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Perennials blooming in early spring - primroses with photos and names


9 earliest flowers for your garden

Real spring in the country begins with the appearance of the first flowers, agree? Perhaps that is why we love plants that wake up before everyone else, reviving flower beds and delighting the gardener's soul. Now, in anticipation of these little miracles, I propose to recall together the earliest flowers of our gardens.

Snowdrop (Galanthus)

It was not for nothing that they called it a snowdrop - this cold-resistant plant blooms, as soon as snow melts in the garden. The first snowdrops appear in early March - of course, depending on the climatic conditions of your area.

Galanthus is best settled in conditions close to its natural habitat - along shrubs, under trees that in early spring still do not give a dense shade. If you want snowdrops to bloom in the flowerbed, keep in mind that this plant is an ephemeroid: at the end of a rather short vegetative period, its aerial part dies.

Snowdrop propagates by seeds (thanks to the ants dragging the seed bolls, it can settle in your garden on its own) and daughter bulbs. Galanthus is planted in the fall, in the spring after flowering, overgrown nests can be divided. Well, if you want to know more about this messenger of spring, read the article Blooming Snowdrops for Baptism.


The earliest crocuses are botanical species: Tommasini crocus, Golden-flowered crocus, Ankir crocus, Emperor crocus and a number of others - in suitable climatic conditions, they can bloom in February. A little later, large-flowered Dutch hybrids pick up the baton, which impress not only with the size of the flowers, but also with their bright expressive colors.

These amazing flowers are appropriate almost everywhere: they are planted both in flower beds, and in small groups on the lawn, and under bushes and trees, they are also suitable for container plantings. You can learn more about crocus cultivation, their classification and use in the garden from the article Heralds of Spring - Crocuses.

Spring-flowering crocuses are planted in autumn, it is better to use baskets for planting, because crocus bulbs are extremely popular among rodents. These colors will suit both the sunny area and the corner in the diffused shadow of deciduous shrubs and trees. You do not need to dig bulbs every year - they do this only when they want to divide an overgrown nest.

Snowdrop or galanthus

Snowdrops are the earliest perennials in Siberia that grow on thawed areas before snow melts. The growing season is not more than a month. The plant is on the verge of extinction and is listed in the Red Book of many regions. In nature, this early perennial is found in Europe, Georgia, Asia Minor, and the Caucasus.

Oblong leaves appear from the snowdrop bulb. Sepals consist of 6 petals of pure white color. Decorative shapes with terry petals are on sale.

Perennial unpretentious, propagated by seeds and bulbs. Every 5 to 6 years, snowdrops are transplanted. Culture prefers loose moist soil.

Muscari (mouse hyacinth)

Extremely unpretentious, surprisingly fast growing and extremely attractive plant worthy of settling in any flower garden. There are quite a few species and varieties of muscari, and they can vary in terms of flowering, but the very first bloom in April. In the article “Mouse Hyacinth” - Muscari, I spoke in detail about these flowers, their varieties and my impressions

Muscari is easy to grow: it’s enough to plant them at the chosen place in the garden at the beginning of autumn. Please note: each bulb gives a lot of “kids” every year, so soon a thick jacket will form at the landing site. Moreover, it’s almost impossible to dig out the bulbs completely: small “children” will certainly get lost and will sprout again next spring, so if you are not sure that the chosen place is final, plant muscari in suitable baskets (you can make it yourself from large plastic bottles with holes made in them for drainage).

Muscari look best in group plantings and go well with other spring-flowering plants. And if you choose species that are different in terms of flowering, then they will delight you from early spring to the end of June.

Iridodictium (iris net)

The flowers of these crumbs resemble irises, but from the genus Iris they were isolated into an independent one - Iridodyctium. This is a bulbous plant, low (up to 10 cm), but extremely elegant and attractive.

Iridodictiums are big lovers of the sun, consider this nuance when choosing a place to land. Do not forget that, like most bulbs, this plant is an ephemeroid: soon after the flowers fade, the leaves will die. But at the time of their early flowering (from late March to April) they look great both as companions for other bulb plants and on their own.

Because of their small growth, iridodictiums will be appropriate in rocky gardens, their flowering jackets are spectacular and among the bright fresh greenery of lawn grass. They are also suitable for containers, including, they can be used for distillation. In the garden, bulbs are planted in early autumn.

Spring-tree (Erantis)

Sunny-golden flowers of a spring spring will give a wonderful mood, moreover, they appear when the garden is not yet painted with bright colors. Erantis bloom - depending on the climate - begins in March or April. Surprisingly, this flower is not afraid even of late snowfalls!

Tiny plants (no more than 10 cm in height, flower diameter - about 2.5 cm) look best in group plantings. They are effective both on their own and in combination with other early spring onion bulbs - iridodictiums, crocuses and snowdrops.

In nature, eranthis lives in the forest, so for its planting, the most successful place would be under deciduous trees and shrubs, but any other site located in partial shade will do. The spring tree is sensitive to soil moisture: it does not tolerate either drought or stagnation of water.

Scilla (Scylla)

The most common - Siberian sprout - blooms in favorable conditions at the end of March. Most often, it can be recognized by the bell-shaped drooping flowers of a sky-blue hue, but in varietal sprouts, the flowers can be white.

Scylla (scilla) is amazingly unpretentious: it grows in sunny places, in partial shade, and even in the shade, it does not require special care. The only requirement this plant makes is water-permeable soil, moist at the time of flowering, but without stagnation of water.

When choosing a place for planting, keep in mind that the sprout grows well, propagating both by daughter bulbs and seeds, so it will have to be controlled. Ideal for the Scylla will be the conditions of the garden, designed in a natural, natural style - here it will feel at home. Well, for more details on how to make friends with this plant, read the article Scylla, she is also a scilla.


This is a wonderful evergreen perennial, unpretentious and resistant to disease. In Europe, it is often called the “Christ Rose,” because hellebore blooms often occur on Easter holidays.

In nature, there are more than 20 species of hellebores, but hybrids blooming since early April are most often found in the garden. Among these plants, there are varieties with red, white, pink and yellow flowers, but the most popular - ‘Atrorubens’ - has bright purple flowers with a slight greenish tint.

Hellebore is planted in spring, as soon as the condition of the soil allows. In the southern regions, where the climate is mild, autumn planting is also possible. I recommend reading the article Moroznik - a flower of winter, which details about this popular plant, its cultivation and care for it. You may also be interested in the publication Oh, frost, hellebore.


This plant is very diverse: scientists know about 550 species of primroses, of which only a small part is grown in culture. About what primroses are, and how to grow them from seeds, I told in the article Primroses: keys to the gates of paradise or fairy houses? But it’s not at all necessary to devote time to such a laborious undertaking - you can buy ready-made plants.

Primrose tolerate division and transplantation, I happened to transplant them even blooming. Just be careful when acquiring lushly flowering bushes in flower shops: often these are hybrids grown on all kinds of stimulants, stuffed with fertilizers for plentiful flowering and a healthy appearance. Deprived of "doping", they do not survive. My experience suggests that it is safer to buy flowering primrose on the market - from gardeners selling surpluses of their plants.

Primroses bloom, depending on the species, from April (and in warmer regions - from March), abundantly and continuously. Moreover, in some species, repeated flowering is possible in late summer - early autumn. They can be grown not only in the garden, but also on balconies, loggias, terraces - this is a good container plant.


The evergreen periwinkle retains its foliage even under the snow, and as soon as the soil begins to thaw, it has young shoots, and in April it is covered with numerous soft blue flowers.

The basis for varietal periwinkles was the small periwinkle (Vinca minor), which can be found in the wild in the forests of Southeastern Europe. In addition to traditional blue, varietal plants can have white, lilac and even red flowers, both simple and double. The color of the foliage can also be different: green or colorful (with white and yellow patterns).

Periwinkle prefers moist (but without stagnation of water) penumbra and shady areas, he does not like direct sunlight, and needs watering in drought. The rest is a completely undemanding plant, which quickly grows and is easily propagated by division and cuttings. It is enough to purchase one bush, and over time it will grow as wide as you allow it))

The best time for planting a vinca is considered to be April-May, but I will say from practice: I happened to plant rooted cuttings in early summer and plant an acquired plant in late August - an unpretentious periwinkle takes root without problems.

Of course, this list cannot be called exhaustive: hyacinths and botanical tulips, white flowers and chionodoxes, anemones and liverworts could have supplemented it ... - but I need to stop sometime. I think gardeners who have already arrived in spring will complement my story not only mentions of primroses, but also their photographs Tell us, which flowers are the first to bloom in your garden?

About the features of growing

All primroses have a special development cycle. In a period when all nature is reborn after winter and begins to actively vegetate, they have already experienced the most active phase of their life. This occurs in April-May, depending on the type of plant and variety.

Primroses are always planted in open ground in the fall from September to November, in order to admire their flowering in early spring. Places are chosen open, drained, sanctified by the sun. The areas between the stones are suitable, under the trees that in the spring do not yet have foliage and the site is completely open to the sun.

Bulbs or plots of perennials are planted on the condition that in the summer their aboveground part will either be completely absent or lose decorativeness. That is, you need to plant them in groups near summer ornamental plants and shrubs.

In the garden, an interesting option is planting bulbs in the lawn. In a few years, they will grow and will delight the eye with whole flowering glades.

Primroses are not only beautiful plants, but also very easy to care for. Do not require watering and any agricultural activities. It is enough to feed them 1-2 times a year and plant them if necessary.


Snowdrops are the first to awaken from hibernation. Their white bell flowers appear in March as soon as the snow melts. The botanical name of the plant is galanthus. Propagated by daughter bulbs or seeds. Prefers growing conditions close to natural. Terry varieties of snowdrop look especially impressive in the garden.

Groups of galanthus are planted under shrubs, trees, in partial shade, so that in summer the bulbs in the ground do not dry out in the scorching sun.

Next comes the turn of other bulbous early flowering flowers:


The bushes have not only an aesthetic appearance, but also a bright aroma, especially for Dutch varieties. In total over a 5-century history of cultivation, more than 300 varieties of this plant have been bred. They plant it both in groups and singly on the alpine slides or in combination with crocuses and tulips.


This plant is also included in the list of ultra-early bulbous. It blooms in April with bright yellow flowers with a diameter of only 2-2.5 cm, and does not lose its decorativeness even during snowfalls. The plant reaches a height of 10 cm. They are necessarily planted in groups; in single plantings it does not look spectacular.

The list of early flowers for the garden can be supplemented by such representatives as irises (netted), daffodils, and hazel grouse. The latter are most numerous and are represented by both dwarf species similar to snowdrops and large ones, reaching a height of 80-90 cm.

Iris net

Reticulated iris is one of the representatives of the earliest perennials in Siberia. It grows from a small bulb, which is covered on the outside with net-fibrous scales. The roots of the plant are filiform, the leaves are tetrahedral, bright green. Annual flowers 5-6 cm in size are distinguished by a bright color and strong aroma in the shape of a corolla with a long tube.

Reticulated irises are most decorative in open areas, but they can bloom in partial shade. Perennial is quite winter-hardy, prefers neutral drained soils. With excess moisture, it slowly develops and is often sick. In one place, culture grows over 4 to 5 years. After flowering, irises are covered with glass from the rains or dig bulbs for the winter.

Spring tree or erantis

Spring grass is a perennial with a thickened rhizome. Its leaves are rare, palmate, separate. The flowers are open, single, their cup has the shape of a corolla, consists of 5-8 yellow sepals. The plant reaches a height of 25 cm. In Siberia, early flowering, lasting 2 to 3 weeks.

Spring grass is a photophilous plant that develops well in Siberia on light nutrient soils. Perennial propagated by seeds. They are harvested in June. The aboveground part of the spring turns yellow and dies by mid-summer. In one place, growing for 5 years. Erantis looks spectacular against the backdrop of a lawn, under trees and shrubs, in rock gardens.

Scilla or scilla

Blueberries are spring perennials of early flowering. They form linear basal leaves that appear simultaneously with the buds. Flowers are located singly or in cyst-shaped inflorescences. The color of the petals is diverse: burgundy, blue, pink, white.

Forests prefer shady areas. The frost resistance of the culture is high. For plants, moist and loose soils rich in humus are suitable. In Siberia, every 3 to 4 years, perennial bulbs are dug and transplanted. The perennial positively responds to potash and nitrogen top dressing.


A rare garden in Siberia dispenses with daffodils - early bulbous perennials.Plants with 2 to 4 basal linear leaves have peduncles up to 50 cm long, on which large single flowers are located. Depending on the variety, there are daffodils of white, yellow, orange color, simple and terry. Flowering occurs in May-June.

Daffodils are shade-tolerant, but when planted in a sunny place they are pleased with abundant flowering. They do not tolerate manure and other fresh organic matter. If there are few peduncles, the perennial is transplanted. When flowering, daffodils are fed with nitrogen and potassium fertilizers.


Tulips are early garden flowers perennials. They are unpretentious, able to develop in any soil, but more prefer fertile, moderately moist, loose soils. Abundant flowering in Siberia is achieved by planting tulip bulbs on a flat sunny place.

There are more than 10 thousand varieties of tulips, which differ in the shape and color of the buds, as well as the flowering period. Perennial quickly absorb mineral fertilizing. In Siberia, it is fed by melting snow and the formation of buds.

In this case, a liquid complex fertilizer containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus is used.

Lily of the valley

Lily of the valley is an unpretentious spring perennial that prefers shady areas. It grows best in soil saturated with organic matter. In addition, it is resistant to drought, but with a lack of moisture, shoots and flowers become smaller. In Siberia, in one place it grows to 10 years.

Lily of the valley has a branched rhizome and wide, lanceolate leaves. The inflorescence consists of small bells of white and pink color. The number of flowers in the brush is from 6 to 20. Peduncles appear in mid-spring. In summer, red berries form.

Sleep grass or cross

Sleep grass is a spring perennial with a long rhizome and erect stems. The plant reaches a height of 40 cm. Its palmate or cirrus leaves are collected in rosettes. Flowers are large, solitary, bloom before or during the appearance of leaves.

Lumbago is found in sunny areas or in partial shade. He does not tolerate excess moisture. Before planting, the soil uses mineral and organic substances.

Reticulated iris or iridodictium

This is a low bulbous plant whose flowers resemble irises. Elegant attractive plant up to 10 centimeters high loves the sun very much. That is why it is recommended to plant mesh iris in open sunny areas. Iridodictium is an ephemeroid, that is, after the flowers of the plant fade, its leaves will begin to die.

Irises bloom from late March to April, and look great in rocky gardens, among other bulbous plants and lawn grass. Bulbs should be planted in early autumn.

Spring grassy perennials: photo

Not many grassy perennials bloom in early spring. But each of them is beautiful and effective in its own way.

Lilies of the valley

This one of the most famous flowers belongs to the family of liliaceae. In order for lilies of the valley to bloom as early as possible, they should be planted from September to November. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that all sprouts are covered with soil, and the root is not bent.

Lilies of the valley love moist, fertilized soil. Their root system is highly developed, so it is not recommended to plant them next to other flowers. The best option is to plant lilies of the valley under trees and bushes.


One of the first spring blooms perennial daisies. They begin to bloom in early May, and the buds retain all winter.

These low plants with large flowers will look beautiful in the form of borders and along paths. The inclusion of daisies in the lawn will give it a star-like appearance.

Sowing daisy seeds on temporary beds should be in July. For a permanent place, flowers are planted in early autumn or early spring. Further, the plants themselves will disperse, and bloom every year.


This spring plant most often blooms for easter holidays, therefore, in Europe is called the "Christ rose." More than twenty species of hellebore grow in nature. In garden plots, garden hybrids are most often grown, which begin to bloom in early April.

Flowers of hybrid plants can be yellow, pink, white or red. The most popular are bright purple flowers that have a greenish tint.

It is recommended to grow hellebore in partial shade, on moderately moist soils. The plant propagates by seed or division, and is characterized by frost resistance.


Even under the snow, the evergreen periwinkle plant will retain its green foliage. Numerous delicate blue flowers, it is covered in April. Varietal plants may have simple or double flowers lilac, white or red.

It is possible to propagate periwinkle in July-August by cuttings. It needs to be planted on well-drained, neutral soils without stagnation of water. The plant loves shady and semi-shady areas, and grows rapidly.


In May, primrose blooms with a variety of colors. The plant blooms profusely for four weeks. Some species may bloom again in late summer.

Primrose there are over 550 species. The most common are:

Plants do not like direct sunlight, and grow well in partial shade next to trees and shrubs. You can grow primrose not only in the garden, but also in containerslocated on terraces, loggias and balconies.

This list of names and descriptions of primroses, of course, is not exhaustive. It can be supplemented with tulips, hyacinths, anemones, chionodoxes, white flowers and many other spring flowers. However, we tried to describe and show photos of the most popular and unpretentious flowers, which were the first to please us with their flowering after a long cold winter.

Tender irises

Reticulated iris - a dwarf representative of irises. The botanical name is iridodictium. It reaches a height of 10 cm, so I plant it in groups on alpine hills or in the middle of the lawn.

Most bulbs do not need to be dug up. In one place, they can grow for at least 5 years. The exception is plants that grow rapidly and require more space. This also applies to tulips, which every year go deep into the earth, from which the flowers fade or do not appear at all.

Grassy early flowering perennials

Perennials are very convenient for growing, as they do not take much time and are usually less whimsical than annuals. For several years in a row they occupy a permanent place in the garden, grow and delight with decorativeness. Knowing the exact timing of flowering plants, it is possible to form the so-called continuous flowering gardens, highly decorative throughout the warm season of the year.

Long-haired anemone

Anemone is a gentle and unpretentious flower, popularly called Anemone. Blooms in April with white, pink, pale purple flowers on tall stems. There are both simple and hybrid forms with terry flowers. It grows rapidly due to creeping rhizomes, most often its growth must be restrained. After the plant fades, the bush remains decorative until the beginning of winter. In lingering and warm autumn, anemone blooms repeatedly.

Terry marsh marigold

Kaluzhnitsa is a resident of moist and boggy regions. In the garden, it is used to design ponds. It is a compact bush with bright yellow flowers. Hybrids have double flowers.

Early and mid-flowering primroses include daisies, forget-me-nots, periwinkles, a swimsuit and a dicenter, the flowers of which look like a broken heart. All of them are unpretentious and perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions of the middle lane.

Ornithogalum umbrella

The following types of this primrose are well wintering and unpretentious in care:

  • umbellate (leaves are narrow, thin, white flowers, forms a lush green bush, blooms in April-May),
  • drooping (height 40 cm, narrow leaves, tall peduncles, spike inflorescence, strewn with small white bells),
  • balance (winter-hardy dwarf species 15 cm high with large white flowers, color in May).

Terry sanguinaria

Sanguinaria canadian - a miniature flower that blooms as soon as the snow melts. Long flowering - about 3-4 weeks. The flowers look like tiny water lilies. This is a representative of the poppy family, whose homeland is North America.

The plant is shade-tolerant, frost-resistant, unpretentious. Not affected by diseases and pests, propagated by plots. Planted in the garden under trees and shrubs, quickly grows to whole glades.

Kandyk Siberian

Kandyk is a rare bulbous plant from the lily family, outwardly similar to cyclamen. It blooms in April, and flowers and leaves with brown spots are decorative. It forms thick bushes 30-40 cm high. Peduncles are high, on which drooping flowers are located with bent petals of white, pink, purple and other shades. Winter-hardy and unpretentious plant, native to the northern regions.

Early flowers for the garden have one main advantage - they look forward to flowering with great impatience. It is they that symbolize the arrival of the long-awaited spring, even if there is still snow in the yard, and frost rises at night.