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Guard Dog Breeds


Tibetan mastiff and more
178 dogs in our breed catalog.

Guard breeds of dogs designed to protect the territory of a private house or enterprise. In the selection of guard dogs, the names of breeds with photos are presented in alphabetical order. However, it is impossible to guarantee that a representative of a particular breed will ideally cope with their protective duties - much depends on upbringing and training. The main task of the furry watchman is to notify the owner of the approach of the attackers, and not to attack them.

Guard dogs are different from other groups of animals, they can be seen from afar. Pets constantly inspect their possessions, where strangers will not be allowed. They can be friends with relatives in neutral territory, but they will not tolerate uninvited guests at home. Such dogs are smart, incorruptible, picky in everyday life. The best watchdog breeds are considered to be the Moscow Watchdog, Alabai, Caucasian and German Shepherd Dogs.

Watchdog dogs are large. Although small and medium-sized pets are also quite capable of notifying the owner of the approach of strangers, large individuals look more dangerous and able to attack. Some breeds are native, for centuries honed guard skills, others were bred specifically for home protection.

Moscow Watchdog

The dimensions of this breed make it possible to use it both as a yard guard and as a guard of a private house or apartment. While at the “post” selflessly protects property and territory. In the "non-working" time - this is a good-natured creature, non-conflict with other animals living in the house. Keeping a Muscovite on a short chain is undesirable; it needs movement and constant physical activity.

East European Shepherd

A calm animal, confident and ready for action at any moment. He is wary of strangers, but he gets along well with children and coexists peacefully with cats and other "master" animals. Like the Moscow Shepherd, it needs physical activity.

German Shepherd

A universal breed of guard dogs: a great option for protecting a home or apartment, a German shepherd is often also used as a personal guard. It has high intelligence, balanced, but at the time of danger makes a decision and acts instantly. Friendly to family members, aggressive to all strangers. Obedient and executive, but requires daily walks and constant training.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

One of the largest protected breeds, it is distinguished by its immense strength and innate territorial instinct, therefore it is easily trained for protection. Due to the long thick coat it tolerates low temperatures well, not demanding in terms of walking. Somewhat inclined to self-will, but it is better to achieve obedience without the use of physical force, since the “Caucasian” can remember the insult for a long time and repay for it over time.

Alabay (Central Asian Shepherd Dog)

Alabai - formidable dogs of impressive size, able to reliably guard the territory of a private house. However, their maintenance requires a lot of time and effort from the owner: these animals are not prone to submission, and so that relations with the owner do not become uncontrolled, they need constant training. Alabai needs daily long walks to release energy.


This is a smooth-haired breed of dog, but their undercoat is quite thick, so the Rottweiler is not afraid of the cold and can be used as a guard of the territory. These dogs perfectly perform guard functions, however, the puppy must be trained and raised from childhood, as Rottweilers are prone to leadership. Rottweilers usually have an excellent appetite, and in order to preserve the muscular texture of the breed, it is impossible to overfeed the animal.

Giant Schnauzer

The main qualities of this breed are intelligence, loyalty, integrity, endurance. The Giant Schnauzer is energetic, mobile, has a proportional stocky figure and powerful muscles. Thick, like a bear, schnauzer hair requires periodic haircuts. Using such a dog as a guard, you can not worry about the safety of property and the safety of households. However, Giant Schnauzers are more suitable for experienced dog breeders, as they are capable of aggression, and from an early age should be accustomed to obedience and peaceful coexistence with family members and animals living in the house.

8. Boxer

Photo: Boxer (guard dogs)

Boxer - not only has excellent security qualities and is well trained, but also loves children. A hardy dog, good-natured and playful, but very observant and suspicious of strangers.

1. Anatolian Karabash

Anatolian Karabash or Turkish Kangal is one of the oldest breeds of wolfhound dogs. This is a giant bred to protect herds from predators. At home, in Turkey, the Kangals are bred to protect the flocks, but the Karabash also specialize in the protection of large objects.

Karabash is a dog with a heavy character, which needs training from an early age, from 3-4 weeks, otherwise the aggression inherent in the wolfhound will become uncontrollable. Kangals are animals of one owner, a karabash will not let even a familiar person into the protected area without the presence of the owner.

Dogs of this breed are not recommended to be kept in enclosures or booths on a chain: a kangal requires a large space, freedom of decision-making.

In the free range of a vast territory fenced by a high fence, the best qualities of a Karabash will be revealed.

2. Tibetan mastiff

One of the oldest giants of the canine world, thanks to genetic tests, it has been established that the breed is more than 5000 years old.

The Tibetan mastiff is a massive, heavy, extremely strong dog, a born guard, capable of making decisions independently.

Tibet is devoted to the owner, vigilantly guards the wards, the territory, is capable of independent analysis of the situation, because the education and training of the mastiff begins from an early age.

Tibets mature longer than other dogs: bitches reach puberty by the age of 3 years, males - by the 4th.

A mastiff requires an equal relationship, the subspecies have a high need for mental workload, in the absence of which the dog is looking for a way out of energy - the behavior of the animal can get out of control.

4. Great Dane

Great Dane - a giant dog with a good heart, aristocratic manners. Despite its size, the dog is a calm dog, which is difficult to provoke into a conflict.

They start not only as a guard breed, but as a companion dog.

The dog loves children, is ready to endure the tricks even of kids. Nevertheless, the Great Dane is an excellent guard who, without undue aggression, is able to protect his family and protect property.

5. Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Alabai or Tobet) - native breed, dog of national selection. As a separate species began to form 4 thousand years ago, Alabai is a close relative of the Tibetan mastiff, a typical molossoid. Tobets were taken out as herds guards, flocks from large predators.

Huge territories, specific terrain, climate have formed among the Alabais the ability to economically spend resources. The seeming slowness, slowness alaba for a split second is replaced by a willingness to enter the fray and prevent the threat.

Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are used to protect the territory, guard duty.

Alabai can’t be put on a chain, they need room for walking and work, freedom in decision-making.

6. English mastiff

The English mastiff is the largest of all mastiffs, the breed standard does not provide for an upper limit of growth at the withers, or a maximum weight.

This is a large, massive, heavy dog ​​with well-developed muscles, a calm, balanced character.

The history of the origin of mastiff-like begins even before our era.

The English mastiff is a non-aggressive, but watchful guard and protector. Mastiff is characterized by slowness, thoughtfulness. But as soon as the threat appears, the four-legged is changing before our eyes, turning into a swift, dangerous beast.

Mastiff is a large, strong nanny for children, due to congenital phlegmatism is able to withstand children's pranks, while vigilantly assessing the situation.

7. Leonberger

Leonberger breed was bred in the 19th century by crossing Newfoundland and St. Bernard. The result was a large, but calm, good-natured dog.

Leonberger is often wound up as a companion, however, representatives of the breed are often acquired to protect objects.

Leonberger can not be kept on a chain or in an aviary - the nature of the dog requires a constant stay with the family, without attention the pet can even get sick. Leonbergers are not indifferent to children, even to strangers.

Do not miss the opportunity to spend time in children's games, be sure to take part.

8. Spanish Mastiff

Mastiff is a massive, strong dog. This dog, perfectly aware of its own power, will never offend the weak, so the pet can be safely left alone with the child.

Like most mastiffs, Spanish is a phlegmatic, calm, even lazy, but vigilant and attentive, in no case will not offend the wards.

The Spanish mastiff is a smart animal that needs both physical activity and mental.

Representatives of the breed grow up late, and puppies need to carefully dose physical activity - body weight grows faster than ligaments and joints.

12. East European Shepherd Dog

The breed bred for the army and police has a high ability to train.

East European Shepherd Dogs are calm, balanced animals, obedient, executive pets. Characterized by high performance and dedication.

Thanks to the mind, they are used as service dogs, as guards of the territory, and guard duty.

Unpretentious, there are no special recommendations for the content.

13. Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux is a massive, heavy dog. Despite its frightening appearance, the dogue de Bordeaux is a phlegmatic, calm laziness.

Animals of this species are intelligent, loyal to the owner dogs with the innate qualities of a guard.

Bordeaux are wary of strangers, although without unnecessary aggression. Dogs have remarkable intelligence - they quickly learn commands, remembering them for life, and are able to make decisions independently. Without a threat, the dog will not attack a person, but it can bark loudly.

Thanks to mental abilities, good memory, Bordeaux mastiffs quickly learn.

The most famous dog of the breed is Beasley, who "played" the role of Hooch in the movie "Turner and Hooch."

14. Doberman Pinscher

Doberman is a brave, loyal dog.

As a rule, Pinscher is a friendly pet, affectionate with the owner, family, patient with children, but wary of strangers. Since the representatives of the breed are capable of training, they are easily trained - Dobermans are used as watchmen, bodyguards or for protecting property.

Despite its impressive size, it is suitable for keeping in an apartment.

Needs long walks, intense intellectual stress.

15. Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff bred by mixing mastiffs with Old English bulldogs. A massive animal, the size of which is smaller, of a standard mastiff, which determines the level of activity - an order of magnitude higher than a larger prototype. In addition to the ability to learn, developed intuition, guard instincts, bullmastiffs are friendly.

Bullmastiff is a reserved dog, suspicious of strangers, but without excessive aggression. Thanks to easy care, the bullmastiff can be kept in the apartment, despite the impressive size of the dog, but it is necessary to ensure long walks.

16. Black Russian Terrier

Russian Terrier is a large, strong companion, hardy and agile. The character of the black terrier is calm, balanced - a dog that is aware of its strength.

The Black Russian Terrier was bred by mixing the genetic codes of the Rottweiler, Giant Schnauzer and the Flanders Bouvier: it turned out to be a breed with unsurpassed official qualities of a security guard.

Initially, the black Russian terrier was used in the army, gradually the representatives of the breed switched to civil service with the police or for protection.

An undemanding dog for care, therefore, the black Russian terrier, with proper walking and sufficient physical activity, it is permissible to keep in standard buildings.

17. Italian Cane Corso

Cane Corso - one of the oldest breeds - representatives of the Molossian group, used as etching animals, gladiators.

The purpose of the Italian Cane Corso is property protection, human protection.

Strong, heavy, hardy pets, with a calm, balanced character. Some slowness of animals is misleading - Cane Corso have a quick reaction, independent in decisions.

If the dog decides that the owner or property is in danger, the Cane Corso reaction will be lightning fast.

From the representatives of the species excellent bodyguards are obtained.

18. Dogo of Argentina

Dogo Argentino - a dog loyal to the owner, friendly to family members.

The Argentine Great Dane is wary of strangers, but without aggression. Any manifestation of bitterness towards a person is a vice - such animals are rejected from breeding. Dogs of Argentina are conflicting with other animals, especially males.

Dogs are strongly attached to the owners, for a long time they do not like to be alone. Representatives of the species are exemplary defenders who easily learn, but it is necessary to engage in dog training from puppyhood.

19. Canary Great Dane

Great Canary is a massive dog, strong and balanced. The character of the feather de presso canario (the second name of the breed) is calm, the dog is well aware of its power, dimensions, sometimes it seems arrogant, slow. The pet belongs to the owner with deep affection and love. The Canary Mastiff meets strangers with caution, and often shows aggression.

Bred to protect livestock, because the watchdog qualities of the animal are genetically incorporated.

Dog training is mandatory, the sooner the better - it is difficult to cope with a large, strong, adult dog, but Canary dogs are happy to learn.

With proper upbringing, the representatives of the breed are excellent territorial defenders, bodyguards.

20. Hovawart

The first mention of the Hovawart breed dates back to the 13th century. Translated from German, the name of the species means "guard of the yard."

This breed was bred as a guard, to protect the owner of the territory. In the 18th century, the Hovawarts practically disappeared, the breeders revived the breed by the 20th century, by the admixture of the blood of a German shepherd, Leonberger and Newfoundland.

Hovawarts are distinguished by their high learning ability, dedication, and willingness to protect the owner.

Animals are distinguished by excellent health, lack of propensity to inherited diseases (for example, hip dysplasia), and unpretentiousness in care.

22. Boxer

The German boxer is a dog with the character of a teenager, which is maintained throughout the life of the pet.

A boxer is suitable for keeping in an apartment or a private house, but with obligatory living inside - short coat does not protect from the cold.

The pet's character is cheerful, stubborn, the boxer is confident, overly active.The representative of the breed is suitable for people leading an energetic lifestyle, ready for long walks, constant training classes.

The German boxer is a clever dog who, with proper training, will become the protector of the family, the guard of property.

23. Belgian Shepherd Dog

There are 4 breeds of Belgian Shepherd:

Unites these breeds country of origin - Belgium. Groenendael and Tervuren are long-haired shepherd dogs, Lakenua is wire-haired, and Malinois is smooth-haired. These breeds differ in type of coat, color.

The most common are Malinois and Tervuren, Lakenua is not even recognized as a separate breed.

Malinois, a smooth-haired Belgian shepherd, is gradually replacing the German shepherd in the army. Malinois is a cheerful, obedient animal with an incredibly developed learning ability. Belgian shepherds are smaller than German shepherds, more mobile, less prone to joint diseases. Despite their modest size, the Belgian Shepherd Dogs are excellent guards. This is a workable, obedient dog, always alert and ready to protect the owner, property. Thanks to their learning abilities, Belgian Shepherd dogs perform at sporting events, including those on guard duty, invariably taking prizes.

Alabai (Asian Shepherd Dog)

Another impressive sized dog, which is mentioned in each rating of guard dogs. Alabai are distinguished by endurance, fearless disposition and a pronounced watchdog instinct. They are less aggressive than the Caucasian Shepherd, but they are considered “bad” students, so they should be started only by people who are able to find a language with any pet and engage in regular training. A dog that grows up to 70 cm and weighs up to 60 kg can be aggressive not only to people who accidentally or not find themselves in a protected area, but also to four-legged colleagues.

South Russian Shepherd Dog

Representatives of the breed, originally bred to protect the herd and farm property, today successfully carry out security service and surprise the owners with their indefatigability and unpretentiousness. In addition, the South Russian Shepherd is among its colleagues the leader in running speed, so such a guard will be able to catch up with the fastest violator. Thick wool will allow them to perform their duties in any weather conditions, and white color saves from overheating when staying in the open area for a long time. Their only drawback is wool, which requires care, and the rest of the South Russian Shepherds are good companions and guards.

Cane Corso

A relatively rare breed of dogs dates back to the time of Ancient Rome, when they were used in military service and for hunting large animals. Later, after spreading to Europe, they were re-qualified as security guards. Cane Corso are distinguished by a kind and patient disposition, but only until the moment when it comes to the health and life of the owner. In case of danger, they in a matter of seconds turn into a brave beast, able to protect its owner and the territory entrusted to him.

German boxer

Another guard breed, which is especially suitable for keeping in an apartment. Obedience, fidelity, quick learner and well-defined territorial instinct are inherent in them. At the same time, the German boxer will protect not only housing, but also the owner’s belongings (for example, a bicycle or bag left at the entrance).

It can be used as a companion, watchman, detective and guide, which in case of danger will be decisive and boldly rush to the defense of its owner.

The watchman is the result of genes and education

The habits of the guard dog are immediately evident: it behaves in a special way, walks and even stands, this can be seen in numerous photos. The true watchman is always in a tense state, analyzes the situation for danger. When the dog is in a protected area, he is aggressive not only to strangers, but also animals that might accidentally run into him. On a walk, he is not aggressive and may well be in contact with other brothers. Guard dogs perfectly distinguish their territory and public.

In order for a pet to be able to perform the functions of a hunter, it is necessary that she has a genetic predisposition to this. However, sometimes a dog with watchman genes cannot perform its duties.

The breeds listed below belong to the Molossian group, which is characterized by large sizes and late maturation, therefore, raising aggression in dogs of this group at an early age is not recommended.

As a guard for a private house, not every breed is suitable.

A guard dog should not only be aggressive, but also have a balanced character, and also have a good psyche, otherwise it can easily become uncontrollable.

Popular breeds of watchdogs

There are many breeds that are more or less suitable for guarding a private house and yard. Any of them can be chosen as a guard.

The following breeds of dogs for protection are most popular:

  • rottweiler
  • Doberman
  • German Shepherd,
  • Moscow Watchdog
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog.

The video from the "Mood Workshop" presents the 10 best guard and guard dog breeds.

24. Herder

The Dutch Shepherd, or Herder, descended from the Belgian Shepherd and inherited the mind, stamina, performance.

Herder was initially bred as a shepherd dog, but gradually the purpose of the breed shifted towards protection.

The Dutch shepherd is obedient, ready to carry out the owner’s commands, but in case of danger, it will protect and prevent the threat.

A bold, hardy animal that requires constant training, prolonged physical exertion.

25. Czechoslovakian Wolf Dog

Czechoslovakian wolfdog - a young breed, bred by crossing a German shepherd and a Carpathian wolf in the 50s of the 20th century. Recognized as a separate species in 1999.

A wolf dog is hardy, smart and courageous. Cowardy, unlike other mestizos of wolves, is a disqualifying factor in a breed.

Vlchak is a universal breed, used as a vigilant guard of the territory, for guarding, as a bodyguard, as well as in sports training.

Czechoslovakian wolf dog forever attached to one owner. Cautiously, but without aggression he meets strangers. It makes decisions independently at the sight of danger.

26. Schipperke

Schipperke - a shepherd of Belgian origin, despite the modest size (adult dog weight from 4 to 9 kg) - a real protector. Schipperke is a desperate, bold dog, with a developed intellect. It lends itself to training, is used as a guard pet. A small fearless dog is able to repulse a man, large dogs.

Schipperke are used as “wake-up calls”, but in case of danger they can bite. The Belgian Shepherd treats the owner and family with love, to strangers - incredulously, unfriendly.

Regardless of size, dogs of the guard breeds are loyal defenders, ready to protect the owner until the last breath. Guard dogs are united by loyalty, the ability to perceive information, and analyze the situation. Dogs of the guard breeds are rightfully considered the most intelligent and loyal animals, ready to serve the owner.