for 7 days.
Symptoms and treatment of the disease
Newcastle disease in pigeons begins with increased thirst. Then general weakness develops, the birds refuses food, sits on their feet. Gradually, the limbs become paralyzed, convulsions begin, uncontrolled rotation of the head or body. The bird dies in a short time.
Paramyxovirus is an incurable disease. Pigeons can be protected from it exclusively by preventive vaccinations. The virus is vaccinated with Lasota, Colombovac PMV.
With paramyxovirus, the body of the pigeon is paralyzed, the bird begins to turn its head uncontrollably.
Thrush or candidiasis (soor)
The disease mainly affects chicks and young individuals. The causative agent is yeast-like fungi. Adult birds rarely suffer from the disease, but are carriers of the fungus. The spread of the disease contributes to the crowding of birds in the dovecote, poor-quality and uniform food, lack of vitamins A and B. Thrush can develop after antibiotic treatment of birds.
Signs of the disease and treatment methods
The onset of the disease is characterized by a general deterioration in the condition of the pigeon, a decrease in appetite, and digestive upset. Pigeon goiter swells, swallowing is difficult. A curd coating appears in the bird's mouth.
The main drugs for the treatment of pigeon thrush are Terramycin, Biomycin. Be sure to increase the immunity of birds with vitamins B, A. Narrowly targeted therapy is carried out with the drug Nystatin.
If a fungus is found, all surfaces in the dovecot are treated with formaldehyde in a solution of caustic soda (according to instructions). The sick bird, which is the source of infection, is rejected.
Pigeon thrush or candidiasis is treated with Nystatin.
Symptoms and method of treatment
A sign of the disease is a general deterioration in the condition of the bird: weakness, sagging wings, sharp weight loss, matte plumage. In the later stages, joint swelling, limb paralysis, anemia, paresis begin. During an autopsy, a lesion of the liver, spleen, and intestines is detected in birds.
A bird suffering from tuberculosis is destroyed in order to avoid infection of the entire livestock. Tuberculosis treatment is not carried out. After the destruction of the carrier of tuberculosis in the dovecote, a complete sanitation is carried out. All litter is cleaned, surfaces are treated with a solution of lime. Around the dovecote, the surface layer of the soil is removed and replaced, since the causative agent of the disease can remain in it.
Ticks and fleas
Pigeons can be infected by many types of skin parasites. Most often, the following types of fleas and ticks are found in birds:
External parasites (peroids, ticks, fleas) lead to baldness and irritation of the skin of the pigeon.
- Scabies mite. It penetrates into the skin of a pigeon through microscopic holes, causing inflammation of the epidermis. The tick is destroyed by birch tar, tar soap or special preparations (Picohloran). Medicinal products are applied to the skin treated with glycerin or petroleum jelly.
- Pigeon bug. A brown insect with a flattened body. The larvae of the bug suck the blood of a bird. The bug is a carrier of many infectious diseases. If a pigeon bug is found, dovecot is sanitized with trichloromethaphos preparations. Or an aqueous emulsion of trolene. Bedbug eggs are resistant to many insecticides, so after 100 days the treatment is repeated. Surface treatment with a blowtorch is effective.
- Fleas. The insect parasites are even brown in color, unable to fly. The way of infection with fleas is litter, droppings. Fleas live in nests and thus spread from one bird to another. Fleas are dangerous for pigeons because they carry many diseases (typhoid, hepatitis, encephalitis, brucellosis). Measures for the destruction of fleas are the same as for the destruction of a pigeon bug.
- The eater. A special parasite, an analogue of lice in other species of birds and animals, lives in the feathers of pigeons. The eater settles in the rays of bird feathers mainly on the wings and tail, head and neck. In those places where the pigeon gets, he destroys the parasite on his own. The bird cannot destroy the cannibal on the head and neck, therefore the owner must destroy it. The pigeon feather is powdered three times with an interval of 7-8 days with the drug Pyrethrum.
Pigeon eye disease
Eye diseases often affect pigeons, especially if they are not kept properly. The causes of eye inflammation can be bacteria, viruses, parasites and vitamin deficiency. The most harmless is eye damage associated with a lack of vitamin A. With an increase in its content in the feed, the disease is quickly cured.
Eye diseases are often the result of unsanitary conditions.
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eye can become concomitant with salmonellosis, chlamydia, laryngotracheitis, sinusitis. In this case, the main is the treatment of the underlying disease.
Redness of the mucous membrane of the bird’s eyes and increased lacrimation can be caused by smoke, dust, and small debris. Against the background of contamination in the eyes, conjunctivitis develops. The eyes turn red, photophobia, purulent discharge appears. Eyes are washed with boric acid solution and vitamin A-based preparations are instilled.
Specific diseases of the eyes of pigeons are:
- Panophthalmitis is an infectious lesion of the cornea. Blurred eyes. In advanced cases, the cornea is destroyed. The disease is treated with anti-inflammatory and disinfectant drugs.
- Xerophthalmia is a pathology of the structure of the eye. Dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva is noted against the background of metabolic disturbances in the eye. Treatment depends on the cause of the disease.
Treatment with folk remedies
The use of folk remedies in pigeon breeding is quite common, although their effectiveness is not recognized by all bird breeders.
The most common in use:
- Raw pumpkin seeds are an anthelmintic. It is given to birds in a grind form in a coffee grinder for 3-4 days.
- Garlic is an anthelmintic. Garlic vegetable oil is added to the feed.
- Perga is an immunostimulant. It is added to the drink in a crushed form in a proportion of 2 tablespoons per 2 liters of water.
- Propolis tincture is a vitamin supplement during egg laying. 1 tablespoon in 3 liters of drinking water.
- Pine needles are a source of vitamins and minerals and at the same time a bactericidal agent. A glass of needles is poured with a liter of water and infused for a day. It is added to drink.
What diseases doves carry
Pigeons are carriers of many diseases of an infectious and bacterial nature. In total, there are 90 viruses and bacteria with which the pigeon can infect other animals and birds, as well as humans.
Pigeons are carriers of many diseases.
Pigeons are also carriers of many helminths, which are stored in their excrement and successfully enter other organisms upon contact with them. Especially often, infection occurs when in contact with wild city pigeons.
The causative agents of the infection are oocyst parasites. They can coexist with pigeons in their home for years. In adult birds, immunity to coccidiosis. But oocysts can enter the intestines of chicks, young animals and weakened individuals with food and water. The disease is slow, it is important to recognize it as soon as possible in order to save the bird.
- weakness, apathy,
- decreased mobility, the pigeon sits choked over most of the time,
- blurred eyes
- indifference to food, as a result - weight loss,
- mucous diarrhea,
- sometimes - cramps, paralysis of the limbs.
Symptoms of coccidiosis in pigeons
A number of medications (Furagin, Koktsidin, Zoalen and others) relieve coccidiosis. Be sure to use medications in combination with vitamins. During treatment, it is imperative to sanitize the dovecote.
For people is not a danger. Paramyxovirus is transmitted by airborne droplets and in direct contact with an infected individual. Carriers can be people, rodents and insects.
- the bird is constantly thirsty
- frequent diarrhea
- unnatural rotation of the neck and the whole body,
- convulsive seizures
- at the last stage of the disease, the dove falls, does not move, does not eat or drink, dies quickly.
The consequences of paramyxovirus - death
There are no special drugs for the disease. The only way to fight paramyxovirus is to vaccinate all individuals. Intended for this medication: Lasot, Colombovac PMV.
Deaths and mass infection of the livestock with this virus are practically not recorded. The cause of the disease is unsanitary conditions. A pigeon can be a carrier of tubercle bacillus for several months. A person can become infected from it.
- general weakness
- weight loss,
- wings sag
- healthy feather shine disappears,
- joints become inflamed and swollen: bumps appear on the legs, back, neck,
Symptoms of tuberculosis in pigeons
There are no special medicines for tuberculosis. Sick bird will have to be destroyed. After that, carry out a complete sanitization of the premises of its habitat with a solution of lime.
For prevention, you need to regularly carry out a complete disinfection of the house with chlorine solution, clean the feeders, drinking bowls, perches.
Candidamycosis (thrush, soor)
The causative agents of the disease are yeast. Their colonies disrupt the healthy functioning of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, larynx and goiter. Healthy adults are pedigree soors. The sick bird must be relocated from the rest.
- reduced immunity
- weakening of the body after treatment of another disease with antibiotics,
- low quality grain feed,
- lack of vitamins A and B groups.
- unwillingness to eat,
- unnaturally enlarged goiter,
- curdled formations on the mucous membranes, white foam comes out of the mouth,
- it hurts the bird to eat, as a result, it can die from exhaustion.
In order to treat thrush, they use general antibiotics (for example, Biomycin), Albuvir, Nystatin. Medicines are used in combination with vitamins A and B.
In a sick bird, the curdled formations must be removed and the wound treated with glycerin or iodine.
Dovecote is disinfected with a solution of formaldehyde with caustic soda.
To understand that the bird is sick is not difficult. Signs of an unhealthy state are common to any ailment: lethargy, apathy, loss of appetite. Not any pigeon breeder can make an accurate diagnosis and avoid further infection of the entire livestock. Therefore, be sure to consult an experienced veterinarian.
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In the presence of drafts in the room, pigeons can have colds. In their treatment, medications are used. But before you start treatment, you need to eliminate the cause of the onset of diseases. Feathered people can get conjunctivitis, a runny nose or a cough may appear.
Sometimes colds indicate weak immunity and a lack of vitamins in the body of birds. In this case, in addition to treatment, you need to adjust the diet of pigeons by introducing mineral fertilizers into it. In parallel, the diseased pigeon is sedimented from healthy ones, since colds are transmitted by airborne droplets.
The sick pigeon looks lethargic, can throw its head back, does not fit the feeders and drinkers. With rhinitis and sinusitis, the bird breathes with an open beak.
The appearance of worms and treatment
Infection of birds with worms is the most common disease. It can lead to unsanitary conditions in the pigeon, reduced immunity, unbalanced nutrition. Several types of roundworms and other worms can occur in the gut of a bird.
If the pigeon has worms, its plumage noticeably dims and ruffles. The pigeon eats little, quickly reduces weight, activity is markedly reduced. When infected with roundworms in the bird, paralysis occurs, whipworms provoke the development of internal bleeding in the bird. Worms cause severe intoxication of the body, which over time will lead to the death of the bird.
Specialists prescribe some toxic agents after examining the pigeon droppings and determine the type of parasite. After eliminating the worms, the bird must undergo a vitamin diet without fail.
Found in pigeons and fungal diseases. Condidamycosis refers to one of them. Most often, a disease is detected in young animals. Adults are usually carriers of condidomycosis. An ailment appears when there is a lack of vitamins in the body and a violation of sanitary standards when breeding birds. May cause condidamycosis and weakening of the body due to prolonged use of antibiotics.
This disease of pigeons is accompanied by the following symptoms: weight loss and bloating goiter. The bird swallows food with difficulty, and an unpleasant odor emanates from the beak.
They treat the disease with antibiotics. In addition, feathered vitamin B.
Diseases of pigeons dangerous to humans
Every person who keeps pigeons on the farm or communicates with pigeons on the street, the question is what kind of bird disease is dangerous for people. The most frequently recorded cases of human infections from a pigeon with the following diseases:
- Ornithosis. A person becomes infected by breathing dust and particles of pigeon droppings during bird care. The incubation period of the disease is from 7 to 20 days. The disease begins with fever, sweating, muscle pain. Sometimes nausea and vomiting develop. On day 3-4, a cough appears. Then the virus enters the spleen, brain, liver.
- Trichomoniasis Trichomonas can be transmitted to humans through bird contact with human clothing or through direct contact with the skin. Infection can lead to infertility, the development of urethritis, inflammation of the cervix.
Trichomoniasis is dangerous for people: it leads to inflammation of the cervix, urethritis and infertility.
Important. You can protect yourself from diseases transmitted from pigeons to humans by observing sanitary standards when caring for birds, and also eliminating direct contact with them. Particular care must be taken when caring for sick birds.
Pigeon disease prevention
Any disease of the bird is primarily associated with a violation of the physiology of the body. The reason for such a malfunction of the body is the improper maintenance of the bird and untimely vaccination.
In order for pigeons to be healthy and not become carriers of dangerous diseases, the following rules must be observed:
- Keeping clean in the dovecote. Nests, feeders and drinking bowls must be thoroughly cleaned and treated with antiseptics.
- Timely isolation of birds with signs of disease. If a pigeon is treated, but he lives with the rest of the birds, the disease will affect the entire population.
- Proper feeding of birds. In the diet of pigeons should be present all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and minerals. This will increase the immunity of pigeons and ensure proper metabolism.
In addition to viruses and infections, parasites can cause damage to the health of pigeons, the most dangerous of which are worms and down-eaters. Parasites appear only if hygiene standards are violated when keeping birds.
Worms affect not only the gastrointestinal tract, but also other organs: eyes, lungs, heart. Helminths are especially dangerous for young animals. Signs of the presence of parasites in the body of birds are apathy, liquid droppings, loss of appetite, vomiting, paralysis. Also, growth retardation is sometimes observed. There are several types of helminths. For their treatment, medications are used. These drugs should be given not only to get rid of helminths, but also to prevent their appearance.
Peroids are parasites that damage the feather of a bird. They are not as harmless as it might seem at first glance. In addition to feathers, these parasites feed on epithelium, damaging the upper layer of the skin, and this is fraught with the appearance of skin diseases.In addition, the bird becomes more vulnerable to a variety of infections.
For the destruction of peroids, you can use both medications and folk remedies (for example, ash baths).
In addition to worms and fluffers, they attack feathered lice and fleas, which can be eliminated with the help of the same ash baths.
City pigeons do not get bird flu, which is dangerous for humans.
Timely vaccination is the key to pigeon health
Do pigeons vaccinate? For some reason, many owners of pigeons have the erroneous opinion that pigeons may well grow and develop without the use of preventive vaccinations. In fact, many diseases of pigeons are incurable, and you can protect the bird from them only with the help of timely vaccination. There are also vaccines that enhance the immunity of birds.
The following vaccinations are mandatory for pigeons:
- Vaccination to enhance immunity. It is carried out in the spring and in the fall. The vaccine is administered twice, with an interval of 7-10 days. In total, three vaccinations are given to pigeons:
- From salmonellosis. A vaccine is used for waterfowl. Immunity develops on 3-4 days. The effect lasts 4 months.
- From the twirls. The La Sota vaccine is available 3 months after administration. It is used at any age of the bird, as it is absolutely harmless.
- From smallpox. The vaccine is given once at the age of 60 days. The protective action lasts a year.
In the video, the veterinarian talks about pigeon diseases, their symptoms and treatment.
The health of domestic pigeons is completely dependent on the behavior of their host. You can save the number of birds and at the same time protect yourself with timely vaccination, compliance with the rules for keeping birds and careful attention to individuals with signs of disease.
Alternative methods of treatment
There are different ways to cure diseases. At home, you can use a variety of herbs. But there are diseases that need to be treated with medication. Their treatment should be addressed by specialists.
With the help of folk remedies, vitamin deficiency can be overcome: it is enough to hang berries of mountain ash or black currant in the house. You can give feathered leaves of dioecious nettle. To get rid of worms, give pigeons seeds of pumpkin or leaves of a watch, and sunflower seeds help to clean the stomach. An infusion of pharmacy chamomile is good for colds, and to normalize the digestive tract, infusions of medicinal dandelion are prepared.
Apple cider vinegar is widely used in poultry farming. This natural substance is rich in vitamins, minerals and has antiseptic properties. Apple cider vinegar is most often added to water. On 1 liter of water give about 6-7 mg of vinegar. But to drink chicks with vinegar water is not always worth it. It is enough to give pets such a drink several times a week.
All who prefer traditional methods of treatment before using any remedy should consult a specialist. Combine traditional methods of treatment and medications is not worth it.
General preventive measures
Many diseases of pigeons ultimately lead to their death, so it is very important to minimize the risk of any disease. Prevention of diseases of pigeons involves compliance with sanitary standards, disinfection of pigeons, vaccination of birds. Pest control should be done at least once every 2 years.
Vaccination of birds is a separate science. In order not to think about what diseases birds are susceptible to and how to carry out their treatment, wards should be given wards that stimulate the production of antibodies to certain infections.
You also need to monitor the quality of feed given. If we are talking about wet mixers, then the remnants of food after feeding should be removed from the feeders. When eating pigeons, pigeons have problems with the digestive tract, which can lead not only to loose stools, but also to more serious diseases.
At the first sign of illness, quarantine is introduced. If the disease is not contagious, then isolating the bird is not necessary. When symptoms appear, a diagnosis should first be made, otherwise it is not possible to determine whether an illness is contagious or not, unless the bird has a broken wing and the danger of such an injury to other individuals is visible to the naked eye. If the birds simply sneeze or have hoarseness, they should be isolated. The birds begin to be treated immediately. At the same time, we must not forget that you need to love your pigeons, and then their disease will be much easier to cure.
Every breeder needs to know about pigeon diseases and their treatment. At the same time, self-medication is not worth it. The first thing to do before a diagnosis is to isolate a sick individual. Almost all diseases, and some of them are not amenable to treatment, are transmitted by airborne droplets and by domestic means. It is difficult to save birds during the epidemic, which will spread very quickly in the house.
You can treat pigeons at home, but only after a doctor’s examination.
We examined those ailments that are most common. But there are less common ones. For example, sometimes pigeon breeders are faced with a disease such as staphylococcosis. It is treated with antibiotics and with timely assistance does not lead to the death of birds. Adenovirus, which has recently been shown more and more often, is more dangerous. Albuvir is used for its treatment. This is a relatively new drug, which, however, is effective against many viral diseases. Also, viruses can be treated with baytril or vet. But before using any drug, even if it's just a pill for worms, you need to read the instructions and talk with the veterinarian.