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Lily - species, planting, growing and care

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  • February 12, 2019
  • Flowers
  • Lyudmila Storozhenko

Today, gardeners decorate their gardens with beautiful plants. They effectively complement the landscape design, creating coziness and harmony. One of these plants are LA hybrids of lilies. These are the most beautiful flowers that shake with their natural tenderness, brightness of shades. Features of lilies of LA hybrids, varieties and photos will be presented below.

What are LA hybrids?

Lily has always attracted gardeners with its wonderful decorative qualities and a persistent pleasant aroma. In recent decades, the cultivation of these plants is developing at a particularly rapid pace. The variety of species that emerged as a result of painstaking breeding work is amazing.

Lilies LA hybrids, varieties and photos of which deserve detailed consideration, appeared in the mid-nineties of the last century. They were the result of crossing Asian and long-flowered plants of the species. Their full name sounds like "Longiflorum Asiatic Hybrids." Once on the market, these lilies immediately earned the recognition of flower growers due to their distinctive features and external qualities.

Description

The group of lilies of LA hybrids (photo below) includes several hundred varieties.

All of them are distinguished by a unique combination of beautiful decorative properties, unpretentiousness and ease of propagation, which makes them very attractive for beginner growers. Without making any special efforts and not having sufficient experience, they can get an excellent result already in the first year of growing these magnificent plants.

Most varieties of lilies of LA hybrids have large flowers in the form of a bowl or cup measuring twenty-five centimeters or more. Inflorescences of some varieties have an intermediate form. Peduncles directed vertically up or to the sides. Dense petals are firmly fixed on the receptacle, so lilies tolerate transportation and the effects of external adverse conditions.

The color palette of the petals is incredibly diverse and includes tones:

  • white,
  • cream,
  • yellow,
  • Orange,
  • apricot,
  • pink,
  • salmon,
  • red,
  • burgundy
  • crimson,
  • lilac.

They are found both in pure form and in various combinations. From Asian varieties of varieties of lilies, LA hybrids (photo was presented above) are distinguished by a subtle, refined aroma. It is not surprising that in a short time these plants became widespread and enjoy deserved popularity among flower growers from different countries.

Lily - description

Asia is considered to be the birthplace of lily. However, many scientists disagree.

Lily - This is a perennial herbaceous bulbous plant from the lily family. The genus of lilies consists of more than 100 species. Depending on the variety, the height of the plant can reach from 40 to 200 cm. The stems are straight leafy. Beautiful glossy leaves are arranged in a spiral. The color and shape of the flowers are very diverse. Hybrid varieties are especially decorative. The shape of the flower can be bell-shaped, cupped, star-shaped, chalmoid and funnel-shaped. Some varieties of lilies are resistant to diseases and colds.

Lily looks good in a single planting, and for planting large areas of the garden. Bouquet of lilies - royal bouquet. No wonder he was considered the flower of kings. And many crowned persons used it as their own symbol.

Which variety or type of lily to choose?

Hybrids of lilies began to be created in the 19th century. Then experts suggested that lilies do not tolerate transplanting from natural conditions to gardens. It has been suggested that crossed lilies will be both prettier and more enduring. Truly new hybrids were highly decorative and acquired other qualities. Specialists are still working on the creation of new varieties and species. Today there are hybrids of simply amazing beauty with exotic colors and aromas.

All types of lilies are conditionally divided into several groups.

Hybrids of lilies

Asian hybrids (Asiatic hybrids) Of all species - the most unpretentious to the soil. This is the largest group of lilies. They grow in almost any climate. They respond well to neutral or slightly acidic well-fertilized soils. This type of lily is distinguished by a variety of color and structure of flowers, as well as the height of plants and the timing of flowering. Plant height - 0.5-1.5 m.

Martagon Hybrids (Martagon hybrids), or curly lilies. Hardy frost-resistant varieties resistant to diseases. Differ in plentiful blossoming. They do not like acidic soil. Therefore, the soil around them cannot be mulched with sawdust. They love partial shade, but grow well in the sun. In one place they can grow for many years. At the top of the peduncle there can be up to 25 drooping flowers of various colors with specks. Plant height - 1.2 - 1.8 m.

Oriental hybrids (Oriental hybrids) These are varieties of extraordinary beauty. They are distinguished by especially large, beautiful and fragrant flowers. They are considered aristocrats among lilies. However, they are very demanding on growing conditions and are prone to viral diseases. Only experienced gardeners can take up the cultivation of oriental hybrids of lilies. They love well-drained acidic fertile soil. The landing site is a sunny, sheltered from the wind. Shelter is needed for the winter. Plant height - 0.5 - 2.5 m.

Tubular and Orleans hybrids of lilies (Trumpet and aurelian hybrids). Take their name from the shape of the flower - a tubular or funnel-shaped. However, there are varieties with a cup-shaped, chalmovidny and star-shaped flower. Bred from hybrids of Asiatic lilies. They are distinguished by a strong, sometimes intoxicating aroma, a variety of form and color of flowers, as well as long flowering. They love neutral, light, fertile soil. There are varieties that are resistant to cold and to viral or fungal diseases.

American hybrids (American hybrids) Received from the cross of Canadian, leopard and Colombian lilies. This type of hybrids prefers non-acidic soils. Seeds germinate the next year, the transplant is poorly tolerated. Differ in bright exotic flowers. Full flowering occurs a year or two after the autumn planting. They love non-acidic soil and light partial shade. Plant height - 1.2 - 2.1 m.

Candideum hybrids (SandidumHybrids) Obtained by crossing snow-white lilies and Chalcedon lilies. There are few varieties of this type of lily, but they all have a strong aroma and elegant flowers of white and yellow in various shades. The shape of the flower is tubular or in the form of a funnel. Affected by fungal diseases. Seeds are tied poorly. These garden forms grow in the southern regions. Plant height - 1.2 - 1.8 m.

Long-flowered Hybrids. (Longiflorum hybrids) Very spectacular large bell-shaped flowers with curved tips. They can reach 20 cm in length. These hybrids can be grown both in closed ground for distillation and at home in containers. Very demanding on growing conditions. Used mainly for high-quality cutting. Plant height - 0.8 - 1.0 m.

LA - Hybrids. A very exquisite form of flowers. Received from crossing Asians with Long-flowered lilies. Winter-hardy, resistant to disease. But still require shelter for the winter with fallen leaves or spruce branches. They differ in a wide palette of shades - from white to dark red. Unlike the “Asians” parents, the flowers are larger and denser, the stems are stronger. The fragrance is tender. Recently, deservedly gained great popularity. Bloom much earlier than other lilies. Plant height - up to 1 m.

OT - hybrids. They are distinguished by high growth and large flowers. They appeared relatively recently as a result of crossing two groups - Oriental and Tubular lilies. Differ in beautiful coloring. They have a bright aroma. Varieties of OT hybrids stand out against the rest not only in truly royal colors, but also in high resistance to diseases and good winter hardiness. Thanks to this, they are confidently gaining popularity.

LO - hybrids. They appeared recently by crossing Long-flowered (Longiflorum) and Oriental (Oriental) lilies. The flowers are large and very decorative. Well suited for high quality cuts. Hybrids of this group are characterized by higher frost resistance and disease resistance than their parents. However, shelter is required for the winter. Plant height - 1.0 - 1.5 m.

OA - Hybrids. Appeared as a result of crossing two groups of lilies - Oriental (Oriental) with Asiatic hybrids. Varieties of this group are few. But their popularity is growing all the time thanks to the exquisite beauty of large and fragrant flowers. Love the sun or partial shade. Prefer slightly acidic soil.

Growing lilies

Lily - relatively unpretentious plant in relation to the amount of sunlight. It can grow equally well both in the open area and in partial shade. However, it is better not to plant it in moist lowlands and in areas with stagnant moist air. This may result in gray rot. The site should be well ventilated, but not blown by strong winds. The capricious lily sensitively reacts to conditions unsuitable for her. Unfortunately, many gardeners were disappointed with growing lilies. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to obtain as much information as possible about the acquired variety and class of this plant.

Soil for lilies

In one place, the lily will grow from 3 to 5 years. Therefore, the soil under the lilies must be saturated with the necessary fertilizers. Lily loves loose, drained and nutritious soil. Clay, sand and wetlands are not suitable for a royal flower. If you decide to grow lily, two weeks before planting, you need to dig the soil to a depth of about 40 cm. 1 bucket of humus and peat per 1 sq.m., as well as 4 cups of wood ash, 100 g of superphosphate are added to the excavated soil. and potassium sulfate.

Fertilizer proportions may vary slightly depending on the variety purchased. Different varieties of lilies may have a different attitude to soil acidity. For example, eastern hybrids love acidic, while tubular hybrids do not tolerate acidic soils.

    If your site is heavy soil. The introduction of excessive amounts of organic fertilizers will contribute to the excessive growth of the green part of the plant to the detriment of the formation of bulbs. However, the plants themselves may be less resistant to disease and less hardy. Before planting, up to 8 kg of humus per 1 sq.m. must be added to poor soils. Less can be added to the alkaline chernozem soils of humus - 4 kg of humus per 1 sq.m.

Seat selection

Choosing a place to plant lilies is a very important aspect of growing. Plant health and flowering depend on the right place. Almost all varieties of lilies are rather tall specimens. From strong gusts of wind, the lily stalk may break. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a site that is protected from the wind. However, this should not be a site with stagnation of air, as this can provoke the development of various diseases. Ideal conditions are low shrubs that do not block sunlight. Under the trees, lilies are undesirable. Since there is a strong shadow and the soil is almost always overdried.

Planting lilies

The process of planting lilies is quite simple. When buying bulbs, you must carefully examine them. A healthy bulb should be free of brown spots, rot and mucus. It should be firm and smooth to the touch. If you plan to plant the bulb on the wrong day of purchase, you can hold it for several days in a damp moss or rag. Before planting, the bulbs must be treated with a solution of foundationazole to protect and prevent fungal diseases.

When to plant lilies

Experienced gardeners prefer autumn planting (in the second half of September). Before the first frost, the bulbs have time to take root, especially if the autumn is warm. The optimal time for planting in autumn is chosen this way - about a month after the flowers bloom.

Plant lilies possible in the spring. During spring planting, care must be taken to ensure that the planting material safely wintered. Bulbs dug around October should be shaken off the ground, put in a plastic bag with holes and lay in layers in moist sawdust. You can store lily bulbs in this form in the refrigerator. In spring, as soon as the soil warms up enough, you can plant in open ground. The most favorable time for spring planting is mid-April. Some varieties of lilies are best planted in early summer.

Usually the bulb is planted to a depth of 3-4 of its height (diameter). Tall varieties with large stems are planted even deeper. Lilies with a rosette of ground leaves such as terracotta, snow-white are planted to a depth of two centimeters, so that the tops of the flakes are located near the surface.

The depth of planting lilies depends on the quality of the soil. The heavier the soil, the deeper the landing depth should be. Such parameters as humidity and optimal temperature in winter depend on the landing depth. The longer the underground part, the more bulbs-children and stem roots are formed on it.

A little sand mixed with ash is poured into the prepared pit. Then the roots should be trimmed a little. You need to plant a lily on a sand pillow, evenly distributing the roots. Then it is necessary to sprinkle the onion with a small amount of sand (this will help to avoid possible overmoistening), and to top it with earth and mulch with peat.

Lily planting pattern

    Single line tape. The distance between the lily bulbs in the row is 5-15 cm, and 50 cm between the rows. Two-line tape. It is used as a rule for medium-sized lilies. The distance between the bulbs in a row is 15-25 cm, between the lines 15-25 cm and 70 cm between rows. Three-line tape. It is used for stunted lilies. The distance between the bulbs and stitches is 10-15 cm. Between the rows is 70 cm.

Lily transplant

It is not recommended to keep lilies in one place for more than five years. As the planting becomes thickened, and the flowers fade. Therefore, periodically, the lily needs to be transplanted. The transplant process looks like this:

    Trim the stems close to the surface of the earth. Carefully dig out the onion, being careful not to damage the roots. Remove all dried flakes from the bulb. Divide the onion into smaller onions. Hold the bulbs in a solution of potassium permanganate. Prepare wells for planting. Make a hat out of sand and plant a bulb on it, gently spreading the roots. Press the bulb lightly, and cover with soil on top. Mulch with sawdust or peat.

Feeding Lilies

During the season, the lily must be fed several times.

    The first feeding - during the appearance of shoots. During this period, it is good to feed the lily with any - complex fertilizer. Well established "Agricola". The second top dressing - during budding (1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate, superphosphate or a solution of "Agricola-7" according to the instructions). The third top dressing is necessary in the active phase of flowering.

Typically, lilies grow well without transplanting in one place for 3-5 years. During this time, the plant is gaining strength, and nests are formed from bulbs of different sizes. Sometimes lilies are transplanted more often. In some cases, this is due to the requirement of the variety, sometimes to plant disease. For example, Asian hybrids require more frequent transplants.

It is undesirable to transplant lilies to a new place during flowering. The best time to transplant lilies is autumn. In different climatic zones of our country, it can be early or late autumn. The plant must gain lost strength after flowering and grow stronger.

Of course, there are general rules of agricultural technology suitable for all lilies.However, one must know that each variety of lilies has its own characteristics. Given them, you can achieve a better result.

Lily Care

Lily care consists of regular watering, cultivation, top dressing and weeding. These flowers do not tolerate severe waterlogging, but they always need moderate watering.

Regular top dressing (2-3 times per season) will provide a beautiful and lush flowering. Also, care consists in pre-empting the appearance of diseases and pests. Gray rot, aphid, lily beetle and fusarium are especially dangerous for lilies. Regular inspection and removal of damaged plants is required. At the end of the season, all plant debris must be burned. In early spring, lilies need to be treated with fungicides against fungal diseases.

In order to planting does not thicken, plants need to be transplanted regularly (once every 3-4 years). Subject to all conditions, this royal flower is sure to please you with magnificent flowering and delicate aroma. Some varieties of lilies require special care.

Lily breeding

There are a lot of ways to reproduce lilies. They are propagated by daughter bulbs, cuttings, bulbs, flakes, leaf and stem cuttings, as well as seeds.

One of the methods - bulb nest division. Small bulbs form in the lower part of the bulb. Despite the fact that they still do not shoot, they are quite suitable for reproduction. To do this, in the autumn after flowering, they lightly dig out the onion, small onions are carefully separated and planted on the prepared place.

Reproduction by scales - also a fairly common way. To do this, no more than a third of the scales are separated from the bulb, planted in a prepared place and sprinkled with sand or sawdust on top. With regular watering after a few weeks, the scales will give petals.

Reproduction by children. This method consists in separating the bulbs formed on the root of the stem.

Reproduction from stem bulbs - small bulbs appearing on the stem. Sometimes they fall by themselves, take root and germinate. Such bulbs can be collected and transplanted to a new place.

Propagation by cuttings. For this method, segments of the stem with a sleeping bud and leaves with a piece of stem are used. Cuttings are cut, lower leaves removed from them and planted in the ground by 2-3 cm. After 1-2 months, the resulting bulbs are separated and planted in a container to a depth of 2-3 cm. After some time, the bulbs sprout.

Seed propagation. Seeds are sown in February-March in prepared containers. Shoots appear after 2-3 weeks. When this leaf appears, seedlings dive. They are kept warm until winter, and in winter they are transferred to the basement with a temperature of + 4-6 degrees. And next spring they land on a permanent place. With this method of propagation, lilies bloom only for 5-7 years.

Asian hybrids

Asian hybrids (The Asiatic Hybrids) come from wild lilies - tiger (L. tigrinum), drooping (L. cernuum), David (L. davidii), Maksimovich (L. maximowiczii), dwarf (L. pumilum), monochromatic (L . concolor) and others. In nature, they are found in the vastness of Asia: in Siberia, the Far East, in the temperate regions of China and Japan. Varieties obtained with their participation inherited the frost resistance of their parents and are the most valuable for the culture in Russia. Asian hybrids prefer neutral or slightly acidic soils. Mostly unpretentious in culture. This remarkable group of varieties began in the 18th century, when Russian scientific expeditions sent to study the vast territories of Siberia and the Far East began to send the first bulbs to the capital. They ended up in the Botanical Garden of St. Petersburg, where they were carefully grown and propagated. From there, in the order of exchange of planting material accepted between the botanical gardens, they came to Europe.

Tiger Lily (L. tigrinum)

Martagon Hybrids

Martagon hybrids (The Martagon Hybrids) come from lilies - curly or martagon (L. martagon), melloid (L. medeoloidеs), two-rowed (L. distichum) and Tsingtaunskoy (L. tsingtaense). All of them are naturally distributed in Siberia and the Far East, with the exception of the Marchagon lily, which is found in the wild in Europe. Martagon hybrids are also frost-resistant and unpretentious, can grow on any soil and tolerate partial shade well. Lily Martagon in breeding began to be used only from the 20s of the last century.

Curly Lily or Martagon (L. martagon)

Candideum hybrids

Candidum hybrids (The Candidum Hybrids) were obtained on the basis of lilies - snow-white (L. candidum), chalcedony (L. chalcedonicum) and some other European species. Less hardy than the varieties of the previous groups. Ancestral species have been in culture since ancient times, so Candidum hybrids can perhaps be considered the oldest group.

Snow-white lily (L. candidum)

Lilies OT-hybrids: types of photo varieties, care features

When buying plants, be careful: unscrupulous sellers can offer hybrids from lilies, passing them off as a "lily tree" on which supposedly at the same time bloom about a hundred buds. In fact, this is just an advertising ploy and this cannot be.

OT hybrids have several advantages over other varieties:

  • Some species, after several years after planting, can reach gigantic sizes - more than 1.5 m in height. In the garden, On Stage varieties look very impressive pink, cream with a bright yellow throat Garden Affair, etc. If planting of such species is “diluted” with lower stunted lilies, very original cascades will be obtained.
  • The stem has many inflorescences, which in most species exude a unique aroma.
  • Hybrid hybrids from lilies are less susceptible to diseases than other varieties.
  • This type of plant feels great on acidic soils, often found in the regions of Central Russia.

Having decided to plant this gorgeous plant in your garden, think carefully about the place of planting - tall FROM hybrids can become the main element of the garden landscapewhile overshadowing other flowers.

Types of OT Hybrids

Breeders were many FROM lily hybrids, the main of which are the following:

  • Lilium Anastasia. A plant about two meters high with a gracefully curved stem and pink petals. The white neck has green veins in the center. Anthers are orange-brown.
  • Lilium Donato. It grows to 1.5-2 meters. The flowers are large (up to 25 cm) with a unique aroma. The color of the inflorescences is purple-red, with small violet spots. The neck is a little wavy, yellowish-white.
  • Lilium Honeymoon. This is a late-flowering medium-sized plant (up to 1 m) with pale yellow flowers. On green stems are located from two to twelve inflorescences, reaching 30 cm in diameter.
  • Double yellow. Terry look with a lemon smell. Inflorescences are yellowish, reminiscent of lime in color.
  • Urandi. A very unpretentious variety with large golden pearl flowers.
  • Touching The height of the plant is 120 cm. Petals of a dark yellow color with a red star in the center exude a strong aroma. The flowering period is the end of July-beginning of August.

Interesting fact! The smell of the OT hybrid is excellent in alcohol. If alcohol like perfume - You can use it as a flavoring, for example, for bedding.

LA Lily Hybrids

To date, in the collections of flower growers you can see early (Donau, Raising Sun, Spirit, etc.) and late (Rodeo, Royal Parade, Dynamo, etc.) types of LA hybrids, among which are tall and undersized, speckled and without specks, two-tone and plain, odorless and with a light delicate aroma.

At the end of the last century (1998) were The latest types of LA lilies are bred:

  1. Pride Star with apricot hue,
  2. "Nomad", having large inflorescences of saturated purple color,
  3. "Manhattan" with raspberry pink flowers,
  4. Lilac-pink “Royal Ruby”,
  5. White-pink "Showbiz" and "Don Quixote",
  6. “La Paz” with shiny, lacquered lobes of a dark red hue.

Rules for planting and caring for OT hybrids of lilies

FROM LILY - photophilous plant, but when planting, one feature should be taken into account: the lower part of the stem needs some shading. The soil should be loose, well-drained, incorporating sand. For good growth and development of hybrids, it is recommended to plant plants in beds at least 15–20 cm high.

The formation of new bulbs occurs rather slowly and it is recommended to transplant the lily every five years. The best time to carry out this procedure is September. In autumn, plants need to be covered with plastic wrap, and before the onset of cold weather, planting should be additionally insulated with foliage and spruce branches.

Bulbs FROM hybrids are planted thirty centimeters apart, embedment depth - 15-20 cm. Landing is carried out in late April-early May or in September-October. Lily blooms in July, the duration of flowering of most species is one and a half months or more.

FROM hybrids are able to maintain their original freshness for a long time and look great in a slice. They are often planted along the fence when landscaping areas.

The variety of species of OT lilies allows you to choose your favorite variety (or several), and following simple rules and planting recommendations will create a beautiful original flower garden in your garden.

American hybrids

American hybrids (The American Hybrids) come from lilies - leopard (L. radalinum), Bolander (L. bolanderi), Parry (L. parryi), Kellogg (L. kelloggii), Canadian (L. canadense), Colombian (L. columbianum) et al., native to North America. They are distributed mainly in the mountains of the Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Accustomed to mild winters and arid hot summers. They require slightly acid soil and good drainage, they do not like transplants. In conditions of central Russia, they are quite resistant to frost.

Leopard Lily (L. radalinum)

Long-flowered hybrids

Long-flowered hybrids (The Longiflorum Hybrids) were obtained as a result of hybridization of lilies - long-flowered (L. longiflorum), Formosa (L. formosanum) and others. These species are found in nature in the warm regions of East Asia. Their hybrids are also thermophilic. In conditions of central Russia, they are recommended for distillation and pot culture.

Lily long-flowered (L. longiflorum)

Tubular Hybrids

Tubular hybrids (The Trumpet Hybrids) come from Chinese tubular lilies - Sargent (L. sargentiae), white-flowered (L. leucanthum), regal (L. regale), Brown (L brownii) and yellow lily Henry (L henryi) with turbaned flowers forms. Growing in the mountains of China, these species are frost-resistant, undemanding to soil, but prefer calcareous (they can die on acidic soils). Hybrids inherited these properties, as well as high resistance to viral and fungal diseases.
Four subgroups are distinguished among Tubular hybrids depending on the shape of the flower:

  • actually tubular (flowers of an ideal tubular form),
  • cupped
  • with drooping flowers
  • Sunburst (hybrids with star-shaped flowers).

Lily of Sargent (L. sargentiae)

Oriental hybrids

Oriental hybrids (The Oriental Hybrids) were obtained on the basis of lilies - golden (L. auratum), beautiful (L. speciosum), Japanese (L. japonicum) and reddish (L. rubellum). Their varieties are rightfully considered the most beautiful, often resembling exotic orchids. Pleased not only with their appearance, but also with a wonderful smell. Like the varieties of the previous group, they are divided into four subgroups:

  • with tubular flowers,
  • with cupped flowers
  • with wide open flowers
  • with flowers whose petals are bent back.

Wild ancestors of the Oriental hybrids grow on the southern islands of Japan. The varieties originating from them are not too winter-hardy.

Golden Lily (L. auratum)

Hybrids of unknown origin

They were not included in any of the previous groups of lilies.

The beginning of the group of American hybrids was laid in 1871, when the leopard lily, discovered in 1848, was introduced into the culture. This species to this day remains the most popular and widespread of all American lilies.

In Europe, Japanese lilies appeared relatively late - in the XIX century. Pioneers were lilies - beautiful and golden. The first bulbs were brought to Belgium in 1829, and to England in 1869. Plants grown from them were wildly successful, but quickly died from viral diseases. From the middle of the 19th century, breeders began to work on obtaining disease-resistant varieties, laying the foundation for a group of Oriental hybrids.

The royal lily was discovered in 1903 in the mountains of the Chinese province of Sichuan by the English botanist E. Wilson. Bulbs brought to England bloomed in 1905, and in the 20s of the last century the first hybrids with the participation of this species were obtained.

Another type of classification of lilies - according to ecological origin, is presented in the article "Classification of lilies."

Cultivation and care

Lilies - growing and care

Lilies prefer a sunny, sheltered from the wind place. The soil requires fertile, loose, with good drainage. Most varieties feel great on neutral lands, but, as mentioned above, some prefer acidic (American hybrids) or alkaline (Tubular hybrids). The best time to plant and transplant lilies is August or early September. These flowers are replanted every 4–5 years, since the curtain grows too much, and the soil around is depleted. Land for planting is prepared in advance, be sure to take care of drainage. Planting depth depends on the size of the bulb. According to the rules, it should be equal to the height of three bulbs, set on top of each other. Affects the depth and type of soil. On light sandy soils, lilies are recommended to be planted to a greater depth than on dense clay soils. Some lilies, such as the Madonna lily, form a rosette of root leaves. Such species and varieties are planted to a shallow depth (2-5 cm), otherwise they will not bloom.

Lily care is easy. The soil next to the curtains must be kept free of weeds. Loosening it is not recommended, so as not to damage the superficially located supraclavicular roots, it is preferable to use mulch. Lilies develop better on moist soil, so if the weather is dry and hot, they need watering. It is especially important in the first half of summer and after flowering.

During the spring-summer season, lilies need to be fed. The first top dressing is carried out in the spring, immediately after the snow melts, using mineral and organic nitrogen fertilizers. Remember that fresh mullein is harmful to lilies, it must always be fermented or used rotted. Lilies are very responsive to potash fertilizers, the best of which is wood ash. It is recommended to make it several times a season. Ash improves the quality of flowers, increases the resistance of plants to diseases. In the budding stage, a second top dressing with nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate) is carried out. The third feeding with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers is carried out in July.

Read more about dressing, watering and additional care for lilies in the article "Lilies - growing and care."

Lilies look great in bouquets. When cutting flowers to decorate the house, try to leave as many leaves on the plant as possible so that the bulb can normally store nutrients.

It is recommended to shelter all lilies in central Russia for the winter. For more winter-hardy varieties (Asian hybrids), shelter from peat mulch is enough. Oriental hybrids and Madonna's lily over peat are covered with a layer of dry foliage and spruce branches. In the spring, spruce branches are removed first so as not to cause damage to the sprouts. Peat can not be removed at all, only carefully loosened.

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