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For the national economy - a Moscow watchdog dog: characteristics and description of the breed, differences from St. Bernard

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The main characteristics of the breed:

Height:Female: 66 - 73 cm, male: 68 - 78 cm
Weight:Female: 45 - 60 kg, male: 55 - 68 kg
Character:Stubborn, Smart, Independent, Trainee, Security, Strong
Color:Red with white
Lifetime:10-12 years
Standard:RKF Standard (Not recognized by FCI)
Community:dog breed Moscow Watchdog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

Shortly after the end of World War II, on the orders of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, the Central School of Military Dog Breeding “Red Star” was instructed to restore the number of service dogs, thereby ensuring the needs of the national economy. The country needed large guard dogs, unpretentious, resilient, manageable, capable of performing various tasks in difficult climatic conditions from Siberia to Central Asia. The main task assigned to military dog ​​handlers was to create a large, strong, well-developed powerful skeleton and sculptured muscles, a harmoniously built dog with guard and guard qualities, amenable to training, and unpretentious maintenance. These qualities should have been steadfastly inherited.

In the late 40s. Major Nikolai I. Bortnikov, the head of the breeding kennel, under the leadership of the professor-biologist N.A. Ilyin and the commander of the Central School of Military Dog Breeding “Red Star”, Major General G.P. Medvedev began interbreeding.

For several years, dog handlers have been looking for what appearance should be given to the Moscow watchdog, distinguishing it from the original breeds: tails and ears were stopped for dogs.

In 1958, the first published standard of the Moscow watchdog appeared in the Catalog of the 22nd Moscow City Exhibition of Service Dogs.

In the 60s, the breed became more popular.

In 1985, the Moscow Watchdog breed group was recognized as a breed.

In 1990, the All-Union Club of the Breed was created and registered in the Federation of Service Dog Breeding in Moscow. It was renamed All-Russian in 1992, since the USSR did not become.

Currently, the breed is an intermediate between St. Bernard and the Caucasian Shepherd, which combines the best qualities inherited from both breeds. It is significantly superior to St. Bernard in the strength of the skeleton, front and hind limbs and muscular development.

BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT

Moscow Watchdog is a self-confident, balanced, independent and contact dog. It has excellent guard and security qualities. The Moscow watchdog will always guard the territory allotted for it. Protecting the owner is also her primary concern. These dogs know no fear and never back down. As a rule, when keeping this dog in the family, she does not choose one owner for herself.

FACIAL REGION

Nose The nose is large, wide, black.

Muzzle: Slightly shorter than the cranial part, wide, dull, deep, voluminous, well filled under the eyes. The lines of the forehead and muzzle are parallel.

Lips: Thick, fleshy, black.

Cheekbones: Well developed.

Jaws / Teeth: The jaws are powerful, wide. The teeth are large, white, tightly adjacent to each other, only 42 teeth. Scissor bite.

Eyes: Small, dark, rounded, deep, wide and straight set, eyes calm, confident. The eyelids are black, dense, moderately dry.

Ears: Small, hanging on the cartilage, triangular in shape with rounded ends, adjacent to the cheekbones with the front edge, set above the line of the eyes, with hairs.

Medium length, oval in cross section, with well-developed musculature, moderately high set, scruff is well defined, small suspension is allowed

HOUSING

The body is solid, somewhat stretched, well balanced, proportional, voluminous, deep.

The withers are high, wide, long, muscular, well developed, especially in males. The withers are preferably slightly higher than the sacrum.

The back is strong, straight, wide, muscular.

The loin is short, wide, muscular, slightly convex.

The croup is wide, muscular, moderately long, slightly sloping.

The chest is deep, long, wide, with convex long ribs, markedly expanding to the back of the body. The front of the chest protrudes somewhat in relation to the shoulder-scapular joints.

The lower chest is at or below the elbows. The stomach is moderately tightened.

FOREQUARTERS

Seen from the front, straight and parallel. The shoulder blades are long, obliquely set, forming an angle of about 90-100 degrees with the humerus bones. The shoulders are muscular, the forearms are straight, moderately long, massive. Elbows are directed strictly back. Metacarpus short, wide, strong, slightly sloping. Paws are large, rounded, arched, in a lump, the pads are fleshy, thick, claws of any color.

HINDQUARTERS

Seen from the rear, straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the front. The thighs are not long, set with a slight slope. The hips and legs are almost equal in length. The angles of the knee and hock joints are moderately pronounced, clearly defined. Metatarsus plumb, short, wide.

Paws are oval, arched, in a lump with fleshy thick pads, claws of any color. Dewclaws should be removed.

Color

Piebald, spotted: white with spots of red, red-black, black-red, sable, the presence of a red tint in the color is required.

Mandatory white chest, forelimbs to the elbow and hind to the lower leg, tail end, preferred speckles on a white background of any of the above colors, dark glasses, blackness on the ears.

The desired color is as follows: a dark head, thanks to a black mask (full or without it), black glasses and ears, in contrast with a lighter colored body, with reddish spots separated from the white color by distinctly expressed sable borders.

Historical reference

The first mention of Moscow watchdogs begins since the 50s of the last century. The economy destroyed by the war of the country required large hardy dogs, good guards, unpretentious care. The government ordered the start of experiments to breed a new breed.

The work was carried out in the nursery "Red Star". The best qualities of the Caucasian Shepherd, St. Bernard, Russian pinto hound were taken as the basis of the new breed. As a result of the crossing, the scientists managed to get the desired result.

Description of the breed was made in 1958, and in 1985 the standard was published with obtaining the official status of the breed of regional importance.

Breed description

There is no FCI standard; it is part of the breeds outside the classification.

RKF standard of April 23, 2008, Moscow Watchdog.
Group 2 “Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossians, Mountain and Swiss Cattle Dogs”.
Section 2 "Molosses".

According to the exterior standard, preferred height for males - 77-78 cm, for females - 72-73 cm. The lower value is within 66-68 cm. There is no upper limit to growth.
Weight: males - from 55 kg and more, bitches - from 45 kg.

This is a harmoniously developed, muscular large breed with thick coat and dark eyes.

The color of the coat is red-piebald, spotted: white with red spots, red-black spots, black-red, sable, the presence of a red shade in the color is mandatory. Mandatory white chest, forelimbs to the elbow and hind to the lower leg, tail end, preferred speckles on a white background of any of the above colors, dark glasses, blackness on the ears.

The chest and the front of the neck, paws from below, the tip of the tail should be white.


Representatives of the breed stand out with a large head with a high forehead. The nose is well developed, with large nostrils. Eyes set wide, calm look. When a dog is worried, it expresses emotions with dense eyebrows.

The tips of the triangular ears with hanging hair are lowered forward to the cheekbones. A powerful, athletically folded body goes into equally strong limbs. A wide straight back ends with a fluffy tail.

Moscow watchdogs live relatively shortly, on average 8-10 years.

Differences from St. Bernard

How to distinguish Moscow watchdog from St. Bernard? This is not easy, the differences are minimal, although they are.

Breed characteristics

In memory of their ancestors, Moscow watchdogs inherited features of their character. Individuals in which St. Bernard’s blood predominates are phlegmatic and even lazy, balanced enough, but worse guarded. On the contrary the genes of Caucasian shepherd dogs give the guard a short temper, greater mobility and lightness.

They faithfully serve one owner, excellent security guards, ideal for guard duty. Despite the apparent slowness, the Moscow guard shepherd is very energetic.

Given the difficult nature by nature, the training of the Moscow watchdog at home begins from an early age. The first behavioral skills and the simplest teams instill a puppy as soon as he begins to master in the outside world. The training process can take 2-3 years.

Do not worry if, after some time, your pet has forgotten some commands or stopped playing with your favorite items. The younger watchdogs are prioritized. The safety of the hosts comes first.

Moscow Watchdog: the characteristics of the breed dictate some rules. From the first days, the puppy should not be allowed to bite, even as a joke, because bites will become the norm for an adult dog. Do not approach the animal while eating, much less try to pick up a bowl. Corporal punishment is also unacceptable.

You should teach your dog a muzzle from an early age: love for the owners on the street is transformed into incredulity and aggressiveness towards strangers.

Pros and cons

Before you become the owner of a cute puppy, you should carefully weigh all the positive and negative sides. Advantages of the Moscow Watchdog:

  • well give in to education and training,
  • can be a companion, and a protective, service, guard dog,
  • quickly find a common language with all family members,
  • they are easy to maintain in the aviary, special care is not required.

The disadvantages of the breed:

  • special training is needed in order to fully control and use the strong qualities of the breed,
  • full growth requires a large amount of balanced feed,
  • plentiful molting,
  • too massive to keep in the apartment.

Care and maintenance

A private house, which they will reliably guard, is ideal for the Moscow watchdog. These dogs are able to withstand winter frosts to -50 degrees. Therefore, a booth is enough for them to shelter from the wind, and a fenced area for walking, a spacious enclosure. The main thing is the complete absence of a chain or any leash.

If the watchman is planned to be kept in a city apartment, a prerequisite will be 2-3 daily walks. The duration of the stay on the street is about 1-2 hours.

If the Moscow watchdog is a bitch, you should take care of possible offspring in advance. In the later stages of pregnancy, the expectant mother is taught to the place where she will have to give birth. For her and the puppies, they will equip a special spacious booth with protection from the wind or a place in the house, shed or garage.

The breed has a thick undercoat, therefore Shedding with varying degrees of intensity occurs throughout the year. The dog will have to be thoroughly combed out with a special brush 1-2 times a week. Bitches molt significantly more males.

It happens that males stop shedding.

In this case, you should thoroughly moisten the coat with warm water without shampoo and comb it with a brush. After this procedure, natural molting should begin.

They rarely suffer from eye and ear diseases. However, you should periodically inspect the dog. In case of suspicion of impaired hearing and vision of the pet, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.

Teeth need to be examined once every two weeks. If there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth, chips and dark spots are visible on the teeth, this is also an occasion to visit a specialist. A dog that receives solid food - cartilage or dry food in store - does not need to brush its teeth.

Like other large dogs, Moscow watchdogs are prone to joint diseases. It is important to notice the onset of dysplasia at the very beginning of the disease. Then, with the help of surgical intervention, it is possible to maintain the motor function of the dog.

Nutrition

How to feed a Moscow guard dog? The main menu is suitable for low-fat scraps, offal, liver, heart, stomachs. Cereals, vegetables and fruits are added to them. Dogs of this breed are not picky about food, but for full growth and development, nutrition must be balanced.

The ideal food for Moscow watchdogs is raw meat.

Puppies are fed 6 times a day. By 9-12 months, the number of daily feedings is reduced to 3-4 times. An adult dog eats twice a day.

During the year, various vitamins and minerals, a variety of vegetables and fruits are added to the food for dogs.

Once a week, a day is arranged to prevent obesity. In the morning they give only a portion of kefir, in the evening meat feed.

It is not allowed to include flour and confectionery, fatty meat and sausage, small chicken bones and river fish, pasta in the diet.

For those who are not afraid of the difficulties of caring for and training such a large pet, the Moscow watchdog would be an ideal option. As a reward for caring and patience, an excellent guard and a faithful friend will grow out of a cute shaggy puppy.

In addition, check out the video about the Moscow guard dog:

Brief information

  • Breed Name: Moscow guard dog
  • Country of origin: Russia
  • Breeding time: mid 20th century
  • Weight: males 55-65 kg, females 45-55 kg
  • Height (height at the withers): males 65-78 cm, females 70-75 cm
  • Life span: 9-12 years old

Highlights

  • Having a developed protective and protective instinct, “Muscovites” nevertheless do not start from a half-turn, which greatly differs from their closest relatives - Caucasian Shepherd Dogs.
  • Moscow guard dogs feel good in families. Children and pets do not annoy them.
  • A distinctive character of the Moscow watchdog is a slight stubbornness and a tendency to dominate, so an adult mentor should train the animal.
  • The Moscow watchdog is not included in the list of the most pop-popped breeds of our time, which will be especially nice for those who appreciate originality in everything and are looking for an unusual four-legged friend.
  • An animal of such an outstanding build will be uncomfortable in a typical apartment, although a properly trained Moscow guard will do everything possible to occupy as little space as possible and not annoy the owner with his own awkwardness.
  • Moscow Watchdog - a working, unpretentious dog. She is relatively good at coping with loneliness, is not offended for any reason, and easily adapts to even the most unfavorable weather conditions.
  • Keeping a breed is expensive because such a large dog requires several times more feed than any shepherd. Accordingly, if you need a small pet, give up the dream of a Moscow watchdog.

Moscow guard dogs - Professional security guards, self-sufficient leaders and fearless defenders who can take an attacker to flight with only one look.Serious and incorruptible, they will never leave the office and will until the last guard the facility entrusted to them. At the same time, in an informal setting, “Muscovites” are easily transformed into calm, unpretentious pets who can get along with children and willingly join any game.

The history of the breed Moscow Watchdog

The breed owes its birth to the Soviet Red Star kennel and the acute shortage of dog personnel caused by the Second World War. At the end of the 40s, the leadership of the military dog ​​school received a state order to breed a dog that would combine the features of a guard and a defender and could serve in extreme climatic conditions. Despite the fact that the breeding base of the nursery at that time was extremely small and consisted mainly of captured animals exported from Germany, Soviet breeders managed to accomplish almost impossible. In just a few years, the kennel managed to breed and present to domestic canine dogs not just one, but as many as four breeds, including a Moscow guard dog.

Initially, several dog families, including Russian pinto hounds, East European shepherd dogs, and St. Bernards, participated in the experiment to create the ideal service dog. Well, the Caucasian shepherd dogs introduced the final touch to the development of the exterior and temperament of the Moscow guard dog. The offspring obtained from the above breeds were crossed with them in order to inherit the natural aggression of their parent.

The first Muscovites appeared at the exhibition in 1950. Six animals - Joy, Despot, Don, Divny, Dido and Dukat - were littermates and turned out to be quite capable dogs, although not without external defects. In 1958, a separate appearance standard was approved for the wards of the "Red Star", however, until 1985, the breed in the USSR continued to be officially unrecognized. As for foreign cynological associations, for them Moscow watchdogs are still dark horses. For this reason, today you can meet "Muscovites" except in the expanses of the CIS and occasionally in the Czech Republic and Poland, where single breeders are involved in the breed.

An interesting fact: the colorful appearance of the Moscow watchdogs is the merit of Orslan, a male born in the 60s and considered the ancestor of the breed. The first "Muscovites" who took part in exhibitions in the 50s did not look so impressive.

Appearance of the Moscow guard dog

The terrible giant with the muzzle of St. Bernard and the shaggy "Caucasian" - about this impression makes the Moscow watchdog when they first met. By the way, despite the deceptive similarity of the Moscow watchdog and the “Alpine rescuers”, there are quite significant differences between them. In particular, the wards of the "Red Star", although they are considered giants among their own kind, are somewhat inferior in size to the "Swiss". The minimum allowable weight for an adult male Moscow watchdog is 55 kg, for a St. Bernard - 70 kg. The skull of the MS is significantly narrower than that of its alpine relative, and the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is relatively smooth. In addition, the “Muscovites” are distinguished by a stronger constitution and an elongated body, complemented by the amazing ease and agility of movements for such giants.

Head

Large, cheeky, with a moderately convex, wide forehead, intersected by a longitudinal groove. The muzzle of the Moscow watchdog is blunt and voluminous; its length is noticeably shorter than the skull. The infraorbital region is normally filled, the superciliary arches and the occipital protuberance are distinct.

“Muscovites” have fleshy lips of a saturated black color, without bryl.

The history of the Moscow watchdog

The years of the Great Patriotic War claimed many lives not only of people, but also of dogs, which brought great damage to cynology. Large service dogs were presented in single copies. Because of the need for them, the state in 1950 signed a decree on the development of a new breed. the case was entrusted to the military school of dog breeding "Red Star", located in the suburbs.

For breeding work, the best representatives were selected with regard to the exterior and training abilities. The Russian watchdog was bred from such breeds as:

  • Newfoundland and St. Bernard,
  • Caucasian and German Shepherd,
  • Pinto hounds and canine greyhounds.

Appearance

The modern Moscow watchdog is a cross between Saint Bernard and the Caucasian Shepherd. In the photo you can easily find similarities between these breeds. The Moscow Shepherd has a stronger skeleton and developed muscles. The main parameters are as follows:

  • height - 68 cm at the withers for males, 66 cm - for bitches (but values ​​of 77-78 cm and 72-73 cm are considered more preferable)
  • weight - from 60 kg for males and from 45 for bitches.

Breed standard

In addition to the values ​​of height and weight, the breed standard contains a full description of the dog's physique, its features. It looks like this:

  1. The head is massive, in the cranial part is deep, wide. The superciliary arches are very developed, the forehead has a slightly convex shape. From the back of the head is a massive tubercle.
  2. Muzzle. Volumetric, wide, has good filling under the eyes. The nose is large, fleshy, black, round nostrils. Lips do not hang below the lower jaw. They are also fleshy, large, have a black rim.
  3. Jaw. Large teeth adjoin one another. Their complete set is 42 pieces. Cheekbones are well developed, scissor bite - lower incisors close, going beyond the upper.
  4. Tail. Acinaciform, has a natural shape, strong, with rich tow.
  5. Eyes. Widely planted, dark, small, rounded in shape. The look of the animal is confident, but calm.
  6. The ears. On the edges are rounded, but generally triangular, hanging.
  7. Neck. The length almost corresponds to a massive head, middle, oval section with well-developed muscles. The scruff is especially pronounced.
  8. Body. A little stretched, proportional, deep and voluminous.
  9. Withers. Muscular, tall, wide.
  10. The chest is wide, long. The ribs are large and convex, expanding closer to the back.
  11. The back is strong, wide and large, also has volumetric muscles.

Woolen coat and types of color

Moscow watchdog has thick skin. It does not sag, only suspension is allowed. The undercoat is well developed. Ost tight, thick and straight. On the chest, thick hair looks fluffy, and on the back of the limbs and tail there are tows. It protects the pet from harsh climatic conditions during the cold winter, but when kept in the apartment causes inconvenience. The color of the Moscow Shepherd Dog is two-color and has several marks:

  • basis - white color on the neck, chest, tip of the tail, lower extremities,
  • complementary color - sable, red, black-red, red spots,
  • Marks - the area of ​​the ears and dark glasses.

Moscow Shepherd - character

The main character traits of the Moscow Shepherd are confidence and restraint. Even with large sizes, dogs are submissive. Their following qualities are pronounced:

  1. Guardian instincts. The menacing growl and awesome look leave no doubt that the guard dog will not be nice to strangers. The animal has excellent security and guard qualities.
  2. Devotion to the master and family. The main ones in the dog are protective instincts. They are very devoted to all members of the family, they are their faithful friend.
  3. Balanced psyche and lack of aggression. Under normal circumstances, the dog is very calm, not aggressive, but easily agitated at the slightest threat to those whom she considers her family. She will not bark for no reason, but if necessary she will respond to what is happening with her voice.
  4. Love for children. Moscow Watchdog is a kind and affectionate “bear”. Children love to play with him. The dog refers to them as a nanny.
  5. High intelligence. The breed is quick-witted, trained to train. Its representatives are even considered intellectuals.
  6. Stubbornness and independence. These qualities are smoothed out by the correct training and the owner’s own character.

Moscow Watchdog Puppies

The best option is the choice of a puppy aged 1.5-2 months. Before buying, you should determine the sex of the animal, because the Russian watchdog has very pronounced differences in the appearance of males and bitches. The latter with great zeal guard the territory entrusted to them, but at the same time they are more aggressive in relation to members of the host family. The bitch recognizes the authority of only the owner. Males are also cocky, but in relation to other dogs. When choosing a bitch, it is worth considering that when serving, she will sometimes be freed from her. The cause may be estrus, childbirth and feeding puppies.

How to choose

Having decided on the floor, you need to weigh the pros and cons. For different owners, certain qualities of the dog are important. To choose a suitable puppy, it is worth considering the following criteria:

  1. Documents. When buying, you must consider the pedigree of the puppy's parents.
  2. Territory protection. If the dog is bought as a guard, then you should ask the breeder for the mother’s certificates and her work.
  3. Contact The best choice - a puppy who himself went to communicate even at the first meeting, showed curiosity. Although cautious and distrustful pets will be excellent guards.

How much are puppies of the Russian watchdog

Today you can buy a puppy in many kennels. The price in them will be higher, but then you will be sure that you purchased a pure breed, and not a cross. Such a puppy acts as a carrier of genes, has good health, and has no errors in rearing. At a lower price, you can purchase an animal on the market or by ad. It is worth considering that it is possible to buy a puppy with a lack of character and appearance. The average cost of the Moscow Shepherd in different kennels is presented in the table:

Eyes

Small, dark, rounded, deep, wide and straight set, eyes calm, confident. The eyelids are black, dense, moderately dry.

Small, hanging on the cartilage, triangular in shape with rounded ends, adjacent to the cheekbones with the front edge, set above the line of the eyes, with hairs.

Of medium length, oval in cross section, with well-developed muscles, moderately high set, scruff is well defined, a small suspension is allowed.

History of origin and interesting facts

The history of "Muscovites" began relatively recently, in the postwar years. In the USSR, massive dogs were required, capable of patiently and conscientiously guarding territories. The Ministry of Defense decided to breed a suitable breed. Responsibility for solving the problem lay with the Central School of Military Dog Breeding. For genetic work, breeds with the most striking characteristics were selected:

  • saint bernard
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog,
  • Russian pinto hound.

They crossed, puppies from each litter were selected on the exterior, sent to training courses. Animals meeting all the requirements were left for breeding, the rest were sent to service.

The first results of the work were demonstrated in 1950. For the final elimination of deficiencies, work continued for several more years. In 1958, the standard was first adopted.

Content and Nutrition

The main visual characteristic of the Muscovites is the large size. It is better to keep the dog in the aviary. Pet dogs walk twice a day for one and a half to two hours. Active classes are mandatory - running, games, training.

Care is laborious. When kept in an apartment, special attention is paid to wool in order to minimize the effects of molting.

  • Combing. It is advisable to comb the hair daily. During molting, they use a furminator or slicker to remove the undercoat. Rare combing leads to the formation of tangles.
  • Bathing. They bathe three to four times a year or as they become soiled. In summer, you can often, but without the use of shampoo. It benefits swimming in natural waters.
  • Treatment for parasites. In the warm season, wool is treated monthly for fleas, ticks, and other parasites.
  • Helminth treatment. Once every six months, they give prophylactic anthelmintic drugs.
  • The eyes. Inspect once a week. With slight redness, wipe with a cotton pad dipped in a weak tea leaves. Abundant discharge requires a veterinarian consultation.
  • The ears. Inspect weekly, remove dirt with a damp cloth. Unpleasant odor, rapid accumulation of sulfur, the release of fluid - an occasion to contact a veterinarian.
  • Claws. Cut monthly with a nail clipper for large dogs.

Diet

You can feed with finished feed or natural products. It is advisable to use premium feed. Cheap analogues do not contain enough protein, vitamins. They not only do not satisfy the needs for nutrients, but also harm health.

Natural feeding should be balanced. Serving size is selected in accordance with the weight and age of the puppy. The basis is meat, offal, cereals and vegetables. Recommended and prohibited products are listed in the table.

Table - Rules for the organization of the natural diet of the Moscow watchdog

CategoryRecommendedProhibited
Meat- Beef,
- a hen,
- veal
- Fatty pork,
- duck
- lamb
- sausages and deli meats
Offal- A scar,
- liver
- light
- heart
Kidney
Cereals, Beans, Pasta- Oatmeal,
- buckwheat
- rice
- barley
- bran
- Beans,
- peas
- barley,
- semolina,
- pasta
Vegetables- Cabbage,
- carrot,
- zucchini,
- cucumbers
- greens
- potatoes,
- exotic vegetables
FishLow-fat marineRiver
Dairy and dairy products- Low-fat cottage cheese,
- kefir,
- natural yogurt,
- skimmed milk
- Yoghurts with additives,
- whole milk

Additionally, one chicken egg per week is included in the diet, a small amount of “local” fruits - apples, pears. Nutrition is enriched with special vitamin supplements.

Training

The breed is endowed with intelligence, but reluctantly performs new tasks. You need to approach the training patiently, repeatedly repeat each command.

A trusting relationship is built between the owner and the dog, but they maintain a distance. The main goal of the training is to achieve complete leadership in the eyes of the pet. The use of physical punishment is not recommended - dogs subtly sense the mood of the owner, sharply react to a displeased tone. Each correctly performed action is encouraged by praise, stroking, dainty.

Training begins at an early age - about four months. Later, the dog becomes stubborn, reluctantly fulfilling the requirements. The main teams:

Disease and treatment

Large dogs are characterized by rapid wear of joints and heart muscle. Among the Moscow watchdogs, the following diseases are most common.

  • Allergy Introducing new products into the diet and using cosmetics should be done with great care.
  • Hip dysplasia. It happens congenital and acquired. Leads to the development of arthritis, lameness.
  • Obesity Improper nutrition, systematic overfeeding lead to weight gain. Obesity provokes the development of heart disease, gives an additional load on the joints.

Dermatological diseases, inversion of the intestines, dislocation of the patella are a little less common.

Breeding

Moscow Watchdog refers to slowly growing breeds. Full ripening occurs no earlier than two years. Young dogs are not knitted. In females, a third estrus is expected, in males - two years of age. A month before the planned mating, the bitch is given anthelmintic drugs, vaccinated.

  • Techka. The first estrus begins from six to eight months. They knit on the 10-13th day from the beginning of estrus, when spotting is replaced by light pink. The nature of the discharge is checked daily by applying clean cotton to the loop.
  • Knitting. It is carried out on the territory of the dog by prior arrangement of the owners. The chances of successful fertilization increase with repeated mating the next day. If the dog is young, inexperienced, the presence of specialists is desirable.
  • Pregnancy The first month of pregnancy proceeds unnoticed - changing the diet or routine is not necessary. From the second month, the portion of food is increased, enriched with special vitamins. You can not overfeed - excess weight will negatively affect the formation of the fetus and make the process of childbirth more difficult. Throughout pregnancy, the dog is excluded from contact with aggressive substances - household chemicals, medicines, shampoos, anti-collar collars.

TOP click

The name of the dog should correspond to its size, character. The table shows the most popular nicknames in alphabetical order.

Table - TOP-nickname for Moscow watchdog

First letter nicknamesFor boy"For girl"
A- Cupid
- Akela
- Asya,
- Aida
B- Thug,
- Boston
- Bonya,
- Barty
IN- Wolf
- Jack
- Vita,
- Verta
G- Gucci,
- Hector
- Grace,
- Gercy
D- Django,
- dandy
- Dana,
- Dunya
E- Ermak,
- Euro
- Christmas tree,
- Yer
F- Zheka,
- Jasper
- Zhadi,
- Janet
3- Zack,
- Zlatozar
- Zlata,
- Zalta
AND- Irbis,
- Eastwood
- Ida
- Irma
TO- Prince
- Cooper
- Bark,
- Catherine
L- Leo,
- Fierce
- Lola,
- leona
M- Marty,
- Micah
- Miley,
- Mega
N- Noah,
- Nemo
- Nora,
- Neva
ABOUT- Oddie,
- Olympus
- Oxy,
- Osty
P- Pirate,
- Pegasus
- cougar,
- Paddy
R- Rex,
- Rolf
- Rona,
- rose
FROM- Stitch,
- sting
- Simba,
- Sophia
T- Tyson,
- Tyler
- Tosya,
- Tilda
At- Ulan,
- urs
- Umka,
- Umi
F- Filia,
- Friend
- Fenya,
- fleur
X- Hulk,
- hitch
- Honda,
- harcy
Ts- The king
- gypsy
- Tseya,
- Cepi
H- Chester,
- Circassian
- Chapa,
- Charcy
W- Chance
- Shrek
- Sheila
- Shani
E- Eric,
- eclair
- Ashley
- Eureka
YU- Jupiter,
- Yukas
- Utah,
- Yunna
I- Yarik,
- Amber
- Yanka,
- bright

Photo review

Even in photographs, “Muscovites” look impressive - massive, with a large muzzle and long hair. They look a bit like St. Bernards, but not so slow and lazy.

Cost and where to buy

It costs a puppy from 10 to 30 thousand rubles. Price depends on gender, appearance, compliance with the standard. Private breeders offer puppies without documents for a symbolic price - about 5 thousand rubles. But to buy a 100% purebred representative of the breed, they turn to nurseries. Current contacts in Russia:

  • "Don Fatherland" in the Rostov region - http://dondog.ru/,
  • “Beloved friend” in St. Petersburg - http://moskovsk-st.clan.su/,
  • Zolotoff Grad in Chelyabinsk - https://zolotoffgrad.jimdo.com/,
  • Majestic Ice in Moscow - http://www.dogice.ru/index.html,
  • "Posadskaya Guard" in Sergiev Posad - http://www.pos-strazha.sitecity.ru/.

Reviews

Today they took a puppy from a Moscow watchdog for a long time dreamed of a dog of this breed almost jelling that they gave a lot of money for purchase and veterinary services to us 2 meyazets but we will look at 3-3.5 painfully huge because there were only 2 puppies in the litter. The girl is very active. Now we are thinking about what to call a beauty.

Once I really wanted to buy a puppy of a Moscow watchdog myself, but one tricky case turned up and I changed my mind. My friend had such a dog and he got into the hospital because of her, she bit the owner. I did not delve into the reasons, they were not interesting to me at that moment, I was most concerned about my safety and my family. Although I know that this is a cool watchdog breed of dogs with the appearance of a good-natured Saint Bernard and the anger of a Caucasian shepherd. But it seems to me that Moscow has more malice than Caucasian.

The most beloved dog, in our family she lived as a full member of the family, sat down in a chair with a booty and watched TV with everyone. She was trained, and she began to imitate attacks on certain words)))), that is, terrifyingly direct))) she would really attack a certain team, but I personally didn’t check for me enough of the imitation that grown uncles would give a tear to. For me she was the best defender, without her I could not walk. And she was just a super amazingly smart dog, she was the best friend for the whole family. She died in 96, more than 20 years ago. Sometimes she dreams of me ... This is the most beautiful breed of dogs.

Jaws and teeth

The jaws of the Moscow watchdog are massive, with a scissor bite. 42 white teeth fit tightly together. Cutters are located in one line. The absence of several teeth, provided that they were broken or knocked out, is not considered a defect.

A purebred Moscow watchdog of black color, very large and markedly elongated in width.

Body

Unlike St. Bernards, Moscow watchdogs boast a more extended type of hull. The withers of the "Muscovites" are high and especially striking in the eyes of males. The back is strong, of good width, with a short loin and a voluminous, slightly sloping croup. The chest of the MS is deep, with convex hoops of ribs expanding in the direction of the croup. The lower abdomen is slightly tightened.

Limbs

The Muscovites have straight legs with parallel legs. Shoulders of sufficient length, stand obliquely, shoulders well muscled. The hips of representatives of this breed have the same length as the legs. The paws of the dog are massive, the front legs are rounded in shape, with thick elastic pads, the hind contours are more like an oval. Dewclaws are removed from the animals.

Wool

The coat of the Moscow guard is plentiful, double, consisting of the outer hair and thick undercoat. Males, in which the decorating wool forms a spectacular collar on the neck and flirty tows on the back of the legs, are distinguished by the most stylish appearance. The bitches of the Moscow watchdog “outfit” are many times more modest due to the smaller number of restrained hair.

Color

White with red, red-black, black-red or sable spots. Colors in which there is no red tint in any of the listed variations are considered non-standard. In addition, the dog should have white breasts, the tip of the tail and legs (front - to the elbow joint, back - to the shins). The head of the Moscow watchdog is framed by a black “mask”, complemented by the same “glasses”. The ears of representatives of this breed are also black.

Disadvantages and possible defects of the breed

The disadvantages, having which the animal does not receive a mark above the “good” mark at the exhibition, are:

  • an excessively long neck with too much suspension
  • ears in a semi-standing position,
  • tail, curled into a ring or hook,
  • too short shoulder blades
  • a narrow head with too smooth or, on the contrary, a sharp stop,
  • saggy, pocket-shaped lips,
  • very light color of the iris, slanting eyes,
  • not wide enough legs
  • the proximity of the hocks,
  • curly and curly hair (light wave is acceptable)
  • square format housing
  • asymmetrical muzzle color,
  • insufficient growth.

Moscow watchdogs with the following physical and mental disabilities are subject to complete disqualification:

  • nervousness, cowardice,
  • congenital edentulousness (broken and broken teeth do not count)
  • amble,
  • brown eyelids and lobes,
  • twisted jaw
  • malocclusion,
  • disagreement.

Dogs with dewclaws, cryptorchidism and unbalanced, unscrewed movements are also rejected.

The character of the Moscow guard dog

The reckoning of Red Star specialists that their pets will inherit the aggression and impulsiveness of Caucasian wolfhounds has only partially been justified. Yes, Moscow watchdogs are brave and courageous, but by no means vicious and certainly not reckless. A dog will come into conflict with anyone only when the enemy clearly demonstrates their own intentions. Nevertheless, the nature of the Moscow watchdog is largely determined by genes. In particular, individuals in whom the blood of “Caucasians” predominates, demonstrate great suspicion and ferocity. They are easy to climb and much more suitable for the role of fearless bodyguards. Dogs that have inherited the temperament of St. Bernard are noticeably more phlegmatic, therefore, these Moscow watchdogs are more often recommended for the role of family pets and custodians of mastery of wealth.

Moscow watchdogs are not talkative and give voice only if necessary. If your shaggy giant grumbled, then he really got it. In a family, a dog behaves quite peacefully: it affects the inherent ability of "Muscovites" to become attached to people with whom they have to share a common territory. There is no friction with the children of the Moscow watchdog, however, provided that it is not by chance that the neighboring kids ran in. A properly raised animal will look at such guests at least with indifference, or even with outright discontent.

On the Internet you can find a lot of video confirmations that hyperresponsible nannies are obtained from Moscow watchdogs. But in reality, not everything is so simple. Of course, the Muscovite will gladly ride your heirs on a sled, play catch-up with them, and even try to forgive them petty pranks, but you should not go away for a long time and leave such a giant to unconscious kids. As an example: a random tail swing of this shaggy security can knock a three-year-old naughty man down.

Moscow watchdogs relate equally to each member of the family. They do not divide households into favorites and episodic characters and try to listen to each of them. But this does not mean that the MS is not able to guess who is in charge of the house. Quite the contrary - a pet living in a family is always aware of who the last word is for.

Parenting and training

A guard dog is a test of the owner’s coaching and leadership qualities for strength. Even the most balanced and obedient Muscovites are not averse to playing alpha males and wiping their paws about master's authority. So from the very first days of the young shagmatist’s stay in your house, approve the system of permits and strict prohibitions and do not deviate from the set course until the pet grows up.

Usually, Moscow watchdogs begin to show character at the age of 6 months. In particular, adolescents may not deliberately respond to a call to food or grumble and grumble in response to a command. In such cases, the method often used by the puppies' mothers themselves will be effective. The rebellious violator of discipline knocks down, overturns on its side and is forcibly held in a supine position until it has carefully considered its own behavior and calmed down.

In no case do not show the grown puppy that its massive jaws scare you. Moscow guard dogs are quite intelligent and will quickly realize that they have “outgrown” your authority. Teasing and provoking a dog while trying to develop guard skills in it is also not the best technique. If you regularly make attempts to take away a toy or food from MS, get ready for such antibonuses as bitterness and nervousness.

There are subtleties in using commands. So, for example, the call “To me!” Is not used for cases when the trainer is going to punish the pet. Not a single dog will voluntarily come up for the "distribution of gingerbread", and even the Moscow watchdog is even more so. The ban “Fu!” Is pronounced in a categorical, menacing tone, so that the “Muscovite” does not have a desire to test the patience of the owner. Owners raising a future exhibitor will benefit from the “Show your teeth!” And “Next!” Teams.

It’s worth considering a dog’s visit to the ZKS course if you see a future bodyguard in your pet. If the candidacy of the Moscow watchdog is considered to be the place of a family friend or guard, you can restrict yourself to home training. True, an adult with a strong character who has ideas about the psyche and temperament of the breed should deal with it.

Maintenance and care

The impressive composition of Moscow watchdogs makes them not the most convenient pets for apartment owners, although some dog lovers make such sacrifices. The optimal housing for shaggy giants will be a spacious cottage or a specially equipped aviary in the courtyard of a private house. MC with warm two-layer “fur coats” are well adapted to Russian winters and are quite capable of surviving them in a wooden insulated booth. Usually the dog’s “hut” is positioned so that the animal has a good view of the territory. If it is planned to keep in the enclosure, then the latter should be equipped with a roof, under which the dog will hide from heat and bad weather.

Separately, it should be said about the breeding bitches. Aviaries for future mothers need to be built with a reserve, since the Moscow watchdog is a prolific breed. In addition, it will be necessary to equip a puppy, which will be both a "maternity hospital" and a "kindergarten" for future offspring. If the pet lives in a cottage or apartment, find a secluded, bright, protected from drafts and direct sunlight area for his bed.

Hygiene

Having settled the Moscow watchdog in a house or apartment, stock up on combs, scallops and a furminator, because the dog will molt twice a year. You do not need to have superintuition to guess that there will be a lot of wool from this breed (the dimensions are obligatory), so from the first months of life, teach puppies to comb daily. A properly educated baby should not shy away at the sight of a brush and slicker or grumble displeased at the owner.

In the period between molting, “Muscovites” are also combed daily, as their hair often falls off. If there is an acute shortage of time, skipping the procedure is not forbidden, unless, of course, the dog’s "coat" is in a neglected state, and twigs, leaves and other garbage are not tangled in it after a walk. Do not get involved in too frequent bathing your pet, if he lives in the yard. Enough 3-4 bathing days per year. Apartment dwellers are washed more often, which is caused, rather, by the owner’s desire to keep the house clean than necessary.

Once a week, the ears of the Moscow watchdog are examined and cleaned with a damp cloth or napkin. If traces of nitrous are found in the dog’s eyes, they can be removed with a soft cloth dampened with chilled tea infusion. It is better for Moscow watchdogs to cut their nails as necessary (usually 1 time per month), but this is an option for animals with a low level of motor activity. In MS, which is well and walked a lot, the claw plate grinds naturally.

Walking

Slowness and weightiness of Moscow watchdogs is apparent. In fact, representatives of this breed are much more active than their ancestors - the St. Bernards, so to put them in an aviary and enjoy a quiet life, alas, will not work. Owners of apartment individuals, who suffer most from physical inactivity, will have to work especially hard. Such “Muscovites” will have to walk at least 4 hours a day, alternating regular boardwalks with active games. Two and a half hour walks per day are enough for open-air cages, but this is subject to the condition that the animal moves freely around the territory of the aviary or garden. The content of the Moscow watchdog on the chain is considered unacceptable.

Important: Moscow watchdog puppies are allowed to walk only after two complex vaccinations.Up to a year, the baby is not burdened with long hikes and energy-consuming games, thus allowing the joints of the pet to grow stronger.

Feeding

The standard menu of the Moscow watchdog is lean meat or its cuts, offal, cereal (buckwheat, rice, herculean, millet) and vegetables. Sour milk and saltwater fish such as saffron cod and cod should also be present in the dog's diet. Two-month-old puppies are useful to start introducing the taste of vegetables. For this purpose, pumpkin, cabbage, zucchini, tomatoes, potatoes and beets are suitable, which are given to the kids in a slightly stewed form with the addition of unrefined vegetable oil. By the way, puppies of the Moscow guard dog are prone to food allergies, therefore, each new product is introduced into the baby’s diet with extreme caution and in small doses.

  • mushrooms
  • beans, peas and any other legumes,
  • chocolate, sweets and pastries,
  • pasta and baking,
  • chicken bones
  • river fish
  • spicy, spicy and salty dishes.

Moscow watch dogs that absorb only natural food should additionally be given vitamin-mineral complexes and top dressings with chondroitin and glucosamine indispensable for joints. If you plan to keep your four-legged friend on an industrial "dryer", choose varieties designed specifically for giant breeds, and this should not be economy-class feed.

Health and illness of Moscow guard dogs

The scourge of all dogs of large breeds - dysplasia of the hip joints - did not pass by the Moscow watchdogs. The disease is almost always due to genetics and often manifests itself after 4 or more generations, so it is extremely difficult to predict the possibility of its occurrence in puppies even by x-rays. And yet, despite the fact that it is impossible to completely overcome this unpleasant diagnosis, it is quite possible to teach a pet to live with him. The main thing is not to limit the animal to moderate physical activity and not to allow it to gain excess weight. By the way, about the weight indicators: “Muscovites” who are fed, not in accordance with the established standards, and indulge in sweets without measure, swim in fat in a matter of months. You can deal with the problem all the same physical activity and therapeutic diet. But the predisposition of the breed to allergies is not cured of the word at all, although veterinarians do not prohibit suppressing outbreaks of the disease with antihistamines.

Forelimbs

Seen from the front, straight and parallel. The shoulder blades are long, obliquely set, forming an angle of about 90-100 degrees with the humerus bones. The shoulders are muscular, the forearms are straight, moderately long, massive. Elbows are directed strictly back. Metacarpus short, wide, strong, slightly sloping. Paws are large, rounded, arched, in a lump, the pads are fleshy, thick, claws of any color.

Hind limbs

Seen from the rear, straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the front. The thighs are not long, set with a slight slope. The hips and legs are almost equal in length. The angles of the knee and hock joints are moderately pronounced, clearly defined. Metatarsus plumb, short, wide. Paws are oval, arched, in a lump with fleshy thick pads, claws of any color. Dewclaws should be removed.

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