Balinese cat is actually long-haired Siamese. They are smart, affectionate and graceful. Do not cause allergies.
- Breed Name: Balinese cat
- Country of origin: USA
- Breeding time: XX century
- Weight: 2.5 - 5 kg
- Life span: 12 - 15 years old
- Hypoallergenic: Yes
Balinese cat - a subspecies of Siamese cats, but with elongated hair. Despite the aristocratic posture and proud appearance, Balinese is a very gentle and affectionate creature. And in order to assess the level of intelligence, it is enough to look into sapphire eyes once and see the attentiveness and hidden curiosity in them. Balinese cats love to be in the company of people, but usually only become attached to their owners. They have a loud, but soft and musical voice. Despite the name, nothing connects the breed with the island of Bali, the country of origin is the United States.
The history of the appearance of a Balinese cat is impossible to imagine without the history of the Siamese beloved by all. The time of the appearance of this breed can be considered the first half of the last century. It was then that American breeders of Siamese cats drew attention to the fact that in some litters, individuals with long hair, not typical for Siamese, are born. First, such kittens were rejected and hid the appearance of Siamese cats, different from generally accepted standards. But later, breeders, subdued by the beauty of furry babies, decided to develop a new breed on their basis. Its first name is Siamese longhair, but in the end, the name Balinese was assigned to the new breed of cats.
Already in 1967 the first standard of such cats was established, but in our country the first blue-tabby-point balinese appeared only after more than twenty years - in 1988.
Balinezov is distinguished by an independent character with notes of obstinacy. In these cats, the calm of a confident hunter combined with an explosive oriental temperament. Often, breeders are confronted with the myth that Balinese cats are not only stubborn, but also dangerous to humans. However, in reality, Balinese cats love their owners very much and quickly become attached to people. They are kind and gentle. However, it should be remembered that these are freedom-loving animals that are not used to excessive attention: you do not need to squeeze them often and carry them on your hands. Therefore, you should not get a Balinese cat in a house where there are small children. Balinese will not allow him to play like a doll, and if the children are too persistent in their desires, then he can scratch the child and bite him.
With caution, it is worth taking other animals to the house where balinesis already lives. These cats are very jealous. Not immediately Balinese cats accept strangers - they need time to recognize a new person for their own.
It is extremely tactful to bring up balinesis - a cat may not forgive an undeserved punishment. This breed is suitable for busy people. Balineses easily remain alone and do not yearn for the owners.
- Coat: long, light, has no undercoat, fits to the body
- Head: looks like a narrow, long, flat wedge, medium size, with a straight profile.
- Eyes: oriental type, almond-shaped, very beautiful, widely set along the line of the wedge, bright blue.
- Body: very graceful, with graceful outlines, medium size, elongated, slim. The skeleton is thin, the muscles are strong.
- Tail: long, well pubescent, the hair on it resembles a fringe.
Health & Care
Particular attention should be paid to the care of the hair of a Balinese cat. Balineses have a long coat with no visible undercoat. It can be brushed every two days. This will be enough to make the balinese fur smooth and fluffy. Many individuals love when they are not combed with a special comb, but simply with their hands.
Often you don’t have to bathe a cat. However, water procedures are necessary from time to time. When bathing, be sure to brush your teeth and ears. Unfortunately, Balinese cats are prone to dental problems, so it’s best to teach a kitten to brush his teeth from an early age so that this procedure is not perceived negatively.
According to the standards of international associations, the breed of the Balinese cat must be identical to the Siamese, except for the length of the coat.
This breed is characterized by grace, strength, endurance, a long body, legs, tail and neck. The size of the head is medium, the muzzle is perfectly straight, with a strong-willed chin, the correct bite of the teeth, with neat ears set wide, on a thin long neck. Straight profile, without bends and dips.
The ears are large, the head is wide. The cheekbones do not protrude much, forming a perfectly regular triangle between the chin and ears.
Eyes are not the only, but the main beauty of the representatives of this breed, a beautiful saturated bright blue color. They are located a little oblique, resembling the almond-shaped eyes of oriental beauties. But the bulge, strabismus or pale eye color in this breed is categorically not allowed. The tail is long and thin, sharp at the tip, with long hair.
In balinese, the longest hair is on the tail, on the body - without undercoat, medium. And on the head - very short. To the touch, the skin is delicate, silky, thin and thick.
The color of the Balinese breed is called color point. The ears, tail, muzzle, base of the legs have a beautiful saturated color (point), but everything else has a faint light shade, which looks very harmonious, contrasting with each other. The body is also easy, barely touched, painted in point color. On the muzzle, the solid color looks more saturated, staining its entire area, along with the pads of the mustache, but never reaches the back of the head.
Color spots are uniform, without white patches or hairs. At an older age, the color of the entire body can darken and become the same, this is not considered a minus or a marriage. But little kittens are born completely white and acquire a characteristic Balinese color after some time.
10 photos of a balinese cat
Click on the small image to enlarge it.
Description and features of a Balinese cat
Those who first get acquainted with cats of this breed remember the quality of their coat. It is gentle and pleasant, with tangible and noticeable silky, medium length, luxurious and fluffy on the tail.
You can avoid the loss of all these positive features if you do not pair Balinese with Siamese, owners of short hair. Balinese cat in the photo and in real life it leaves an indelible mark on the memory of those who saw it for the first time. It is simply impossible to forget.
A typical cat with a proportional body, having slender and elongated paws, with the front ones shorter than the hind legs, with a solid body and ideally developed muscular muscles.
The classical representatives of these cats are distinguished by the elongation of their shapes, the roundness of the pads of the legs, narrow hips and a long tail, crowned with an incomparable wool fringe. Their head does not stand out against the general background. It is medium in size, wedge-shaped, with an oblong profile and a straight nose.
Judging by description of a balinese cat her color is not much different from that of her Siamese relatives. Most pronounced are pastel cream tones with slight dimming in the back and sides.
Interestingly, kittens at birth are pure white in color and only with age do their legs, muzzle, tail and head darken. Hue in cats can be found in dark brown, blue, purple or chocolate.
The animal's eyes have an expressive almond-shaped shape, a little with an oblique setting. They are saturated blue or blue. This is one of the most loyal to its owners cat. Prefers freedom. One can only agree to a walk on a leash if this leash does not constrain her movements.
The cat cannot be sociable, she with great pleasure supports all games and takes a direct part in them. Affectionate and peacefulness are the main features cats of a Balinese breed. They perfectly sing their gentle songs in a feline soothing language and are a symbol of affection and tenderness until they are offended.
Generally Balinese cat character It can be noted as calm and peaceful. They are demanding. They do not like it when they pay little attention to their person. They enter into friendship with all members of the family.
They are not annoyed by the persistence of the kids, which is very important. Not all breeds like communicating with children and not all of them can calmly relate to the fact that someone unexpectedly pulled them by the tail.
In the face siamese balinese cat a person can really find for himself a true and faithful friend who will always be there and protect him from despondency. This animal has a striking mind. You don’t even have to try to hide her favorite toys.
A cat with amazing speed, grace and simultaneous dexterity will get its favorite item from everywhere. She easily opens her cabinet doors with her paws and can easily jump to the upper shelves.
A cat will never go hungry. She will meow continuously and persistently until she receives food for herself. The temperament of these pets is much calmer than their Siamese brothers. True, they also love hunting, this is their one great positive trait that helps people who have mice on the farm.
By the aristocratic appearance of a cat, one can only think at first glance that she is proud and inaccessible, but after the first contact with her, her opinion changes dramatically. This is the embodiment of beauty, tenderness and devotion. It's hard to find a sweeter creature.
For a cat, constant communication is important. It is better not to start it for people who spend more time outside the home. In frequent cases, after prolonged communication with a person, a cat can adopt its character, therefore aggression and a bad mood when communicating with this pet are generally not welcome.
Balinese cat breed standards
A standard cat of Balinese breed must have a slender body, long legs and a harmonious physique. The head of these cats has an oriental type, the ears have a triangular shape.
The nose is somewhat elongated. The animal's eyes have a saturated blue color, they are expressive, bright, have an almond-shaped shape. Gray eyes are possible, but this is already considered a deviation from the norm. In some cases, cross-eyed Balinese are found. More recently, this was considered the norm. Currently, such cats are considered marriage.
For all the requirements of the standard, a description of Siamese cats suits them, only with long hair, distinguished by softness and lightness. The tail of the animal is extended at the end, long, ends with a beautiful and peculiar wool fringe. Cats with a broken tail end are not allowed to participate in exhibitions and competitions.
The ears of the thoroughbred of this cat are large, triangular in shape, sharp. They are so arranged, as if they continue the visibility of the wedge. With any feeding, this cat should be miniature and weigh from 2.5 to 5 kg.
The coat is medium-long, silky, without undercoat, smooth in almost all places except the area of the chin, neck and tail. In these places it is undulating. As for the color, there are about 20 shades.
Of these, the most common shades of blue, cream and chocolate. But there are other tones. For example, continuous tinting of a cat is acceptable. Red and black Balinese cats do not exist.
If the kitten’s body is too dark, the nose and paw pads without the necessary pigment, and the abdomen is decorated with dark spots - this is considered a clear deviation from the norm and disqualifies the animal.
In this matter, Balinese cats are not too picky. They can eat with pleasure, as a special food, so the usual natural food. In dry feeds, it is better to give priority to feeds from the premium class. Low-class diets contain very little meat, mainly consisting of processed offal.
If we talk about natural feed, then the first and most basic requirement for it is that food should be fresh. The diet of the cat should be foods containing all the nutrients.
It is important to know that mixing of two types of food is not acceptable for this breed. It is necessary to give one of them. For dry food, it is better to choose one brand and not experiment. It is very important for these kittens to have clean dishes with water.
Balinese Cat Care
As for caring for a cat, there are no special rules and requirements in this regard. Everything that is required for kittens of other breeds - combing, rubbing the eyes, daily cleaning of the ears and periodic bathing applies to Balones. Special shampoos are available for swimming in pet stores.
As you know, the ancestors of Balinese cats lived in Indonesia. They were distinguished by increased cleanliness. The real Balinese in this regard are no different from them, they pay special attention to the issue of their personal hygiene.
The fact that pets don’t have an undercoat is a big plus, cats don’t have tars that other breeds often have, and cause a lot of trouble for their owners. It is very important to remember that for this breed of cats it is preferable to stay in good home conditions. They are not adapted for life on the street.
The difficult climatic conditions of some latitudes may adversely affect the external data of the Balinese, who are forced to live on the street. Simply put, they are not used to such a life.
Price and breed reviews
In nature, there are a huge number of different breeds of cats, each of them has its positive and negative sides. Before buy a balinese cat a person is better to learn all its pros and cons. Only after this can you decide and start at home this pet. The positive sides of this breed are:
- the beauty of the cat and its even character,
- fast addiction and affection for people,
- Great relationships with younger family members
- the absolute absence of aggressive behavior towards people and other pets in the family,
- the cat quickly learns and educates,
- there are no problems with her care
- she does not molt.
There are some negative aspects that must be considered:
- the cat does not tolerate loneliness, leaving it alone can be done for a short time,
- sometimes she meows loudly.
And so basically she has a soft and flexible character, as those people who often have to communicate with this breed say. The outward resemblance of these pets to Siamese breeds does not mean that these cats are also vengeful.
They have no character trait at all. They are very gentle, affectionate and lonely creatures. It is better to get kittens from people who are breeding this breed.
So you do not have to often go to the veterinarians. Usually such kittens are already vaccinated and accustomed to the pot. Average price of a balinese cat 500 dollars.
Description of Balinesis
Balinese cat - miniature creatures. They have a small, slim, elegant body. But, despite the apparent fragility, inside the aristocratic balineses hides real power. No matter how the owner feeds his furry companion, the pet will remain elegant. Balinese cats are not threatened with obesity, and the weight of an adult stops on a segment of the scale from 2.5 to 5 kg.Cats are heavier than cats per kilogram, or even two.
Representatives of the Balinese breed have a small but muscular trunk. The body is elongated along the entire length of approximately the same width. Although the bone looks thin, the bone is strong in balines. The limbs are thin, long, hind above the front. Paws are oval in shape with small soft pads and slightly elongated fingers. The tail of balinesis looks like a whip - long and thin. A kink at the end of the tail is considered a major flaw and deprives balinese cat rights to participate in exhibitions.
A flexible body with a graceful line of the neck passes into a small wedge-shaped head with a narrow muzzle and a powerful jaw. Compared to body size, the skull seems disproportionately small. The outer side of the triangular large, widely spaced ears continues the contour of the muzzle. A not wide smooth forehead, massive cheekbones, an elongated wide nose, a pointed chin - all this in combination with huge "locators" gives the expression of the face of a noble cat a slightly comical look.
But the glance of the oriental almond-shaped slanted eyes of Balinese will convince anyone that before him is a wise Balinese cat of blue blood, full of dignity. The "Mirrors of the Soul" in Balinese pets are widely spaced, and the strabismus allegedly characteristic of the breed leads to disqualification of the animal. The color of the iris of the cat was inherited from the Siamese - a blue or blue tint, in saturation and depth close to sapphire.
American kotofey has a silky and soft to the touch hair. Due to the fact that they don’t have an undercoat, the hair a few centimeters long is neatly attached to the body, so the coat seems a little shorter. Also, the longhair gene gave the Balinese a luxurious plume on the tail.
According to some reports, the standard allows up to 20 different shades of balinese hair. For representatives of the breed, a point coat is characteristic. Possible and solid color pet. But there are no red and black Balinese cats. As a rule, these pets, like Siamese, have dark spots in the eyes, on the tail and legs. The rest of the body is lighter in contrast with smoky areas. Today the following options are allowed: blue, purple, chocolate and others.
Character Features of Balinese Cats
Experts call balinese cat the smartest among all representatives of long-haired breeds.
She is distinguished from her brothers by high intelligence and excessive curiosity. To get somewhere or to get the thing you like is not a big deal for Balinese. So, it’s better to hide valuable items, and to close closets and doors more tightly. On the other hand, pets are amenable to training, and love when the owner deals with them.
Balinese kittens are very active and playful. These intricate coffees can always find entertainment - whether it is hunting for a rustling candy wrapper or interested watching life outside the window. For fun, they need a spacious room, otherwise, for games, pussies will adapt home furniture. Breeders do not always like this, so household members should think ahead of time about how to channel the energy of thoroughbred murka and how to diversify its leisure.
Balinese cats are talkative, they have a pleasant, musical, voice rich in intonations. They love communication, and are truly attached to their family. Therefore, leaving the cat alone with itself for a long time is not recommended. The pet will strive to spend as much time as possible near the household. And it does not matter to him what they are doing at this moment - bask in bed on a Sunday morning or walk in the fresh air.
Balinese pets are kind, polite and not aggressive. They easily find a common language with children and other animals. Both those and others become comrades in noisy entertainment for the descendants of Siamese. However, the cat will not allow itself to be squeezed, and if someone neglects her, she can stand up for herself.
Care and maintenance of a Balinese breed
Breeders argue that Eastern handsome men do not need special care. And you need to pay attention to caring for them just as much as ordinary house murka. Below are the main recommendations of specialists:
Grooming. The silky hair of balines does not fall off and does not get dirty, but it sheds noticeably. In order for the long fur to look healthy, cats need to be combed with a soft brush several times a week.
Another important hygiene procedure is cleaning your ears, eyes and teeth. The organs of hearing and vision should be wiped weekly with different cotton swabs. The state of the oral cavity of the animal must be treated very carefully.
For a well-balanced balinese, a balanced diet is important. American pets are happy to eat ready-made food, but they will also be happy with natural food - a mixture of cereal, vegetables and cold cuts.
Some diseases are characteristic of thoroughbred Balinese cats. They may have problems with the liver or kidneys, the cardiovascular system, and gum disease. Also, the owners of oriental coffees should be wary of seemingly "human" ailments that threaten the health of furry pets:
The onset of the last illness can be predicted by the following symptoms: weight fluctuations, frequent thirst, frequent urination, changes in appetite, apathy, impaired coordination.
Balinese cat - A wonderful pet, suitable for families with children or other animals living in the apartment.
Gentle, attentive companions will delight the household with their elegant appearance and cat's playfulness for about 15-20 years.
Usually, problems with caring for balineses or their contents do not arise. Experienced breeders are advised to buy Balinese kittens in nurseries. So the owner can be sure that the cat is not only accustomed to the tray and claw-claw, but will also be healthy.
There is no reliable information on the origin of Balinese cats, but there are 2 unofficial versions. According to the first, a certain breeder crossed Angora and Siamese and received a hybrid variety called the Balinese.
The second option is more believable. Siamese kittens with long hair were considered “defective” and were not used for further breeding. One of these kittens in the cattery was noticed by breeder Marion Dorset. The graceful gait of a long-haired Siamese reminded her of the movements of Balinese dancers. She decided to call the breed Balinese and began to breed these cats.
Large felinological organizations Balinese cats were recognized by the end of the XX century.
Balinese cats have soft and smooth hair, which is characterized by silkiness and a snug fit to the skin. She has no undercoat. Cat hair looks short, but its actual length is 1.5-5 cm. Elongation of the hair occurs in the direction from the head to the back of the body. The longest hair grows on the tail and creates a semblance of plume. Its presence confirms that the representative belongs to the Balinese breed.
According to the approved standard description of balines, the color of these cats is color point. Animals have a dark mask on their faces and even spots on the tail and legs. Other parts of the body of purebred representatives of this breed are of a light uniform shade.
Initially, the list of acceptable shades is not wide. It included:
Ten years ago, Javanese joined the Balinese breed and new acceptable shades appeared.
Due to the peculiarities of the genetic type, the color of individual parts of the body of balinesis changes under the influence of temperature. The colder the body in one place or another compared to other parts, the more intense the shade becomes. With age, the color of the coat darkens.
The standard of Balinese cats is largely consistent with the description of the Siamese. These animals have a long elongated trunk in the shape of a pipe. Their body is strong, muscular, but graceful. Mature cats weigh 3.5–4.5 kg; cats have 1 kg less body weight.
Large ears are wide apart on the wedge-shaped head. In the profile, the outlines are absolutely straight, a strong chin stands out. The tip of the nose and the lowest point of the chin create a straight vertical line. The cheekbones are located within an imaginary triangle created by the points of intersection of the lines from the tips of the ear shells to the chin. The eyes of representatives of this breed are amygdala. A saturated color iris, the more intense the hue, the better.
The Balinese paws are thin, long, oval in shape, which gives the animal the ability to make exquisite movements. The hind limbs are slightly longer than the front limbs. The backbone is strong with well-developed muscles and a taut belly. Tail according to the standard without obvious defects, smooth and long.
The Balinese have a pleasant, friendly character. Cats show affection for the family in which they live, and especially for the person who is considered the owner. These cats love communication, they are always ready to keep company with any family member or guest, but they do not interfere if the person works.
Balinese are active cats, do not welcome boredom. In the absence of attention, pets prefer to entertain themselves with games or are looking for a company of people. For these pets, a foreign object will fit the role of a toy, in this respect animals are undemanding. Balinese do not spoil furniture, because they quickly get used to the scratching post.
Balinese cats find a common language not only with adults, pets also come in contact with children. Balinese quickly get used to outdoor children's games, they themselves take part in them. It is worth considering that Balinese does not like when young children constantly follow them. Cats fight the offender. If the child treats the cat carefully, the animal will become faithful to his playmates.
Maintenance and care
Balinese cats are easy to maintain in a city apartment, if the animals create the optimal space for entertainment and the required minimum of toys. From boredom, these cats are accepted to be entertained by any suitable subject. Pets use shoes or clothes as toys, can climb into cabinets, examine the contents of shelves and drawers.
If the owners of the Balinese cat work a lot and are constantly absent at home, the problem of entertainment becomes especially acute. In this case, so that the pet does not get bored, it is recommended to purchase another cat, possibly another breed.
Balinese is unpretentious to the quality of care, the content is the same as for other cats. Due to the lack of undercoat, the long hair of the animal is easy to care for. Cats themselves clean their hair and lick, although they are long enough. If you wish, you can help your pet and comb out fallen hairs with a wooden massage brush or a brush with natural bristles.
Balinese women are loyal to water, so they are bathed periodically. To perform such hygienic procedures, a special shampoo with conditioner is useful.
The detergent is mixed with water, only then the cat's wool is lathered with foam, after 3 minutes the shampoo is washed off. After that, remove excess moisture from the wool with a soft towel and transfer the animal to a closed room where there are no drafts to dry out. In cats, discharge is collected in the corners of the eyes. This is normal. Contamination just needs to be removed with a damp cloth.
Perform weekly ear examinations. The present sulfuric coating is washed with a piece of cotton wool soaked in petroleum jelly. Regularly check the condition of the oral cavity in order to eliminate tartar in time. To prevent its formation, the animal’s teeth are cleaned with animal paste every week.
Balinese cats are less likely to cause allergy sufferers compared to other species. Their saliva and urine contain four times less allergens than other cat breeds. For ten years, research on this topic has been intensively conducted in the United States.
Description and standard
Cats with red and black hair are not allowed to participate in exhibitions and are not used for breeding.
Balinese cats are distinguished by a rather miniature physique. In weight, they reach no more than 5 kg, while females are lighter than males.
- The body is slender and elongated.
- The limbs are long and thin. The paws are small, oval in shape, and the fingers are long. The forelimbs are shorter than the hind limbs.
- The head is small, wedge-shaped. The muzzle is elongated, the cheekbones are pronounced, and the nose is long and straight.
- Ears are large, triangular in shape with pointed ends.
- Eyes - large, almond-shaped. The color of the iris is blue or deep blue.
- The tail is thin and long. The kink on it is a defect in the breed.
- The coat is silky and long. In the area of the chin, tail and neck, the hairs are slightly wavy. The undercoat of Balinese cats is absent.
The main color in Balinese cats is point. It is presented in 20 variants. The standard is also allowed monophonic (javanese).
The average life expectancy of Balinese cats is 15-20 years.
Typical Diseases and Longevity
When properly maintained, Balinese cats show a high life expectancy. Representatives of the Balinese breed live 15 years or longer.
Since the genotype of Siamese cats and Balinese is very similar, the difference is only in the gene that regulates the length of the coat. Therefore, the diseases characteristic of the Siamese are inherent in the Balinese.
One of the common diseases is amyloidosis, which is a malfunction in protein absorption. In the body of an animal suffering from this disease, a complex of protein and polysaccharides called “amyloid” is formed. The substance settles in the liver, reducing the efficiency of the organ and, if untreated, can cause death.
The pancreas, gastrointestinal tract and adrenal glands also suffer from this disease. Signs of a malfunction in the liver manifest themselves at the age of 1 to 4 years. The animal ceases to ask for food, feels a constant need for water, becomes lethargic, vomiting appears, the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow.
Another disease found in Balinese is strabismus. This disease is of a genetic nature, it is caused by a gene responsible for the characteristic coat color. Therefore, the disease cannot be destroyed and it can manifest itself in any generation.
In addition to these, the following diseases are common in Balinese cats:
When detecting diabetes, you have to constantly monitor the condition of the pet and monitor the diet. This allows the animal to live a full life without thinking about the disease.
Advantages and disadvantages
Before you buy a Balinese kitten, you need to soberly evaluate your own habits and opportunities, since this animal has a set of disadvantages. In addition to the difficulty in acquiring and the expensive price for this animal, the sociability of this breed is taken into account. Its representatives suffer from loneliness and need frequent attention. They have a loud voice and animals like to show it often.
Future owners need to prepare for frequent visits to the veterinary clinic, since this breed is characterized by a large number of genetic diseases. If the animal is bred for breeding, problems arise because of the difficulty in finding a suitable mating partner.
Although Balinese cats have many disadvantages, the number of pluses from their company exceeds the cons:
- this breed is in demand,
- animals graceful and graceful with a friendly character,
- strongly attached to the owner and family members,
- They love communication with adults and children.
- positive about other animals
- can be trained
- easy to maintain, care and feed.
You can feed the Balinese with industrial food or natural food. The rules in this matter are identical to the feeding of all cat breeds. In this case, take into account that you can not use the mixed version.
When choosing ready-made food in the store, experienced breeders prefer a premium class and higher. Such a product is balanced; when using it, the necessary vitamin complexes are not purchased separately. Dry feeds are convenient to use, they retain their properties at room temperature for a long time. For ease of use, many owners buy special feeders equipped with a timer. They allow you to issue a new portion of food at a given time. This is convenient if the owners are absent for a long time. In the assortment of any manufacturer there is a large selection of feed for all occasions.
The variant with natural nutrition is more close to the natural diet of the animal, but it must be borne in mind that with such feeding it is necessary to follow a special diet:
- completely prohibited seasoning, fat, smoked meats,
- the main part in the diet is lean meat, with the exception of pork, you can give offal,
- meat components give the animal boiled or raw, scalded with boiling water,
- give fish once every two weeks, avoid pollack and capelin, as they provoke urolithiasis,
- daily give the cat dairy products with a low percentage of fat, some vegetables, with the exception of starchy, cereal,
- in ordinary food there is an insufficient amount of necessary minerals and vitamins, so you need to regularly give your pet vitamin complexes.
Regardless of the nutritional option, it is important that there is always clear water in the bowl. It is advisable to pour filtered. If natural feeding is practiced, then cooked food is cooled to room temperature before serving. The meat is cut into small pieces, it is especially important to observe this rule for kittens. Products are taken fresh, whose shelf life has not expired.
Depending on the age of the animal, feeding is performed according to the following scheme:
- up to six months, kittens are given food 4 times a day,
- up to a year, three feedings are enough,
- Adult pets are fed in the morning and evening hours.
Parenting and training
Successful completion of the team is desirable to encourage a treat
Representatives of this breed do not need additional education. They learn the rules in the house on their own and quickly enough remember where the tray is. The owner only needs to teach the pet his nickname.
If desired, you can train a Balinese cat. Pets are very mobile, and this process will give pleasure not only to the owner, but also to the animal.
A cat can be trained in simple tricks and commands. During training, you can not scream and engage in assault. This behavior of the owner can cause psychological damage to the pet.
The Balinese cat does not need specific care. It is enough to regularly carry out the following procedures:
- clean the cat’s ears, eyes and teeth,
- comb out the wool
- bathe your pet
- to cut claws.
The owner also needs to make a diet for the four-legged pet.
Auricles and eyes of the pet are recommended to be examined regularly. Allocations need to be removed with cotton swabs. To remove plaque, use cotton swabs dipped in liquid paraffin.
Balinese cats are prone to developing dental diseases, and their teeth require careful grooming. The oral cavity should be examined 1 time per week. With the same frequency, you need to brush your pet's teeth with a specialized toothpaste and brush. If you do not accustom to this procedure at an early age, then in the future it will be difficult to carry out it at home. In such cases, it is advisable to seek the help of a veterinarian.
Giving snacks to the cat is recommended once a week.
To avoid the appearance of tartar and other diseases, it is necessary to purchase specialized pet treats for cleansing your teeth at a pet store. On the packaging of such feed must be marked Dental.
You need to bathe a Balinese cat as needed. Since Balinese does not like water, for the procedure, the owner will need an assistant who will keep the pet. Hair lather is repeatedly washed with specialized shampoo for long-haired breeds. Wool after bathing with a towel. You can’t dry it with a hairdryer, because the stream of warm air will dry the delicate skin.
During molting, it is advisable to carry out the procedure more often
Since the cat does not have an undercoat, its hair does not get tangled up, which means that it does not require careful care. It is enough to comb out balinesa once a week with a brush.
If a blood vessel is affected during the procedure, the cat’s injured finger should be immediately treated with hydrogen peroxide
Claws need to be trimmed as they grow back. This procedure can be entrusted to a professional groomer. At home, you will need to use a special small claw cutter and use it to carefully cut the very tip of the claw.
Balinese cat can be fed with prepared foods or natural food. Mixed nutrition is not recommended for representatives of this breed. When choosing the second option, the following foods and dishes must be included in the pet's diet:
- lean meat (turkey, chicken, veal),
- boneless sea fish (may be given occasionally),
- dairy products,
- various cereals cooked on the water,
- mashed vegetables.
Giving animals food from the general table is not recommended. You can’t feed with sweets, smoked meats and pickles, and cooked dishes should not be salt, pepper and season.
When feeding natural food, it is recommended to include specialized vitamin supplements in the pet's diet.
A suitable veterinarian will help you choose the right food
It is much easier to feed a Balinese cat with industrial dry and canned food than to prepare various dishes for it. But when choosing such a nutrition, it should be borne in mind that the complex of vitamins and microelements necessary for a cat's body is found only in premium feeds (Royal Canin, 1st Choice, Brit). It is also necessary to ensure that the pet always has a bowl with clean water at room temperature.
Disease and treatment
Most often, Balinese cats suffer from parasite infection. To prevent the occurrence of this problem, deworming should be carried out in a veterinary clinic in a timely manner. It is also recommended to buy a special collar for your pet that protects against fleas and ticks.
Polynesian cats are also prone to developing the following diseases:
|Gingivitis||This dental disease is accompanied by inflammation of the soft tissues of the gums and leads to tooth loss. It can be recognized by major symptoms such as bad breath, gum swelling, and increased salivation||At an early stage, regular brushing will help. Additionally, you can treat the gums of the cat with Zubastik or Dentavidin|
|Amyloidosis||The disease is associated with a violation of protein metabolism in the body. With it, the digestive system, spleen and liver of the animal are affected||The disease is incurable|
|Cardiomyopathy||This disease of the cardiovascular system leads to the development of heart failure in cats and is characterized by the expansion of the heart chambers. Signs of illness include coughing, apathy, and shortness of breath.||If symptoms are found, you need to take the pet to the veterinarian to conduct an examination and prescribe competent treatment|
|Upper respiratory tract infection||The disease can lead to the death of the pet in the absence of medical care. It is accompanied by symptoms such as sneezing and copious discharge of clear mucus from the cat’s eyes.||Pet needs antibiotic therapy|
Representatives of this breed are also often diagnosed with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, kidneys and liver. Congenital malformation is strabismus.
Regular preventive examinations in the veterinary clinic will help to identify the disease at an early stage and to avoid its development.
For kittens, you can also alternate canned products with dry food
Mating can be done only after the first estrus of a cat that has reached one year of age. The female must be taken to the territory of the male. Before carrying out it is recommended to take the animal for a routine examination to the veterinarian.
The first signs of pregnancy can be seen only 3 weeks after mating. During this period, the pet needs to be well fed and include more meat products in its diet. But the frequency of feedings should be increased, and the cat should be given food in small portions. The pet should not be allowed to gain excess weight, otherwise complications may arise during childbirth.
Kittens are born with a snow-white and short fur. The first signs of a characteristic color appear in them only a few months after birth, and the color forms by 7-10 months.
It is advisable to feed the cubs with special food for kittens. It must also be at least premium.
An elegant miniature cat of this breed can be called:
For balinese boy, the following nicknames may come up:
Balinese cats are great for keeping large families with young children and in older people's homes. In addition, representatives of this breed are hypoallergenic pets, which means that they are ideal for allergy sufferers.