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Italian greyhound: legends and stories.
"Italian Greyhounds are an ancient breed. Its history, dating back many centuries, can be traced back to the time of the Pharaohs. A small Italian greyhound comes from small greyhounds that were found in ancient Egypt. In one of the tombs, next to the body of the first wife of Pharaoh Psammetich I, was found This is the first documentary evidence of the existence of Italian Greyhounds back in the 6th century BC. The shape and size of the find practically does not differ from modern dogs. For centuries, polished breed seems to be an ideal combination “Form and content.” This breed, as mysterious as the ancient Egyptian pyramids, is accompanied by many legends, one of which, I would like to bring here, testifying to the dedication of these little dogs. As the “father of history” Herodotus testifies, in the V century before The Persian army led by King Cambyses conquered Egypt, Cambyses was proclaimed king of a conquered country, and not content with a military victory, the mad ruler decided to subject the captive pharaoh and his family to humiliation and death. He ordered the execution of the eldest sons of Psammetikh, and the smallest, the youngest son, recently born, to be abandoned in the desert, leaving him to certain death.
A small dog, which since the birth of the baby has been inextricably next to him, has relentlessly followed the wagon that was taking away the little Pathesiphis. All night this faithful creature selflessly guarded his pet, warming him with his body and driving away the small nocturnal inhabitants of the desert .. The dog trembled so much from the cold and excitement for the baby’s life that the little bells attached to her wide decorated collar constantly rang. Thanks to this sound, the next day, the faithful servants who survived were able to find them. It is believed that it was from then on that the Italian Greyhound remained characteristic “breed trepidation”, which recalls this story.
Italian greyhounds are infertile. They have an average of 2 to 4 puppies. Perhaps that is why this breed is not numerous in our country. The appearance of such dogs on the street causes constant interest and admiration. From the questions asked by people, it becomes clear that the “small Italian greyhound” or simply “Italian greyhound” remains a mystery to many until now.
These dogs are so multifaceted in their manifestations and have such diverse capabilities that it will not be easy to talk about all the features of the breed in one article. We will try to briefly touch on the main topics related to the relationship between Italian greyhound and man.
Italian greyhound is considered to be the dog of one owner. Yes, of course, like any dog, Italian greyhound will choose “the head of the pack” in the family, but in her loving heart there will be enough space for all households. Getting along easily with any other animals, Italian greyhound, however, requires personal attention. With all their immense love and devotion to the owners, they have the right to expect reciprocal feelings from us.
This breed is very plastic in the formation of behavior and character. Taking a puppy at an early age, you can easily create a dog that meets your inclinations and interests.
Someone wants to have a cat-dog next to him, with whom it is not necessary to walk, which can be carried under the armpit, holding her as a living toy - he will get what he is looking for. Many older people choose these dogs as their friend. To a middle-aged or just a lonely person, this creature will brighten up long nights with its amazing tenderness. Italian Greyhounds have a colossal need for physical contact with a person - they simply are not able to be near you not to touch their adored owner with a paw, nose or at least the tip of their tail. The greatest happiness for your pet will be the opportunity to lie on your lap. If you leave home for a long time, give the dog the opportunity to make a “nest" for himself - leave a blanket or blanket for her. It will be great if you can buy or make a cozy mink house with your own hands. This is a real home for the dog. In it, they feel protected, it’s warm and cozy, this is the place where you can hide your favorite toy, “bury” the deliciously smelling bone from the veins and generally brighten your life while you are anxiously waiting for your master to return from work.
Many would like to have a dog, but hesitate to do so. And most often this is due to the fact that people have to be absent for a long time at home. They know that they will not be able to walk their pet quite often, for such people Italian greyhound will be the solution to their problem. One of the big advantages of this breed is the ability not to take it for a walk on the street. Toilet problems are solved in the same way as in cats. A pallet or newspaper will be enough. The dog can calmly do its “tricks” at home in your absence or in case of bad weather on the street.
Another person sees in the Italian greyhound not a sofa decoration, but a greyhound - strong, hardy, having all the signs of a serious working dog - great playfulness, perseverance, tirelessness in running and a healthy hunting instinct. (Here it should be noted the fact that in Italy they still hunt rabbits with a pack of trained Italian greyhounds.)
The representatives of this breed make magnificent running dogs - real athletes, “fighters” of treadmills. They start running in the early puppy age - 4-5 months. At first, the puppies are given not only to smell and “try” a real rabbit skin for a tooth, but also taught not to be distracted, to see the one running away from them“Mechanical bunny”. To keep a little puppy at this age is not so easy. It will be possible to start real loads in three to four months, by this time the puppy will get strong enough and form. After a few classes, you will see how the dog’s eyes light up when he hears distant barking and screaming “atu-atu” long before you appear on the running field.
If you like outdoor activities, jogging, hiking - Italian greyhound is your dog. Possessing a lively character, healthy curiosity and, importantly, small size, your pet will become a wonderful and reliable companion for you. These dogs feel equally good following you during a morning run, lying on the nose of a kayak or sitting comfortably at your feet on a halt, looking at the fire of an evening bonfire.
Well, for people who cannot imagine their life without active sports, there is agility. To achieve good results in this form, you and your four-legged partner will have to become one. Here excitement, playfulness, excellent coordination and fearlessness of Italian greyhounds will be the key to your joint victories. At competitions and agility classes, both the dog and its owner “give all the best”.
If your life is connected with frequent trips by car, then you can safely take your dog along with you. Italian greyhounds will be happy to accompany you, no matter how long your journey is. For them, this activity is not only entertainment (they are watching the road with interest and tirelessly), but also the greatest pleasure, because this is a great opportunity to be near you.
Italian greyhounds possess feline grace, dexterity of monkeys and amazing jumping ability. If you come home, be too lazy to bend over and say hello to your ward, you will be instantly reminded of your forgetfulness. In a second, this miracle will jump onto your hands, its front legs will gently grab the neck of its beloved master, and a hot kiss will be imprinted on your nose.
And yet, no matter how nice it is to keep Italian greyhound in the form of a pet, you will get undoubted pleasure by participating with your pet in various dog shows. When buying a puppy, people often say: "I am for myself, I do not need exhibitions." But time passes, and if you, after consulting with well-known and experienced people in the breed, have not spared the costs and purchased a dog from well-known, titled producers, if you conscientiously and carefully followed all the recommendations of your breeder, you will see for yourself that the miracle that grew on your hands impossible not to show to other people. And the first victories will encourage you to participate in the following exhibitions to achieve new victories. Good luck to your pet in the ring will bring you great pleasure. Do not we rejoice in the successes of our children. But dogs are often the same children. By the way, recently a new type of tourism has been actively developing - trips with a dog to various foreign exhibitions. Often people travel with their entire families with children - and you can see the country and put up a dog. As a rule, sightseeing tours are conducted during such trips.
When purchasing a puppy, you must understand that in order to raise a healthy, full-fledged dog, you will need a lot of effort. Italian greyhounds are active moving dogs. Representatives of this breed, as well as some other species of greyhounds, cannot endure for a long time, they require quite frequent walks, or the ability to do their business at home, in a specially designated place. In raising a puppy of this breed, you will undoubtedly need gentle perseverance and consistent perseverance. However, these rules apply to the education of any living creatures.
Italian greyhound is a manifestation of absolute grace, sophistication, and at the same time, the strength hidden in the well-developed stucco muscles. No wonder one of the official names of this breed is the “Small Italian Greyhound”. The refined sophistication of the poses adopted by Italian greyhounds should not be confused with the fragility and effeminacy that they often attribute to them. No - the creature’s Italian Greyhounds are hardy, with great vitality and energy.
The representatives of this breed will defeat any skeptic who does not understand why so many people like dogs with their infinite charm. These creatures combine an almost human soul, the refined elegance of a feline tribe, and, the main quality of all representatives of a canine tribe is endless devotion to their owners. It is simply impossible not to fall in love with them. The tenderness and grace of these little dogs, cheerful character and devotion to their master allowed them to take a place in the hearts of many people. "
Article contributed by Bel Etual cattery owners.
The first mention of Italian greyhounds dates back to the period of Ancient Rome, which indicates the antiquity of the breed. Until now, scientists have not been able to establish the origin of dogs. On one assumption, their homeland is Greece or Turkey, on the other - Egypt or Persia.
Greyhounds are considered the ancestors of Italian greyhounds, but of larger sizes, which were popular among the Greeks and Romans. For what purpose and when they began to breed smaller greyhounds it is not known exactly. Perhaps they were used to hunt small game, or they were exclusively companions.
The Italian greyhound or Italian Greyhound dog got its name because of the great popularity of the breed during the Renaissance among Italian aristocrats. It was from this country that she later came to England and other European countries, where the peak of fashion for individuals of this breed fell on the XVI-XVII centuries.
The appearance of pedigree books in which the breeders of England began to record data on their dogs dates from the 17th century. From the middle of the XIX century, four-legged exhibitions began to be organized, and from that time the breeders began to standardize dogs of different breeds, including Italian greyhound.
As a result of breeding work, representatives of this breed began to look even more elegant and began to enjoy great success at exhibitions.
The Second World War led to the fact that the number of Italian Greyhounds critically decreased. However, thanks to the efforts of enthusiastic breeders, the breed has revived and became popular in many countries of the world.
Description and breed standard
The dog breed Italian greyhound has a graceful, graceful appearance. In many individuals of this breed, ribs protrude, which gives the impression that they suffer from exhaustion. However, this physique is characteristic of most greyhounds, including Italian greyhounds.
For all its elegance, Italian greyhound is more muscular in comparison with other decorative breeds. She looks like a miniature greyhound, capable of long run (at speeds up to 40 km per hour) and hunting.
In 2015, the standard of this breed was adopted (FCI No. 200 “Italian Sighthound”), which defines the following main characteristics:
Individuals with at least one deviation from the above characteristics (for example, multicolor color, growth that does not fall within the interval established by the standard) do not correspond to the Italian greyhound breed standard and cannot participate in exhibitions.
Characteristics of the breed and characteristics of the character
Italian greyhound dogs are very friendly, obedient, cute, and extremely loyal. Destructive behavior is not typical for them, but it can be observed if an individual is bored, physically abused, or in stressful situations.
These pets have a playful, cheerful, easy-going nature and developed intelligence, which makes them excellent family companions. They feel comfortable in the friendly atmosphere of the family, where there is no place for swearing and violent showdown.
Attention! Italian greyhounds feel good about their master, his mood and try to be like him. They are suitable for any type of owner, both with active and calm temperament.
Italian dogs are active, they can run all day without getting tired, and it is incredibly fast. They easily jump onto the fence, jump from any high places, which is very dangerous for their thin limbs.
There are some disadvantages of the breed. So, miniature greyhounds are very shy and become irritable if something or someone scared them. In such a situation, it is important to reassure them. To do this, you need to gently talk with the pet and (or) just pet.
In addition, Italian greyhounds do not get along well with cats and dogs of other breeds, especially large ones, because they do not know how to defend themselves.However, they are in excellent contact with their relatives and are recommended to start in pairs. But their stay in the house with a child is not welcome, since these pets, although they love children, are easily amenable to excitement.
Care and maintenance
Italian greyhound, despite the hunting instincts, belongs to the decorative breeds of dogs, and therefore it should be kept only in the dwelling (house or apartment).
It should be noted that these dogs shed little and their coat does not have an unpleasant odor, which makes them comfortable at home.
Pets of Italian greyhound breed are unpretentious in care, which consists in the following:
As for the nutrition of Italian greyhounds, they are fed:
Parenting and training
In the process of training and educating representatives of this breed, problems can arise, since Italian greyhounds are smart, cunning and at the same time very stubborn. They may not fulfill the command of the owner just because they simply do not want to do it.
Also, these dogs love to indulge and make noise. But no pranks should be allowed to Italian greyhounds and they should be punished for disobedience, and this should be done immediately after they have guilty, so that they understand what their fault is. The punishment should be adequate, you can’t beat the pet, in most cases it’s enough just to raise your voice.
A dog should be raised from the moment it appears in the house. A puppy must not be allowed to do what an adult is not allowed to do. In addition, the owner should immediately show firmness of character and show the puppy who is the leader among them.
Walking a pet in urban conditions is possible only on a leash, since the representatives of this breed have a hunting instinct for persecution and they can suddenly set off in pursuit of imaginary prey. The consequences of such a “hunt” are often very deplorable.
Walk on a leash
How much does it cost and how to choose a puppy?
Acquiring a puppy should be taken seriously. First you need to get acquainted with the breed, then visit the exhibition and get acquainted with the leading nurseries specializing in breeding Italian Italian greyhounds.
Puppies of this breed are significantly different from adults, which makes their purchase a difficult procedure. Therefore, first of all, it is worth getting to know the puppy's parents. Next, pay attention to:
Important! In the litter of Italian greyhound no more than four puppies are born, and therefore this breed is rare and, accordingly, expensive.
The price of a puppy of Italian greyhound breed depends on the purpose for which it is bought (to be a companion, for breeding or participation in exhibitions) and where to buy it. It can range from 350 to 1000 dollars.
Italian Greyhounds are sensitive, agile, graceful dogs that can be excellent companions and loyal friends. However, before becoming the owner of a dog of this breed, you need to know all the features of these animals and the rules for their maintenance. We hope that the information presented above will help to understand these issues and make the right decision.
Description and Features
It’s hard to imagine tender and sophisticated Italian greyhound dog formidable rodent hunter. But, she was such in the past. Relatively recently, the breed began to be actively popularized in Europe, where it gained a "decorative" reputation. Secular ladies drew attention to the gentle nature of the animal and forbade their husbands to exploit it as a hunter.
That is how it acquired a completely different nature. Over time, the instinct of the rat-catcher in the dog became dull, it became more good-natured, and not only to humans, but also to mice and rats. Today it’s rare where you can find Italian greyhound, which would be trained to catch these animals.
But, in Italy she has a different reputation. In this country, such a dog has not lost its hunting skills. The Italians trained her to drive wild rabbits into special cages. The breed has an interesting story. The first mention of it appears in the writings of ancient Rome. Specialists have no consensus on the origin of the dog. Several options - Egypt, Rome, Greece or Persia.
But why is the second name of the breed - Italian Greyhound or Italian Greyhound? It's simple, it was in this country that its representatives became very popular and spread throughout the world. During the Renaissance, Italians literally idolized a dog.
It is believed that its ancestors were larger animals. They were exploited not only for rats, but also for other wild animals that humans could not tame. It is worth noting that the dog has an excellent scent.
Italian greyhound belongs to greyhound hunters. However, it is increasingly being turned on as a comrade and companion. She has an elegant appearance, a sweet, friendly character and a charming look.
Despite its miniature, the dog is very strong and strong. She runs fast, has good bigger lungs, so she rarely faces the problem of shortness of breath. The owners are always pleased with obedience and affability. Characterized by positivity and obedience.
The modern representative of the breed is significantly different from its ancestor, but only in size, weight and exterior. For us to see the dog as it is today, it took more than 1 year of selection. The mass of an adult dog should be in the range of 3-4 kg. Bitches are slightly lighter than males. By the way, they are lower - up to 33 cm, and the growth of the second - up to 38 cm.
Italian greyhound in the photo It looks elegant, graceful and elegant. She moves smoothly, without jerking, distinguished by sophistication. However, this does not prevent her from being strong at all. The animal quickly increases speed and accelerates to 40 km per hour. For the rider, albeit small, this is a great indicator!
He has a straight narrow back, a lean, sunken stomach, a well-defined lumbar region. According to the standard, ribs should be clearly visible in a representative of the breed. If they are not visible - it is considered low breed. This is fully consistent with common sense, because a complete hound will not be able to fully perform its working functions, that is, to chase prey.
He has a powerful sternum, but it is quite narrow. All hounds hunters have this feature of the exterior. The reason is the inability to quickly increase speed while running. According to the standard, there should be an arch on the breast of the Italian greyhound, smoothly passing to the stomach.
The thin legs of the dog have dry muscles. They are delivered in parallel. The fingers on them are tightly assembled. Claws are black, sharp. The tail of the animal is long and thin, towards the end it bends slightly to the outside.
The neck is elongated, there is no suspension on it. Also, the dog has virtually no withers. The head is elongated, narrow. In the area of the cheekbones there is a thickening. The superciliary arches are clearly visible on the head. There are no skin folds.
Dry lips of the dog should fit snugly to the teeth. They should also be pigmented in dark, almost black, color. The nostrils on the large nose are wide. The bite of a strong jaw is scissor-like.
The color of the Italian greyhound is dark. Her look is expressive, penetrating. Ears are located high on the head. They should be lowered into 1-3 parts, but when the animal is excited they stand straight. These dogs have very short hair. It is bright, shiny, tightly attached to the skin. Three shades of fur of representatives of this breed are distinguished:
An individual can be two-color because it is monophonic. Grayish dogs are often born with a large white spot on the sternum. This is not considered a deviation. The beast does not have undercoat, which makes it appear that he was naked.
The main factor in the health of a domestic dog is its nutrition. The diet of the animal can be either artificial or natural. But, if you give him food from your table, then make sure that it is not included in the list prohibited for him.
Let's start with the main thing. The Italian Greyhound must not be given:
The use of such food will adversely affect the health of the Italian greyhound. She is indiscriminate in food and will eat everything that you give her. Therefore, the health of the dog, in the first place - the responsibility of its owner.
What is recommended to give Italian greyhound? The best and safest option is dry food. For representatives of this breed, a special feed for Italian greyhounds is on sale, which includes not only vitamins, but also useful trace elements, for example, calcium and zinc. But, if you still want to feed your pet with natural food, check out what may be on its menu:
Life expectancy and reproduction
Italian greyhound or Italian greyhound is a cheerful and gentle dog. But, its significant disadvantages include low fertility. In one litter of such a dog there can be from 1 to 3-4 puppies. Very rarely a large litter is born.
The breeder should know that only highly breed representatives of the breed are knitted and only on the territory of the male. In her “apartment” the female will probably push him away. If there is no way to go to the male dog, then the dogs happen on neutral territory.
Italian greyhound should be selected, which are not older than 7 and not less than 1.5 years old. They are knitted on the 4th day of estrus of a female, because the probability of conception of offspring is so high. A female bred puppies a little more than 2 months, up to 70-71 days.
The female Italian Greyhound is a caring mother. She takes care of her children until they are fully mature. By the way, in 1 month they can already be excommunicated from her. But, professional dog breeders recommend doing this no earlier than 2 months.
To choose Italian greyhound puppy should be correct. He should not be lethargic, disinterested or detached. It is important that the baby is happy to come over to inspect every person who enters the room. Pick it up is allowed. These wonderful dogs live from 13 to 15 years.
Italian Greyhound is an expensive breed. High-breed dogs from kennels cost from 35-40 thousand rubles. And if the dog has a good pedigree, then its cost can reach up to 50 thousand rubles.
Italian greyhound price without documents and a veterinary passport - from 19 to 25 thousand rubles. We advise you to buy an animal in a kennel, but if you still decide to use the services of a breeder, do not forget to first examine his reputation.
note! Greyhound selling ads that show a bargain price are often fraudulent. Breeders are trying to pass off cute mutts with a lean belly for the noble Italian greyhounds.
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- Breed Name: Italian greyhound
- Country of origin: Italy
- Breeding time: 20-30 years of the XX century
- Weight: 5 kg maximum
- Height (height at the withers): 32-38 cm
- Life span: 13-14 years old
- It is no coincidence that the name Italian greyhound dates back to the French word lievre - hare. In the Middle Ages, the European elite hunted small game with Italian Greyhounds, including hares and partridges.
- A distinctive feature of the breed is a small tremor, which happens both as an indicator of a dog’s nervous excitement and as a result of hypothermia.
- Greyhound appearance and slender physique of Italian Greyhounds are confusing, not allowing them to suspect leaders. Nevertheless, the breed is not devoid of commanding manners.
- Italian greyhounds are used to expressing affection for the owner in a tactile way, so get ready for serious hugs, kisses and gentle licking of open areas of your skin in a jump.
- Italian greyhounds are almost like cats. They are very dependent on comfort, do not like rain and puddles and are always in search of a place more comfortable and warmer.
- Representatives of this breed are hardy creatures, but in puppyhood their skeleton is not the most durable, so falling even from a small height is fraught with injuries for the pet.
- The hunting instincts in Italian greyhounds are still strong, therefore, on walks, animals are carried away by small animals, which are fixed at a distance sufficiently large for an ordinary dog.
- Italian greyhounds are typical extroverts that get along well with other Italian Greyhounds. No wonder fans of the breed prefer to take its representatives in pairs.
Italian greyhound - mobile and a little reckless "cat substitute", which carries a powerful charge of carelessness and love for a person. With these graceful and impossibly jumping creatures, it is simply unrealistic to predict where your day will begin and how it will end. Maybe he will pass in an atmosphere of pleasant doing nothing and friendly hugs. Or maybe it will be another holiday of disobedience, filled with unexpected surprises and discoveries that you will go through in your memory for more than one month.
The rounded eyes of Italian greyhounds, bordered by black eyelids, are not too deep set, but not bulging. The preferred color of the iris is dark brown.
Italian greyhounds have very miniature, raised and bent back ears with thin cartilage. If something attracted the attention of the dog, the base of the cartilage rises vertically, and the canvas itself is laid aside (the so-called “flying ears”).
The muscular, cone-shaped necks of the Italian Greyhounds have a sharp bend and transition to the withers at a sharp angle. At the throat, the neck is slightly bent, while the skin is tightly stretched and does not form folds.
The front legs are Italian greyhounds, set upright. The shoulder blades are distinguished by moderately developed muscles and a barely noticeable slope. Elbows without an obvious eversion to either side, metacarpus dry, slightly inclined. The hind limbs of dogs are straight and relatively graceful. The hips look emphasized elongated, tibia set in a strong slope, metatarsus parallel to each other.The paws of small Italian greyhounds are almost oval in shape (the hind ones are more rounded), with well-arched toes and small pads.
- Partial or complete depigmentation of the urine.
- Convergence or divergence of the axes of the skull and muzzle.
- Tail raised above the back.
- Nasal bridge or concave.
- Congenital malocclusion.
- Light skin eyelids.
- Too short tail (tip above the hocks).
- Unremoved dewclaws.
- Inhomogeneous color (white areas under the throat and on the feet are acceptable).
- Insufficient (less than 32 cm) or excessive (above 38 cm) growth.
Like representatives of other breeds, Italian greyhounds are disqualified for deviations in behavior. For example, if a dog growls at members of the commission or runs off all legs in an attempt to hide.
Possible diseases and methods for their treatment
Since the Italian Greyhound is often in the fresh air and moves a lot - her health is excellent. The dog is full of energy, rarely discouraged and seeks to surround the owner with tenderness and love. But, he will probably begin to worry if he finds out about the presence of some diseases that she often inherited:
- Atrophy of the retina.
- Cataract or glaucoma.
- Dystrophy of the ocular cornea.
Yes, each of these ailments has an "eye" nature. The best prevention of their appearance is regular washing of the dog's face. Less commonly, these wonderful animals experience baldness. In this case, the veterinarian prescribes sprays or shampoos with beneficial extracts. It is impossible to treat a balding dog at home alone, as this can aggravate its condition.
Remember, you should vaccinate an Italian greyhound in the first year of its life, at 2.3 and 6 months. The schedule of vaccinations is prescribed by the doctor. All information about vaccines for a thoroughbred dog must be entered in his veterinary passport.