In history, there are many cases where the exact forecast of an approaching disaster was set by our favorite pets by their behavior. Animals are sensitive to impending disaster, sometimes saving our lives with you ... Let's find out HOW they do it.
Such an incredible property of some animals was the first to be noticed by people living in the so-called seismically active areas. We noticed and called it “living seismographs”, about seventy species that were able to predict the approaching natural disasters were revealed among animals.
In their behavior, some features are noticeable: the onset of sudden anxiety, raising the wool on end, anxiety, trembling, the extraction of terrible sounds, like a howl. Animals run outside if they are indoors. In a word, they feel the danger.
The behavior of cats at the time of approaching seismic hazards is also interesting. If an earthquake is approaching, then these completely quiet, calm, even lazy animals suddenly completely transform and speak with their whole behavior about the approach of a big disaster.
Some of them are constantly rushing around the room, scratching the walls and doors with their claws, trying to break out.
Other representatives of the feline look, on the contrary, manifest themselves as true cowards: they tremble, hide, meow loudly.
If a cat has kittens at the time of danger, she tries to hide them: she transfers them to another place, she hides herself and hides with them, looking for hidden places. There is a completely unusual behavior in cats: after sensing an approaching earthquake, they silently run away from home a few days before the tremors, and come back when the danger has already passed.
There are many examples in history that have recorded inappropriate behavior of cats before natural disasters:
• Earthquake in Ashgabat in 1948
• Massive escape of cats from the city of Montaigne-Pelet before a volcanic eruption in 1902
• In 1973, just as accurately, cats hastily left the city of Vestmannaeyjar one day before the eruption of the volcano. However, at this place the city was restored. And its inhabitants are firmly convinced that in the event of another thunderstorm, it is cats that will warn about impending danger with their behavior.
And there are many such examples in history. And how many of them are not documented and transmitted by a person by word of mouth?
How many times, even before small shocks, the owners of their cats noticed their strange behavior, increasing fear and excitement.
Indeed, if you think about it, seismologists predictors live next to us. It remains only to learn to understand the language of their behavior and use this knowledge.
If we turn to the processes occurring on the Earth and repeating in certain zones of the planet, the conclusion suggests itself: inside the planet, all processes occur slowly, accumulate their energy of incredible strength, and only when the planet cannot contain this impulse, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur .
A group of British scientists conducted on the Italian lake of San Rufino observation of toads caviar. The researchers wanted to find out the effect of the lunar cycle on the reproduction of these animals.
Early warning system
Observing the amphibians, scientists noticed that five days before the devastating earthquake in the city of L’Aquila, which is 74 km from San Rufino, all the male toads left the spawning site, and returned only a few days after the last weak tremors.
The head of the research group Rachel Grant in this regard noted that this is completely different from the usual behavior of toads. Arriving at the breeding place, males never leave it until the end of spawning.
“Our study is one of the first in which it was possible to record the behavior of animals before, during and after the earthquake. Our data suggests that toads can detect signs of early seismic activity, such as the release of radioactive gases and charged particles, as a result of which they can avoid the effects of the cataclysm, ”Grant told Live Science in March 2010.
Scientists do not yet understand how the toads managed to feel the changes in the environment. It is known that these animals are extremely sensitive to weather changes, but weather stations did not record any weather anomalies before the earthquake. The only thing that has changed is the concentration of the inert gas of radon emitted by the bowels of the planet, and the intensity of the Earth's magnetic field in the area of the earthquake. Another anomaly is low-frequency radio waves in the upper atmosphere, but experts still cannot agree on what exactly caused them.
Nevertheless, the authors of the study believe that their work can be used in the future to create an earthquake prediction system.
In addition to toads, nature awarded meteorological or seismic "flair" and other animals. Scientists believe that more than 600 representatives of the animal world possess "synoptic" abilities. For example, sharks have the ability to accurately predict the weather. They can feel even the slightest changes in atmospheric pressure before a storm and wait for weather inclinations at a depth.
The special sensitivity of sharks to changes in atmospheric pressure was first noticed back in 2001, when due to the hurricane Gabrielle approaching the coast of Florida, many species of sharks left shallow water and headed to deeper areas.
Experts note that the slightest changes in atmospheric pressure immediately affect the water pressure, which directly affects the condition of sharks. “The inner ear of sharks is very similar in structure to the human one: if we are in an airplane that is rapidly gaining height, then due to a sharp change in pressure, we are laying our ears. Similar processes occur in sharks, says Lauren Smith of the University of Aberdeen. “It's a kind of early warning system.”
A very phenomenal “seismic” flair is possessed by a small fish - the Nile elephant. In the mountains of the North Pamirs, scientists have established an aquarium so that its inhabitant predicts earthquakes in advance. The Nile elephant senses the approach of natural disaster in four days and begins to worry.
A second before the tremor
Amazing circumstances accompanied one of the most tragic volcanic disasters in the history of mankind - the death of the city of Saint-Pierre on the island of Martinique in 1902. A cloud of hot gases, which escaped from the crater of the volcano Mont Pele, completely burned the city. In just a few minutes more than thirty thousand people died, however, only a few corpses of cats and dogs were found from animals after the tragedy.
As it later turned out, almost all pets left the city in advance, as if anticipating an impending catastrophe. Snakes also left their habitats on the slopes of the volcanic cone. And even migratory birds a few days before the eruption did not make the usual rest on a lake near the city.
Numerous experiments and reports show that animals really respond for a long time to the upcoming volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, especially in the epicenter area. So, for example, in Chile, before the earthquake in 1835, every dog left the city of Talciano.
A few hours before the catastrophic earthquake in Skopje (Yugoslavia), the four-legged inhabitants of the city zoo showed terrible concern, but people did not understand them.
Shortly before the 1976 earthquake in the Italian province of Friuli, cats began, with feverish haste, to take kittens out of their homes, and the dogs spun on a chain, and howled continuously.
12 hours before the earthquake in Morocco in 1980, dogs and cats began to run out of their houses into the street, and even camels who were completely indifferent to everything in the world rushed to leave the settlements.
An interesting story was told to its readers by the Italian media after the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila. Maria Tripodi, the owner of a labrador nicknamed Angelina, claimed that the animal saved her life by knocking her down on the threshold of the house a second before the roof of the house collapsed after an earthquake.
Here are her words: “When we returned home from the walk, the dog began to jump around me. At first I thought that she was indulging, but then she began to behave very aggressively and knocked me down.
I was furious and already came up with a punishment for Angelina, and then the house just fell apart! I looked around in shock, and thought that if it weren’t for my dog, he would have fallen on me. Angelina saved me. ”
In China in 1975, through the behavior of live seismographs, tens of thousands of people were saved. A few months earlier, a large-scale experiment was conducted in Liaoning Province, where there was always increased seismic activity: 100 thousand volunteers were urged to convince the provincial population to immediately inform the authorities of any unusual animal behavior. An evacuation plan was also developed and an operational headquarters was established.
"At some point, headquarters began to receive messages from places that snakes woke up from hibernation, crawled out into the snow and froze
Guided by these reports, the staff decided to urgently evacuate from the earthquake-prone area and were not mistaken. February 4, 1975 at 19.30 local time, a terrible earthquake in Liaoning destroyed 90 percent of homes. At the same time, only a few people died who did not have time to leave for a safe place.
When elephants descend from the mountains
California geologist Jim Berkland is absolutely convinced of the loyalty of the Chinese method of earthquake prediction and regularly reviews columns in three major California newspapers about finds and losses.
If the number of missing pets increases dramatically, then perhaps Berkland believes an earthquake could soon occur.
The inhabitants of the Philippines also have long known that animals are able to predict an approaching earthquake or volcanic eruption. So, a few days before the eruption of Mayon volcano in the Philippines, numerous herds of wild boars and monkeys descended from the mountains and occupied peasant fields, completely trampling them, but thereby warning the locals in advance of the impending disaster.
Residents of the now destroyed village of Belalou on the Indonesian island of Sumatra say that in the evening on the eve of the tragedy three dozen elephants came down from the mountains and lined up. They touched neither buildings nor crops, just stood on the edge of the village and looked at the doomed human settlement. Standing like this, the giants turned and hid in the jungle.
Now the villagers are convinced that the elephants wanted to warn them of an impending earthquake. Animals wandered into human territory before, but they were always single or small groups who came to enjoy bananas.
And in the state of California (it was there that the most devastating earthquakes in US history took place), at the foot of Palmdale Hill, which formed literally before the eyes of people during one of the recent earthquakes, today there are cells with rats, and mice are settled in artificial holes. The behavior of animals is monitored by sensitive electronic devices and, at the slightest change in their behavior, they are immediately signaled to the Seismography Center.
Messenger of the Palace of the Sea God
It has long been known that the most sensitive living seismographs are crocodiles. Tsuneyuki Yamamoto, the chief caretaker of the crocodile nursery in Higashiizu, accurately records all changes in the behavior of his wards.
According to the Japanese zoologist, crocodiles did not miss a single serious natural anomaly. For example, five hours before a major earthquake struck Honshu Island, many alligators began to make sounds that resemble a growl, bulging their heads and tails.
A similar picture was observed the day before the eruption of the volcano Mihara, which had been silent for 200 years before. Yamamoto compared his notes with the observations of specialists in other nurseries and found a match in the behavior of reptiles.
The Japanese zoologist concludes as follows: the radius of action of crocodile premonitions is limited to 150 kilometers. Different species have different abilities. American alligators pick up the approach of even minor tremors, but if an Asian crocodile "growls", then a powerful earthquake is almost inevitable.
According to biochemist Helmut Tribitsch, shortly before the start of strong earthquakes, a powerful stream of charged particles or ions rush into the atmosphere from the soil surface, which saturate the air to the limit with static electricity.
“In a person in such cases, it can also cause unpleasant sensations - headache, increased irritability, nausea, but he usually does not attach due importance to this,” says Tribitsch. “For animals, a sharp increase in the intensity of the electrostatic field and an increase in the number of ions in the air serve as a signal for approaching danger, forcing them to seek refuge in advance.”
Meanwhile, in Japan, in March-April 2010, the number of rare gigantic fish called Belt-fish sharply increased in coastal waters. They more often began to fall into the networks of fishermen, and more and more often - by dozens of individuals - they are throwing them ashore in waves.
Typically, these fish are found at a depth of more than 1000 meters and very rarely float to the surface. Their first specimens were noticed by fishermen immediately after the February earthquake in Chile and the April one in southern Taiwan.
The fish belt in legends is known as a messenger from the palace of the sea god. Long and thin with fin along the whole body, it resembles a snake. According to Japanese legends, these fish rise to the surface and are thrown ashore to warn of an impending earthquake.
Ancient legends confirm scientific theories that bottom fish are sensitive to movements in seismic fault lines and exhibit unusual behavior under normal conditions before earthquakes ...