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The most popular breeds of Japanese dogs: descriptions with names and photos

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Russian long-haired toy terrier

In 1957, in Moscow, from 2 smooth-haired toy terriers, one of which had slightly elongated hair, a black, with bright red tan marks, Chicky male with hairs on his ears and limbs was born. Chikki was mated with a black and tan female with slightly elongated hair, resulting in 3 long-haired puppies. The Moscow City Society for Decorative Dog Breeding became the breeding center of the breed. In breeding used toy terriers, chihuahuas and dwarf dogs in the type of papillons. In 1964, a new breed called the “Moscow Longhair Toy Terrier” was first shown at the exhibition. In 1966, the first standard was adopted. By the end of the 60s of the XX century, more than 300 such dogs were registered. In the 80s, this breed was learned in Europe and America.

Finnish hound

Finnish hound

Suomenajakoira

This breed, close to the hare, was bred in the 19th century by Tammelin, a Finnish blacksmith who crossed German and Scandinavian hounds with foxhound. Dogs are used to work on the fox, hare, elk and lynx..

Crash Shepherd Dog

Crash Shepherd Dog

Kraski ovcar

This shepherd bred in the highlands of Kras in western Slovenia tirelessly guards herds of livestock. It was first mentioned in 1689. It was officially recognized in 1939 as the Illyrian shepherd dog (together with the Sharplanin shepherd breed). In1968, the Krassky and Sharplaninsky shepherds were recognized as independent breeds.

Big Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Big Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Chien de montagne des pyrenees

Like many Molossians, the probable ancestor of a large Pyrenean mountain dog is Asian herding dogs. This breed was first mentioned in the chronicles of the XII century, it was used to protect the flocks of sheep and cattle from wolves and bears, to protect houses and castles, and even sat in the royal court of Louis XIV. The first standard of this breed was adopted in 1907. In I960, the standard was officially recognized. Currently, a large Pyrenean dog belongs to those few French breeds that are common outside of France. It is especially popular in the United States and Japan.

Popular breeds of Japanese dogs

Whatever country is discussed, all animals "assigned" to local cynological organizations can be divided into 2 groups: purebred aborigines and mestizos obtained as a result of crossing "aborigines" with species brought from outside. According to this principle, only representatives of 6 breeds can be considered “indigenous Japanese”:

Hokkaido dog

Shikoku dog

All these dogs have common characteristics: soft triangular ears, cleverly set clever eyes, an interesting muzzle shape that makes the dog look smiling, and a fluffy tail with a neat little ring. We can say that the demand for native Japanese breeds is largely due to the winning exterior of their representatives. The remaining six breeds, representatives of which are not “aborigines,” also have their own “zest” to justify their popularity.

In this article we have collected photographs and descriptions of all 12 Japanese dog breeds officially recognized at this time. Let's start with the most popular of them.

Japanese Akita

  • FCI No. 255,
  • other names: akita-inu, akita-ken,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • appointment - guard, fighting and hunting dog,
  • dimensions are large
  • life expectancy is 10-12 years.

Akita is familiar to everyone who has seen the film "Hachiko." We can say that it was with this film that the popularity of Asian breeds began in Russia and the rest of the world.

Akita got its name in honor of the province of the same name on the island of Honshu, where they were bred. It is believed that the ancestors of these dogs were Chinese Spitz and one of the mastiffs. From the last Akita inherited its enormous size. Today, Akita is the largest Japanese breed.

  • height - 66–71 cm - males, 61–66 cm - females,
  • weight - 34-50 kg
  • important proportions - the ratio of the height of the dog at the withers to the length of its body - 10:11,
  • wool - medium length
  • acceptable colors - white, tan or black (sesame), spotted.

Japanese Akita

The main character trait of an akita is its unlimited devotion to its owner, which has been repeatedly sung in art. Among other things, these dogs are smart, courageous and confident in themselves that, if not properly educated, can result in an uncontrolled desire to dominate and an unwillingness to obey commands.

The cost of one Akita puppy is from 40 to 70 thousand rubles. At the same time, there can be from 3 to 12 pieces in the litter (usually 7-8).

Akita American

A large Japanese dog - this is the name of this animal in his homeland, in the USA. Being direct descendants of Akita Inu, Mastiffs and German Shepherds, these dogs have incorporated all the best from 3 breeds. However, despite the merits of the “American women”, representatives of the international cynological community still have not decided whether to consider them an independent species.

Akita American with a puppy

Many animal lovers still recognize only one Akita - Japanese, calling her closest "relative" not a separate sub-breed, but only a mestizo.

Kai (Kai Dog)

  • FCI No. 317,
  • other names - kai, koshu-tora, tiger dog,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • appointment - hunting dog, companion,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is up to 16 years.

Kai breed dog

Kai is one of the rarest surviving ancient canine breeds. These animals are under the Nippo program, aimed at the conservation and protection of native Japanese species.

Over the past years, it is not known for certain from whom the modern koshura came from. However, it is known that their homeland is the mountainous province of Kai, on the island of Honshu (hence the original name of the animal came from). The isolation of the region did not allow them to freely interbreed with other dogs, ensuring the purity of the gene pool, making today these animals look exactly like their ancestors thousands of years ago.

  • height - 50–56 cm - males, 45–50 cm - females,
  • weight - 16–25 kg - males, 11–20 kg - females,
  • important proportions - the ratio of the height of the dog to the length of its body - 10:11,
  • the coat is short and stiff
  • permissible colors - tiger of various shades.

Kai almost never occur outside their homeland. Russians who want to get such a puppy have to do this abroad. The cost of a dog from a Japanese kennel can vary from $ 2,000 to $ 4,000.

Kissu dogs

  • FCI No. 318,
  • country of origin - Japan,
  • as they call it - pussycat, kish,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • appointment - hunting and guard dog, companion,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is 11–13 years.

Kissu dog

In 1934, Kishu dogs were officially recognized as the national property of the Land of the Rising Sun. According to legend, these unusual animals originate from wild wolves.

The history of pussycat as an indigenous species dates back about 3,000 years. The view was formed on the territory of the principality of the same name, on the Kii Peninsula. Kishu living in the mountains for a long time developed in isolation, due to which the exterior of the dogs has not changed much over the years of their existence.

  • height - 50–55 cm - males, 45–52 cm - females,
  • weight - 20–27 kg
  • the coat is short and stiff
  • permissible colors - white, red, zonal.

Kissu puppies

As a rule, Japanese breeds of dogs are characterized by waywardness, which makes it difficult to raise and train these animals. Kissyu is no exception. Despite all their intelligence and talent, these worthy dogs need a firm hand and are not suitable for beginner dog breeders.

Today, Russian nurseries are just starting to breed Kissy breed. Rare animals for the CIS are, respectively: from 50 thousand rubles per puppy.

Shikoku (Shikoku)

  • FCI No. 319,
  • as they call Kochi-ken, Mikawa-inu,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • purpose - a hunting dog,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is 10–13 years.

Shikoku dog

A shikoku dog is another rare native species under the protection of Nippo. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the breed was almost completely lost, but today the threat of its destruction has passed.

Scientists are still arguing about the origin of shikoku. Some dog handlers tend to believe that the ancestors of these animals were the now extinct Japanese wolves. Whether it is true or not, it is not known for certain. It is only clear that the breed was bred by wild boar hunters from Shikoku Island (Kochi Prefecture) and was used to harass these dangerous animals.

  • height - 42–55 cm,
  • weight - 20–25 kg
  • important proportions - the ratio of the height at the withers to the length of the body - 10:11,
  • the coat is short and stiff
  • acceptable colors are sesame (black or red).

Shikoku dog

Shikoku - very energetic, playful and easily addicted to nature. At the same time, they are observant, vigilant and balanced, which makes it possible to successfully use representatives of this breed both as hunters and as watchmen.

Outside of their homeland, shikoku dogs are still small in number. The closest nursery of these animals to Russia is in Estonia. You can buy a puppy there for the price of 6000-12000 $.

Hokkaido dogs

  • FCI No. 261,
  • as they call it - Ainu, Seta, Shita,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • purpose - hunting and guard dog,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is 11–13 years.

Hokkaido dogs

The ancient Hokkaido breed appeared on the island of the same name in Japan about 1000 years BC. Artful and hardy dogs were used by locals to hunt large animals.

  • height - 48.5–51.5 cm - males, 45.5–48.5 cm - females,
  • weight - 20-30 kg,
  • the coat is short and stiff
  • permissible colors - white, black (including tan), red, brindle, fawn.

Hokkaido is protected by Nippo, and they are very reluctant to sell them abroad. In Russia, the cost of such a dog can reach 70 thousand rubles.

Tosa Inu (Japanese Mastiff)

  • FCI No. 260,
  • as they call it - Tosa-Ken, Tosa, Tosa-Token Japanese fighting dog,
  • class - molossians,
  • appointment is a fighting dog,
  • dimensions are large
  • life expectancy is 10-12 years.

Tiger Japanese Mastiffs

Like the British, the Japanese are considered real fans of dog fighting. That is why, when the inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun had the opportunity to import animals from abroad, local breeders were actively engaged in the purchase of European molosses. By crossing them with the native species of Japan, we got the Tosa Inu - dogs that are not inferior in strength to mastiffs and Old English bulldogs.

  • height - 60 cm - males, 55-60 cm - females,
  • weight - 37–90 kg - males, 35–85 kg - females,
  • the coat is short
  • permissible colors - fawn, apricot, black, yellow, brindle.

Tosa Inu dog

Modern dogs have almost lost the fierce disposition of their fighting ancestors. These are very calm, collected, loyal to the owner (and people in general) animals that can be aggressive, but not without reason.

The current price for the puppy of this dog ranges around $ 5,000. However, since the breed is considered a national treasure of Japan, it is almost impossible to acquire such a dog outside the Land of the Rising Sun due to the illegality of such transactions.

Sakhalin Husky

Tosa are not the only Japanese dogs whose ancestors came to the Land of the Rising Sun from outside. The same fate befell the animals of the Sakhalin Husky breed. The first Gilyak huskies (as they were originally called) were from Russia. Here the breed was actively used as a service. Later, with the filing of Nippo, the species was recognized around the world under the name karafuto-ken, which automatically made Sakhalin husky the property of Japan.

Sakhalin Husky

This breed does not need long descriptions. Sakhalin husky almost do not differ from Siberian, just grow a little larger (up to 58 cm at the withers).

Dogs breed "Sansu"

  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • destination - guard dog,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is 12-17 years.

The descendants of Shiba and Chow-Chow, sansu were bred by the Japanese in 1912 as medium-sized dogs specially designed for guard duty. Representatives of the breed have become widely known as companion animals.

Sansu dogs

In the photo, sansu most resembles a smaller version of akita. The exterior of these animals is almost identical.

  • height - 36–46 cm - males, 31–41 cm - females,
  • weight - 20–25 kg
  • the coat is short, dense,
  • acceptable colors - white, gray, red.

Outside of Japan, sansu has not yet been recognized as an independent breed. It is possible to buy puppies in the Russian Federation only from a few private breeders, and their prices fluctuate completely unpredictably.

Shiba Inu breed

  • FCI No. 257,
  • as they call it - shiba, shiba,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • purpose - a hunting dog,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is 13–16 years.

Shiba Inu dog

Shiba is a miniature dog that appeared in Japan 3,000 years ago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the breed was almost completely lost due to uncontrolled interspecific crossbreeding, but today, thanks to Nippo patronage, the number of these animals has almost recovered.

  • height - 38–40 cm,
  • weight - 8-10 kg
  • acceptable colors - gray, black, red.

The breed came to Russia back in 1999, but to this day it is considered rare and expensive for the CIS. Here puppies are sold for 80 thousand rubles or more.

Japanese terrier

  • FCI No. 259,
  • as they call it - nihon terrier, mikado terrier, oyuki terrier,
  • class - small terriers,
  • appointment - hunting dog, companion,
  • dimensions are small
  • life expectancy is 12-14 years.

Japanese terrier

In Japan, there is no place to engage in normal hunting, so having become interested in such a variety of dogs as terriers, local breeders set a goal to create a dog with a similar exterior, but with the character of a companion. As "ancestors" of the new breed, it was decided to use European Italian greyhounds, pointers and fox terriers. The resulting dog was named the Japanese Terrier and recognized as a national treasure of the Land of the Rising Sun.

  • height - 30–33 cm,
  • weight - 2–4 kg
  • the coat is short and smooth,
  • Permissible color - tricolor.

Japanese Spitz

  • FCI No. 262,
  • as they call it - nihon-spitz,
  • class - Asian Spitz and related breeds,
  • purpose - a decorative interior dog,
  • overall dimensions are medium
  • life expectancy is 10–16 years.

Japanese Spitz

In fact, Japanese Spitz is a smaller version of the German breed. The compact size allowed these animals to quickly gain popularity as decorative interior pets.

  • height - 30–38 cm,
  • weight - 5-10 kg,
  • the coat is long and soft
  • acceptable color is white.

Japanese chin

  • FCI No. 206,
  • class - companion dogs,
  • appointment is a companion,
  • dimensions are small
  • life expectancy is 10-12 years.

Japanese chin

Japanese chins are the second most popular animals from the Land of the Rising Sun (after Akita), widely known throughout the world. The similarity of these dogs to the Pekingese suggests that the species have a common ancestor.

  • height - about 25 cm
  • weight - 1.8–3.2 kg
  • the coat is long and straight
  • permissible colors are spotty (white with red or black).

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