About animals

Goldfish: maintenance, care, species, feeding


If you think that feeding the fish comes down to throwing a pinch of feed into the aquarium every day, you are deeply mistaken. Fish get bored all the time eating the same thing, and they need a varied and balanced diet.

Goldfish are omnivorous and feed on everything that enters the mouth, whether it is animal or plant origin. Healthy goldfish are always hungry, but only because in nature they are constantly in search of food.

How to feed goldfish

It’s impossible to feed the fish all the time: it would require too much food. Therefore, the best principle of feeding goldfish is "often and little by little."

A fish needs a balanced diet in order to grow and develop. Improper nutrition will shorten the life of the fish and affect its growth. You must ensure that it receives all the necessary carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and fiber.

The easiest way to feed the fish is cereal. Do not forget to alternate them with other food, so that the fish do not bother with the monotony. Balanced food in the right quantities gives the goldfish strength and helps to cope with diseases.

Ball feed

Good pellet foods are high in protein. Balls need to be soaked in aquarium water for ten minutes before giving them to the fish. It must be remembered that balls are not suitable for all goldfish: some begin to have problems with buoyancy. If this happens, immediately stop giving those foods.

It is better to feed the fish with a clearly defined interval. In this case, the probability that you will overfeed or, on the contrary, forget to feed them is reduced.

Live food

Your goldfish will be happy to eat live food from time to time: earthworms, daphnia and artemia. They serve as an excellent source of protein and are sold in good pet stores. Watching a fish hunt for prey is very interesting.

Goldfish owes its orange color to vitamin a. if the fish turns pale, check if there is enough vitamin in its diet.

Aquarium Requirements

Favorite pets will spend their entire lives in the aquarium, and therefore it is necessary to provide them with comfortable maintenance and care. Data on the fact that one fish needs 15-20 liters of housing volume are outdated. For those fish that are sold today, brought from Asian countries and bred in ponds, such areas are unacceptably small. For the comfortable existence of aquarium fish, for 1 pet, it is necessary to provide a volume of water of at least 80 liters.

When aquariums overflowing with goldfish are presented at exhibitions, one must know that all these artificial reservoirs have special equipment. Such tanks equip 2, or even 3, filters with high power, and also carry out water changes in the amount of ½ 1 time per day at least. In addition, the condition of the fish is constantly monitored by a veterinarian specializing in ichthyology. In homes, such conditions for keeping goldfish cannot be created, which means it is unacceptable to overpopulate a home pond.

The optimal shape of the aquarium is the traditional box. Its length is twice as high as its height, and its width is equal to its height. The popular aquarium screen is unsuitable for them because of its small width. All containers with curved glasses are extremely undesirable, as they lead to a violation of the mental state of the fish. Due to the constant distortion of the world outside the tank, pets slowly go crazy, experiencing constant stress. Such conditions of detention are severe in relation to fish.

Aquarium arrangement

The aquarium that will be with the fish should be previously specially prepared. Fishes populate not after filling the tank with water, but after the stage of turbidity due to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms.

The soil is not too shallow. Goldfish love to rummage in it, and if they find too small particles, then, swallowing them, choke and die. And also in the soil there should not be sharp pebbles that injure delicate fish skin. If it is not possible to buy a rather large soil, but you can buy very small soil, and this will be the way out of the situation. In case of swallowing, very fine soil will not get stuck, but will come out of the body in gold in a natural way.

See how beautifully goldfish swim in the aquarium.

Live plants for goldfish are a must. They contribute to the absorption of nitrogen, which is formed during the life of the inhabitants of the reservoir, and positively affect the microclimate of the water world. And also greens are needed for pets to get an extra portion of vitamins. Do not be afraid that the plants will certainly be eaten completely. Goldfish will always nibble on leaves, but you can’t refuse natural greens.

So that pets do not spoil the underwater garden too quickly or even completely, choose hard-leaved plants for the aquarium with goldfish. Plant aquarium plants should be in pots, then while digging fish can spoil their roots. You do not need to install at the bottom. About them, the gold aquarium fish is only injured. But also it will reduce the space for swimming.

The aeration apparatus should be turned on constantly, because due to the large size, fish need a lot of oxygen, which at home plants will not provide them.

Care greatly simplifies a quality filter with a capacity of 1/3 of the volume of the container per hour. In addition to the filter, the owner also needs to clean the aquarium. It should replace ½ volume of water 2 times a week and at the same time carry out high-quality manual soil cleaning with a siphon.

The walls of the aquarium are cleaned once a week using special scrapers. This is enough so that algae do not appear on the glass, which will spoil the impression of the aquarium. Goldfish care and maintenance, which are simple, require compliance with these minimum rules.

Watch the video about the goldfish and its origin.


Feed the fish in the morning and evening in such a volume that they can eat it for 7 minutes. All surpluses are removed, as they lead to spoilage of water. The feeding regimen is important. Specialized foods should be given to the fish, supplementing them with scalded spinach or salad leaves. And also live food will be useful. If you are not afraid to spoil the transparency of the water, then you can give porridge or egg yolk, but it is better to do this before regular cleaning of the reservoir, when the water is half renewed. Live food can be replaced with chopped meat or liver, but this is risky for water quality. An unloading day for pets should be arranged once a week, and preferably on a weekend when the condition of the fish is monitored. Goldfish care and maintenance, which require some attention, should be eaten correctly.

What types of fish are compatible with goldfish?

For goldfish, an ideal species aquarium. If this is not possible, then settling them is permissible with peaceful species of medium size. Species of gold with special eyes are kept only in a species aquarium, as any neighbors can seriously damage them. Low compatibility is associated not with their characters, but with structural features.


Goldfish, like all other fish, can get sick. The fact that something is wrong with the pet can be understood by a number of signs, which include:

  • lack of appetite,
  • Compressed dorsal fin
  • protruding scales,
  • bloating
  • bulging eyes
  • lethargy,
  • unnatural swimming.

In such a situation, you need to show the fish to the veterinarian and conduct a full therapy. With timely treatment, the fish successfully recover. Most diseases provoke poor content.


The male is distinguished from the female during the spawning period (goldfish whose contents grow to adulthood correctly). At this time, her abdomen becomes not symmetrical, and white grains appear on his gill covers. Reproduction of fish, with the right approach, is not difficult for an aquarist. To a beginner, immediately, breeding may not be given.

For spawning, an aquarium with a volume of 30 liters or more is used, because, as caviar is deposited, adult individuals are deposited. Before spawning, fish are intensely fed with live food. Only large, full-fledged fish reproduce. The description of creating a spawning aquarium is in books on aquarium.

The spawning bottom is not covered by anything. Under such conditions, there is less risk of spoilage of eggs. For 1 female, 2 males are needed. They will drive her, and she, touching the walls of the aquarium and plants, will begin to throw 10-15 eggs at a time. Spawning begins at dawn and lasts for 6 hours. During this time, up to 3 thousand eggs are laid. As soon as the eggs are swept and fertilized, adults are planted. Caviar biting occurs on 4–5 days.
So that the non-fertilized and dead caviar does not spoil the water, it is necessary, as soon as the fry begin to swim, run a couple of snail coils into the aquarium as orderlies. They feed juveniles with live dust. It’s easy to care for the young.

Aquarium fish, goldfish - one of the most beautiful inhabitants of the aquarium, which, with proper care, will live up to 25 years. Goldfish aquarium species, which are diverse will never lose popularity.

Interesting and beautiful videos about goldfish.

How many times a day to feed goldfish and how

A goldfish should receive such an amount of feed per day, the weight of which is about 3% of its weight. It is better to feed several times a day, in small portions, then the food will be eaten completely (given the good appetite of these fish) and the rest of the meal will not clog the aquarium. If a goldfish eats too much, then the food is not completely absorbed, which will lead to slagging of the body. How many times a day to feed goldfish? - Twice a day, feeding is enough! You will be calm, and the fish is healthy.

When choosing food for goldfish, it is important to know that an adult needs more carbohydrates and less protein. It is advisable to feed goldfish with special feeds designed specifically for this species. As a live feed, it will not be superfluous to have in the aquarium real plantsthat the fish eat with great pleasure, such as duckweed, which they gobble in a matter of seconds.