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Collie (scottish shepherd dog): kind shepherdess or graceful aristocrat

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Noble to become and the grace of a collie attract the attention of many animal lovers in different countries. The breed bred for grazing sheep, which is also called the Scottish Shepherd, adapted well in the conditions of country houses and apartments as a pet. What should the future collie owner know about the animal? How to care for your pet? What nutrition features should be considered?

Breed description

Collie refers to four-legged mid-height. Some lovers of the animal world confuse them with a miniature Shetland Sheepdog (the second name is Sheltie) - the French "colleague" of dogs from Scotland. However, despite the obvious kinship and similarity of the original purpose, they belong to different breeds. The collie is larger, has a different muzzle shape and color.

Appearance

According to accepted standards, an adult shepherd from Scotland has a height at the withers of 51-61 cm, weight - 18-34 kg. As you can see in the photographs, bitches are smaller and more elegant than males.

Briefly consider what a dog looks like:

  • The head has a triangular shape. The muzzle is elongated and pointed.
  • Eyes are oblong with raised external corners, brown shades or black.
  • The tail is straightened, its end has a slight bend.
  • The ears resembling a triangle are set high. The tips of the ears hang slightly forward.
  • The coat is thick with fluffy undercoat.
  • Paws are long and thin.
  • The back is straightened.
  • The bite has a scissor shape. The dog always bites only the front of the jaw.

Color is of several types:

  • Sable. As shown in the pictures below, such dogs can have a fiery red and sand color.
  • Tricolor or "tricolor". The back of the animals is black on the back, red stripes on the face and legs.
  • Marble or blue merle. Marble collies are distinguished by silver-colored wool with black or grayish spots.

All shepherd dogs from Scotland have a white collar. The tips of the hind legs and tail should also have white hair, as seen in the photo of different types of collies, their front legs are white almost to the elbow bends.

Scottish shepherd character

Since the breed appeared as a result of crossing different types of dogs, it absorbed all the characteristics of its relatives, for example, a shepherd. Collie character has the following distinctive features:

  • Attachment to the owner and his family. The dog chooses one person as the main one. However, he tries to patronize his relatives and constantly keep him in sight.
  • The desire to bring all the household members into one group. The animal has a strong instinct of the shepherd, therefore, during a family walk, he tries to convene all household members.
  • Good nature. They treat other pets well and do not show aggression towards other people's cats or small dogs. Collie cats will be chased only if she is very bored.
  • Activity. Dogs are mobile, like to run long distances.
  • Friendliness and lack of aggression. Dogs are condescending to childish pranks. They play with children with pleasure and do not snarl if the child pats them in the face or pulls on the coat. In the presence of a stranger, a harmless pet is alarmed, however, if he sees that the owner is not in danger, he calms down.
  • Love for water procedures. Collies enjoy swimming in ponds.
  • Sociability. In order to attract attention, the collie barks loudly. A dog cannot be alone for a long time.
  • Rejection of loud sounds. During crowded noisy parties, dogs begin to bark loudly. It is very difficult to calm an excited pet.
  • Sensitivity and grudge. The dog does not tolerate unfair treatment. If she is undeservedly offended, she will remember and take revenge at the moment when the offender does not expect this.

Origin of breed

Collie is considered the homeland of the mountain slopes of Scotland. However, according to many historians, animals were introduced into the territory of the united kingdom by nomads from Rome. The first mention of collie-like dogs is found in the works of scientists of the 14th century. To give the animals the necessary skills and qualities, they were crossed with local dogs, including shepherd dogs.

Collie is an assistant to the shepherds. Scottish farmers used it for grazing. Animals have good eyesight and hearing, so they easily coped with their tasks. Aggression from these shepherd assistants did not work out, because to protect the herd it was not necessary to fight wild animals. On the territory of her residence, wolves that could threaten the shepherds were exterminated.

As a companion and pet, they began to use collies due to the fact that this breed of dogs acquired the love of the royal family. Since 1860, Queen Victoria began to breed four-legged shepherd assistants. From that moment, the most elegant representatives began to acquire the greatest value.

Types of Scottish Shepherd Dog

According to the FCI standard, the Scottish Shepherd has 2 varieties:

  • Longhair. These dogs belong to the classic representatives of the breed. They have long smooth hair and fluffy warm undercoat that completely hides the skin of the animal. Upper hair is straight and dense. Long-haired collie puppies are very active, but an adult dog becomes calmer.
  • Smooth-haired. As you can see in the photo, these collies have short, stiff hair. Outwardly, this subspecies if it looks more elegant. Shorthair representatives of the breed retain puppy activity until old age. They are more resilient, more sociable and inquisitive in character than relatives with long hair. Smooth-haired Scottish dogs become good guards and hunters.

Dog keeping

Medium-sized animals are suitable for keeping in an apartment and a private house. However, future owners of a shepherd dog from Scotland should be aware that the pet must run every day on the street for at least 1.5 hours. In this regard, not far from the animal’s habitat there should be a park, a stadium, an open field where the pet can frolic without causing trouble to people and four-legged animals.

For active games with a pet, you need to get special balls. Collies love to run after a toy and bring it to the owner. If the owner of the dog is an experienced cyclist, you should take your pet with you on a bike ride. Active collies will be happy to run next to or after the owner.

Collie can live in the courtyard of a private house, if the owner equips a warm booth for her and allows the dog to freely enter the owner's house. The place to sleep should be equipped with a moderately soft flooring. With frequent contact with hard litter, the animal will have rubbing on the elbows, and a very soft bed will negatively affect the development of the spine. You need to teach a puppy to the place from the first day of appearing in the family.

When keeping a collie in a house or apartment, you need to walk it regularly. Small dogs should be bred up to 6 times a day, one-year-old dogs should walk 2-3 times a day. Since most often animal lovers acquire long-haired pets, it must be borne in mind that they regularly molt. To avoid frequent cleaning of upholstered furniture, you should not let the dog climb onto sofas and armchairs. The ideal furniture for a collie master is leather.

Care Rules

Thick and long hair of a four-legged friend must be combed daily with a special comb with metal teeth. During molting, the dog needs to be combed out 2-3 times a day. A smooth-haired pet should also be combed regularly. To care for short hair, you also need a metal brush.

After the walk, it is necessary to carefully examine the pet's paws and tail to eliminate sticking thorns or blades of grass. Particular attention is required to animals with a long coat of wool. Before walking in the summer, the dog's body must be treated with parasitic repellents. An animal should be bathed no more than 1 time in 3 months using mild shampoos.

Monthly, you need to adjust the length of the claws of the pet. They can be cut independently with special tools or contact a veterinary clinic for help. Collie teeth should be brushed twice a week. For additional cleaning, it is necessary to offer the dog chewing bones from the veins.

Diet collie

To feed your pet, you need to purchase bowls on a stand with adjustable height. As the dog grows, you should raise the plates to a level corresponding to its size. You can feed the dog with a special balanced food or food cooked at home. For normal development, the pet needs the following products:

  • boiled sea fish,
  • lean meat (turkey, beef, veal, rabbit),
  • cartilage
  • offal,
  • boiled eggs
  • hard cheeses
  • buckwheat,
  • oatmeal,
  • rice
  • cottage cheese, kefir, fermented baked milk,
  • Fresh vegetables and fruits according to the season.

Potato, river fish, chicken, tubular bones, legumes, pork meat, sweet and flour products, raw eggs should be excluded from the collie diet. The table describes the rules for feeding collie dogs according to age.

Pet age, monthsNumber of feedings per dayServing SizeNutrition basics
until 35-6200 mlLiquid porridge on low-fat broth, 1 feeding per day - cottage cheese or kefir
3-63-4350-450 gr.Meat products, porridge with vegetables, cheese
6-122-3500 gr.The diet is enriched with cartilage, offal, fish
over 122600 grDaily 300-500 gr. meat and up to 600 gr. porridge with fresh herbs and vegetable oil, sea fish 2 times a week, 1 time in 7 days, meat is replaced by offal

Dog food should be varied. Every day you need to give different types of cereals and change the variety of meat. Pure milk should not be given to collie puppies. Up to 2 months should give preference to milk mixtures. The dog should always have clean water.

History of origin and interesting facts

The birthplace of a collie is considered to be Great Britain, or rather the highlands of Scotland. The first descriptions of a dog resembling a Scottish shepherd date back to the 14th century. However, the origin and beginning of the history of the Collie breed has several versions. According to one of them, a shepherd dog was brought to England by Roman legionnaires, according to another, the breed originated on British soil. Some experts believe that the ancestor of the modern collie is an Icelandic dog. On average, the age of the breed is estimated at two to three thousand years.

Collie was always considered an assistant to the shepherds and lived exclusively in the countryside, characterized by a soft and sociable disposition. The lack of aggression is explained by the main objectives of the breed. Wolves, as the main threat to the herds, were almost exterminated. Therefore, the Scottish shepherd had to drive the sheep and make sure that the animals did not fight back from the herd. A dog can use its teeth to educate ungulates. However, because of the structure of the jaw, the collies did not bite, but clamped the sheep.

The breed has moved to comfortable palaces and apartments thanks to Queen Victoria. It was she who, admired by the attractive appearance, mobility and good nature of the dog, became the first breeder of the "aristocratic" collie line. Already at the end of the 19th century, the first breed standard was formed.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, a four-legged cowgirl was exported to Russia, Australia, and the USA. In Australia and New Zealand, the breed was crossed with dingo and new species were bred that were used exclusively for grazing. In European and American clubs, collie was valued as a companion dog.

Collie was filled with popularity when the television series “Lassie” appeared on the screens. The first role of the famous dog was played by a male named Pel. Family people turned to the breed, wishing to acquire a smart nanny for their children.

Varieties

Two types of breed are distinguished - long-haired and short-haired collies. Both varieties have some differences in exterior and character.

  1. Long-haired look. A model of aristocracy and obedience. The species is more massive, males weigh 26-34 kg, females - 19-26 kg. The main distinguishing feature of the exterior is a thick, soft, warm undercoat and a long spine. Thanks to a calm, friendly, patient disposition, he is suitable for the role of companion and nanny.
  2. Smooth look. Elegant and “light” dog. Males weigh 20-29 kg, females - 18-25 kg. The exterior has a dense undercoat and a short stiff awn. Compared with the “shaggy” relatives, they show more activity, curiosity, sociability. Some representatives of the breed may express distrust of strangers, but aggression is extremely rare. It shows security and hunting instincts well.

Content and Nutrition Requirements

The size of an adult collie allows you to keep your dog in a city apartment. However, given the pet’s mobile disposition, it is necessary to provide an environment for walking and active games. The dog can be kept outdoors with a warm and fairly spacious booth. Soft and warm undercoat will not let the dog freeze even in winter.

Walks

Collie is a shepherd’s dog, and therefore fresh air and running next to a person is prettier to her than lying on a sofa. The pet requires walks and by no means only "on business." Having been locked up and alone for a long time, the collie begins to carry out destructive activities and bark from boredom. The Scottish Shepherd is always ready to play and run, so do not deprive the pet of such pleasure.

It is convenient if there is free space near the house where you can play ball with a dog. If the owner loves to run, rollerblading, cycling, skiing, you can take your pet for an active walk. Collie enjoys running even in the snow without feeling the cold.

External care

The life expectancy of a collie depends not only on nutrition and physical activity. Regular examination of the dog and putting his appearance in order will help prevent the development of infections and parasites.

Careful care requires a long-haired collie due to the characteristics of the coat. It is recommended to comb the dog, especially during molting. This will save the apartment from the woolen lumps, and the dog - from the warlocks and ugly appearance. The rest of the collie does not require special care. The table shows the standard cosmetic procedures that should be carried out regularly.

Table - Grooming procedures required by the collie

ExteriorWhat to do
Wool- comb out 2-3 times a week,
- bathe with shampoo once every 2-3 months and as pollution,
- wash paws after walking
Teeth- Clean at least 2 times a week,
- give special chewing bones
Eyes- Wipe every day with a wet swab,
- inspect for redness and discharge
ClawsTrim once a month
The ears- Clean once a week with an antiseptic,
- if necessary, trim the overgrown hair,
- inspect for inflammatory processes

Breed history

Much has been written about this breed, but no concrete facts have been found that indicate the origin of this Scottish Shepherd.

For the first time, Collier is mentioned in his poems by J. Chaucer (his works date from the 14th century). Later on, Scottish Shepherd Dogs were described in the following books:

  • English dogs
  • "The history of the four-legged",
  • "British Encyclopedia of Dogs."

All of these works say that the Scottish shepherd belongs to the shepherd dog breeds, a characteristic feature of which is a long coat, the color of which is black or black and white.

The following versions of the emergence of this breed of shepherd dogs:

  • Collie’s ancestors came to Scotland thanks to the Roman legionnaires who brought them with them during the next campaign,
  • other researchers believe that by the time the Roman legionnaires appeared in England, there were already representatives of herding breeds in this country.

But according to experts, Collie appeared as a result of crossbreeding of local Old English sheepdogs and those dogs that the conquerors and peoples from other countries brought with them.

Mostly shepherd dogs were in demand in a mountainous area located at the junction of the borders of England and Scotland - in Highland. In these countries, wolves were exterminated many centuries ago, so the Scottish shepherd dogs - a completely non-aggressive breed - she did not need to save cattle from predators. The task of this shepherd dog was to prevent individual individuals from fighting off the herd, and also to participate in the search for missing sheep or cows.

Such qualities have been fixed at the genetic level for centuries, therefore, those individuals who live in the city consider the owner and his family their “flock” and therefore are very nervous if someone from the family goes for a walk somewhere - Collies try to beat ”a beggar back to his pack.

English Queen Victoria was very fond of dogs, representatives of many dog ​​breeds known at that time lived at her court. And in 1860 several representatives of these shepherd dogs were brought to the royal court. Since that time, these dogs began to be raised as companions. For these purposes, the most beautiful specimens with long hair were selected from the next litter. And those individuals who continued to “work” as shepherds began to be called border collie.

Representatives of this breed were first officially presented at the exhibition in 1860, and after another 2 decades, the Collie standard was created. At that time, the main colors of these dogs were black and black and white. But later, in the process of selection, these individuals appeared other colors: red, sable, marble.

For dogs of that period, the body structure was rougher, and modern elegant collies appeared due to their crossbreeding with Russian greyhounds.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, collie puppies began to be bought by dog ​​lovers from many countries of the world: the USA, Russia, Australia, New Zealand. In many European countries, as well as in America, dog breeding clubs of this breed were created, in which, among other things, breeding work was carried out to improve the breed. And in Australia, representatives of this species were used only as shepherds for the protection and protection of flocks of sheep.

Breed standard

The standard requirements for long collie are as follows:

  • the right physique - harmonious, with proud posture,
  • type of construction - dry and strong,
  • movements are not heavy,
  • the shape of the head is long and narrow,
  • bite - scissor-shaped,
  • eyes are almond-shaped
  • the ears are triangular, the ends slightly turned forward.

The height of a male at the withers is up to 06 m, for a female up to 56 cm. The weight of an adult male is 21-28 kg, and that of an adult female is 20-25 kg.

The main standard colors of this breed are as follows:

  • tricolor,
  • from light red to sable,
  • marble.

For any color should be present:

  • White collar",
  • white “socks” or “golfs” on the legs,
  • the tip of the tail is also white,
  • on the face - a white "hole".

Advantages and disadvantages of Collie

The main advantages of this breed include:

  • friendliness,
  • loyalty and devotion to the owners,
  • sufficient intelligence
  • complete lack of aggressiveness.

There are no serious shortcomings in this breed, there are small disadvantages:

  • the long hair of these individuals should be regularly looked after to maintain a beautiful appearance,
  • during molting, the wool will “fly” throughout the apartment, so it’s better not to keep it in the apartment,
  • if family members have an allergic reaction to wool, then they’ll have to give up the idea of ​​having a collie in the house,
  • this dog does not tolerate loneliness and separation from the owners.

Training and education

When a puppy appears in the house, he needs to give a nickname and accustom to respond to it. You should also constantly remind the baby where his place is. Collie is one of the smartest dogs, so it is easy to train and educate. Even an inexperienced dog breeder can teach a dog simple commands.

However, in the learning process, physical effects cannot be applied to the animal. The puppy will refuse to participate in the training process and harbor grudges against the owner. Collie should be encouraged. The pet will see that they are satisfied with it, and try to please the person further.

From early childhood, a dog is accustomed to prohibitions: do not take food from the wrong hands, do not pick up food on the street, do not pull and do not bite the owner, do not beg for sweets. It is necessary to record a dog for lessons with a dog handler not earlier than 3 months. However, by this time the dog should have initial knowledge (place, nickname, prohibitions).

During the first year of life, a four-legged family member easily masters basic teams and some sports. After mastering the main courses, they begin training in specialized skills: security, hunting, escort, search. If the dog will not be used for official purposes, further training is not necessary. However, the owner is able to teach the pet to bring slippers or a book, carry grocery bags, and wipe the floor with a large rag.

Disease and Life Expectancy

With proper care, dogs rarely get sick and live up to 15 years. Scottish pets are distinguished by stamina and good health, but they are susceptible to a number of diseases:

  • Allergies. The disease is expressed in rashes on the skin, the appearance of itching and hair loss. Most often, allergies are caused by malnutrition and frequent bathing.
  • Ophthalmic pathologies. Most often, long-haired pets suffer from eye ailments. They may develop atrophy of the retina, grow extra eyelashes, twist eyelids. The anomalous structure of the century is a hereditary pathology.
  • Deafness. The problem appears due to a violation of intrauterine development.
  • Urinary incontinence. The disease manifests itself in both adults and young representatives of the breed. It is attributed to hereditary diseases that are eliminated through surgery.
  • Pemphigus. The cause of the disease has not been established. However, experts suggest that it occurs due to genetic abnormalities.
  • Epilepsy The pathology is incurable, therefore, when alarming signs appear, the animal must be shown to an experienced veterinarian.
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders. The cause of the problem is non-compliance with nutritional rules. In puppies, indigestion is a consequence of consuming milk or fatty foods.
  • Hip dysplasia. To prevent complications, it is necessary from childhood to give the dog feasible physical activity.

It should be borne in mind that representatives of the collie breed are sensitive to many drugs. With extreme caution, it is necessary to approach the choice of anthelmintic drugs.

Puppy price

How much you have to pay for a Scottish dog puppy depends on various factors:

  • The presence of the pedigree. The price is influenced by the fame of the parents. If mom and dad of the baby are exhibitors - their offspring are valued more.
  • The fame of the seller. Dogs from kennels have an order of magnitude higher than their counterparts, which are sold by private individuals.
  • The age of the future pet. Puppies that sit up without an owner are cheaper.
  • Color. Unusual color gives the animal additional value. However, if the color does not meet breed standards, the price of the pet will be reduced.
  • Reasons for the sale. Some people resell the dog due to circumstances that prevent the animal from living in their house. For example, a child has an allergy to dogs, or the owners of a rented apartment have expressed a negative attitude towards keeping a representative of the animal kingdom in a living room. When buying, you should pay attention to the description of the reason for the sale, so as not to buy a defective dog.

Dogs without a pedigree from a private person will cost 6000-7000 rubles. However, it should be borne in mind that such collie puppies will not be able to take part in exhibitions, and their offspring will not be expensive. The baby from the nursery with a full package of documents will cost the animal lover 15,000-35,000 rubles. If the puppy's parents are famous champions, then their offspring will cost from 80,000 to 120,000 rubles.

Maintenance

Before buying a puppy, you should allocate a place in the apartment or in a private house for this pet, which will be constant for the whole time that the dog will live with this owner. In the designated corner, a special mattress should be put on which the animal will spend its free time (when it will not rush about the apartment). The atmosphere in the house should be calm, family members should not communicate with each other in elevated tones.

Collie is not a supporter of long walks and overly active games in the fresh air, it is enough for her to get out into the park or forest zone once every 7 days. And for daily walks in the morning and in the evening it is quite enough for such animals to walk near the house.

When bathing these animals, special shampoos should be used, which can be purchased at specialized stores selling pet products. These shampoos help maintain the natural color and shine of the coat.

Feeding

Until six months, the number of daily feedings is 6. Then, within a couple of months, the number of feedings is reduced to three. And closer to a year, young animals are transferred to two meals a day in the morning and in the evening. Water in the drinker should be changed daily in the morning so that it is always clean.

The diet of Scottish Shepherds should include the following purely dietary foods:

  • low-fat beef and chicken
  • milk,
  • eggs
  • cottage cheese,
  • low-fat fish
  • vegetables.

The main food product is cereals, which add meat and offal, milk, vegetables and fish. Also, a complex of vitamins necessary for this breed of dog is added to porridge.

Parenting

The education and training of Scottish shepherd dogs should begin from the first day a puppy appears in the house, remember that this pet is not prone to aggression, so it will not work to bring up a full-time guard from a collie.

The growing pet learns very quickly - it grasps any team on the fly. The main commands that should be taught to the growing dog:

Collie quickly gets used to living conditions as in a city apartment. So in a private house, he knows how to behave at home or on a walk. Although this dog does not have aggressiveness, it can still protect the owner, if necessary.

Parenting Mistakes

Despite the fast learner of the animal, the owner will have to have patience for the period of training the puppy - the growing pet is too energetic and curious, but does not tolerate elevated tones. Therefore, during training and subsequently, all commands to the dog should be given in an even, calm tone.

It is also not worth trying to raise a full-time guard from this animal, it is better to raise a companion for joint walks.

Puppies

Before buying a puppy of this breed, you should decide for what purpose they are acquired. If the owner needs a good friend, then you should pay attention to the puppy’s health status and character.

When buying a pet for further participation in exhibitions, you should select it on the exterior from parents with excellent exhibition data and a good pedigree.

Puppy selection

It is better to buy a puppy in a specialized nursery, where they will definitely provide a pedigree, a certificate of health status and vaccinations.

It is advisable to first observe the behavior of the puppy where it is kept, to pay attention to the behavior of the mother, how the puppy communicates with other individuals from the litter, its activity.

A healthy puppy moves well without falling on its paws, it has no discharge from the eyes and nose, the nose is wet, and the eyes are shiny.

The conditions for keeping the puppies must be appropriate - the enclosure should be clean and dry, and also not crowded. And in the mud and crowding to grow a healthy litter will not succeed.

The cost of the puppy will depend on what Collie is purchased for. Typically, a puppy "for yourself" can be purchased on the Internet, but without a pedigree. In this case, its price will be low - about 6000 - 8000 rubles. But with such a puppy you can’t take part in exhibitions, and also do not use an individual for further breeding.

  • The price of a pet with all the necessary documents is from 14 to 34 thousand rubles.
  • But the price of the future champion from the show class exceeds 85,000 rubles.

These prices are shown at the beginning of 2018.

Owner reviews

According to numerous reviews of this breed, you can get the following idea of ​​Collie:

  • these are good-natured, affectionate and loving pets,
  • acquiring a puppy of a Scottish breed, the owner receives a loyal friend who will always be there,
  • Collie does not tolerate loneliness, therefore, someone from the family should always be next to him - in this regard, the dog is very similar to a small child, constantly requiring attention to his person.

And yet, if the dog breeder wants to make an affectionate and cheerful four-legged friend, then it is better not to find a breed than a collie. It should only be remembered that such a dog will never become a zealous watchman in a summer cottage, nor will he take an active part in hunting or fishing with the owner. But as a companion or a qualified guide for a blind person, a Scottish shepherd is perfect.

Brief History of Origin

The age of existence of the breed does not allow to establish the exact date of its appearance. Historical documents that mention shaggy shepherds also do not exist. There are only a few assumptions about how the dog appeared:

  1. According to one version, a bearded collie is the result of mating a bobtail and a long-haired collie.
  2. According to another version, a ship transporting sheep moored to Scotland in the 16th century, they were accompanied by Polish lowland shepherds. After crossing the shepherd dogs with local shepherd dogs, representatives of modern bearded dogs appeared.

In England, the breed was recognized in 1945, and in America in 1977. Dogs were brought to Russia in the 90s.

Interesting Facts

Birdie is one of the dogs whose history managed to find out very little information.

Despite this, there are several interesting facts related to the breed:

  1. The bearded collie is the official modern name for the breed, obtained in 1915. Since 1570, it has repeatedly changed. Dogs were called differently: traditional, English, farm and working collie.
  2. Initially, the dogs belonged to a shepherd breed. Subsequently, bearded men gained new professions - rescuers, security guards, guides.
  3. The first club of bearded collie lovers appeared in Edinburgh in 1912. The organization developed rapidly and successfully. But during the war, the condition of the breed deteriorated sharply and few representatives of the collie remained.

Color and type of coat

The bearded collie has a voluminous and long coat. Medium hair, straight. On the face there is a beard and mustache, on the eyebrows a long coat.

The undercoat is dense but soft. The upper part of the coat falls down, may be wavy. Explicit curls are not observed.

Important! The coat is completely dyed only by the age of 3 years. Before this period, the shade changes. A bearded collie is born dark.

According to the standard, the color of the breed can be:

  • black and white
  • gray with bluish or white,
  • beige
  • fiery red
  • dark brown with white.

The representatives of the bearded collie breed are allowed to have white spots on the neck, abdomen, chest, muzzle and paws.

Nature and behavior

The nature of the dogs of this breed is exceptionally mild. The bearded collies are affectionate, good-natured and sweet.Suitable for living in families with children, treat them with patience, know how to concede.

Strangers are taken cautiously, but aggression is not shown.

A bearded Scot is attached to a man. He misses the owner, appreciates every moment spent with him. Parting tolerates poorly, very emotional and impressive.

Important! A bearded collie should not be left with strangers.

With other pets, the bearded man gets along well, does not show aggression. He tries to control small animals — the instinct of the shepherd is manifested.

Collie is an active breed. Walking, jogging, games, fishing trips or hiking are perceived joyfully. The dog does not come out of the puppy's age even in old age.

In old age, the dog will remain active and alert.

How to choose a puppy?

It is better to choose a puppy from a professional breeder. A bearded collie must have documents confirming the pedigree.

When choosing a pet, you need to pay attention to the following factors:

  1. At 2 months the puppy is active, peppy and bold.
  2. The coat is shiny, bald spots are not allowed.
  3. The pet should not shake his ears - this indicates a disease.
  4. A swollen belly indicates the presence of worms in the puppy.
  5. Joint problems can be detected even by subtle claudication and curvature of the limbs.
  6. Vaccinations should be made according to age.

Since the color is formed late in the birdie, it will not be possible to choose a dog of the desired color with a 100% guarantee. You can focus on the colors of the parents, but there is a chance that it will still not work to guess the future color of the pet.

Puppy care

The foundation of health is always laid in childhood. A small collie must first be properly fed.

When feeding natural food, the puppy's menu is gradually added to:

  • milk and dairy products,
  • cereals (first milk, then on the water),
  • finely chopped meat
  • egg yolks
  • vegetables,
  • sea ​​fish.

Puppies are fed up to 3 months - 6 times a day, in 4-6 months - 4 times a day, in 6-12 months - 3 times a day,

Bearded collie puppies need not only proper and comfortable maintenance and a balanced diet. Puppies must be carefully looked after, observing hygiene measures.

Up to 3 months, the pet can simply be combed over the hair, gradually accustoming it to the procedure. Then a thorough combing will be required to gently clean the puppy fluff.

Proper diet

The diet of a bearded collie should be food rich in vitamins, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. When feeding a natural cow, it is important to maintain a balance of macro- and micronutrients. 1/3 of the diet should consist of lean meat - veal, beef, turkey, chicken and rabbit meat. Twice in seven days, you can give your pet eggs, fish and dairy products. In the daily diet of the pet should be porridge, vegetable oil and vegetables. The deficiency of trace elements is supplemented with vitamin and mineral complexes.

It is better to choose industrial food for a bearded collie from the line of super-premium or premium class for active medium and large dog breeds.

Important! When feeding a natural cow, a vitamin complex is given to the pet.

Care and hygiene

The main focus of the collie is on hair care. Pet comb out at least twice a week.

The hosts are trying to immediately remove the places with the warlocks. In fact, you should not rush. They can be moistened with balm or moistened with plain water, disassembled by hand and combed out with a brush with rare teeth.

For a comfortable life, it is important to trim the beard and eyebrows of the pet so that they do not exceed the prescribed length. On the face, it is also allowed to make tight tails.

Wool needs periodic washing. It is permissible to use only dog ​​shampoos that do not cause allergies. You need to wash the dog as it gets dirty, since frequent washing leads to a deterioration in the condition of the coat and skin.

Other hygiene procedures:

  1. Eyes. In view of the abundance of wool on the face, secretions often need to accumulate in the eyes, which must be regularly removed.
  2. Ears are cleaned 2 times a month.
  3. The claws of a bearded collie grow back quickly. They are cut in a timely manner, avoiding their damage.
  4. Teeth are brushed, bones are given to eliminate plaque.

Vaccinations and a tendency to disease

Collies are naturally endowed with good health. But some pedigree diseases do have a place to be. These include:

  1. Dysplasia of the joints.
  2. Allergy.
  3. Endocrine disruptions. More common in females.
  4. Otitis.
  5. Pathology of the eye.

The life expectancy of a bearded man is 15 years.

To prolong the life of a pet will allow timely vaccination against common diseases, visiting a veterinarian, regular treatment of a dog from ticks, fleas and worms.

Pros and cons of the breed

Each breed of dog has advantages and disadvantages. The bearded collie has more positive features.

prosMinuses
EnergyExcessive independence
DevotionIndependence
KindnessPainstaking hair care
Getting along with children and animalsThe need for constant physical activity
Equilibrium
Sensitivity
Well-developed security features
Unpretentiousness in the maintenance

Collie is a caring and loyal friend to all family members. A bearded man knows how to love and appreciate a person, requiring only a little attention from him.

History of breed origin

The history of the Collie breed is several hundred years old. There are several versions of its appearance. According to one of them, the ancestors of these dogs were brought to Europe by Roman legionnaires. According to another, collies came to Scotland from Iceland in the 17th century. At the same time, there is evidence that small shepherd dogs existed in Britain among the Scottish Celts in the 1st century BC. So, it is not possible to reliably establish the ancestor of modern collies. It was established with accuracy only that they had a common wolf-like progenitor. It is likely that the Scottish Shepherd combines the features of both ancient Celtic dogs and animal conquerors and nomadic tribes.

Collie's homeland is the Highland region - a mountainous border area between England and Scotland, which has traditionally been used for sheep breeding. Hence the main tasks of the breeders of this breed - dogs had to monitor the herd, return stray animals, possess endurance and the ability to survive in difficult camp conditions. The friendliness of a variety of shepherd dogs called collies is explained by the fact that wolves in the British Isles were exterminated quite early. Performing security functions from dogs was practically not required. At that time they were small in size with thick hair.

The first mention of a shepherd Scottish shepherd dog dates back to the XIV century and belongs to the poet Chaucer. Collies were then mentioned by naturalists in the books English Dogs, Four-Legged History, British Dog Encyclopedia, and Natural History. Everywhere they are described as dogs of black and white or black color with long hair.

Researchers believe that it is thanks to the color that the breed got its name. According to one version, it comes from the English-Saxon word coally, which means dark or black. In another, the word goes back to the name of the Scottish sheep with a black face - collie.

Over time, the shepherd dogs spread throughout England, and owed their popularity to Queen Victoria, who, during a trip to Scotland in 1860, noticed these beautiful dogs and brought several to the Windsor Palace. From that moment, breed selection began.

The first collie show was held in Birmingham in 1860. Those Scottish shepherd dogs had a black or black and white color and were distinguished by a rougher structure of the head and body.

They owe their present grace to the addition of blood to the Russian greyhound. Thanks to the selection work, other coat colors appeared:

At the end of the XIX century, the breed began to spread in other countries of Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Collie came to the USA in 1879. In 1886, the first collie club was created in the United States, which today is one of the oldest cynological clubs.

In Russia, and then in the former USSR, Scottish shepherd dogs were used as service dogs. During the Russo-Japanese War, they were orderlies, in the Second World War they searched for mines and delivered reports.

Dog Dick Collie breed during the war years found twelve thousand mines. He was wounded three times, but lived to old age and was buried with military honors.

After the release of the movie Lassie, the breed became one of the most popular in the world. This was facilitated by the magnificent exterior and the compliant nature of the collie.

Care and maintenance

Despite the appearance, collies are quite unpretentious in content. They can live quietly in an ordinary apartment, subject to one important condition - you need to walk a lot with the dog. This is a shepherd’s breed and in order to maintain health, the animal must travel sufficiently large distances. Walking should be regular. A two-time regimen is suitable for an adult dog, preferably at the same time.

Wool

Thick wool reliably protects collies from the sun, cold and rain. Therefore, they tolerate heat and frost well. Collies love to swim, so in the warm season they should be taken to water bodies. It is very good for health.

Washing your dog in tap water with detergents should be minimized. From frequent bathing procedures, wool is degreased and loses its luster.

In addition, poorly washed soap will cause irritation on the skin, ulcers and scratches will appear. The dog must be brushed with hard bristles (but not spiked) against the coat. Then comb in the right direction. Use the comb only in extreme cases, as it pulls hairs. White wool can be cleaned with a mixture of dry magnesia and rice flour.

The teeth of a healthy dog ​​do not require special attention from the owner. If there is caries or gums become inflamed - the teeth should be brushed 1-2 times a week with a soft brush with baby powder.

Ears are a separate concern of the Scottish Shepherd owner. Problems with staging can begin during the period of the teeth change (3-7 months) due to the unstable content of calcium. If the ears are straightened - make a mixture of glycerin with talcum powder consistency of thick sour cream. Lubricate the ear along the line of the proposed fold and the entire tip. Repeat the procedure until after cleansing the mixture it remains in the desired position. If this method does not work, glue the eye with adhesive tape.

Hanging weights will not return the ears to the desired position.

Sometimes it happens that a dog after a molt or a bitch during estrus and after the puppies are taken away, the ears stand up. Repeat the lubrication procedure with the mixture. Most often it helps. More than half the ears fall in overweight dogs and passive lifestyles.

In this case, it is necessary to normalize the body weight of the animal and the content of calcium in the food, more often take the collie to an unknown location so that it shows interest in the environment. As the ears become soiled, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in warm water.

Maintenance in the apartment

The puppy in the apartment should be immediately provided with a separate place where the dog will be able to relax and will feel safe. A not-so-warm, but well-lit corner is best. Keep it clean. The dog must have its own toys (for example, rubber balls). So she will be able to entertain herself, will not spoil other things.

No need to lay the puppy on the bed. This is not a cat, falling, the dog can break his legs. You need to make sure that the pet is not accessible to electric wires and small objects in order to protect it from injury. Deworming should be carried out twice a year. Inspect wool regularly for ticks and fleas. Preparations for processing are best used after consultation with a veterinarian.

Collie Care

Caring for a collie with long hair as a whole does not differ from the general. Special attention requires their magnificent hair.

The kit for hair care includes:

  • a comb with small cloves
  • brush for combing out falling wool,
  • a comb with long, not sharp cloves,
  • hairdresser's scisors.

It is necessary to comb the collie, raising the hair to reach the roots. Especially carefully scratch the ears, chest, paws and tail - in these places it most often rolls down. The procedure should be carried out daily and at least 15 minutes. It is recommended to trim the very long coat on the legs, sides and abdomen periodically to make the dog's silhouette clearer. It is also important to properly feed the dog.

Training Issues

Collie is one of the smartest dogs. Representatives of the breed can cope with the work of a guide, lifeguard, nanny. They are playful, but unobtrusive, they feel good about the owner.

Collie training at home, even an inexperienced dog breeder will enjoy. Commands are given easily, the dog quickly realizes what is required of it. With a patient approach, without aggression, gently overcoming the stubbornness of the pet, the owners will quickly see positive results.

It is important to start socialization early so that a shy and timid creature does not grow out of a dog. Take your puppy to the city, introduce new places and people, take on trips. After completing the general training course (OKD), having learned the basic commands, you can do sports with your pet. Collie excels in agility, frisbee, flyball, pitch and go.

What to feed

Scottish shepherds have good enough health, there are no serious difficulties in the formation of their diet. It is important to observe some nuances. Food should not be greasy, must be appropriate for the age of the dog. Moreover, a six-month-old puppy needs more food than an adult. During this period, it grows most intensively, then the amount of food consumed decreases.

There are two types of feeding:

  • natural,
  • industrial feed.

When choosing the first method, it should be borne in mind that you need to add the necessary vitamins and minerals to the food, which the veterinarian will choose. An adult dog needs to eat 300-500 g of meat per day. You can add cereals to it, but not more than 600 g. It is better to give more vegetables. Also, you can not feed the dog what is left from the table.

Collie can be given:

  • beef
  • dairy,
  • eggs
  • liver,
  • herbs
  • pears
  • poultry meat
  • boiled boneless sea fish,
  • vegetables,
  • apples
  • cereals.

Exclude from the diet should:

  • raw river fish
  • pearl barley
  • sweets,
  • potatoes,
  • smoked meats
  • flour
  • chocolate,
  • bean
  • bird and pork bones,
  • fried and not ripened vegetables.

Up to two months old, the puppy should be given raw meat in the form of minced meat, then finely chopped. Bones up to seven months are better not to give, so as not to spoil the bite. Feeding industrial products is much simpler. They are balanced and contain everything necessary for a dog of a certain age and breed. The main thing is to choose a good feed and not try to save on animal nutrition.

Breeders recommend such brands:

  • Eukanuba (Holland-USA),
  • Pronature (Canada),
  • Bosch (Germany).

For a collie, a food that contains no more than 26% protein and less than 15% fat is better.

Schlennost

Despite the onset of the first estrus in a six-month-old female, she can become a mother only at the age of 18-24 months. Dogs are ready to mate by the age of two. Knitting is carried out on the 9-14th day of the cycle, when ovulation occurs, and is repeated after one to two days. It is easy to learn about the readiness of mating by the playful behavior of the female in relation to the opposite sex.

When pregnancy occurs, the calcium content in the diet should be increased until the puppies are fed up. Szhennosti runs 56-66 days. Starting from day 30, it is necessary to reduce physical activity, increase the amount of vitamins and minerals in daily nutrition. Collie does not have problems with childbirth; a bitch is able to give birth herself without human help. However, it is better to see the entire period of puppiness at the vet.

TOP click

Collie combines aristocracy with rural good nature. Therefore, representatives of the breed are suitable for sonorous, but noble nicknames.It is recommended that you opt for English names. Examples of clicks are shown in the table.

Table - Name Options for a Dog

How to call a “boy” collieHow to call a “girl” collie
- Alan,
- Frankie,
- Oscar,
- Starks,
- Woody,
- Gary,
- Jazz
- Mike,
- Ford
- Macbeth
- Leah,
- Polly,
- Gerda,
- Cleo,
- Peace
- Clara,
- Utah,
- Sarah,
- Laura,
- Kiki

Photo review

Photos of puppies and dogs will fall in love with the collie breed for good. Regardless of the length of the coat, this breed looks impressive and attractive.

Cost and where to buy

What the dog is taken for will determine how much the collie puppy costs. Puppies with hands without a pedigree are sold at a price of 6 thousand rubles. The participation of such dogs in exhibitions and breeding is impossible. The price of a collie with all documents is 15-35 thousand rubles. Future champions of the show class can cost 80-120 thousand rubles. (The cost data is as of February 2018).

Nurseries

Choose only proven Collie breeding kennels with a good reputation. Before buying, ask the breeder for a puppy card with vaccinations and a pedigree, inspect the puppy for a mark. Conscientious breeders love their pets, keep them well, protect them. A good nursery is help and support in the future. Any question can be resolved by consulting with the breeder.

In Russia and the CIS, there are a number of Scottish shepherd kennels:

  • Big Hope in Moscow - http://freya93.wixsite.com/collie,
  • Nixend in the Moscow Region - http://www.niksend.com/,
  • Lunar Lakes in St. Petersburg - http://lunarlakes.narod.ru/index.htm,
  • "Eldwich" in Pskov - http: // eldv> "Collie-Berezniki" in the Perm Territory - http://collie-berezniki.jimdo.com,
  • Sylvent Line in Tambov - https://silvent-line.jimdo.com/,
  • Lavita in Novosibirsk - http://www.kennellavita.com/,
  • Daenerys in Anapa - https://deieneris.jimdo.com/,
  • Prokseny in Minsk - http://prokseny.16mb.com/.

Collie (Scottish Shepherd) - will become a member of the family. You won’t be bored with your pet. You can keep a dog both in the apartment and in a private house. Problems with the hair will not arise if the pet is combed in time. The breed is not suitable only for very busy people who rarely appear at home.

Reviews: "A great option for a gift to a child"

This is a unique breed. I do not want to offend any of those who hold other dogs (they are all beautiful in their own way), but the collie, it seems to me, is special in everything. I have never seen a thinner, smarter and more intelligent dog. She does not need to be ordered, she cannot be urged. Just ask. You need to talk with her, and the dog will understand you. Amazing quality. I am generally silent about beauty. But here 100% conformity of form and content. Great animal. It is a pity that now they have become much less than before.

My collie was called Cirri ... She appeared in our house when I was 14 years old. For two years they stood in line in the nursery, waiting for the puppies to appear. To say that this is 25 kg of fluffy happiness is not enough. It was a member of the family ... I met and escorted everyone, knew at what point to approach and just look in the eyes with that look ... from which it became not only easier on the soul. This view changed the perception of the world. Dad started having problems with his back and Cirri climbed onto the sofa to him and lay down on the side along the spine. As she guessed, I don’t know. Then he just called her and she knew what to do. My collie was kind (all the kids in the courtyard stroked her and caressed her), faithful and faithful (no matter how many strangers did not call and beckon, she never led her by the ear), but she knew how to protect her family (two tried to walk in the park , at the warning that I was with the dog, they grinned, saying that this is a big cat. I was scared, I called her name without any "face" and she began to attack them with such aggression and led away from me. Then she returned with such a muzzle “What was it?” But the Circus lived only 11 years ... Since then, we had not only dogs, but and the desire to have it. Probably, this is a tribute to the devotion of our Cirri. There is no other such and will not be.

Pluses: Kind, intuitively developed, obedient, faithful, great friend!

Disadvantages: It is necessary to devote every free time to playing with this breed.

The Collie breed is a very kind and intelligent dog. I had this breed in my childhood. The emotions associated with this dog are only positive for me! Neither bites nor spoiled, kind, very friendly to all who surround her. A great option for a present for your child, this dog will never harm him. I assure you this is the kindest and most loyal dog I know! It will be a real, truly royal present. Perfectly trained, their memory is one hundred times better developed than in humans! They are used as leaders, they have very good instinct and intuition. Everything else they have very beautiful, long and royal hair

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