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How to conduct a home examination of a cat?

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& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp The site bolen-kot.net.ru is a project about the health of cats, the purpose of which is to increase knowledge about diseases, injuries, vitamins and the behavior of cats.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Cats that people. Each with its own character, its addictions, habits. They also feel miserable and sick, injured or slightly limp. Naturally, do not self-medicatebut even with a trifle you won’t run to the vet. And so that to distinguish a "trifle" from a serious illnessnecessary know the symptoms of this disease. There is one more subtlety. Doctors, unfortunately, are not always competent in their field. This is evidenced by many complaints from pet lovers. Therefore, it doesn’t hurt understand those terms and names of drugswith which they operate during consultations. You can solve these and other problems on the site forum bolen-kot.net.ru.


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& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Now users of the forum are available the ability to attach files to your messages. File size no more than 200 kb. In order to attach a file to the message, you need to add it using the "browse" button in the "file download" column.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Use this function to show a sore spot or inflammation spot of your pet. This will simplify the diagnosis of diseases and increase the ability to give more accurate recommendations.


Self-examination of a cat

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Even a simple home daily inspection of your pet can help prevent unwanted outcomes of many diseases. During which every minute can play a huge role, as well as the physical and mental status of the animal. The most simple and affordable manipulation for cat owners is precisely the inspection.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Any owner of a cat is able to learn how to carry out such an action as it is not a complicated procedure and takes a little time.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Professional examination of an animal in different periods of life is carried out in different ways. For example, neonatal (up to 1 month) patients, pediatric (up to six months) and pregnant women are recommended to see a specialist (veterinarian 1 time per month) to identify various pathologies and developmental delays, patients under 8 years of age - once every six months, and geriatric ( older than 8 years) - 1 time in 2-3 months.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp However, it should be remembered that the initial inspection should be carried out by the owner daily for two reasons:
& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp 1) visual detection of various pathological conditions in an animal by a visual method.
& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp 2) To accustom the animal to this procedure (since the animal has not undergone such examinations before, it can get stress that will immediately affect its physical and mental state.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Therefore, it is recommended to start inspecting with the appearance and general behavior of your cat:

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Begin a general inspection from some distance in a calm, natural cat environment. Is the animal active, aggressively evaluate its mobility and gait, how it responds to its name, how it eats, how it goes to the toilet (you will have to examine the animal’s feces and urine despite all your torment).

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Next, we evaluate the coat - if your cat has one (hair adherence, shine, amount of hair, greasy, the presence of tumors on the skin under the coat or the presence of parasites), if there is none, then examine the skin. Then they examine the eyes (whether there is any discharge in what position the third eyelid is located - a white film that is in the inner corner of the eye and sometimes covers the eye), then examine each paw and each finger on the paw, then the tail, anus and genitals (presence foreign secretions of swelling and growths).

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Further, it is possible to measure temperature (if you suspect an increased temperature). The measurement is carried out in the rectum with various thermometers (if possible, the thermometer should not be mercury), for such purposes either special rectal thermometers or "human" electronic ones are suitable. Thermometers with mercury can break in the rectum with severe anxiety of the animal and, in addition, mercury poisoning will appear in the animal. The normal temperature in cats varies in different literary sources in different ways, in Russian mostly 37.5-39.5 ° C. The heart rate is heard either by the ear near the chest or a hand is applied to the place of the heart beat, normally in a calm state it is 80-130 beats per minute, in pregnant women and kittens it can reach 150 strokes.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Normally, a cat (awake) is an active moving animal with a shiny, non-greasy coat. There is no discharge from the eyes, ears, genitals and rectum, the mucous membranes are pale pink (eyes are jaws, genitals). Responds to the name. Feces are well-formed brown or dark brown in color, urine from light yellow to straw yellow with a specific odor. Claws are dense, well-formed, even without damage to creases and delamination.

& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Next you need to weigh your pet. There are several ways to do this:
& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp 1) place the animal in a net and weigh it on a hand scale (steelyard).
& nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp 2) stand on the scales with the cat yourself, and then weigh yourself without it ... after making simple mathematical calculations. You will learn the great secret of cat weight. A sharp increase or weight loss in a short time indicates that a specialist should immediately examine it.

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When a kitten appears in the house, besides delight and joy, it does not bring - a small lump of happiness. But the day comes when the kitten needs to be taken to the veterinarian - the first vaccinations, doctor examinations, and tests.

It is important that the pet is healthy - and this will only provide regular consultations with the veterinarian. There are a lot of clinics. Choose the one that is closer to home. And do not forget to prepare your pet, because for him visiting a doctor is a real stress.

When should the first inspection take place?

If the kitten does not bother, then the first time you visit a veterinarian is not earlier than two months after its birth. Right now the pet needs to be vaccinated. In this case, the vaccine itself is done after 2-4 weeks.

It is better to register in the clinic in advance to avoid standing in line. This is a guarantee that you don’t have to wait long in the corridor - and after all, other animals that the kitten does not want to “be friends” with can be seen here.

How to overcome the path to the clinic?

A kitten on the street, if before that he had never gone out on the street, will surely be worried against the background of thousands of sounds that will surround him. Make sure that the animal is calm along the way. The rules are as follows:

  1. Use a special carrier to transport the animal. There are special bags and cages for cats. But if you carry a pet just in the bosom, with a sharp sound, he can jump out and run away.
  2. To make the kitten less nervous, “introduce” him to the carrier in advance, before going to the veterinarian, let him sniff his “transport” and sit in it.

It is better to take a taxi - faster and calmer. It’s great when the hospital is just around the corner to reach the place in just a couple of minutes.

Inspection of a cat at home

With the help of a manual (physical) examination, you can always accurately assess the mental and physical condition of your cat with fairly high accuracy. Veterinarians often use physical examination in their practice and use it to determine the condition of cats. With some experience and desire, you will quickly learn how to perform a physical examination, just like a veterinarian does. The probability of an accurate diagnosis will be very high and this will save time, due to the fact that you will not need to perform special tests, analyzes and you will not need tools. Examine the cat immediately after or during the annual examination with a veterinarian. Pay attention to the actions of the veterinarian and try to remember all the actions, ask questions along the way, why the doctor does this or that action, how to perform it correctly, try to participate in the examination process, but do not interfere with the doctor. An ordinary cat should be examined every 3 months, if your cat is more than eight years old, then it is recommended to be examined every month.

Examination of a cat in case of injury or injury

If there is an accident with your cat, there was an attack or a fight with another animal, and if the cat was injured in the fall, it was hit by a car or something else, the inspection should be done immediately. If the cat has bleeding, an open wound, or the cat received a real fracture, which you determined during the initial examination, then first you carry out procedures to alleviate the cat’s position (so that the cat does not start a shock condition), and then, if necessary conduct a survey, but not the other way around. Such an examination at home will determine if the cat needs immediate hospitalization or if first aid is enough. But in any case, take the animal to the veterinarian, because an experienced doctor may notice something that you might not even pay attention to.

Cat eye examination

After weighing the cat and measuring its temperature. Begin the inspection of the cat's head. First examine the cat’s eyes. Examine the eyes for blurry, for possible redness of the eyes, traces of discharge (in some breeds this is normal and they should be removed daily, do not confuse, please) or dryness, various sizes of pupils of the right and left eyes. If a cat has one or both eyeballs bulging out, or a third eyelid is observed, then this can be either local irritation or possibly a more serious eye disease. The whites of the eyes of healthy cats are usually exceptionally white. If redness is present, this is a sign of inflammation, the yellowish color of the proteins is a possible sign of jaundice or liver problems in your cat. If you find any deviations from the normal state of the eyes, even if the problem seems insignificant to you, you should contact a veterinary clinic. Because the sooner you find a problem, the easier it will be to solve, and your eyesight and further cat’s health may depend on it.

Cat ears examination

The next step is an examination of the ears. Sniff your ears to detect the presence of bad smell. Then inspect your ears for discharge. Black or dark brown sulfur is a sign of an ear tick. Yellowish and light brown discharge is a sign of a bacterial infection in your cat (in a sufficiently large amount, compare with the healthy state of the cat). Also, non-healing scratches, constant nodding and head swaying are also signs of ear diseases. Although ear diseases in cats are not such common diseases in cats, but if you see the disease in time, in the future this can cause serious problems and complications, and even lead to death. After examining the cat’s eyes and ears, proceed to examining the cat’s mouth and nose.

Cat nose and airway examination

Examine the nasal mucosa for ulcers and tumors. Discharge from a cat's nostrils is a characteristic sign of a cat's disease.
- Green or cloudy discharge in cats may appear due to a bacterial infection or if there is a foreign body in the airways.
- Bloody nasal discharge in cats is due to injuries, tumors, and again foreign bodies.
- Transparent secretions are due to allergies or viral infections. Along the way, cats usually have watery eyes.
- With various discharge from the nose of cats, quite often other characteristic signs are observed, such as loss of appetite due to the fact that the cat cannot smell food. After examining the airways, proceed to examining the mouth.

Cat graze inspection

To examine the mouth, carefully and slowly, taking the head and upper jaw with one hand, tilting the head back and pulling the lower jaw down with the other hand, open the mouth of the animal. The mucous membranes and gums of a healthy cat should be moist and pink. Redness and dry surface can be due to anemia, dehydration or shock, often found with injuries and injuries or other signs of ill health. Continuing the examination of the cat’s mouth, pay attention to spots, abscesses, swelling, swollen gums and tumors. Use a blunt object, such as a spoon, to lift your tongue and carefully examine the space under it. Because, in that place all the sharp objects that appear in the cat’s mouth are often stuck. If you feel an unpleasant odor from the mouth, it may be due to a layer of tartar or gingivitis, there may also be a tumor or some kind of mucosal infection. To prevent tartar from forming, you must regularly monitor your oral cavity and brush your cat's teeth. To remove tartar or gingivitis, you need to go to a veterinary clinic. Do not try to do it yourself, you can damage your cat’s teeth and mucous membranes.

Cat body examination

Continue to examine the cat. From the beginning, run your hands over the cat’s body from head to tail, look for bumps or tumors. If it seemed to you that you found something, carefully examine the symmetrical part of the cat's body, it may be just the anatomical part of the cat's body. If in doubt, consult your veterinarian. Such a seal may turn out to be a cancerous tumor, and this means that the sooner treatment begins, the greater are the chances for your cat to recover soon. Also, the tumor or lump may be enlarged lymph nodes, cystitis, or sometimes it can be a foreign body, hernia, internal hemorrhage, as well as an abscess.

Cat skin examination

After these procedures, examine the cat's hair and skin. Check for cat lice and fleas. Dullness and dislocation of hair in cats may be due to malnutrition or some kind of internal disease. Often, skin diseases in cats can be due to parasites or allergies. In any case, you need to show the cat to the veterinarian, because there can be many causes of skin and hair problems.
Cat pulse check
Then you need to check the cat's pulse. The heart rate is determined on the inside of the hind paw, gently press down and feel for the place where the pulse is best determined. A healthy cat, in a calm state, ranges from 100-140 beats per minute. If you notice abnormalities or when clinical symptoms appear, you must take the animal to a veterinary clinic.

Checking the internal organs of a cat

Lastly, it is necessary to examine the internal organs, carefully squeeze the cat’s belly with your hands behind the chest. Then slowly move your hands, without loosening the pressure, in the direction of the ribs. Therefore, investigate hypersensitivity or soreness in the abdomen of a cat. If you find something abnormal in the internal organs, then contact your veterinary clinic for a consultation. Remember that only a qualified veterinarian can establish an accurate diagnosis and, therefore, prescribe surgical treatment.

Never self-medicate if you are not confident in your actions, and always consult with trusted professionals, then your cat will always be healthy and will delight you for many years with its health and beauty.

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Self-examination of a cat

Even a simple home daily inspection of your pet can help prevent unwanted outcomes of many diseases.

Even a simple home daily inspection of your pet can help prevent unwanted outcomes of many diseases. During which every minute can play a huge role, as well as the physical and mental status of the animal. The most simple and affordable manipulation for cat owners is precisely the inspection.

Any cat owner is able to learn how to carry out such an action as it is not a complicated procedure and takes a little time.

Professional examination of an animal in different periods of life is carried out in different ways. For example, neonatal (up to 1 month) patients, pediatric (up to six months) and pregnant women are recommended to see a specialist (veterinarian 1 time per month) to identify various pathologies and developmental delays, patients under 8 years of age - once every six months, and geriatric ( older than 8 years) - 1 time in 2-3 months.

However, it should be remembered that the initial inspection should be carried out by the owner himself daily for two reasons:
1) visual detection of various pathological conditions in the animal.
2) To accustom the animal to this procedure (since the animal has not undergone such examinations before, it can get stress that will immediately affect its physical and mental state.

Therefore, it is recommended to start inspecting with the appearance and general behavior of your cat:

Begin general inspection from some distance in a calm natural environment for a cat. Is the animal active, aggressively evaluate its mobility and gait, how it responds to its name, how it eats, how it goes to the toilet (you will have to examine the animal’s feces and urine despite all your torment).

Next, an assessment of the coat is carried out - if your cat has one (hair adherence, shine, amount of hair, greasy, presence of tumors on the skin under the coat or the presence of parasites), if there is none, then the skin should be examined accordingly. Then they examine the eyes (whether there is any discharge in what position the third eyelid is located - a white film that is in the inner corner of the eye and sometimes covers the eye), then examine each paw and each finger on the paw, then the tail, anus and genitals (presence foreign secretions of swelling and growths).

Further, it is possible to measure the temperature (if you suspect an increased). The measurement is carried out in the rectum with various thermometers (if possible, the thermometer should not be mercury), for such purposes either special rectal thermometers or "human" electronic ones are suitable. Thermometers with mercury can break in the rectum with severe anxiety of the animal and, in addition, mercury poisoning will appear in the animal. The normal temperature in cats varies in different literary sources in different ways, in Russian mostly 37.5-39.5 ° C. The heart rate is heard either by the ear near the chest or a hand is applied to the place of the heart beat, normally in a calm state it is 80-130 beats per minute, in pregnant women and kittens it can reach 150 strokes.

Normally, a cat (in awake state) is an active moving animal with shiny, non-greasy hair. There is no discharge from the eyes, ears, genitals and rectum, the mucous membranes are pale pink (eyes are jaws, genitals). Responds to the name. Feces are well-formed brown or dark brown in color, urine from light yellow to straw yellow with a specific odor. Claws are dense, well-formed, even without damage to creases and delamination.

Next you need to weigh your pet. There are several ways to do this:
1) place the animal in a net and weigh it on a hand-held scale (steelyard).
2) stand on the scales yourself with the cat, and then weigh yourself without it ... after making simple mathematical calculations. You will learn the great secret of cat weight. A sharp increase or weight loss in a short time indicates that a specialist should immediately examine it.

Even a simple home daily inspection of your pet can help prevent unwanted outcomes of many diseases.

Even a simple home daily inspection of your pet can help prevent unwanted outcomes of many diseases. During which every minute can play a huge role, as well as the physical and mental status of the animal. The most simple and affordable manipulation for cat owners is precisely the inspection.

Any cat owner is able to learn how to carry out such an action as it is not a complicated procedure and takes a little time.

Professional examination of an animal in different periods of life is carried out in different ways. For example, neonatal (up to 1 month) patients, pediatric (up to six months) and pregnant women are recommended to see a specialist (veterinarian 1 time per month) to identify various pathologies and developmental delays, patients under 8 years of age - once every six months, and geriatric ( older than 8 years) - 1 time in 2-3 months.

However, it should be remembered that the initial inspection should be carried out by the owner himself daily for two reasons:
1) visual detection of various pathological conditions in the animal.
2) To accustom the animal to this procedure (since the animal has not undergone such examinations before, it can get stress that will immediately affect its physical and mental state.

Therefore, it is recommended to start inspecting with the appearance and general behavior of your cat:

Begin general inspection from some distance in a calm natural environment for a cat. Is the animal active, aggressively evaluate its mobility and gait, how it responds to its name, how it eats, how it goes to the toilet (you will have to examine the animal’s feces and urine despite all your torment).

Next, an assessment of the coat is carried out - if your cat has one (hair adherence, shine, amount of hair, greasy, presence of tumors on the skin under the coat or the presence of parasites), if there is none, then the skin should be examined accordingly. Then they examine the eyes (whether there is any discharge in what position the third eyelid is located - a white film that is in the inner corner of the eye and sometimes covers the eye), then examine each paw and each finger on the paw, then the tail, anus and genitals (presence foreign secretions of swelling and growths).

Further, it is possible to measure the temperature (if you suspect an increased). The measurement is carried out in the rectum with various thermometers (if possible, the thermometer should not be mercury), for such purposes either special rectal thermometers or "human" electronic ones are suitable. Thermometers with mercury can break in the rectum with severe anxiety of the animal and, in addition, mercury poisoning will appear in the animal. The normal temperature in cats varies in different literary sources in different ways, in Russian mostly 37.5-39.5 ° C. The heart rate is heard either by the ear near the chest or a hand is applied to the place of the heart beat, normally in a calm state it is 80-130 beats per minute, in pregnant women and kittens it can reach 150 strokes.

Normally, a cat (in awake state) is an active moving animal with shiny, non-greasy hair. There is no discharge from the eyes, ears, genitals and rectum, the mucous membranes are pale pink (eyes are jaws, genitals). Responds to the name. Feces are well-formed brown or dark brown in color, urine from light yellow to straw yellow with a specific odor. Claws are dense, well-formed, even without damage to creases and delamination.

Next you need to weigh your pet. There are several ways to do this:
1) place the animal in a net and weigh it on a hand-held scale (steelyard).
2) stand on the scales yourself with the cat, and then weigh yourself without it ... after making simple mathematical calculations. You will learn the great secret of cat weight. A sharp increase or weight loss in a short time indicates that a specialist should immediately examine it.

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