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Price: 10-15 thousand rubles Weight: 23-32 kg. Growth at the withers: 51-69 cm. Life expectancy: 12-13 years.
Size: 4 out of 7 Care: 2 out of 7 Dog friendship: 5 out of 7 Need for training: 5 out of 7 Security ability: 3 out of 7
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Description:

The triine walker kunhound was bred in the USA at the beginning of the 19th century for hunting and certain tasks. This breed is one of the most famous hounds-walkers. This dog has a charming melodic howl and can climb trees almost like a cat. These distinctive features make the trin walker of the kunhound an excellent hunter.

Characteristic:

The triine walker kunhound is a powerful, fast and very hardy dog. Long ears and a square muzzle make this dog look like a basset hound. This breed is light and elegant in movement. Triy-walker kunhound loves spending time outdoors, and the weather is not an obstacle to him.

Character:

The triine walker kunhound is an intelligent, bold and highly qualified dog. Despite the fact that this breed was created for hunting and performing various tasks, it can also be a companion dog. Trying Walker Kunhound requires constant attention of the owners and just blooms when it receives their love in full. This dog gets along well with adolescents and dogs, but due to the hunting instinct it cannot get along with cats and other small animals. The triine walker kunhound is very sensitive and expressive, and therefore does not tolerate loneliness, and being alone can turn the whole house.

Wool and care:

The triine walker of kunhound has a short thin glossy coat, which does not provide the dog with proper protection due to its low density. Wool can be black, white and bronze or even two-three-color. Tricolor individuals are most valued by breeders, as they often win at exhibitions. This breed requires minimal care, it only needs to be combed with a comb sometimes. Bathing a dog is necessary only in case of emergency, but ears should be cleaned regularly to prevent infections. This breed is considered relatively healthy. However, its highly developed hunting instinct can lead to unpleasant consequences, it can bring danger to the dog

Description of the Kunhound Walker breed

Kunhound Walker refers to kunhounds, dogs bred specifically for hunting raccoons and possums. The word "kunhound" literally translates as "raccoon hound." There are several varieties of these dogs, which include the English raccoon hound and the American raccoon hound. But all these animals come from the United States, where they are used to hunt local animals, so the name English raccoon hound is not fully true. The ancestors of these hunters come from the UK, but the breed was bred already in North America.

As a separate breed of dog, the Kunhound Walker was recognized only in the middle of the twentieth century, in 1945. The growth of these animals is average, and it is 51-69 cm, their average weight is about 26-28 kg.

Dogs of this breed have a harmonious and flexible elongated body format. Outwardly, the American raccoon hound resembles such an English breed as Foxhound. This is not surprising, because it was the English foxhound who was the ancestor of Walker Kunhound. For dogs of this breed, three-color and two-color colors are allowed, there are no strict requirements for color, these should be darker spots on a light background.

The character and training of kunhound

Representatives of this breed are flexible in nature and are able to find a common language with all members of the family. It should not be forgotten that the American raccoon hound was bred specifically for hunting.And its hunting instincts can prevail at any time, so you should make sure that the kunhound dog does not decide to chase someone whom it will accept for prey. For the same reason, it should not be released on an independent walk.

Like the English foxhound, the American kunhound Walker is able to go on a long journey, after which the owners will not be easy to find a pet.

zoo-sale.com Cunhound Walker - Treeting Walker Coonhound

Wood Raccoon Hound Kunhound Walker

All breeds of dogs. Wooding Walker Coonhound

A raccoon hound is easy to train, and it easily remembers and executes commands. But an inexperienced dog breeder is better to resort to the help of a trainer, who will explain how to handle this pet. The hunter should drag the dog at special stations. Moreover, it should be remembered that the raccoon hound was taken out for hunting very specific game, and therefore it will not be easy to train it to chase other animals.

Caring for Walker Kunhound

Dogs of this breed are easy to care for. They can be safely kept in a city apartment, provided there is a sufficient amount of physical activity. And the health of these animals is quite strong, which also simplifies the care. However, there are still a number of rules that must be observed by the owners of this breed:

  • Walk with kunhound must be daily, morning and evening. And the walks should be long enough so that the dog can warm up properly. 30-40 minutes in the morning and evening will be enough.
  • Feed the dog only with quality food. It is not worth giving her food in large portions, it is better to simply divide the daily feeding into several parts. These dogs are prone to inversion of the intestines, so they are not fed at all before intense physical exertion. This applies, in particular, hunting trips.
  • The raccoon hound has short and impervious to moisture wool, it does not require separate care. But still 1-2 times a week, the coat should be cleaned. And once every two months it’s worth bathing your pet.

The acquisition of Kunhound Walker puppy

It is very difficult to buy any kind of kunhound in Russia, and Walker Kunhound is no exception. This dog is widespread only in North America, but in Europe and Russia it never became popular, so before buying a raccoon hound puppy, you need to make sure that it is the same breed. To do this, it is recommended to check with the breed standard.

It is best to purchase a puppy in the kennel, which is responsible for health, vaccination in the first months of the animal’s life, draws up all the necessary documents. Here's what dog breeders themselves write about buying a raccoon hound:

“Buying kunhound outside the US is not easy. You can, of course, fly to the historical homeland of the dog and buy a puppy there, but it will be expensive and long. To begin with, it is worth looking for a nursery somewhere closer. But one must keep in mind that the breed is rare. And the pet will cost from 10 to 60 thousand rubles, depending on the pedigree of the dog. Sometimes the rarity of the breed increases the price. ”

Conclusion

Kunhound Walker - a very pleasant breed of dogs. This is a good hunter, and an intelligent and energetic pet. He will get along with all family members, and at exhibitions he will shine, thanks to his intelligence and ingenuity. And the only drawback of the breed is its rarity outside the United States.

She is one of the types of kunhoundov, which are usually bred in the southern part of the United States.

Other namered-speckled kunhound
Origin
A placeUSA USA
Specifications
Height
Weight20-29 kg
Life span11-12 years old
Classification
AKC GroupHound
Year of the AKC2011
Wikimedia Commons Media Files

History

Initially, this breed was classified and registered as an English hound and kunhound, before six varieties were isolated from it.The recognition of kunhounds in the 1940s by the United Kennel Club of Bluetick and Treeing Walker nursery led to a change in the classification of English kunhounds.

The breed appeared in the southeastern United States, where it was bred from the American and English hounds, other European hunting breeds and local dogs with the aim of tracking and bullying various animals.

Appearance

Unlike other classifications of kunhound, the standards of the breed of English kunhound allow different colors of these dogs. Color can be with red or grayish marks on the wool, tricolor or tricolor with marks. However, reddick reddish stains prevail. This English word is often called the representatives of the breed of English kunhounda. Some believe that the lack of a strict list of colors in the breed standard allowed breeders to concentrate on securing hunting qualities and intelligence in the livestock, and to avoid selection by color of coat. Color differences are common even among puppies from the same litter of English kunhound, which indicates a high diversity of DNA in this breed.

Temperament

Like all kunhounds, dogs of this breed are usually good-natured and very sociable. Their timidity or aggression in accordance with the UKC standard is considered culling in the breed. They have a strong, almost stubborn, will and these dogs need to have more patience in training than with other breeds. Young individuals are often extremely active and playful, craving human attention in addition to the abundance of other exercises. English kunhound will not calm down indoors and should be avoided by people who do not want to see a dog on their couch or in bed. Representatives of this breed are excellent family pets and, despite being bred for hunting, can get along well within the group. English kunhounds are also adequate as guard dogs; their barking is characterized by melody with lasting or short-explosive sounds.

The content of the article:

American English Coonhound or American English Coonhound is a breed bred in the United States of America. She is one of several varieties of kunhounds, namely: “Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog”, “Black and Tan Coonhound”, “Bluetick Coonhound”, “English Coonhound”, “Plott Coonhound”, “Redbone Coonhound” and “Treeing Walker Coonhound” . Representatives of the species specialize in catching raccoons, although they are equally capable of chasing almost any species of game that lives in North America, from rabbits to cougars.

This breed is rarely seen in urban areas. Although only recently it was recognized by the American Kennel Kennel Club (AKC), but in fact it is probably the most common purebred dog in America. The species is regularly included in the top five breeds in terms of the United Kennel Club (UKC). American English kunhound is more often referred to as "English Coonhound" and is also known under different names: "English Fox and Coonhound", "American English Fox Coonhound", "Redtick Coonhound", "English Coondog", "Redtick Coondog", "English Hound ”,“ Redtick Hound ”,“ English ”, and“ Redtick ”.

External parameters of American English Kunhound

A variety of these canids can be described as the “most typical” kunhound. This is a large breed, but, of course, not giant. Male representatives usually have from 55.88 to 68.58 centimeters of shoulder height and weigh from 22.68 to 29.49 kilograms. The height of female specimens is from 53.34 to 63.5 centimeters, and the weight is from 18.15 to 24.95 kilograms. American english coonhound is a working dog, and these features should be preserved.

  1. Head similar to the head of other coonhound breeds. It is slightly domed and proportional to the size of the body.
  2. Muzzle elongated and quite wide, which allows you to acutely smell and have the bite strength necessary to capture prey. The head and muzzle are connected relatively smoothly, but at the same time, remain clear. The lips are quite small, giving the face a square look. The dog has a significant amount of seemingly excess skin on its face and neck, although it will never look very wrinkled.
  3. Nose - quite large and usually black.
  4. Eyes - large, dark brown.Express kindness and tenderness.
  5. The ears - very long and wide. They usually hang down along the sides of the head, but can slightly go forward.
  6. Neck - strong, muscular, with a small suspension.
  7. Body - Well-chosen, square design, without exaggerated features. American English kunhound must be incredibly muscular, as befits one of the best athletes in the world of dogs. The dog is very durable, not overly thickened.
  8. Tail - medium in length and usually held upright with a slight curve, but never directly above the back.
  9. Forelimbs - long and strong. Hind - muscular with embossed hips.
  10. Paws - oval.
  11. Leather - slightly loose.
  12. Hair coat - varies from short to medium short. The structure of the integumentary hair is solid and has protective functions.
  13. Coloring American English subunits are the most variable of all subunits. AKC, and UKC recognize speckled red (redtick) or blue (bluetick), a tricolor with a speck. Red, white and black and white are also acceptable colors, while UKC favors white and lemon. Speckles are very small colored spots covering the dog’s coat. Sometimes, representatives of the species are born with an alternative color or pattern, for example, solid colored or tri-colored without mottling. These dogs are not allowed to participate in the show ring and should not be bred. But in other cases, they are the same capable hunting dogs and excellent pets, like other members of the breed.

Health Features of American English Kunhound

American english coonhound is considered a very healthy animal, and still they are bred almost like working and hunting dogs. Any hereditary diseases violate the dog’s ability to perform its duties, and therefore the affected individuals are removed from the work lines as soon as they are detected. The variety has extensive genetic material. Of course, the representatives of the species are sick, but to a much lesser extent than some of their brothers. The average life expectancy for a breed of this size is approximately 11-12 years.

Hip dysplasia is a known problem in American English Bunhounds, as well as for most purebred dogs. This disease is caused by malformation of the hip joint, which prevents the correct connection of the knee bone with the hip. As the dog ages, this leads to discomfort, pain, arthritis, difficulty in moving, and in severe cases, even to lameness.

Although hip dysplasia is genetically inherited, environmental factors can influence the time and severity of its occurrence. Despite the lack of generally accepted drugs for such an unpleasant flaw, there are a number of treatment methods that are characteristic of its symptoms, most of which are long-term and expensive. A series of tests have been developed to detect this disease, and responsible breeders use them to reduce the speed of its occurrence.

To identify such diseases before they made themselves felt, owners of American English kunhounds are advised to take their pets on time to check to specialized animal medical centers that identify hereditary flaws. So the dog in old age can remain more healthy. "Defective" dogs will not be bred, which will improve the gene pool.

A complete list of health problems for american english coonhound should include: hip and elbow dysplasia, ear infections, progressive retinal atrophy / PRA, cataracts, cracked paw skin, and stomach bleeding.

Requirements for the maintenance and care of American English Kunhound

  1. Wool representatives of the breed does not require constant attention and professional manipulation.Owners need to regularly comb out their pets, especially during molting, if they do not want to constantly vacuum the floor and clean household items in the house. Combing a four-legged friend on the street is much easier than cleaning the apartment. For short-haired dogs, a rubber mitten or brush with thick natural bristles is best. Usually, pets are combed out twice a week, and when changing the hairline - every day. In order for the “fur coat” to acquire a bright glow, at the end of the procedure it is wiped with a piece of leather (natural suede). Kunhounds, as a rule, hardly collect dirt on their “coats”, therefore they are rarely washed. It is important for such dogs not only to be able to choose the right makeup, but also to use it correctly. All shampoos have a strong concentration and if they are not diluted with water in a proportion of one to five, then dandruff may occur in the animal. It is convenient to apply the detergent by pouring it into the spray bottle and spraying the pet's hairline. Auxiliary "chemistry" should be completely washed away from the animal - its residues are extremely harmful. The dog dries naturally, but before it is wiped with a towel from excess moisture. Owners should ensure that there is no drafts in the room where the wet dog is located.
  2. Teeth American English Kunhound needs to be cleaned if you want to keep them clean and healthy. When a pet uses dry food, such manipulation can be performed less frequently, since solid particles help prevent plaque. For better cleaning of the dentition, you need to choose a quality paste and brush. Continuous execution of the procedure prevents the deposition of tartar, inflammation of the gums and bad smell from the jaws of the animal.
  3. The ears all fold dogs can be systematically cleaned of sulfur and dirt, the accumulation of which causes inflammation and infection. The simplest hygiene rules eliminate these problems, and properly selected preventative drugs make cleaning easier. The procedure is carried out once a week.
  4. Eyes American english coonhound carefully examined after the dog returned from the hunt. While catching the beast, the dog often does not notice small obstacles in its path. An eyeball can injure branches or thorns of a bush. The slightest suspicion of corneal damage is checked and treated by an ophthalmologist. If dust gets on the mucous membrane, then the eyes of the dog are rubbed with the help of pharmacy products.
  5. Claws such mobile four-legged workers often grind naturally. When the pet does not move much, for example, it gets sick, the length of its claws must be eliminated with claws or a file.
  6. Feeding American English kunhoundov requires an individual approach. When a pet is used on a hunt, food portions do more than on regular days. The composition of the food is selected full, enhanced and balanced, so that the dog regains the strength of the body. Working dogs are comprehensively selected for the prevention of diseases of the joints, ligaments and bones, usually glucosamine, chondroitin and omega-3. Vitamins and minerals are given separately if the pet eats natural foods. Professional feeds already contain everything you need, as specialists worked on them. Natural food consists mainly of lean meat with a small addition of cereals. Sour-milk products and some vegetables are also given.
  7. Walks. This breed is capable of hunting for a long time and in difficult terrain. Because of this, dogs have relatively high demands on physical activity. American English Kunhound should actively and daily train for at least 45 minutes, and preferably significantly more. This dog is an excellent companion for jogging, but prefers to use every opportunity to run without a leash. Pets work wonderfully in the countryside, and can not adapt to living in an apartment.Without appropriate loads, such dogs will show destructiveness, voice redundancy, nervousness and increased activity. However, as soon as they begin to train the kunhound normally, the dog is calm, and restrained in the house, will spend countless hours, serene resting on its bedding.
American english coonhound can very intelligently solve the tasks assigned to them. They are physically incredibly gifted and able to track any smell that attracts attention. This combination of qualities contributes to the virtuoso shoots of the species. Dogs will find any possible way or come up with their own to escape. They can overcome a six-foot fence and dig under one digging. Such fugitives are often found many miles from home. Because of this, any fence holding back one of these dogs must be very reliable.

Parenting American English Kunhound

Like many hounds, these representatives of the breed are quite complicated for training classes. Although these animals are very affectionate, they are usually also incredibly stubborn. The decision made by American English Kunhound cannot be canceled and redirected. They are constantly trying to find a way to do something of their own, even when well trained.

In particular, this breed often almost does not respond to the call of the owner. When the dog attacks the track, he will follow it so purposefully, ignoring any calls to return. For this reason, this dog should always be kept on a leash in urban areas or near the roadway. As a rule, such pets are very motivated to eat, and respond much better to reward-based learning methods.

Since American English kunhounds work primarily at night, breeders selected individuals with the most pleasant sounding and loudest voices, so that the hunter knew about their whereabouts. The sounds this breed makes are extremely frequent and incredibly loud (many of them can be clearly heard for a mile), and if they are not stopped, the dogs can bark for several hours in a row. Training and exercises will significantly reduce barking, but, of course, do not eliminate it at all, so such pets are not for the city.

The price of a puppy of American English Kunhound

The price of a puppy is from $ 500 to $ 1,000. See how the dog looks in the following video collection:

Red-speckled kunhound (English raccoon hound) - a rare breed, endowed with outstanding hunting talents and expressive voice. She is considered one of the purebred dogs native to North America, but remains fairly unknown outside the borders of her homeland. This breed needs a significant amount of physical activity, therefore it is recommended only for maintenance in a family leading an active lifestyle.

The red-speckled kunhound originates from European hounds. Since the defeat of the Romans, pack hunting with hounds has become one of the favorite ways to spend free time among the European aristocracy. The preferred prey in the hunt was various species of dangerous predators, for example, wild boar or wolf. England was also no exception in this sense, but the situation radically changed in the 17th century due to demographic and environmental problems in this country. Large species of animals became very rare in the English forests, and the English nobility switched to fox hunting as an acceptable alternative to old habits. Therefore, the breeders brought out Foxhound, which was well suited for burrow hunting.

In the same period, England began to colonize North America, and many of the first settlers brought their foxhounds to the New World. In addition to this breed, they also imported bloodhounds and greyhounds.Colonialists from other countries also took their dogs with them, including the Spanish Alano, the Greyhound, the German hunting boar dog, the large blue Gascon hound and various Irish and Scottish hounds.

Unfortunately, the climate, harsh territory and local fauna of the American region were significantly different from the English, so most of the dogs could not acclimatize and died. The surviving individuals were well adapted to harsh American living conditions and eventually spread throughout the continent. At that time, the breeding of dogs was erratic, which was expressed in interbreeding. This has led to the emergence of a number of new breeds, including kunhounda. There are several varieties of this breed, slightly different in origin, but it is reliably known that the red-speckled kunhound leads its pedigree from Foxhound.

In the American tradition, wild hunting was available to both people of noble origin and ordinary peasants. Gradually, hunting became a popular pastime in the American South and Midwest, and raccoon hunting proved to be one of my favorite pastimes. Red-speckled kunhounds have been tested in various hunting competitions since the beginning of the 19th century. These competitions soon moved to a national scale, and the winners were awarded attractive cash prizes.

The main calling of the red-speckled kunhound was almost exclusively hunting. Unlike other types of kunhoundov, he is able to hunt various game, including foxes, possums and cougars. And to this day, this dog is very much appreciated by American hunters in the rural parts of the United States of America. She is rarely seen in the cities and suburbs of her native country, and she remains fairly unknown outside the country.

Already in 1905, the red-speckled kunhound earned the recognition of the United Kennel Club. Despite this, the dog was recognized by the American Kennel Club only in 2010. The breed is still kept mainly for hunting purposes, but an increasing number of its fans use it only as a companion dog.

Temperament and character

In general, the nature of the red-speckled kunhound is similar to the character of a typical working hound. He shows a high degree of affection and devotion to all members of his family. The breed also likes to express its feelings and emotions violently and will be a great friend for a child. Moreover, many representatives prefer the company of children, especially those who pamper them with various dog treats. Unfortunately, this dog is prone to immoderate barking, and its sonorous voice can cause constant concern to your neighbors.

Red-speckled kunhound is a remarkably friendly dog ​​towards people, therefore, provided that socialization is correct, most of the representatives of this breed will be polite and friendly with a stranger. Sometimes dogs of this breed may have a problem with excessive shyness, but it is not particularly common. This dog is able to scare away an unwanted guest with its sonorous bark, so a good guard dog will come out of it. At the same time, the red-speckled kunhound is not aggressive enough to become an effective guard dog.

Hunting in a pack is common for red-speckled kunhound and in its course he had to cooperate with a dozen other dogs. The dog is very tolerant of the presence of other relatives in its environment and will happily live with one or more other dogs. At the same time, small dogs can be mistakenly perceived as prey and, therefore, pursued, so the owner of the kunhound should be extremely vigilant when walking with a dog.

This breed has served hunters for many centuries and as a result has developed a high level of aggression towards other species of animals. The attack of the red-speckled kunhound almost always leads to a fatal outcome for his victim, and he will pursue any living creature that falls into his field of vision. Socialization can significantly eliminate problems with aggression, and most of the representatives of the breed will coexist peacefully with a domestic cat or other animal. However, there is no guarantee.

The most common diseases of the breed are%

Hip dysplasia (CHD),

Elbow dysplasia

Problems with the ears

Eye problems

Dog care

Caring for the red-speckled kunhound will not take much time and effort. His coat needs regular brushing to maintain it in a well-groomed and tidy condition. Dog ears should be cleaned regularly to prevent irritation or infection.

Most red-speckled kunhounds molt very intensively, and during the molting period, dog hair can be found on all the household furniture, carpets and things. Therefore, this breed is not recommended for people suffering from allergic diseases or for overly clean individuals.

The training of red-speckled kunhound is a significant difficulty due to its stubborn nature. This dog is very independent in its judgments and is not inclined to change its initial decisions. Moreover, the breed can easily get carried away by any interesting smell to such an extent that it will be impossible to call it back.

The owner of a kunhound should never allow him to run without a leash, unless he walks with a dog in a well-protected area. The best motivating factor for this dog is mainly different treats, and it usually shows maximum results if it is treated firmly, but without undue cruelty, during the training process.

Throughout its long history, red-speckled kunhound spent a significant part of the day chasing prey. In order to feel completely satisfied, he needs at least an hour of intense physical activity every day. This dog will be a great running companion, but would rather prefer running and playing in areas with a reliably high fence.

The red-speckled kunhound behaves calmly and likes to laze around as soon as his needs for exercises are satisfied (although this is not easy to implement). In general, this dog is most adapted for life in the countryside and will experience problems with getting used to living in a city apartment.

Coonhounds, or in other words raccoon hounds, are several varieties of a hunting breed with specific abilities. Most often hunters are engaged in breeding of such pets? And it is in this environment that they are appreciated. Less often, they are brought in as companions or to participate in show programs. Hounds are dogs with special needs, before taking such a puppy into the family, it is worth seriously weighing the pros and cons.

Representatives of this breed entered the United States during colonization. There is a legend according to which the ancestors of the kunhounds are the Foxhounds brought by George Washington, and the hounds from France, which were donated by the Marquis de Lafayette.

But there is evidence that dogs-ancestors of raccoon hounds were already in the countries of the New World in the early 18th century. In addition, bloodhounds took part in the formation of kunhounds. Their main purpose was hunting for raccoons, but the working qualities of dogs allowed expanding this framework to participate in hunting and other animals.

The kunhounds are especially popular in the southeastern States of America, there are also large nurseries involved in the breeding of these hunting dogs.

Kunhound character

It is difficult to find a more hardworking, strong and hardy dog ​​than kunhound. The fearlessness and courage of the representatives of this breed made them dangerous, dexterous hunters, even for large animals - bears, cougars, deer.

In the family, these are affectionate, loyal pets who are always happy to talk with the owner and other household members, they are ready for hanging out together.

A well-educated and trained kunhound is always ready to carry out the commands of his master. Training is very important, as these dogs are independent and independent. They are, under normal conditions, fairly balanced and not amenable to learning.

Raccoon hounds get along well with children, they can spend hours playing games, tirelessly rushing, jumping and running. But it is worth considering the size of this animal, the dog can accidentally harm the baby.

Excellent watchmen are made from kunhounds, they don’t attract outsiders too much and they are extremely incredulous. Representatives of this breed are highly active, and they are ready to work at any time - just call.

But communication with other animals, in addition to their own kind, is unlikely to succeed. All hounds, including raccoons, are hunters to the core, and their instincts are highly developed. Any animal dog will be considered solely as prey.

Characteristics of the breed and the character of the kunhound

The described group of hunting breeds, representatives of which have many valuable qualities, was bred in the United States. And the centers of breeding of this type of dogs were the states of Virginia, Kentucky, Georgia and Tennessee.

On the photo Redbon red kunhound

Some believe that ancestors american coonhounders were brought to the continent in the distant times of its colonization. However, chronicles and legends claim that the founders of the breeds were French hounds and purebred English dogs, bloodhounds brought from an old European woman and donated to historical celebrities in a somewhat later period.

Initially, raccoon hounds (as the group is commonly called) were intended for life in the natural conditions of North America. Naturally, such dogs are specialists in hunting for game peculiar to this region.

Their trophies, throughout the entire existence of the breed, were raccoons, lynxes, cougars, possums. Also became famous kunhound dog in the hunt for bears, squirrels and deer.

In addition, he is a vigilant watchman, able to detect any violator of territories of objects left for his protection and care, as well as a reliable and loyal companion of his master.

The photo shows a black and tan kunhound

As you can conclude: such a dog is universal, moreover, it has outstanding talents and abilities, which earned attention to its person, universal recognition and popularity.

This group of dog breeds is especially beloved in the southeastern United States, where night raccoon hunting has almost become a national tradition. Kunhounds are the heart of such entertainment, which in our time, as a rule, is sporting in nature. It depends on these quick-witted animals: will luck be on the hunter's side on this day?

Throwing along the trail of the beast, a pack of such dogs announces the surroundings with a wild bark of different voices, and each of the dogs has a unique and easily recognizable timbre of the howl for the owner.

Swiftly running many miles through dense forests, thickets and swamps, these creatures, possessing incredible stamina and sharp instinct, irresistibly follow the beast's track, trying to overtake him.

And finding a raccoon hiding in the crown of a tall tree, kunhoundleaning on the trunk with his front paws, begins to bark at the prey, urging the owner to the location of the next trophy.

This is followed by a shot from a hunter's gun. And if it turns out to be apt - the job is done. It happens, however, that a pack of raccoon hounds catches prey alive still on earth.

Description of the Kunhound breed (standard requirements)

The height of purebred representatives of raccoon hounds is about 60 cm (although in some cases such animals are larger), and a athletic muscular body with a powerful skeleton reaches a mass of about 30 kg.

Kunhounds (a photo it demonstrates well) have a large head and a slightly elongated muzzle. The rough skin of these dogs, covered with short hair, hangs loose.

Some of the breeds are distinguished by folds on the neck and, allowing excellent swimming, membranes on the paws. The head of the kunhounds is decorated with large hanging ears, and the body ends with a straight and long tail. Purebred dogs are extremely beautiful athletic, harmonious and proportionate physique.

The described group includes seven breeds. But only one of them received international recognition - black and tan kunhound, which appeared at the beginning of the XVIII century. This is a working track dog.

These dogs are incredibly hardy. Being in nature, they easily endure any weather conditions, moving around difficult terrain with great ease.

They are hardworking, loyal and smart. Many experts believe that of all dogs in the world, such dogs have the most acute sense of smell. The breed, as can be inferred from the name, is distinguished by a black and tan color.

Although the coat of the puppies that have just been born has a completely dark shade, after some time tan marks appear on the face, chest and paws.

In America, six breeds are widespread from this group. Their representatives, according to established standards, should have approximately the same size, having an external similarity and differing only in color. Their glossy coat can have black, yellow, red hues, playing and shimmering in the sun. Exist and blue coonhounds.

In the photo, English kunhound

American Requirements English subunit, unlike brothers from this group, they allow the presence of diversity in colors. These are graceful and graceful dogs.

Purebred dogs can be tricolor with reddish spots and markings, which allowed breeders to focus on other valuable qualities of the breed, such as intelligence and hunting skills.

Curious instances are red-speckled coonhounds, the coloring of which is more than original: on the white background there are scattered thick specks and red-red spots.

In the photo mottled blue kunhound

Among the group, varieties are known, the individuals of which have a simply amazing appearance, obtained as a result of crossing many beautiful breeds. Those are red coonhounds. The hair of such dogs, having a velvety structure, in addition to the one mentioned in the title of the main background, according to the standard can also have white spots.

Among the rare representatives of the group is the leopard hound. Such a breed appeared recently, and its homeland is Carolina. And although there is no exact information about the ancestors of these dogs, many dog ​​handlers point to their closeness to the British and French hounds.

Care and maintenance

Most of all dogs kunhound breed adapted for living in rural areas, but not in the cramped and stuffy apartments of huge cities. In any case, a private house with a spacious courtyard, enclosed by a fence is best suited for keeping them.

Such dogs are extremely energetic, and when raising their owners need to take into account the need for constant movement, regular loads and training of representatives of this dog breeds. Kunhounds most suitable for owners who love sports and long walks in nature.

Such dogs are independent and independent, and often show intractability and stubbornness in everyday life.Given these properties of character, a puppy should first of all be taught to fulfill the command: "come to me!".

Otherwise, the animal at an older age will create problems for the owner, constantly running away. Dogs with improper upbringing can subsequently become restless and nervous, showing unreasonable aggression towards other pets, strange dogs and even people.

Therefore, early socialization is simply necessary. puppies, a kunhound, distinguished by a good upbringing, should be restrained by strangers, but not aggressive.

The hair of such dogs, due to the long time of molting, must be brushed weekly. But too often bathing pets, especially using shampoo, is not necessary.

Hanging and long ears, in order to prevent infections from getting into them, should be regularly inspected and cleaned. Often representatives of this breed exhibit salivation, and in order to avoid skin irritation, the muzzle must be wiped in a timely manner.

The main components of the diet and simply necessary, useful and nutritious products for such dogs are meat and fish, rich in valuable protein.

In addition, it is important to give your pets cottage cheese and other dairy products. It is vital to add fish oil to your food, and a bowl of constantly clean water will significantly improve your pet's metabolism.

Price and reviews of kunhound

Talking about such dogs, owners often mention their kindness. By nature, the dogs of this breed are quite sociable and friendly, affectionate towards children, touching others with a touching expression of their eyes.

But experienced owners do not advise getting dogs of this breed in houses where small pets live, as a deep-rooted hunting instinct can wake up at dogs at any time.

Reviews indicate that kunhounds are capable of developing tremendous speeds in nature. But if they are left alone in apartment buildings, then they begin to yearn, like a small child, howlingly and lingeringly. Surprisingly, they feel good in a flock where the spirit of rivalry soars, gladly competing in skills with their relatives.

In the photo, speckled red kunhound

For an energetic person, with love and understanding related to animals, buy kunhound - a good idea. Dogs are easy to educate, and to teach them various teams and tricks is not at all difficult.

However, you should treat them patiently, and in the training adhere to a clear and reasonable scheme. Animals love justice, and a rude word can offend a pet. In general, this is an ideal dog for an active family with a large number of children, where such a dog will certainly become a protector and friend in the house.

Kunhound price Depends on the breed, age, exterior and pedigree, and may be 19,000 rubles, but be higher. And it is possible to acquire such a miracle by finding a suitable nursery or a trustworthy breeder.

Coonhounds: historical background

Coonhounds are a group of breeds whose homeland is America. The group of kunhounds is divided into seven breeds:

  • black and tan kunhound,
  • English American (red-speckled) kunhound,
  • red kunhound
  • Kunhound Plotte (Plotthound),
  • speckled blue kunhound,
  • wood kunhound Walker,
  • leopard hound.

Coonhounds - a group of breeds

The history of kunhounds began during the colonization of America in the XVIII century. At that time, dogs were imported from France and the British Isles to America for the favorite entertainment of the aristocracy - hunting. These were Foxhounds, as well as French hounds and other breeds. But it turned out that these dogs, accustomed to hunting mainly burrowing animals, could not fruitfully track American game, since most of the animals hid in the trees (hunting for possums, raccoons, bears, lynxes, cougars, foxes, etc., was practiced in America). ) Thus began the history of the kunhounds.

Each breed arose differently, therefore, their history must be considered individually. So, the black and tan kunhound (the only variety recognized by FCI), is related to the bloodhounds, which gives him extraordinary olfactory abilities. The second ancestor was the black and tan foxhound. The black and tan variety was recognized by FCI in 1945, and the official valid standard was published in 1991. The remaining kunhounds are considered only a kind of black and tan and are not allowed to exhibitions.

Coonhounds prey on small and large game

Red kunhound comes from Foxhounds of red color, brought into the state of Georgia closer to the middle of the XIX century. In 1840, the blood of Irish Foxhounds and Bloodhounds was added to this breed. The name of the breed (in the original Redbone Coonhound) was given by the name of the first breeder - Peter Redbon. Red kunhounds were hatched to climb trees and big game. Recognized by AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1902.

The book “Where the Red Fern Grows” (Russian “The Flower of the Red Fern”), written by Wilson Rawls, tells of two red coonhounds and their 10-year-old owner.

Kunhound Plotta is somewhat different from his brothers. Its origin is related to Spanish, German, French and Native American dogs and has nothing to do with bloodhounds and foxhounds. In the middle of the 18th century, German Johann Plott settled in North Carolina. He brought with him several Hanover hounds bred for hunting a bear and a wild boar. He, and later his son Henry, were engaged in improving the breed, not crossing it with others. As a result, the hounds of Plott became famous.

The kunhounds were bred for the so-called tree hunting - they drive the beast onto a tree and control it until the hunter arrives

One hunter, breeding leopard hounds, borrowed a male from Plott's pack to improve his breed, but later abandoned this idea, giving Plott puppies. The rush of blood of leopard hounds affected the breed well. At the beginning of the XX century, except for the Plotts, Ferguson was engaged in the breed. Perhaps at that time the rafthounds were crossed with other breeds, but this is an unregistered fact. The recognized ploundhounds were in 1946 the United American Dog Club and in 2006 the AKC.

The leopard hound (not to be confused with the Katahula leopard dog!), Directly related to the plothound, is the rarest of the group of kunhounds. She appeared as a result of crossing dogs of the Spanish conquistadors and dogs of the Indians. There is also a version that the Beaucerons and even wolves participated in the formation of the breed. This breed in the 19th century became the progenitor of the Plotthounds. The leopard hound is currently under the supervision of AKC as a rare breed.

The Kunhound group includes seven breeds

The speckled blue kunhound is the result of the crossing of the Foxhounds and the French hound Blue de Gascony. This breed also has a species - the American Blue Gascon Hound. She is often called the old-style blue kunhound. It is distinguished by greater massiveness, colderness of color and a more restrained style of tracking prey. Recognized blue kunhound was in 1946 the United American Kennel Club and in 2007 - AKC.

The English kunhound is a descendant of the Virginia hounds, which were taken from Foxhounds and other dogs brought to America by George Washington and other US politicians. In 1905 he was recognized at the United American Kennel Club.

Coonhounds can hunt the most difficult terrain

Kunhound Walker comes from Foxhounds. The breeding of strong, hardy dogs that can hunt in American conditions was carried out by two breeders under the auspices of the US government. In 1800, a black and tan dog of unknown origin was crossed with future Walker Coonhounds to strengthen the gene pool. Perhaps later the blood of the French tricolor hounds poured into the breed.Walker kunhounds were recognized in 1945 as the United American Kennel Club and in 2012 - AKC.

Table: Black and Tan Coonhound Standard

Purpose of the breedBeagle
Classification
  • Group 6. Hounds and related breeds.
  • Section 1. Large hounds. Without working trials.
general descriptionA large dog, able to work in the most difficult conditions, designed primarily for hunting raccoons, but coping with bears, cougars, lynxes, etc. Strong, agile, alert. The muscles are well developed, the skeleton is moderate, males are more massive than females.
Proportions
  • the length of the body from the shoulder to the buttocks is approximately equal to the height at the withers,
  • the dog must be folded so as not to look neither leggy nor squat
HeadFolded harmoniously. Length in males is 22.5–25.5 cm, in females - 20.5–23 cm. Friendly, impatient expression, skin without folds.
Area of ​​the skullThe contour is rather oval. In profile, the line of the skull is parallel to the line of the nose. The transition of the forehead to the nose (stop) is pronounced, in line with the occipital tubercle.
Muzzle area
  • the nose is black, flat, wide, open nostrils,
  • lips are well developed, sagging typical of hounds,
  • scissor bite,
  • brown eyes, round, set shallow,
  • ears: low set, laid back. Hanging, gracefully folding and giving the dog a majestic look. Length - equal to or slightly shorter than the muzzle
NeckMuscular, sloping, medium length. The skin is not folded, without suspension.
BodyBackPowerful, smooth.
ChestMedium depth, reaches the level of the elbows.
RibsFull, rounded, without flatness.
TailStrong, base just below the level of the sacrum. Having set free, the movement should be carried high.
LimbsFront
  • straight
  • powerful shoulders
  • elbows do not turn inside or out,
  • metacarpus: strong, straight
Rear
  • developed skeleton and muscle mass,
  • from thigh to hock, long and sinewy,
  • when standing on a flat surface, they are laid back and form a right angle with the ground from the foot to the hock.
FeetCompact, with thick sturdy pads and well-curved fingers.
Movement
  • graceful steps, light, capturing enough space,
  • the front legs do not cross when walking,
  • at low speed, the hock joints of the hind legs are parallel to the front, converge toward the central axis as they accelerate,
  • the back remains straightforward
WoolShort but thick and dense for protection against mechanical injuries when hunting.
ColorCharcoal black with saturated tan marks above the eyes, on the sides of the muzzle, chest, legs, covering the lower part (from the hock joint) of the legs with slate marks on the fingers.
Dimensions
  • Male growth is 63.5–68.5 cm, female is 58–63.5 cm. Oversizing is not penalized if proportions are maintained.
  • Males weigh 30–34 kg, bitches 25–32 kg.
Disadvantages and DisqualificationDisadvantages:
  • any deviation from the above points should be considered a defect, the severity depends on the development of the defect,
  • excessive wrinkles
  • not a scissor bite,
  • yellow, bright eyes
  • ears too short and set high
  • flat feet turned outwards
  • too much tan or black
  • white marks
  • smaller size.

  • aggression and cowardice,
  • physical disabilities
  • disease
  • White spots.

Standards for the rest of the varieties are in the AKC and the United American Kennel Club. Kunhounds differ not only in color, but also in some aspects of their appearance, so we will consider the general and individual features of the breeds.

  • legs are straight, long, with moderate bones and well-muscled muscles,
  • hanging ears reaching the tip of the nose when extended
  • short and smooth, but thick and dense coat protecting the dog in a wooded area,
  • the chest is deep enough, reaches the elbows,
  • the tail in a stance and in motion is held high, proud head set,
  • massive head with a moderately wide skull,
  • the muzzle is long
  • there are no folds of skin on the face, no suspensions on the neck,
  • the length of the body from the shoulders to the buttocks is approximately equal to the height at the withers,
  • saggy lips typical of hounds
  • the eyelids do not sag in any way.

Each kunhound has its own characteristics.

  1. Red Kunhound:
    • a pleading expression of the muzzle,
    • massive feet
    • brown eyes
    • distinct withers
    • sharp transition of the forehead to the nose,
    • the back line is smoothly inclined to the base of the tail,
    • the bottom line is almost flat
    • occipital tubercle pronounced,
    • muzzle profile contours are not perfectly smooth,
    • the back is straight
    • proud, steady movements, with good capture of space,
    • color - dark saturated red, a small amount of white on the paws and lips is permissible, as well as black pigment on the muzzle of the ears.
  2. Plotthound:
    • more elegant, thin,
    • brown or hazel eyes,
    • the back line is not perfectly straight: the withers are slightly higher than the hips, the line from the withers to the lower back bends slightly, then it tangibly bends to the base of the tail,
    • eyes are a little narrower and closer
    • the profile lines of the muzzle are smooth, the transition of the forehead to the nose is softer,
    • the muzzle is slightly narrower, the cheekbones more pronounced,
    • the movements are graceful, agile, rhythmic, at all speeds the trot legs move equally,
    • color necessarily with tigers or black solid, white spots on the chest and a slight slate on the face and paws are permissible.
  3. Mottled blue kunhound:
    • the muzzle is more square, massive, somewhat shorter,
    • dark brown eyes
    • lips sag a little more
    • the back line is smoothly curved from the withers to the base of the tail,
    • the belly is even hotter and the chest is deeper, which makes the legs appear longer,
    • deeper set eyes
    • the line of the skull is perfectly rounded,
    • movements are active, energetic, with a well-raised head and a soft line of the back,
    • the color is black and white, maybe with a red tan, it seems blue due to the abundant black specks.
  4. Kunhound Walker:
    • muzzle in profile wide and long,
    • no breaks in the line from the back of the head to the base of the tail,
    • the line of the back gently descends to the tail,
    • the body is slightly shorter than other breeds,
    • the tail is thicker and shorter, more curved,
    • the abdomen line is flat,
    • movements are smooth, without stress,
    • color - tricolor: white, black, tan. White and black can dominate, on the dominant color there may be marks of other colors.
  5. English American Kunhound:
    • the back is straight
    • paws are more massive,
    • the head is proportionally larger, the lines are clear, not smooth,
    • smooth bending of the back, which repeats the bottom line of the body,
    • the body is generally thinner, so the legs seem longer,
    • color - white with red, red speck on white,
    • when moving, the tail rises high, swaying from side to side, movements are smooth, energetic.
  6. Leopard Hound:
    • bends a little, the line of a stomach is equal,
    • the skin on the neck is thicker, denser and looser,
    • the coat is a little longer
    • the skull is perfectly round,
    • eyes can be blue, heterochromic, yellowish and brown,
    • color - leopard (possible with tigers), solid colors are also found.

Photo gallery: varieties of kunhounds:

The disadvantages of each of the breeds:

  1. Red Kunhound:
    • white spots on the legs and chest,
    • white marks
    • flat feet
    • the hips are higher than the withers,
    • snack and overshot
    • pigment on the face and ears of any, except black,
    • pointed skull.
  2. Plotthound:
    • heavy skeleton
    • sad expression of the muzzle
    • too long and too short ears (disqualification),
    • the skull is sharp or too flat
    • square face
    • feet look outward, flat, forelegs bent (disqualification).
  3. Speckled blue:
    • snack and overshot (disqualification),
    • wool is too short or too long
    • disqualification - deviation from color,
    • disqualification - deviation from size.
  4. Kunhound Walker:
    • nose of any color except black,
    • short, high-set ears,
    • narrow skull
    • short neck
    • excessively curved tail,
    • flat feet
    • disqualification - deviations from the color.
  5. English American:
    • narrow skull
    • disqualification - overshot and overshot
    • neck too high or low set,
    • protruding shoulders
    • bald tail or plume tail,
    • disqualification - tricolor color, tigers, lack of specks, solid color without specks.

AKC standards are much milder than FCI standards

The character and psyche of the kunhounds

The character of the kunhounds is generally the same. Differences arise only between dogs that have been bred for hunting by generations and pets. The former are better able to work in a pack, attentive, aggressive hunters, but loyal to people. The second are excellent family dogs, playful, agile and patient.

No wonder the kunhounds are one of the most popular breeds and even symbols of some states. These dogs are distinguished by a great desire to please the owner, fulfilling any of his commands. They are reserved with strangers, but they never attack for no reason, aggression towards people is unusual for them. But small animals, especially cats, can attack with pleasure. Therefore, it is not recommended to keep the kunhound with cats or small dogs, if they did not grow up together.

Coonhounds are playful and sociable

Dogs of this breed are confident, patient with babies (puppies, children). They are distinguished by a love of affection, but at the same time they are courteous - they will never suck, they will rather wait for the owner to call them. From the side, the kunhound gives the impression of a proud and independent dog, but in fact he really needs communication. Kunhound is a great dog for traveling, as it is not afraid of a change of scenery.

Coonhounds, like all hounds, know how to work together in a pack. Even if the dog was not trained in the pack, it will get along well with its own kind. He responds to aggression, but rarely comes to a fight. Kunhound is distinguished by courage. These dogs can not only hunt, but also protect the property and the owner. If they are in danger, Kunhound will rush into battle without hesitation.

Coonhounds are bold and decisive

Loneliness for social kunhound is disastrous, therefore it is recommended to start it only for active people who can spend at least 5 hours a day on a dog. Kunhound needs long walks with mental and physical stress, otherwise he will get bored and make a big mess in the house. In addition, without activity and activities, kunhounds will certainly acquire behavioral problems, will behave noisily: howl, bark, whine and spoil everything around.

Kunhound Training

If this is a family dog, then you need to pay attention to unquestioning obedience and suppressing attempts to attack small animals. Of course, suppressing a dog’s hunting instinct is not an option. Therefore, you just need to teach your puppy that hunting is prohibited on a walk without the permission of the owner.

If kunhound pursues “prey”, then this can put him in a dangerous situation. Therefore, first of all, he must learn the team "Come to me!". It is worked out until automatic execution, only then the dog will be safe. In general, the OKD course for a comfortable life with kunhound will be enough. But their intelligence and devotion to the owner will allow them to learn interesting tricks and take other training courses (UGS, agility, ZKS at will).

Coonhounds are obedient, smart and easy to learn.

If the dog is preparing for the hunt, then you can start to train it from six months. Take out hunting with adult dogs (hounds), where the puppy will quickly learn everything that is needed, to train the commands “Aport!” “To me!”. The kunhounds are accustomed to drive prey to a tree and guard it until the owner arrives, but you can teach them how to drive.

Kunhound Care

Kunhound care includes nutrition, walking, keeping and general care.

The food for the kunhound must be of high quality and balanced. The basis is animal proteins (meat) - 75%, therefore, if you feed the dog with food, pay attention to the percentage of meat.The food should not be lower than the super-premium class, you can choose specialized for hunting breeds or active dogs.

What common feeds are suitable for kunhound:

  • Carnilove (entire line for dogs),
  • Acana (entire line for dogs),
  • Orijen (entire line for dogs),
  • Summit for dogs of large breeds,
  • AATU for dogs (very high meat content).

Meat - the basis of the dog’s diet

All of these foods are gluten-free and cereal-rich, with lots of protein, and their class is not lower than super-premium. Food is given according to the instructions on the packaging.

Natural nutrition consists of lean meats, vegetables, and cereal. Some owners practice feeding only meat with a small addition of vegetables. This is also possible provided that the dog is given 100-150 g of low-fat cottage cheese per week and 3-4 raw eggs. Otherwise, calcium deficiency may occur. The amount of basic food per day is calculated from the ratio of 40–45 g per 1 kg of dog weight.

When feeding natural food, it’s worthwhile to choose vitamin supplements (be sure to consult your veterinarian!).

Coonhound should not be given:

  • food from the human table
  • spicy, fried, fatty foods,
  • onions, garlic, potatoes, cereals, spices, seasonings,
  • sweet (especially chocolate),
  • pork and sea fish.

Food is the basis of dog health

You need to walk with kunhound at least 2 times a day for 1.5–2 hours. Walk must be active. You can optimally load a dog by teaching her to run next to a bicycle. But do not forget that the dog needs not only to run, but also to play with the owner, to learn new things. Try, if possible, to change the walking routes more often, so the dog will not get bored. It is best to keep kunhound in a private house with a personal territory. But a spacious apartment is also suitable provided that a lot of walking with the dog.

You do not need to wash kunhound more than 2-3 times a year. Short hair requires a weekly combing with a thick brush. Ears of kunhound require special attention. They need to be inspected more often, so as not to miss the infection, daily wipe the inner surface with a napkin with a special lotion to clean the dog’s ears, and they should also clean them from the inside every 5 days.

Since kunhounds, like all hunting breeds, like to wallow in something stinky (thus hiding their smell), frequent washing can not be dispensed with. My dog, although not hunting, but loves to deliver "pleasant" surprises to the hostess. But often washing the dog with shampoo is not very useful, so I saw a very effective recipe from a friend of the breeder. You need to take clean sand and add a few drops of eucalyptus oil or lavender to it (not very much, just to discourage the smell). Good, but gently rub the dog, leave for 5 minutes and rinse. Sand removes all the dirt and oil removes an unpleasant odor. It helps only shorthair, because sand is difficult to wash from long hair.

Coonhounds, like all hunting dogs, love to wallow in odorous substances

Coonhound Diseases

The kunhounds are strong, hardy and differ in good health of the breed, not subjected to inbreeding, bred from the same strong hunting breeds. The life expectancy of a family dog ​​is rarely less than 14 years, hunting live 10-12 years. The breed has few diseases, but there are some predispositions.

Obesity

Many hunting breeds are subject to it, as they need movement. If it is not enough, the dog naturally gains weight.

How to recognize obesity:

  • the inability to feel the ribs and spine through a layer of fat,
  • it’s difficult for the dog to walk, shortness of breath after a slight load,
  • problems with the heart and joints begin
  • the dog is rapidly gaining weight, eating more.

Coonhounds are prone to obesity

To prevent obesity, you need:

  1. Buy dog ​​scales and closely monitor weight changes. This will allow you to quickly adjust the power.
  2. Monitor the diet, do not give more than the norm.
  3. Do not feed the dog uncontrollably, do not treat it outside of feedings and training.
  4. Treats are included in the daily diet and, if they are not fruits or vegetables, are deducted from the daily diet.
  5. Lead an active lifestyle with the dog.

Treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian. It consists of a diet, exercise regimen and, in some cases, hormonal preparations.

Ear infections

All dogs with drooping ears are susceptible to them, since infections develop well in closed, warm and humid areas. The main symptoms are:

  • strong scabies
  • the appearance of scratches and crusts,
  • increased ear temperature
  • bad smell
  • purulent discharge
  • negative reaction when touched,
  • bending and shaking his head in a certain direction, become especially noticeable during running.

Ear Hygiene - The Best Prevention of Ear Infections

Prevention - hygiene of the auricle, taking antiparasitic drugs. Medication is prescribed by the veterinarian depending on the infection.

Dysplasia

The term "dysplasia" refers to any deviation from the norm in the state of the joint: destruction of cartilage or bone, cracks, defects, etc. Dogs of large breeds and dogs with a genetic predisposition are prone to dysplasia. The main symptoms are:

  • lameness or gait changes,
  • decreased activity
  • swelling of the legs
  • stiffness in movements
  • inability to lean on a paw.

The treatment of dysplasia depends on the degree of neglect. Mild forms are treatable with physiotherapy and medication. Severe forms can only be cured by surgery or by replacing the hip joint.

To prevent joint injuries in puppies, you need to dose loads

Puppy selection

In Europe and Asia, kunhounds are almost unknown, with the exception of a pair of black and tan nurseries in Europe. A real puppy will be obtained only at home, in America. There a puppy will cost from $ 500. It is not difficult to choose a puppy - he has:

  • long hanging ears
  • distinctive color
  • rather long legs
  • developed superciliary arches,
  • smooth line of the skull
  • tail running high.

You can choose a kunhound puppy at home - in America

Coonhounds are rare dogs not only in origin, but also in terms of their qualities. With due love and upbringing, they will become wonderful favorites, and if necessary - hunters. Kunhound will allow a person to become active, teach to understand animals and love them.

Origin of breed

Representatives of this breed entered the United States during colonization. There is a legend according to which the ancestors of the kunhounds are the Foxhounds brought by George Washington, and the hounds from France, which were donated by the Marquis de Lafayette.

But there is evidence that dogs-ancestors of raccoon hounds were already in the countries of the New World in the early 18th century. In addition, bloodhounds took part in the formation of kunhounds. Their main purpose was hunting for raccoons, but the working qualities of dogs allowed expanding this framework to participate in hunting and other animals.

The kunhounds are especially popular in the southeastern States of America, there are also large nurseries involved in the breeding of these hunting dogs.

Colors and type of coat

All varieties of kunhounds are similar to each other, they have a short coat, smooth and shiny, the main difference is its color:

  1. Black and tan raccoon hound - there is only one color - black hair, above the eyes - tan, stripes can be located on the muzzle from the sides, on the sternum and limbs.
  2. Red kunhound - the main tone of the coat is red, but white spots are allowed.
  3. English, speckled-red raccoon hound - spots of a reddish-reddish tone and densely applied speckles are located on a white background, but individuals with bluish mottles, tricolor, reddish, black, lemon-white or motley are found.
  4. The speckled blue kunhound is a unique tricolor, in which the main color is white, there are multiple blotches and black spots on it, giving the color a bluish tint. There are red marks in the area of ​​the muzzle, eyebrows and limbs.
  5. Kunhound Walker - there are individuals with a three-color and two-color color, there are no strict requirements for shades, but the background should be light and the spots should be dark.

Where are dogs of this breed used?

The direct purpose of raccoon hounds is hunting for raccoons, wild boars, possums. They also go with a deer, a bear. In their work, dogs use a lower flair, that is, for tracking they need a hot trace.

Dogs with a similar scent were praised in search and rescue activities and operational search work. They are able to assimilate the necessary program, but when learning, their features are necessarily taken into account.

Coonhounds - great for service. But companions from them are excellent, however, only if the owner has a strong character, self-confidence and free time to engage with a four-legged friend.

Training Features

The kunhounds are docile and obedient, but an innate hunting instinct can serve them poorly in ordinary life. Walking gracefully along the street, the dog can transform in the blink of an eye when he sees a suitable game. Unfortunately, dogs of this breed are often lost and injured.

It will not be possible to completely eradicate this addiction, so the owner must constantly drive the dog on a leash, you can not even think about independent walks. In addition, it is important to teach him the "rules of good form." For this, the dog must undergo a general training course. But hounds learn the specific skills that they require to work.

You need to start training your puppy from the very first days of his appearance in the house, and, first of all, the pet must learn to come to the owner at the first call. For these purposes, it is necessary to use a horn, they blow into it, calling the baby to the bowl, and do not give him food until he arrives.

Another important skill in the hunt - the dog must be able to find the owner. During the rut, the dog can run quite far, so it should be taught to navigate the area and look for the hunter using a smell or a trace. Initially, such situations are imitated in polygon conditions and repeated many times until the dog understands what is required of it.

Also, training includes mastering the movement on one track. When a dog is just learning to follow a track by selecting one of them, the pet should not switch to the others along the way. To do this, the owner uses prohibitive commands.

For hunting, the four-legged hunter must be able to notify the owner by barking when he took a new trail. The fact is that in the hounds “silence” is a vice, and this quality can be inherited. Such dogs are rejected and not allowed for breeding. If the dog is fine with this property, then no effort is required - the dog will respond correctly on an intuitive level.

People who know a lot about hunting with dogs are sure that the more time the owner spends time and efforts to train, the easier it will be for him to contact his pet on the hunt.

Breed diseases

Hounds have enviable health, but they can also hurt. Among the common diseases of kunhound can be noted the following:

  • dysplasia of large compositions - hip, elbow,
  • obesity,
  • diseases of the visual image,
  • dirofilariasis of the heart muscle (infection with a nematode),
  • demodicosis
  • animal plague
  • flea infection.

Hunting dogs more often than others come in contact with wild animals, which very often are carriers of dangerous diseases. Therefore, the owner should take care of the timely vaccination of the pet, its examination for external parasites and regularly conduct deworming.This will help to significantly reduce the risks of infection.

Care and Health

Coonhounds have a short coat, which does not require serious care. It is enough to clean it once a week with a brush suitable for this type of coat. But owners should know - raccoon hounds molt very much, which can be a problem when keeping the animal at home.

Most hunting dogs, including raccoon hounds, have a rather harsh, specific smell. If the owner decides to get rid of it with frequent washing of the dog, he will do it in vain. She will not benefit from such procedures, and the aroma will become the same every time. Hounds are infrequently bathed, only by necessity.

Otherwise, the care is standard - the nails are periodically trimmed, the teeth are brushed every 2-3 days, and the ears as they become dirty.

The content of the coonhounds

An aviary is best suited for hounds. In these conditions, dogs do not get rickets, have strong immunity, and are less likely to suffer from diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

In addition, the dog, which moves more outside of walks, requires less physical activity, and fresh air is only good for the pet. But he still needs regular walks and communication with the owner and family members.

Since the raccoon hound has short hair, it needs a warm booth, its walls are covered with insulating materials and equipped with a thin, felt canopy.

In extreme cases, the dog can live in the apartment, however, it cannot be said that such conditions are recommended by specialists. It is worth noting that the rundowns are not able to be alone for a long time, without attention they can loudly, continuously howl.

Activity:

This breed is extremely energetic and requires constant physical activity. Therefore, the triine walker kunhound is not recommended for urban residents, he must live in a country house with a large fenced yard, where they will be given ample opportunities for training. This dog loves to hunt, but is quite satisfied with active family games in the fresh air.

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