It was a common opinion that turtles are unpretentious creatures, albeit exotic ones.
This point of view is perverse and is one of the most common misconceptions. In inept hands, turtles slowly agonize, and such agony can last for years. Of course, among about two hundred species of turtles leading an aquatic lifestyle, there are unpretentious species, and there are pampered, "capricious", problematic for keeping and breeding. It is unpretentious that they recommend a novice lover.
As with the malaise of any living creatures, the disease is easier to prevent than to treat it.
Adult tortoise must withstand quarantine for 2-3 months. Track her behavior, nutrition, her reactions. If possible, send a stool test for examination to a veterinary laboratory for parasitic worms.
The quarantine volume, where the animal is temporarily kept, is treated with antibacterial soap, alcohol or, at worst, scalded with boiling water. The same applies to equipment attached to the turtle for care. So, the term has passed in a “solitary confinement”, the turtle is apparently healthy and can be allowed into a pre-prepared aquaterrarium.
It is necessary to monitor the temperature regime of air and water. If you keep more than one specimen in the aquaterrarium, turtles should have several shelters, both onshore and on land, the aquatorrarium should be spacious in order to avoid interspecific and intraspecific “disassemblies” in order to exclude possible injuries.
In no case can you feed the turtles a monotonous, meager food. In nature, they eat a lot of the most diverse animals and plants, and choose them at their discretion. This can be judged by the study of their nutrition. The composition of the feed may change with age. The best food is lively, very comfortable turtle "jelly" (it is sometimes called "pudding" or "aspic"), saturated with vitamins and minerals, which we already wrote about.
With uniform feeding, aquatic turtles often exhibit hypovitaminosis A, B, and E, especially when feeding fish, if it has not undergone heat treatment, or if the fish is excessively fatty (capelin, mackerel, etc.).
For turtles, disease prevention is natural sunlight (at worst, UV radiation).
However, do not overdo it! Heat-loving turtles should be exposed to the outdoor pool only in the middle of summer and monitor weather changes. The same goes for using a UV lamp. Below are recommendations for exposure.
The aquaterrarium or aquarium requires constant care and attention for their inhabitants to maintain room hygiene. In order to prevent fungal diseases, young turtles are added 2 g of sea salt per 1 liter of water.
Often, the carapace of some aquatic turtles is covered with a layer of algae, it is quite natural and, moreover, useful - the layer serves as a disguise.
However, too active growth due to contamination of water with food debris leads to delamination of the tortoiseshells. For this purpose, 1% copper sulfate or Lugol's solution is applied to the affected carapace. Nevertheless, even the most unpretentious turtles sometimes find themselves at an appointment with a veterinarian.
One should welcome the appearance over the past 10 years of a number of highly qualified works devoted to the content and, most importantly, the treatment of reptiles, published in Russian.
An amateur should have these publications on his working shelf, because turtles that are so outwardly stable are often seriously ill, and it is not always possible to go to a veterinary clinic.
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Common Infectious Diseases
Mild respiratory diseases of land turtles, the symptoms of which are manifested in liquid secretions from the nose, adversely affect the state of internal organs (heart, liver, kidneys).
Severe forms of infectious diseases weaken the immune system, and pets become more vulnerable to various diseases.
To determine what the animal is sick with, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian and take a general blood test. You should also determine the sensitivity of the infection to various antibiotics.
Recommended treatment for respiratory diseases:
- treatment of the eyes and mouth to prevent re-infection,
- the use of symptomatic and replacement therapy,
- injections of vitamins, antibiotics, the doses of which are determined by a veterinarian depending on the complexity of the disease,
- stimulation of the immune system.
Infectious stomatitis (rotting of the mouth). May occur as a result of damage to the delicate shell of the mouth. To prevent internal abscesses, local treatment is performed.
Internal bacterial infections. The disease is characteristic of captive turtles. Bacteria damage the internal organs, which leads to the development of hepatitis, infectious diseases of the heart and kidneys.
Common diseases that are not transmitted from individual to individual (non-communicable)
Abscesses. Open wounds provoke bacterial abscesses. Treatment: intramuscular administration of antibiotics and their external use.
Seals and foreign bodies in the digestive tract. Newborn turtles swallow everything in a row, not particularly understanding the quality of food. They can swallow a completely inedible object located in the terrarium. Therefore, they are recommended to be kept on a solid substrate. Unwanted items can only be removed by surgery.
Deformation and decay of the shell - common diseases of land turtles at home. As a result of malnutrition and malnutrition, deformation of the carapace is observed, especially often in young individuals. Excessive consumption of lettuce softens the shell, as a result, it develops incorrectly.
Decay of the shell causes some infectious diseases or tortoises in inappropriate conditions.
Stones in the bladder. As the turtle ages, uric acid accumulates, forming stones. It happens that in land turtles stones of impressive sizes are observed. Expanding, they cause sharp pain when urinating, interfere with walking. Pebbles are removed only surgically.
Diabetes mellitus is less common in turtles, but a qualified veterinarian should prescribe the diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Burns. When keeping the turtle, you need to look after the wiring and good insulation of the heating devices. If you do not comply with these requirements, turtles get burns of varying degrees.
Classification of burns by severity:
- I degree. The epithelium turns red and peels. No treatment required.
- II degree. It manifests itself in the appearance of bubbles and accumulation of fluid under the stratum corneum. To treat a burn wound, use a napkin dipped in a solution of 70% ethyl alcohol. The bubbles are opened, the dead tissue is removed.
- III degree. Skin necrosis occurs.
- IV degree. All layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue are frozen.
Hemochromatosis. In some animals, iron deposition in the liver is observed. This leads to the development of hepatitis, to cirrhosis of the liver. Affected individuals should not be given food and water with a high iron content.
Eye diseases: cataract, conjunctivitis, corneal ulcer, keratitis. Diseases are hereditary, sometimes develop as a result of infection.
Organ failure can be caused by a severe infection. You can diagnose the disease by making a chemical blood test.
Diseases of a domestic land tortoise can be triggered by non-compliance with the temperature regime, malnutrition, contact with sick animals. If the turtles provide proper care and create optimal conditions, they will live a very long time without getting sick.
As in humans, pneumonia in turtles occurs after hypothermia. This is a serious illness, and if it is not detected in a timely manner or treated incorrectly, then it can be fatal. Symptoms of pneumonia can be recognized within a day. Due to the disease, red-eared turtles will constantly pull to land or float to the surface of the water, since they still will not be able to dive.
It is possible to treat pneumonia both with a medical method and folk remedies. It is better, of course, to apply these two methods in combination. It is worth noting that during the treatment you can not do without intramuscular injections, but the veterinarian can determine the optimal dose of the necessary medication (this is usually Baytril, Amikacin). An independent calculation of the amount of the drug can not only harm your darling, but even lead to her death.
Folk remedies for pneumonia
Trachemys, a disease and the treatment of which is entirely dependent on the quality of care for it, can recover quite quickly. For this, in addition to injections, it is also necessary to apply alternative methods of healing. The easiest way is to make a warm, but by no means hot, solution with chamomile flowers. First you need to hold the turtle over the steam, and then place it in the liquid for about half an hour. During treatment, whatever it is, you need to constantly monitor that the temperature of the water is optimal. With pneumonia, it should be approximately 29-30⁰ C.
Eye diseases of red-eared turtles: symptoms and treatment (photo)
The most common problem that occurs in these reptiles is redness and swelling of the eyes. Usually this disease occurs due to an improperly balanced diet or contact with dirty water. To prevent this, you need to give your pet foods high in carotene. In addition, do not forget about changing water in time.
Eye diseases of red-eared turtles, the symptoms of which, as already mentioned, are swelling and redness, can be successfully treated at home. For a speedy recovery, the pet is isolated and prevented from dropping into the water on its own. For only a few hours, the turtle can be released to swim, but without complete immersion.
It should be noted that complex treatment gives the greatest effect. Therefore, the eyes of the turtle are first treated with a 3% solution of boric acid, and then, as an addition, an ointment with a mandatory antibiotic content is used. When the swelling and redness disappears, you will need to add as many products as possible that contain vitamin A.
Detachment of the stratum corneum: symptoms
In many aquatic reptiles, which include the red-eared turtle, diseases (see photo in this article) can even affect the shell. Usually their horny shields do not fall off, although this happens during the growth period. With age, this process slows down significantly. When again begins the detachment of the plates, then it already depends only on the improper conditions of detention.
The causes of stratification of the horn may be drying out, the presence of a pathogenic fungus, blue-green algae, as well as a lack of vitamins A and B₂. It’s okay if the shield falls off evenly, repeating the shape of the substrate. But things are bad if:
● The plate delaminated and cavities and small bubbles formed in it. Such effects cause various fungal infections. If on the inner surface of the desquamated shield or on top of a new horn plate there are brownish crusts or gray deposits, then in this case the pathogenic process can be excluded. The fact is that the fungus can live exclusively on dead tissue. The same effect will be from the introduction of blue-green algae.
● The plate is hypertrophied (thickened) and begins to exfoliate from the middle somewhere in the deep layers. Most often, this problem can be eliminated by proper feeding and the introduction of appropriate vitamins.
● The horn peels off in the same places, forming soft spots in the form of bright spots. Sometimes under the flap you can immediately find the periosteum, on which drops of blood appear after wiping it with a bandage. This is a very serious problem - shell ulcer disease, which in English literature is referred to as USD. It has a bacterial etiology, where Beneckia hitinovora and Citrobacter freundi are quite often present.
Treatment for exfoliation of the stratum corneum
In the first two cases previously described, you can correct the situation by changing the conditions of the pet. In addition, within a month you will have to add methylene blue to the water until a deep blue tint is obtained.
In the latter case, not only blue is used, but also a special ointment “Clotrimazole”. If necessary, you will have to apply a whole course of systemic antifungal drugs. It is worth noting that such diseases of red-eared turtles, the symptoms and treatment of which are described just above, require drier conditions for reptiles, that is, they must remain without water at night.
It can be caused by both reptile growth and a wide variety of diseases. Usually exfoliation is the result of mechanical damage, but sometimes it can be a sign of some kind of skin disease. Ruby-eared turtles are often fed improperly, therefore, in their body there is a violation of the natural balance. A lack of vitamins such as A, B₂, B₆ and B₁₂ is often the cause of peeling of the skin. The same consequences can be as a result of an overdose of vitamin preparations during treatment at home.
It should be noted that in different types of turtles the need for vitamins is not the same. It largely depends on the age of the reptile, the conditions of its maintenance and feeding. That is why the appointment of the necessary drug, determine the frequency of its administration and dose should only be a specialist. In order to determine the true cause of peeling of the skin and prescribe treatment, you must show your turtle to a veterinarian.
There are also cases when the reptile begins to become stained with a light cotton-like coating. Similar diseases of red-eared turtles can occur in other species of reptiles. Most likely, their cause is fungi. In this case, it is necessary to treat all affected areas of the skin with potassium permanganate (1% solution of a 20-minute exposure). Such procedures should be carried out within 3-4 days. Also in the complex, you can use an antifungal ointment, for example, Lamisil. In addition, for disinfection, all items in the aquarium will have to be boiled.
Bone Diseases of Red-eared Turtles: Symptoms and Treatment (photo)
Rickets, detachment of shell parts and its softening are due to the same reasons: poor absorption of calcium and other auxiliary trace elements, as well as a lack of ultraviolet rays.
A symptom of rickets is a violation of the structure and shape of the bones, as a result of which thickenings appear on them. Determining the softness of bones at an early stage is rather difficult, but possible. To do this, you only need to take a closer look at the behavior of your pet. If the red-eared turtle looks sluggish and starts to move a little - these are clear signs of a bone problem. As for the softening of the shell, its symptoms are immediately noticeable.First, its keratinized particles exfoliate, and then it becomes completely soft and even changes its shape.
Before treating bone disease of the Red-eared Turtle (see photo below), it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. He will help with advice and select the necessary complex of vitamins for reptiles, containing calcium and other useful trace elements. This is usually Eleovit, Intravit and Multivit. If necessary, he can also prescribe additional treatment.
With these diseases, it will be useful to introduce small fish with bones into the pet’s diet. In addition, for the prevention and treatment of any bone disease of eared turtles, it is useful to place them under a lamp emitting ultraviolet rays from time to time.
Other health problems
It's no secret that each of the pets requires increased attention. The red-eared turtle also needs it. Diseases in these reptiles can be very diverse. For example, in these turtles it is quite often possible to notice some mucous discharge arising from their nose and mouth. The reason for this is viral diseases, as well as a lack of vitamin A. At the same time, both the cornea and the epithelium located in the nasal cavity are affected.
The next symptom is swelling in the region of red stripes located on the head, that is, the “ears”. Most likely, it is otitis media. Swelling can be small (only a few millimeters) and large, which are measured in centimeters. Common causes of otitis media are hypothermia, less often - various types of injury.
Sometimes turtles can be observed roll when swimming. There are two versions here: either the reptile ate pebbles, which are full in any terrarium, or it fell ill with pneumonia. In the second case, in addition to the roll, there will also be swelling of the eyelids, as well as discharge from the nose.
Swelling of the extremities most often occurs with gout. This is a serious disease that can not be started in any case, otherwise your pet will die very quickly.
Almost all diseases from which reptiles suffer are accompanied by loss of appetite and lethargy. If your turtle has these two symptoms, then do not wait for others to appear, but rather, contact your veterinarian. It is better to play it safe than to let it go and eventually lose your beloved pet.
If you are determined to acquire such a reptile, then before going to the pet store you should ask what the red-eared turtle eats. All pets have diseases, so be prepared for the fact that you may need to treat your pet. Do not forget that good conditions and balanced nutrition will help you to avoid many problems, as well as provide a joyful and long-term communication with such a cute creature like a turtle!
Causes and signs of diseases of red-eared turtles
Why do diseases occur in red-eared turtles? The reasons are as follows:
- contacts with sick animals,
- various in severity and nature of the injury,
- stress after moving or as a result of changing climatic conditions,
- malnutrition and lack of vitamins,
- violation of the temperature regime in the aquarium.
Since most of the time these animals behave calmly and do not move much, it is not always possible to recognize diseases of red-eared turtles at first glance. How to understand that a pet is unhealthy? You should be wary if such symptoms are detected:
- The animal stays on the water surface for a long time.
- The turtle is sluggish and does not show interest in food.
- Bloody impurities appeared in the feces.
- A white coating is visible on the skin of the animal.
- It is noticeable that in the red-eared turtle, the shell exfoliates or the bones softened.
- The animal has swollen eyes, from which green pus is secreted.
- Home pet for a long time lies at the bottom, not showing interest in the outside world.
If one or more of these symptoms is found, you should not postpone the visit to the veterinarian and try to treat the animal at home. If the turtle is sick, it needs urgent specialist help and adequate treatment, otherwise any dangerous syndrome or intestinal disease will lead to the death of the individual.
Diseases and their symptoms
Diseases of red-eared turtles can be caused by a variety of reasons. Moreover, in most cases, the development of the disease contributes to a violation of the conditions of detention, improper care.
- unbalanced, poor-quality, monotonous diet,
- adverse conditions
- unsanitary conditions in the aquarium,
- keeping the pet in the drafts,
- genetic abnormalities, birth defects,
- sharp temperature changes,
- insufficient lighting.
Diseases of red-eared turtles can occur against the background of hypo-, vitamin deficiency, metabolic failures, due to a lack of ultraviolet light. Not the best way on the health status of pets is affected by sharp temperature changes, stresses, weakening the body.
Turtles are susceptible to respiratory, viral, parasitic ailments. Reptiles are often diagnosed with ocular, intestinal, bone (shell) diseases.
This pathology most often develops against the background of a deficiency of nutrients in the body of reptiles, metabolic disorders, and also due to a lack of UV radiation. In young turtles, carapace diseases appear with insufficient intake of calcium in the body, which also leads to the development of rickets. Among other reasons, fungal infections, injuries, drying out, deficiency of vitamins of group B, A can be noted.
The main symptoms of bone diseases are plate exfoliation or softening, shell deformation.
If the flap peels off evenly, matches the shape of the substrate, there is nothing wrong with that. With proper treatment, the tortoise shell will fully recover.
The following symptoms should alert owners of reptiles:
- excessive thickening of the plates,
- if the plate has stratified and cavities have formed in it, there are bubbles, dry crusts, brown deposits,
- if the horn is desquamated in the same places, soft patches of light color appear on the carapace (peptic ulcer disease).
In any case, the treatment of shell-shaped diseases should be carried out immediately after the onset of the first symptoms.
First of all, it is worth revising the conditions of the pet. Adjust your diet. Give the turtle raw fish with bones that must first be ground. Supplement your diet with vitamin preparations containing calcium, magnesium, phosphorus. Add methylene blue to the water for 25-30 days. Irradiate the terrarium with a UV lamp.
With severe peeling, if ulcers, wounds, expressions are visible under the flap, the affected areas are treated with therapeutic ointments, liniments (Clotrimazole). If the disease has developed against the background of fungal infections, fungicidal agents are used in medical therapy. At night, turtles should be kept in a terrarium without water.
If the body of the reptile, the shell is covered with gray, white spots, a bluish bloom, most likely the pet is infected with a fungal infection. In this case, antifungal medications are used in the treatment for general and local treatment. Affected areas can be treated with a 1% potassium permanganate solution for 3-4 days.
In combination with the main treatment, lesions are treated twice a day with fungicidal liniments, ointments. Lamisil ointment helps with mycosis.
To normalize the general condition, activate immunity, the diet is supplemented with vitamin and mineral supplements. It is mandatory to carry out a complete disinfection of the aquarium.
The most common ophthalmic diseases that are diagnosed in scorching turtles are conjunctivitis, swelling, and redness of the eyes. Diseases provoke dirty water, mechanical injuries, hypo-, vitamin deficiencies, drafts, prolonged hypothermia. Eye diseases, such as conjunctivitis, can be a symptom of viral, bacterial infections.
- mucosal redness
- swelling, bonding of the eyelids,
- mucous, catarrhal discharge from the eyes,
- decreased activity, weakness,
- refusal of feed
The disease should not be ignored, as severe complications can develop. Perhaps a decrease in visual function, partial, complete blindness.
In the early stages, the disease can be cured with eye drops, ointments that have an antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory effect. 1-2 drops are instilled into each eye twice a day. Before dropping drops or applying a therapeutic gel, the eyes are treated with a 3% solution of boric acid using a sterile cotton-gauze disk. Treatment is continued until the pet recovers.
In order for the reptile to recover faster, it is necessary to replace the water in the aquarium. The diet is supplemented with vitamin supplements, products containing carotene. Experienced breeders recommend that the turtle be completely immersed in water for the duration of the treatment. The turtle is allowed to swim for several hours a day, but without full immersion in water.
Most often, rubella turtles are diagnosed with pneumonia. The disease provokes hypothermia, decreased immunity, stagnation of air in the terrarium.
Symptoms and signs of the disease:
- redness, swelling of the eyelids,
- difficulty in frequent shallow breathing by mouth,
- rhinitis, discharge from the eyes,
- decreased activity, lethargy, apathy,
- loss of appetite.
In a sick turtle, coordination of movements may be impaired. The reptile turns on its side, swims the affected area up.
A veterinarian should treat pneumonia in turtles. As a rule, reptiles prescribe a course of antibiotic therapy (intramuscular injection). Apply Baytril, Amikotsin. Dosage, duration of treatment depends on the age, size of the tortoise, stage and severity of the disease.
In addition to the main therapy, experienced breeders recommend brewing chamomile and holding the turtle for several minutes over the steam. Once the broth has cooled to 25-30 degrees, put the reptile in it for 20-30 minutes.
During treatment, the temperature in the terrarium should not fall below 30 degrees Celsius.
What are the problems with red-eared turtles?
There are a variety of diseases that affect the tortoiseshell. Ailments are divided into main groups:
- Diseases of the bones and the shell caused by a lack of vitamins in the body of the animal, especially calcium.
- Respiratory diseases. The most dangerous ailments include pneumonia in the red-eared turtle.
- Intestinal diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria or occurring when helminths parasitize in the body.
- Hearing diseases, in particular, otitis media in a red-eared turtle.
- Skin diseases of a fungal and bacterial nature.
The aforementioned ailments can lead to serious disorders in the body of a tortoise if timely treatment is not carried out. In order not to start the disease, it is important to help the animal in time, and for this you need to know the main symptoms and signs of each of the diseases.
Bone (carapace) diseases
If the shell of a red-eared turtle exfoliates, this indicates that the animal does not have enough calcium. Another reason may be a lack of ultraviolet radiation, this is due to poor lighting in the aquarium. In addition, the presence of exfoliated shields and plaque on the carapace can also indicate fungal infections, and young individuals suffer from similar disorders with rickets.
When the cause of the disease is a lack of calcium, it is necessary to adjust the diet of animals. You will need to purchase special calcium supplements and feed the animals with finely chopped fish. In this case, the bones must be ground so that the turtles can more easily digest food. These measures will compensate for the lack of calcium in the body. If the soft shell of a red-eared turtle and the presence of plaque is the result of a lack of ultraviolet rays, it will be necessary to improve the lighting of the aquarium by equipping it with special lamps.
In the case when not only the shields are peeled off from the “armor”, but also a white coating and spots on the shell of the red-eared turtle are noticeable, this indicates a fungal infection. In such cases, a methylene solution or clotrimazole ointment is used. The medicinal product is applied to the affected areas, after which the animal should not be placed in water for 8-10 hours. After this, it is necessary to rinse the shell again.
The treatment of such diseases is carried out for a month, and if the particles of the shell continue to exfoliate, repeat the procedure.
Intestinal diseases in turtles occur when worms in an animal or as a result of the entry of harmful bacteria into the animal's body with water and food. Signs of an illness affecting the digestive system are:
- sudden weight loss
- apathy and lack of appetite,
- loose stools.
In some cases, you may notice that foam from the mouth is released from the red-eared turtle. This symptom can indicate both parasitic diseases and poisoning. Treatment of animals from intestinal diseases or in case of intoxication should be carried out only in a specialized clinic.
Diseases of the eyes of red-eared turtles often arise due to inappropriate conditions of detention, when water is replaced irregularly in the aquarium. Signs of conjunctivitis, often affecting animals, are:
- swelling and redness of the eyelids,
- purulent discharge from the eyes,
- lack of appetite and apathy.
Turtle eye diseases are treated with eye drops, and in the acute form of conjunctivitis, special ointments with antibacterial substances are used.
Video about eye problems in turtles.
A common disease affecting the auditory organs of turtles is otitis media. Its main danger is that the ailment can be asymptomatic for a long time, and as a result lead to serious impairment of health or death of the animal.
It is possible to suspect the presence of otitis by the following signs:
- the cheek is swollen in the animal and asymmetry of the head is observed,
- the turtle shows no interest in food and the surrounding reality,
- the coordination of movements of the individual is impaired.
Otitis in turtles can be one-sided and two-sided, when the swelling is visible only on one side of the head or both cheeks have increased in size.
With such a disease, three scenarios are possible:
- breakthrough of pus through the skin,
- mass exit through the oral cavity,
- the need for surgery.
In the first case it will be necessary to treat the wound formed after the breakthrough of pus with antimicrobial agents and healing ointments.
In the second case, when an independent breakthrough of pus did not occur, you need to massage the problem area, slightly pressing on the swelling. After the purulent discharge begins to come out, it will be necessary to remove these masses from the animal's mouth. When the massages do not bring the expected result, surgery is performed, a purulent lesion is opened, and the canals are washed. During the rehabilitation process after otitis, the animal will need vitamins and injections of calcium gluconate.
Skin diseases of the Red-eared Turtle
Underwater inhabitants are less prone to skin diseases, but, nevertheless, they encounter similar health problems, and the owner needs to know how to recognize the ailment, what to do in this case and how to treat the pet.
The cause of skin diseases is often infections, traumatic injuries of skin areas, a lack of vitamins or a fungus in a red-eared turtle, causing such a dangerous disease as dermatomycosis, and in fish - saprolegniosis. The following symptoms indicate the presence of such health problems:
- the skin of the animal is peeling and covering
- green spots or a white coating appeared on the muzzle, shell and legs,
- white uneven spots are visible on the shell of a red-eared turtle.
Skin diseases in turtles are treated with special ointments. And it will also require washing the affected areas with potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) and treatment with malachite greens.
Watch a video about mycosis in turtles.
Pet diseases can cause a lot of trouble and worry to the owner, and as a result lead to the death of the pet. What to do to prevent such troubles? In order to avoid serious illness of the pet and not subsequently mourn over the dead turtle, the following preventive measures must be observed:
- keep turtles clean and regularly change the water in the aquarium,
- feed animals properly so as to prevent malnutrition or obesity,
- include vitamins and mineral supplements in the diet of animals,
- process greens and vegetables before giving turtles,
- provide the aquarium with the necessary amount of light,
- observe the temperature regime in an artificial reservoir.
Unfortunately, there are not many specialists capable of treating amphibians, and for this reason it is better to prevent the disease of your pet, observing the rules for caring for it.
Problems in the digestive tract are most often caused by violation of feeding rules, unsanitary conditions, internal parasites (helminths) that enter the body of reptiles with food or water.
In the treatment of helminthiasis, carrots grated on a fine grater help the pet for 5 days. With severe invasion, a veterinarian will pick up medications.
A deadly disease for the red-eared turtles is salmonellosis. Pathology is caused by E. coli, other types of intestinal bacteria. In sick animals, loose stool is noted, which exudes a sharp specific putrefactive odor. Turtles become lethargic, inactive, refuse to feed, quickly lose weight.
Having noticed such symptoms, urgently bring the reptile to the veterinary clinic, since salmonellosis often leads to death.