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Pork Badger

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Theleda, or pork badger (lat. Arctonyx collaris) is a predatory mammal in the subfamily of badgers.

Spread

The habitat of Teledu Southeast Asia: Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, about. Sumatra.

Appearance

The main characteristic of the telecad is its pink, movable nose, similar to a pig’s nickel, which is why the animal got its second name, “pig badger”. The nose is covered with sparse hair. Paws are short, thick. On the front legs are huge bright claws adapted for digging. The body is stocky, dense, oblong. The head is oblong conical in shape. The fur is medium length. The eyes are small, wide apart. The tail is long.

The fur is gray or yellowish brown; there are black and white spots on the face. The sides and hind limbs are yellowish gray in the calf; the forelimbs and back are dark. The throat, neck and ears are whitish. The muzzle is white with two black stripes that extend from the upper lip through the eyes and ears to the neck. The lower body, legs and feet are dark.

The length of the body with the head 55-70 cm, tail 12-17 cm. Weight 7-14 kg.

Breeding

Virtually nothing is known about the reproduction of the pig badger. The breeding season is supposedly in May, puppies are born the next year in February-March. Based on this, it is assumed that the telecenter has a delay in the development of embryos.

Pregnancy lasts about 10 months. A female teledu gives birth to 2-4 puppies (an average of 3). Newborns weigh 58 g. Lactation lasts up to 4 months. The size of an adult animal puppies reach 7-8 months.

Lifestyle

Teledu has a wide variety of habitats - forested plains, alpine forests and hills (the teledu rises to 3,500 m above sea level), forest areas, tropical forests (jungle), and agricultural fields.

It leads a nocturnal lifestyle (but in India it can also be seen early in the morning or late in the evening), hiding in a hole dug by it during the day or hiding in natural shelters (hollows under stones or boulders, in river beds). Peak activity in China from 3 to 5 in the morning and from 19 to 21 in the evening. When attacked by a predator, it protects itself with its claws and strong teeth. The telecud has thick skin that protects it well from the teeth of enemies. Painting also serves as a warning that it is dangerous and it is better to leave it alone. Like other Kunim, he has anal glands that secrete a pungent secret. There is evidence that from November to February (March), the teledus fall into winter sleep.

Most likely, leads a solitary lifestyle, because most often they are met one at a time. Sometimes there are females that move with their offspring in the area of ​​the den.

Nutrition

The diet of teleda includes: earthworms, invertebrates, roots, root crops and fruits, small mammals. He finds food thanks to his sense of smell, and with the help of molars and incisors of the lower jaw he digs it out of the ground.

Number

The exact population size is unknown. It is believed that the pig badger is endangered. View listed in the Red Book of India.

Teleduand man

The local population (India, Vietnam) preys on a badger because of its fat and skin. Teledu affects the invertebrate population. When searching for feed, he digs the earth, than he loosens and airs it. It damages crops. Small animals use badger burrows for their own purposes. It is believed that the telecenter may be a carrier of rabies, but there is no exact evidence for this.

Pig Badger

Pig Badger - Arctonyx collaris - An inhabitant of the tropics of Southeast Asia. It is found in Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, as well as on the island of Sumatra. Pig badgers live in wooded areas throughout their range, occurring both in the jungle on the plains and in alpine forests up to a height of 3000 m.

The most characteristic feature of the appearance of a pig-bearing badger is its nose. The face of a badger copies a pig, and its nose is very much like a pigskin patch, long, mobile and devoid of hair. On the other hand, the swine badger resembles a Eurasian badger. he has the same elongated dense body on short thick legs. The head is oblong, conical in shape. The eyes are small, wide apart. The color of the pig-bearing badger is the same as its relative from Eurasia, with some noticeable differences. The fur of medium length is gray or yellowish-brown, on the front part there are black and white marks. The face itself is mostly white with two black stripes extending from the nose, above the eyes and ears to the neck. In some individuals, a second, lower strip is visible, extending from the corners of the mouth through the cheeks to the ears, where it passes into the upper strip. The legs, feet and lower body are black. White throat - unlike a Eurasian badger, which has a black throat. The tail of a pig-bearing badger is longer, the forepaws with white claws (black in a Eurasian badger).

Pig-bearing badgers are omnivorous, feed on worms, invertebrates, roots, root crops and fruits. Sometimes they eat small mammals. They find their food, relying on a well-developed instinct, sniffing out worms from under the ground. With the help of molars and incisors of the lower jaw, badgers dig up worms, which make up their main food.

Little is known about the breeding of pig-bearing badgers; most of the information was obtained from observations of these animals in a zoo. So, a female who arrived in June 1977 from China to the Toronto Zoo gave birth to two cubs in February of the following year. The partners mated several times between April and September, the female brought the second litter in April of the following year. It is suggested that in pig-bearing badgers there is a delay in the development of the embryo. while pregnancy lasts 6 weeks. In nature, the mating season is extended. There is evidence that in northern China, cubs are born in April. Little is known about the development of the cubs, with the exception of the fact that one of the cubs from the Toronto Zoo has reached the size of an adult animal at the age of 7-8 months.

Regarding the social life of this animal, fragmentary information. According to reports from India, swine badgers are found one at a time, which indicates his solitary lifestyle. They lead a nocturnal life, occasionally appearing at dusk, during the day they sit in shelters that they arrange in burrows dug by them or in rocky crevices. Other information that young badgers are very playful.

The natural enemies of badgers are tigers and leopards. It is not easy for other predators to cope with a badger: it is armed with large claws and strong teeth, it has thick skin and a persistent, stubborn character.
Another badger pursuer is man. Badger is hunted throughout its habitat; locals in India and Vietnam highly value badger fat. Another danger to the species is the reduction of habitat habitats. Even the approximate abundance of the pig-bearing badger has not been established, so it can be assumed that the species is threatened with extinction.

The following subspecies are highlighted:

Arctonyx collaris collaris - Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, southeastern spurs of the Himalayas.
Arctonyx collaris dictator - the largest of the subspecies, lives in Thailand, Vietnam and in the north of Myanmar (Burma).
Arctonyx collaris hoevi - Sumatra
Arctonyx collaris leucolaemus - northern China
Arctonyx collaris albugularis - South China
Arctonyx collaris consul - southern Assam and Myanmar

Habitat, badger species

Badgers are found in Africa, Eurasia and North America. They came from a marten-like ancestral form that inhabited the tropical forests of Asia. Species such as the teledu, Malay and ferret, and today inhabit this region.

Common badgers are more widespread. They live in a vast territory stretching from Ireland to Japan, including the Mediterranean islands with an arid climate, the northern forests of Scandinavia, as well as the semi-deserts of Israel and Jordan. They are most numerous in places of mosaic scattered forests and pastures, they try to avoid large forest areas. This species is found in the vicinity of cities, city parks and gardens.

In Russia, a badger lives almost everywhere beyond the Ural Mountains, it is not only in the far north and in areas with very arid terrain.

In nature, there are 10 species of badgers in 6 genera. Get to know them better.

Badger subfamily (Melinae)

This subfamily includes 8 species in 4 genera.

The common badger (Meles meles) is found in the forests and steppes of Europe, in Asia south to Palestine and Iran, east to eastern China, Korea, Japan. Coloring is gray-black from above, gray from below. It is distinguished by alternating white and black stripes on its face. A black stripe runs from each side from nose to ear.

Javanese (Mydaus javanensis) lives in Borneo, Java, Sumatra. Coloring is dark brown or blackish. There is a white strip or a series of white spots on the head and back.

Palawan (Mydaus marchei) lives on the grassy plains and agricultural land of the islands of Palawan and Busuanga. Above, the color is from dark brown to black, the muzzle is white with a yellowish tint, a yellowish strip passes along the back.

Teledu (Arctonyx collaris) lives in the forest zone of China and Indochina, as well as in Sumatra and Thailand. The back is yellow, gray or blackish, the ears and tail are white, the abdomen and extremities are black, dark stripes on the muzzle pass through the eyes.

Ferret Badgers

4 species of the genus Melogale: Burmese (India, Nepal), East (Southeast Asia, Java, Bali), Chinese (China, Taiwan, Burma), Ferret badger Everett (Borneo).

Subfamily Honey badger Mellivorinae

Honey badger (Mellivora capensis) is the only representative of the genus. Lives in the savannahs and dense forests of Africa. The upper part from head to tail is white, often with an admixture of gray or brown. The sides, lower body and limbs are black.

Subfamily Taxidienae

American Badger (Taxidea taxus) is the only species of the genus. It occurs from southeastern Canada and the north of the central United States to Mexico in the south. It is easy to recognize by the reddish-gray fur on the back and the white stripe on the face.

The body length of these animals is from 32 cm (Palawan, ferret) to almost 1 meter (ordinary). They weigh from 2 to 24 kilograms depending on the type. The body of the animals is massive, squat, in shape it resembles a heavy drop, gradually expanding from the muzzle to the tail. With other members of the family (mink, marten, weasel) in the appearance they are only related by short legs.

The fur of the animals is long and thick, but rough. The muzzle of all species is colored in a peculiar way: from distinct bands in an ordinary badger to a characteristic mask in ferrets.

Ordinary, American and Malay species are perfectly adapted to digging holes. They have a dense body, short limbs, well-developed muscles and powerful claws. In the Javanese species, the fingers on the forepaws have grown together, which is probably a special adaptation to digging. Taxidea taxus are such excellent diggers that in case of danger they can dig a rescue shelter and disappear from the field of view of the enemy in just a couple of minutes. In contrast, primitive ferret badgers are more reminiscent of martens.

Lifestyle in nature

The badger is active at dusk and at night, in the daytime it can be seen very rarely.

Most species are characterized by a solitary lifestyle. Only Meles meles prefers to live in families. On a common territory in one or more common holes, up to 20-25 individuals can live. An interesting distinctive feature of animals is the lack of a stable social hierarchy between adults.

The reasons why ordinary badgers live in groups are not fully understood. Perhaps this is due to weather conditions and the availability of feed, since this is typical only for areas with a temperate climate and a fairly high rainfall. In those places where food resources are limited and the climate is arid, animals prefer to live in pairs in a large area of ​​4-5 km2, or lead a solitary lifestyle. Alone in the summer often wander, and near the holes appear only in the fall.

Badger holes (hillforts)

All types of badgers live in holes. The construction and beautification of holes, which are also called towns or hillforts, is an especially important part in the life of these animals.

The holes of ordinary badgers have the most complex structure. These are grandiose, multi-tiered, with complex labyrinths of the structure. They are being built, completed, repaired. From year to year the family inhabits one settlement, it is passed on from generation to generation. It is known that some towns have been used by animals for hundreds of years.

The largest of the studied holes was 879 meters of tunnels and had 129 exits. The construction of this structure was carried out by many generations of animals and required the removal of 62 tons of soil!

Burrows they prefer to dig in dry sandy and sandy loamy soils with a deep level of occurrence of groundwater. The proximity of settlements does not scare them, if only the dwelling was in a secluded place.

These animals are very attached to their home, in their home-style they are somewhat akin to beavers. Both in the hole and in the adjacent territory, they always have cleanliness and order, unlike, for example, foxes and raccoon dogs. The animals are lined with dry leaves and grass on the bottom of the chamber, even in winter they always have a supply of dry litter. Restrooms they arrange outside the castle. Such a diligent attitude to the state of their housing is not surprising, because they spend most of their lives at home.

Diet

Badgers are omnivores. They eat a variety of insects and other invertebrates, chicks and bird eggs, frogs and lizards, as well as fruits and tubers. In search of food, our heroes most of the time rummaging in the ground and in the forest litter.

Ordinary badgers living on the British Isles were called “worm specialists,” since earthworms make up their main diet. One individual can eat several hundred worms per night. In other places, animals feed more diversely. So, the menu of animals from southern Spain includes rabbits, and in Italy, in addition to insects, they eat olives.

An ordinary badger, thanks to long claws and thick skin, attacks even hedgehogs!

Among all species, only American ones are highly specialized predators. Their diet consists of burrows (meadow dogs, ground squirrels, gophers). If there is enough food, badgers sometimes hunt with coyotes. Such a partnership benefits both types.

Do badgers hibernate?

In areas with a temperate climate, food is scarce in winter, so animals store fat in the fall. In the cold, they survive only thanks to these reserves. American badgers in winter in the coldest time hibernate and within two months may not go out of the hole to the surface.

As for the ordinary, animals living in the northern regions fall into hibernation. The individuals inhabiting the southern territories are active all year round, although their activity may decrease and they will not leave their burrows for several days or even weeks.

In the northern regions of Russia, badgers hibernate in the second half of October, and wake up in mid-April. Their sleep is shallow. Sometimes, being disturbed, or during the winter thaw, they wake up and go out of their holes.

Propagation Features

Due to the nature of the formation of groups, almost all of their members are close relatives.Therefore, during the breeding season, many individuals go to neighboring sites in search of partners.

An interesting feature of ordinary badgers is an unusual reproductive cycle with delayed implantation. Whenever mating occurs, the development of fertilized eggs is delayed until mid-winter. Thus, pregnancy can last from 270 to 450 days, and badgers are born in February, March or April.

A similar system is typical for American badgers. Since pregnancy occurs in the middle of winter, when animals are inactive or in hibernation, both the mother and the developing fetus exist only due to accumulated fat. Apparently, therefore, newborn babies are very small relative to the size of their mother.

The babies open their eyes only at the beginning of the second month of life, after another month they begin to leave the hole, and at three months they eat on their own. With the onset of autumn, young badgers separate from adults and leave their home.

Enemies

Our hero has few enemies. In addition to the sharp unpleasant smell, the animals are known for their remarkable strength and ferocity, which they immediately demonstrate in the event of a threat. There are known cases of death of dogs during normal hunting after a fight with a badger. And yet, animals often become prey of other predators. So, leopards prey on teleda. In Russian forests, animals are threatened by wolves and lynxes.

But the main enemy of this beast is a person who is interested in badger fat (he is credited with miraculous healing properties), and, to a lesser extent, fur (he does not have special value).

Badger meat, when cooked properly, is quite edible, but hunters do not often use it for food.

Hog-badger

1 pork badger

2 teledu

3 pork badger

4 teledu

5 badger, pork

6 teledu

7 2380

8 Things are going great, like a fat hog in the mud.

9 female member badger game

10 male party badger game

11 take part in a badger game

12 participating in the badger game

13 party badger game

14 blackmail (smb.) during a badger game

15 blackmail during a badger game

16 Hog

17 Badger Meter, Inc.

18 Badger Paper Mills, Inc.

19 Badger truck center

20 Hang on hog

See also in other dictionaries:

Hog badger - Taxobox name = Hog Badger image w> Wikipedia

hog badger - noun southeast Asian badger with a snout like a pig • Syn: ↑ hog nosed badger, ↑ sand badger, ↑ Arctonyx collaris • Hypernyms: ↑ badger • Member Holonyms: ↑ Arctonyx, ↑ genus Arctonyx ... Useful english dictionary

hog-badger - kiaulinis barsukas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Arctonyx collaris angl. hog badger vok. Schweinsdachs rus. pork badger, teledu pranc. blaireau à gorge blanche ryšiai: platesnis terminas - ... ... Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

hog badger - / ˈhɒg bædʒə / ​​(say hog bajuh) noun a nocturnal omnivorous mammal, Arctonyx collaris, with brown hair, a white throat, a long white striped face, and a stocky body, native to South East Asian tropical forests ... Australian English dictionary

Hog-nosed skunk - Scientific> Wikipedia

Badger - For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). Badger European badger Scientific> Wikipedia

badger - / baj euhr /, n. 1. any of various burrowing, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustel> Universalium

hog-nosed badger - noun southeast Asian badger with a snout like a pig • Syn: ↑ hog badger, ↑ sand badger, ↑ Arctonyx collaris • Hypernyms: ↑ badger • Member Holonyms: ↑ Arctonyx, ↑ genus Arctonyx ... Useful english dictionary

Hog Island (Virginia) - Hog Island, Virginia is a barrier island located in Northampton County, Virginia that is a part of the Virginia Coast Reserve of The Nature Conservancy. Starting in the m> Wikipedia

hog-nosed skunk - noun large naked muzzled skunk with white back and tail, of southwestern North America and Mexico • Syn: ↑ hognosed skunk, ↑ badger skunk, ↑ rooter skunk, ↑ Conepatus leuconotus • Hypernyms: ↑ skunk, ↑ polecat, ↑ wood ... Useful english dictionary

hog-nosed skunk - / hawg nohzd, hog /, n. 1. Also called badger skunk, rooter skunk. a large, naked muzzled skunk, Conepatus mesoleucus, common in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, having a black coat with one broad white stripe down the back and tail. 2. Also ... ... Universalium

badger skunk - noun large naked muzzled skunk with white back and tail, of southwestern North America and Mexico • Syn: ↑ hog nosed skunk, ↑ hognosed skunk, ↑ rooter skunk, ↑ Conepatus leuconotus • Hypernyms: ↑ skunk, ↑ polecat, ↑ ... Useful english dictionary

badger skunk. - See hog nosed skunk (def. 1). * * * ... Universalium

badger skunk. - See hog nosed skunk (def. 1) ... Useful english dictionary

American hog-nosed skunk - Conservation status Least Concern (... Wikipedia

Humboldt's hog-nosed skunk - Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1 ... Wikipedia

Description of Pig Badger

Arctonyx collaris (pork badger) from the family of marten is constantly referred to as the herd, which is incorrect and caused by an error made by academician Vladimir Sokolov in his work “Systematics of mammals” (Volume III). In fact, the name “teledu” belongs to the species Mydaus javanensis (probe smelly badger) from the genus Mydaus, omitted by Sokolov during systematization.

Appearance

A pig badger is almost no different from other badgers, except that it has a more elongated face with a characteristic dirty pink patch, overgrown with sparse hair. An adult pork badger grows to 0.55–0.7 m and weighs 7–14 kg. This is a stocky, medium-sized predator with a dense elongated body, planted on thick legs. The forelimbs are armed with powerful, highly curved claws, perfectly adapted for digging.

The neck is not pronounced, because of which the body practically merges with the head, which has a conical shape. The light muzzle is crossed by two broad dark stripes that extend from the upper lip to the neck (through the eyes and auricles). The ears of a pig badger are small, completely covered with wool. The eyes are small and wide apart. The tail of medium length (12–17 cm) resembles a disheveled brush, and on the whole the hairline of the predator is rather rough and rare.

On the back, yellowish-brown, gray or dark brown hair grows, similar in tone to the fur covering the forelimbs. The hind limbs with sides are sometimes somewhat lighter and have a yellowish gray tint. The belly, paws and feet are usually dark, and a light (almost white) color, except for the muzzle, is also noticeable at the tips of the ears, throat, ridge (fragmentary) and tail. In a pig badger, like in other badgers, the anal glands are well developed.

Lifestyle, behavior

The pig badger is tied to its hole and leads a settled life, not moving further from its permanent home by more than 400-500 m. The personal area increases in radius only where there is not enough food, due to which the predator is removed from the hole by 2-3 km . With an abundance of food, animals settle close to each other, having holes in one slope of the ravine. Burrows dig independently or use natural shelters, for example, drifts of branches in the river or voids under stones.

It is interesting! They spend a lot of time in the hole: in winter - not even a day, but weeks. In the harshest months (from November to February – March), pork badgers fall into hibernation, which, however, is never prolonged, like many badgers, but takes several days.

In his own dug hole he lives for years, expanding, deepening and adding knots, which makes it extremely branched and complex: replacing 2–5 outlets comes with 40–50 new holes. True, there are a couple of main tunnels in constant operation, the rest are in reserve status, used in case of danger or for badgers crawling out into fresh air.

Pork badgers are prone to reclusion and usually scour for food one at a time. The exception is females with cubs, collectively collecting pasture near the den.

The badger’s hole is surprisingly clean - there are no half-eaten leftovers (like a fox) or feces. Following inborn cleanliness, the beast equips latrines in bushes / tall grass, as a rule, far from housing.

Recently it turned out that the pig badger is awake not only at night (as previously thought), but also during the day. In addition, the predator is almost not afraid of people and, unlike many wild animals, does not lurk, moving through the forest. He sniffs loudly, throwing his nose over the ground, and makes a lot of noise when moving, which is especially audible among dry foliage and grass.

Important! His vision is poor - he sees only moving objects, and his hearing is the same as that of a person. Orient in space to the animal helps acute sense of smell, developed better than other senses.

In a calm state, the animal grunts, in an irritated state it grumbles abruptly, turning to a piercing screech when fighting with relatives or meeting enemies. A pig badger can swim, but it goes into water by urgent need.

Types of Pork Badger

Currently, 6 subspecies of the pig badger are described, which differ not so much in the exterior as in the area of ​​habitat:

  • Arctonyx collaris collaris - Assam, Bhutan, Sikkim and the southeastern spurs of the Himalayas,
  • Arctonyx collaris albugularis - Southern China,
  • Arctonyx collaris dictator - Vietnam, Thailand and North Burma,
  • Arctonyx collaris consul - Myanmar and southern Assam,
  • Arctonyx collaris leucolaemus - Northern China,
  • Arctonyx collaris hoevi - Sumatra.

Important! Not all zoologists identify 6 subspecies of Arctonyx collaris: the compilers of the IUCN Red List are sure that the pork badger has only 3 subspecies.

Habitat, habitat

Pig Badger lives in Southeast Asia and is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, India, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia and the island of Sumatra.

The continuous distribution of the species is observed in northeast India, as well as in Bangladesh, where a record number of animals live in the southeast of the country.

In Bangladesh, the range of the swarm badger covers:

  • Chunoti Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • University of Chittagong campus,
  • Fashahali Wildlife Sanctuary,
  • northeast (Sylhet, Habigondzh and Mulovibazar districts),
  • Lazachara National Park.

In Laos, animals primarily inhabit the northern, central, and southern parts of the country, and in Vietnam, the range of the pork badger is highly fragmented. The species inhabits both heavy tropical forests (deciduous and evergreen), and floodplain valleys, agricultural land and light forests. In the mountainous areas of the badger pork can be found above 3.5 km above sea level.

Breeding and offspring

The mating season falls, as a rule, in May, but the appearance of offspring is delayed - the cubs are born after 10 months, which is explained by the lateral stage, in which the development of the embryo is delayed.

In February – March of the following year, a female badger brings 2 to 6, but more often three completely helpless and blind puppies, weighing 70–80 g.

It is interesting! Cubs develop rather slowly, gaining auricles by 3 weeks of age, opening eyes at 35–42 days and acquiring teeth by 1 month.

During the formation of teeth, the so-called reduction is noted, when the cutting of primary teeth is stopped, but at the age of 2.5 months the permanent growth begins. Zoologists associate this phenomenon with long exclusively milk feeding and late, but rapid switching to pasture.

Female lactation lasts approximately 4 months. Little badgers willingly frolic and play with brothers / sisters, but, growing up, they lose their teamwork skills and desire to communicate. Pork badgers acquire reproductive functions by 7–8 months.

Natural enemies

The pig badger has several devices that help protect against natural enemies, including large felines (leopard, tiger, cheetah) and humans.

It is interesting! Powerful teeth and strong claws are involved in two directions at once: a badger quickly tears the ground to hide from leopards / tigers, or fights them if the escape failed.

A striking longitudinal-striped coloring acts as a visual repeller, impressive, by the way, by no means all predators. The next barrier is thick skin, designed to protect against deep wounds, as well as the caustic secret secreted by the ductal glands.

Population and species status

The current trend of the Arctonyx collaris population as of 2018 is recognized as decreasing. In the IUCN Red List, the pig badger is listed among vulnerable species due to the constant decline in numbers. One of the main threats is hunting, which is especially common in Vietnam and India, where a badger is mined due to its thick skin and fat. It is expected that the rate of decline will increase, in particular, in Myanmar and Cambodia. The situation in Cambodia is exacerbated by the demand for pork badger from traditional medicine, which is practiced as much as possible in rural areas.

The number of badgers is also reduced due to the destruction of their usual habitat under the pressure of the agricultural sector. A slight decrease in the population is predicted on about. Sumatra and most of China. In Lao PDR and Vietnam, pig badgers often fall into metal traps designed to capture large ungulates. The geography of using such traps has expanded over the past 20 years, and this trend continues.

Important! In addition, the species is at increased risk due to a partially daytime lifestyle and lack of innate secrecy. Pork badgers have little fear of people who often come to the forest with dogs and weapons.

Hunting is still the main threat in the eastern areas of the range, without playing a significant role in the western. A lot of pork badgers die during periodic flooding of the floodplain in the Kaziranga National Park (India). Claims to the pig badger by mankind are in a couple of points: firstly, animals, breaking the soil, harm crops, and secondly, with a high degree of probability, are carriers of rabies.

Arctonyx collaris is protected by law in Thailand, at the state level in India, and in accordance with the Wildlife Act (2012) in Bangladesh. The pig badger is not legally protected in Vietnam / Cambodia, and is the largest defenseless mammal, with the exception of Sus scrofa (wild boar), in Myanmar. Only the sows Arctonyx collaris are included in the China Red List.

Conservation in nature

The number of populations is strongly influenced by the extinction of their original habitats, the pursuit by humans and the destruction of burrows and underground repositories. But even with the extermination of these animals as pests or carriers of infectious diseases, the population remains high. Of all the species, only two - the Palawan and ferret badger Everett is really in danger.

Javanese ferret badgers and several endemic subspecies suffer from the destruction of their habitats as a result of deforestation. Other species also conflict with humans. Thus, the number of American species has decreased significantly due to the destruction of rodents, which make up their main prey. Ordinary are undesirable neighbors for farmers, as they are considered carriers of cattle tuberculosis.

An increase in the number of these mammals is observed where they have long been taken under protection. The fact that common badgers thrive in conditions seriously altered by agriculture and urbanization suggests that animals have learned to adapt well to changing environmental conditions.

The life expectancy of badgers in nature is up to 10-12 years, in captivity animals are known that survived to 25 years.

Badgers and honey badgers (Melinae, Tax>

ROD BARSUKI (MELES)

Until recently, this genus from the family. Kunih was considered monotypic, recently in it began to distinguish 2-3 species. Large (body length up to 90 cm, weight up to 16-24 kg), heavy build, with a narrow wedge-shaped head. Short paws with powerful claws. The fur is rather coarse, coloring is a combination of black and whitish tones. Skull with powerful crests. The molars are small, the first molars are enlarged, with a flat pressing crown. Inhabit the deciduous forests of the temperate zone and forest-steppes of Eurasia, in the mountains up to 3000 m above sea level. seas. They are territorial, live in family groups, dig complex burrows. Wintering. Omnivores. Monogamies, rut in spring and summer, pregnancy 9-12 months, litter of up to 6 cubs. Maturity at the age of 2-3 years, life expectancy up to 16 years. Produced for the sake of skin, fat.

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